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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Hoards| ▸ |Antioch Hoard||View Options:  |  |  | 

Selection From the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus

The hoard consisted of 583 silver and silver-wash antoniniani. While the location of discovery is not known, the contents of the hoard strongly suggest a site near Antioch. The coins date from Elagabalus (218 - 222) to Aurelian (270 - 275). The vast majority came from the period of Gallienus (253 - 268), with slightly over half dating from that emperor's joint reign with his father Valerian. Only two coins, one each of Elagabalus (included in our selection) and Philip II date from before 250; only one coin of Aurelian was minted after 270. The hoard was analyzed and cataloged by Dr. David W. Sorenson. Our coins below are a selection of 191 coins from the hoard. Another selection of 339 coins was offered by Alex Malloy in 1992 in a mail bid sale. Mr. Malloy reports that the biggest buyers of the coins sold in 1992 included the American Numismatic Society, the British Museum, and the Bibliotheque National de France. AHG numbers are those assigned by Dr. Sorenson to the complete hoard of 583 coins.

Click here to see the Malloy catalogue, including analysis of the hoard by Dr. David W. Sorenson and Camden W. Percival, and the coins offered by Mr. Malloy in 1992.

Click here to read "The Age of Gallienus" by Camden W. Percival.

|Antioch| |Hoard|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Gallienus was the first Roman emperor to commission primarily cavalry units, the Comitatenses, that could be dispatched anywhere in the Empire in short order. He also forbade senators from becoming military commanders. These policies undermined senatorial power, as equestrian commanders rose to prominence. These reforms and the decline in senatorial influence not only helped Aurelian to salvage the Empire, but they also make Gallienus one of the emperors most responsible for the creation of the Dominate, along with Septimius Severus, Diocletian, and Constantine I.
RA39801. Billon antoninianus, AHG 250 (this coin), Gbl MIR 1687m (Samosata), RIC V-1 456 (Antioch), Cohen V 1310, SRCV III 10414 var. (obv legend), gVF, weight 3.112 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Syrian mint, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), Valerian (on left) and Gallienus standing confronted; Valerian holds scepter in right, globe in left; Gallienus offering Victory in right, transverse spear in left; from the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus; SOLD


|Antioch| |Hoard|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.||antoninianus|
In 256 A.D., the cities in the Roman Empire begin to build walls as the defense of the frontiers collapsed. The Goths invaded Asia Minor, Dacia was lost, and they appeared at the walls of Thessalonica. The Franks crossed the Rhine. The Alamanni penetrated to Milan. In Africa, the Berbers massacred Roman colonists. King Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia and Syria and plundered Antioch, Zeugma, and Dura-Europos.
RA39849. Billon antoninianus, AHG 260 (this coin), Gbl MIR 1703m (Samosata), RSC IV 1310a (Antioch), RIC V-1 J456 (Antioch), Hunter IV J70, SRCV III 10414 var. (obv. leg., etc.), VF, unusual small bust, weight 3.537 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, Syrian mint, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), Valerian on left, holding scepter in right, globe in left; facing Gallienus on right offering Victory to Valerian, transverse spear in left, wreath above; from the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus; SOLD


Saloninus, Summer 260 A.D.

|Saloninus|, |Saloninus,| |Summer| |260| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the Caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
RS39711. Billon antoninianus, AHG 318 (this coin), Gbl MIR 1696d (Samosata), RIC V-1 36 (Antioch), RSC IV 95 (Antioch), SRCV III 10775 (uncertain Syrian), Hunter IV - (p. liii), VF, weight 4.085 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Syrian mint, as caesar, 258 - 259 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Saloninus (on left) standing right, wearing military garb and holding spear, confronting Spes, Spes standing left, raising skirt with left hand and presenting flower to prince with right hand; from the Antioch Hoard of Gallienus.; SOLD







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Click here to see the Malloy catalogue, including analysis of the hoard by Dr. David W. Sorenson and Camden W. Percival, and the coins offered by Mr. Malloy in 1992.

Click here to read "The Age of Gallienus" by Camden W. Percival.

Catalog current as of Monday, May 16, 2022.
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