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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Geography| ▸ |France||View Options:  |  |  |   

France (Mints and Types)

This theme includes Celtic, Greek, Roman and later coins struck at mints in France and coins related to historical events which took place in France. Coins struck at mints in France during the Constantinian Era and Late Roman Period are very popular with collectors because they are often the most interesting and attractive coins of the period.

Roman Civil War, Vitellius, c. 69 A.D.

|Civil| |War| |of| |68| |-| |69|, |Roman| |Civil| |War,| |Vitellius,| |c.| |69| |A.D.
|, |denarius|
This coin is M71 in Butcher, K. & M. Pointing, The Metallurgy of Roman Silver Coinage: From the Reform of Nero to the Reform of Trajan (Cambridge, 2015). There is a tiny drill hole on the edge where silver was extracted for testing. This was an important coin in the study, with test results indicating 93.9% silver bullion and Gallic isotope ratios strongly suggesting similarity with other Vitellius coins from Gallia, not coins minted for Galba.
RS86684. Silver denarius, Butcher-Pointing M71 (this coin), RIC I Civil Wars 121, BMCRE I 65, RSC I Galba 363, BnF I 75, Martin 7, EF, toned, tight flan, light corrosion, test drill hole on edge, weight 3.127 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Southern Gaul(?) mint, c. 69 A.D.; obverse clasped hands, FIDES above, EXERCITVVM below; reverse clasped hands, FIDES above, PRAETORIANORVM curving along the edge below; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Helios, auction 4 (Munich, 14 Oct 2009), lot 270; ex Coll. A. Lynn collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group, auction 54 (14 June 2000), lot 1484; ex P. DeVicci collection; rare; $1170.00 SALE |PRICE| $1053.00


France, Louis XIV the Sun King, 1643 - 1715

|France|, |France,| |Louis| |XIV| |the| |Sun| |King,| |1643| |-| |1715|, |demi| |ecu| |de| |Flandre|
Under Louis XIV, the Sun King, France reached the apogee of its power. His reign began at age four and lasted seventy-two years, three months, and eighteen days; one of the longest of any European monarch. He fought three major wars: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. Louis converted a hunting lodge into the spectacular Palace of Versailles, and by compelling the noble elite to inhabit his lavish palace, he pacified the aristocracy and eliminated the remnants of feudalism. He consolidated a system of absolute monarchical rule in France that endured until the French Revolution.
WO95140. Silver demi ecu de Flandre, Duplessy 1510, Gadoury 182 (1686IL), Ciani 1885, SCWC KM 262.2, aVF, dark toning, scratches, small edge flaw on reverse; edge lettering: DOMINE SALVUM FAC REGEM CHRISTIANISSIMVM (Lord, save our most Christian king), weight 18.319 g, maximum diameter 36.7 mm, die axis 180o, Lille mint, 1686; obverse LVD?XIIII?D?G (sun) FR ET?NAV REX (Louis XIV, by the grace of God, King of France and Navarre), draped bust right, wearing large long wig; reverse BENEDICTVM 1686 + SIT?NOMEN?DOMINI IL (Blessed be the name of the Lord, divided by date and IL mintmark), crowned quartered shield of France, New and Old Burgundy; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; rare; $800.00 SALE |PRICE| $720.00 ON RESERVE


France, Henry III, 1574 - 1589

|France|, |France,| |Henry| |III,| |1574| |-| |1589|, |ecu| |d'or|
Three months after Henri was elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, his brother, Charles IX of France, died and Henri returned to France to assume the French throne. Henri brought several Polish inventions back to France, including septic facilities which deposited excrement outside the castle walls, a bath with regulated hot and cold water, and the fork. Henri gave protestant Huguenots the right of public worship, except in Paris and at Court. In response, Henry I, Duke of Guise, formed the Catholic League. Henri III was forced to flee Paris. After he had the duke assassinated, Henri III prepared to return to Paris but was murdered before he could return. During the French Revolution, his body was disinterred, desecrated, and thrown into a common grave.
SH94141. Gold ecu d'or, Duplessy 1121A, Ciani 1408, Lafaurie 960, Friedberg 386, Kopicki 10474 (R4), gVF, some luster, well centered, tight flan, bumps, scratches, double strike in some areas, small hole, weight 3.365 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 135o, Rouen mint, 1587 B; obverse HENRICVS. III. D: G. FRANC. ET. POL. REX. (Henry III, by the grace of God, king of France and Poland) legend divided by sun at the top, crowned arms of France (three lis), B below; reverse + CRISTVS. REIGN. VINCIT. ET. IMP 1578 (Christ reigns, vanquishes and commands), cross fleure, quadrilobe flower at the center, arms ending in lis; ex Karl Stephens Inc (Temple City, CA); rare; $650.00 SALE |PRICE| $585.00


Numerian, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D.

|Numerian|, |Numerian,| |February| |or| |March| |283| |-| |October| |or| |November| |284| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Consular busts are scarce for this dynasty.
RA93244. Billon antoninianus, Bastien 562 (3 spec. cited), RIC V-2 -, Cohen VI -, SRCV III -, Hunter V -, La Venra -, Choice aVF, well centered, flow lines, tiny encrustations, scattered light porosity, weight 3.080 g, maximum diameter 22.85 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 6th emission, c. 284 A.D.; obverse IMP C NVMERIANVS AVG, radiate bust wearing imperial mantle right, eagle-tipped scepter in right hand; reverse MARS VICTOR (Mars the Victor), Mars advancing right, nude except for helmet and cloak tied in belt at waist and flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over left shoulder in left hand, C in right field; very rare; $475.00 SALE |PRICE| $425.00


France, Henry III, 1574 - 1589

|France|, |France,| |Henry| |III,| |1574| |-| |1589|, |franc|
Three months after Henri was made the elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, his brother, Charles IX of France, died and Henri returned to France to assume the French throne. Henri brought several Polish inventions back to France, including septic facilities which deposited excrement outside the castle walls, a bath with regulated hot and cold water, and the fork. Henri gave protestant Huguenots the right of public worship, except in Paris and at Court. In response, Henry I, Duke of Guise, formed the Catholic League. Henri III was eventually forced to flee Paris. After he had the duke assassinated, Henri III prepared to return to Paris but was murdered before he could return. During the French Revolution, Henri III was disinterred from his tomb, his body was desecrated and thrown into a common grave.

On May 31, 1575, Henry III created a new 14.188 grams, .833 fine silver coin with the value of 20 sols tournois. The gold cu was set at 60 sols. The gold franc equaled 1/3 cu or 20 sols. This coin, corresponding to the value of the medieval gold franc, naturally took the name franc d'argent (silver franc). Our coin is a franc avec fraise, distinguished from the contemporary franc au col plat by the addition of a lace ruff to the king's collar. It was unique to the Toulouse mint. Due to constant clipping, the coinage of francs was suspended for good on October 13, 1586. After the death of the king, however, mints held by the Catholic League struck francs in his name.
WO95133. Silver franc, Duplessy 1130A, Ciani 1434, Roberts 3612, Lafaurie 970, aVF, nice toning, tight flan cutting off some legend, small edge split, weight 12.631 g, maximum diameter 34.1 mm, die axis 0o, Toulouse (M) mint, 1583; obverse ?HENRICVS?III D?G FRANC ET?POL?REX? (Henry III, by the grace of god, King of France and Poland), laureate and cuirassed bust of Henry III, ruffled collar, pellet behind, M (Toulouse workshop letter) below bust, 1583 at bottom between end and beginning of legend; reverse (scallop shell) ?SIT?NOMEN?DOMINI?BENEDICTVM?C? (Blessed be the name of the Lord), foliate cross fleure, H surrounded by dots in the center; $300.00 SALE |PRICE| $240.00


Gallic Celts, Petrocores, South Western Gaul, Area of Perigueux, c. 121 - 52 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Gallic| |Celts,| |Petrocores,| |South| |Western| |Gaul,| |Area| |of| |Perigueux,| |c.| |121| |-| |52| |B.C.|, |drachm|
The Petrocorii were a Gaulish tribe located in the present-day Dordogne region of France, between the Dordogne and Isle rivers. The name Petrocorii means four armies or four clans. Their capital was Vesunna, which is today the town of Prigueux. Prigueux as well as the ancient province of Prigord take their names from this tribe. They are mentioned as Petrocoriis by Caesar (mid-1st c. B.C.), as Petrokrioi by Strabo (early 1st c. A.D.) and Ptolemy (2nd c. A.D.), as Petrocori by Pliny (1st c. A.D.), and as Petrogorii by Sidonius Apollinaris (5th c. A.D.). Gaul
CE95366. Silver drachm, de la Tour 3204, CCCBM 80, Depeyrot II 162, VF, toned, tight squared chiseled flan, uneven strike, weight 2.847 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, Petrocores mint, c. 121 - 52 B.C.; obverse Celticized male head left, flamboyant style; reverse cross, symbol in each quarter; ex CGB Numismatique Paris mail bid sale 15 (30 Sep 2002), lot 27730; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00


Anglo-Gallic, Henry VI de Lancastre, King of France and England, 1422 - 1453

|France|, |Anglo-Gallic,| |Henry| |VI| |de| |Lancastre,| |King| |of| |France| |and| |England,| |1422| |-| |1453|, |grand| |blanc| |aux| |cus|Price| Reduced
In 1422, the year old king of England inherited the French throne from his mad grandfather Charles VI of France; the iconography of this type represents the unification of the two nations. Ten years later Joan of Arc would make an appearance which would eventually loosen the English grip on France until by 1436 only Normandy and part of Maine remained in Henry's control.
WO95132. Silver grand blanc aux cus, Elias 288, Ciani 602, Duplessy 445, Lafaurie 449, SCBC-SII 8166; lis mint mark, VF, toned, areas of weak strike, weight 3.148 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 270o, St L mint, 23 Nov 1422 - 1449; obverse (lis mm) FRANCORVm: ET: ANGLIE: REX (King of France and England), shields of France (on left) and England (on right), side by side, hERICVS above; reverse (lis mm) SIT: nOmEN: DnI: BENEDICV (Blessed be the name of the Lord), Latin cross, fleur-de-lis to left, leopard left on right, hERICVS below; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; $235.00 SALE |PRICE| $165.00


Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

|Galerius|, |Galerius,| |1| |March| |305| |-| |5| |May| |311| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
In 295, Galerius, caesar in the Balkans, was dispatched to Egypt to fight against the rebellious cities Busiris and Coptos.
RA93259. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-II Lugdunum 678, Cohen VII 19, SRCV IV 14293, Hunter V -, Choice gVF, attractive dark patina, traces of silvering, well centered, flow lines, edge splits, weight 3.808 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, as caesar, 293 - 294 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony of the emperors), two Concordia standing confronted clasping right hands, each holding a cornucopia in their left hand, B in exergue; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00


France, Charles IX, 1560 - 1574

|France|, |France,| |Charles| |IX,| |1560| |-| |1574|, |teston|
Charles IX ascended the throne of France upon the death of his brother Francis II. After decades of tension, war broke out between Protestants and Catholics after the massacre of Vassy in 1562. In 1572, after several unsuccessful peace attempts, Charles ordered the marriage of his sister Margaret of Valois to Henry of Navarre, a major Protestant nobleman and the future King Henry IV of France, in a last desperate bid to reconcile his people. Facing popular hostility against this policy of appeasement, Charles allowed the massacre of all Huguenot leaders who gathered in Paris for the royal wedding at the instigation of his mother Catherine de' Medici. This event, known as the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre, was a significant blow to the Huguenot movement. Religious civil warfare soon began anew. Charles ordered the Siege of La Rochelle, but was unable to take the Protestant stronghold. Charles died of tuberculosis without legitimate male issue in 1574 and was succeeded by his brother Henry III.
WO94147. Silver teston, Roberts 3551, Duplessy 1063, Ciani 1356, Lafaurie 895, VF, iridescent tone on mint luster, well centered on a tight flan, die wear, weak centers, weight 9.259 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 45o, 1562; obverse CAROLVSVIIIIDGFRANCOREX (Charles IX, by the Grace of God, King of France), laureate and cuirassed boy's bust left, mint-mark (off flan) below; reverse + SITNOMENDNIHBENEDICMDLXII (Blessed be the name of the Lord, 1562), crowned coat of arms (three fleur de lis), crowned C's flanking; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; very rare; $220.00 SALE |PRICE| $155.00


France, Henri IV, 2 August 1589 - 14 May 1610

|France|, |France,| |Henri| |IV,| |2| |August| |1589| |-| |14| |May| |1610|, |1/2| |franc|
Henry IV, also known as "Good King Henry", was King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. Upon the death of his brother-in-law and distant cousin Henry III of France, Henry was called to the French succession in 1589. He initially kept the Protestant faith but after four years and at least 12 assassination attempts, he abjured the Calvinist faith. He promulgated the Edict of Nantes in 1598, guaranteeing religious freedom and ending the Wars of Religion. He was assassinated in 1610 by a fanatical Catholic. Unpopular immediately after his accession, Henry's popularity greatly improved after his death. The "Good King Henry" (le bon roi Henri) was remembered for his geniality and his great concern about the welfare of his subjects. Henry is said to have originated the oft-repeated phrase, "a chicken in every pot."
UK88342. Silver 1/2 franc, Duplessy 1212A, Lafaurie 1061, Ciani 1534, Roberts 3581, VF, well centered, toned, areas flatly struck, tiny edge split, weight 7.028 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 180o, Angers mint, 1600; obverse HENRICVSIIIIDGFRANETNAVAREX (Henry IV, by the Grace of God, King of France and Navarre), bust of king right, F (mintmark) below; reverse + SITNOMENDOMINIBENEDICVM1600 (Blessed is the Name of the Lord), floral cross, with H in center; ex Karl Stephens (Temple City, CA dealer); rare; $260.00 SALE |PRICE| $130.00




  



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