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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Provenance ▸ Hoards ▸ Antioch HoardView Options:  |  |  | 

Selection From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus

The hoard consisted of 583 silver and silver-wash antoniniani. While the location of discovery is not known, the contents of the hoard strongly suggest a site near Antioch. The coins date from Elagabalus (218 - 222) to Aurelian (270 - 275). The vast majority came from the period of Gallienus (253 - 268), with slightly over half dating from that emperor's joint reign with his father Valerian. Only two coins, one each of Elagabalus (included in our selection) and Philip II date from before 250; only one coin of Aurelian was minted after 270. The hoard was analyzed and cataloged by Dr. David W. Sorenson. Our coins below are a selection of 191 coins from the hoard. Another selection of 339 coins was offered by Alex Malloy in 1992 in a mail bid sale. Mr. Malloy reports that the biggest buyers of the coins sold in 1992 included the American Numismatic Society, the British Museum, and the Bibliotheque National de France. AHG numbers are those assigned by Dr. Sorenson to the complete hoard of 583 coins.

Click here to see the Malloy catalogue, including analysis of the hoard by Dr. David W. Sorenson and Camden W. Percival, and the coins offered by Mr. Malloy in 1992.

Click here to read "The Age of Gallienus" by Camden W. Percival.


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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Gallienus was the first Roman emperor to commission primarily cavalry units, the Comitatenses, that could be dispatched anywhere in the Empire in short order. He also forbade senators from becoming military commanders. These policies undermined senatorial power, as equestrian commanders rose to prominence. These reforms and the decline in senatorial influence not only helped Aurelian to salvage the Empire, but they also make Gallienus one of the emperors most responsible for the creation of the Dominate, along with Septimius Severus, Diocletian, and Constantine I.
RA87019. Billon antoninianus, AHG 250 (this coin), Gbl MIR 1687m (Samosata), RIC V-1 J456 (Antioch), Cohen V 1310, SRCV III 10414 var. (obv legend), VF, well centered, porous, edge cracks, weight 3.393 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Syrian mint, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), Valerian (on left) and Gallienus standing confronted; Valerian holds scepter in right, globe in left; Gallienus offering Victory in right, transverse spear in left; $35.00 (29.75)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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Virtus is the personification of valor and courage. Valor was, of course, essential for the success of a Roman emperor and Virtus was one of the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult. During his joint reign with his father, Gallienus proved his courage in battle; but his failure to liberate his father from Persian captivity was perceived as cowardice and a disgrace to the Emperor and Empire. It was not, however, actually fear that prevented a rescue. While others mourned Valerian's fate, Gallienus rejoiced in his new sovereignty.
RA39814. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1617e, RSC IV 1235a, RIC V-1 S667, SRCV III 10402 var. (obv. legend), AHG 478 (this coin), Choice EF, full circles strike, weight 4.060 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 266 - 267 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus standing left, helmeted and wearing military garb, resting right hand on shield set on ground, spear with point up in left, star left; from the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus ; SOLD


Saloninus, Summer 260 A.D.

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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the Caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
RS39711. Billon antoninianus, AHG 318 (this coin), Gbl MIR 1696d (Samosata), RIC V-1 36 (Antioch), RSC IV 95 (Antioch), SRCV III 10775 (uncertain Syrian), Hunter IV - (p. liii), VF, weight 4.085 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Syrian mint, as caesar, 258 - 259 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Saloninus (on left) standing right, wearing military garb and holding spear, confronting Spes, Spes standing left, raising skirt with left hand and presenting flower to prince with right hand; from the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.; SOLD







CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES




Click here to see the Malloy catalogue, including analysis of the hoard by Dr. David W. Sorenson and Camden W. Percival, and the coins offered by Mr. Malloy in 1992.

Click here to read "The Age of Gallienus" by Camden W. Percival.

Catalog current as of Monday, January 21, 2019.
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Antioch Hoard