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Theodora, 21 April 1042 - 12 June 1042 and 11 January 1055 - 21 August 1056
Zoe and Theodora, the two elderly daughters of Constantine VIII ruled jointly for 7 1/2 weeks (21 Apr - 12 Jun 1042) following the deposition of Michael V. They were unfit for rule and did not get along. The senator Constantine Monomachus was selected as a husband for Zoe ascended the throne as Constantine IX. Theodora held sole rule for a year and a half after the death of Constantine IX until her death (11 Jan 1055 - 21 Aug 1056). She nominated Michael Stratioticus, a civil servant, as her successor. BZ89542. Gold histamenon nomisma, DOC III, part 2, 1c; SBCV 1837, Wroth BMC 4 var. (pellets in nimbus); Morrison BnF 1 var. (same); Ratto -, Sommer -, VF, broad flan, bumps and scratches, die wear, weight 4.186 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 11 Jan 1055 - 21 Aug 1056; obverse + IhS XIS REX REGNANITInm (Jesus Christ, King of Kings), Christ Pantokrator standing facing on dais, wearing nimbus cruciger with no pellets, pallium and colobium, right hand raised in benediction, book of Gospels cradled in left arm, double border; reverse + ΘEO∆wPA AVΓOVCTA (Theodora, Empress), Theodora (on left) and the Virgin (on left) standing facing, jointly holding labarum between them with pellet on shaft, Theodora with right hand on breast, wearing crown with pendilia, saccos with cross and loros; the Virgin nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium, M - Θ (mother of God) flanking her head; from the Robert Watcher Collection; rare; $1440.00 (€1267.20)
Byzantine Empire, Nicephorus II Phocas, 16 August 963 - 10 December 969 A.D., with Basil II
This coin has been clipped to less than half its original weight. Most likely it was clipped for mounting in jewelry. It is an excellent size for mounting in a ring. BZ89540. Gold tetarteron nomisma, DOC III part 2, 5.1 (same dies); Morrisson BnF 39/Cp/AV/11; Sommer 38.4; SBCV 1780; Wroth BMC -; Ratto - (none clipped to tremissis), VF, clipped to tremissis weight, light earthen deposits, weight 1.617 g, maximum diameter 11.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 16 Aug 963 - 10 Dec 969 A.D.; obverse +•Ihs XΓS REX REGNANTInm (Jesus Christ King of Kings), bust of Christ Pantokrator facing wearing nimbus cruciger with two pellets in each limb of the cross, pallium, and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left hand; reverse +ΘEOTOC' bHΘ' hIEHF dESP' (God-bearer help ruler Nicephorus), facing busts of the Virgin, on left, and Nicephorus, on right, they hold a long patriarchal cross between them, she is nimbate, wears a stola and maphorium and divides M - Θ (mother of God), he has a short beard and wears a crown and loros; from the Robert Watcher Collection; $450.00 (€396.00)
Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus, 1282 - 24 May 1328 A.D.
An extremely rare Andronicus II trachy of this type was found by Dochev at Turnovo (Dochev 1992, Pl. 17, 2; ). It is the Turnovo coin that is described in the Dumbarton Oaks Catalog (DOC V) and in Sear's Byzantine Coin Values (SBCV). We know of only five other specimens of the type. BZ91214. Bronze trachy, Dochev 1992, pl. 17, 2; DOC V, table 18A, 30 (none in the collection); SBCV 2357A; B-D LPC -; Bendall PCPC; Lianta -; Grierson -; Sommer -, F/VF, obverse "finder" cleaned by scraping, edge crack, small spots of corrosion, weight 1.680 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1282 - 1328 A.D.; obverse The Virgin Mary standing facing orans, nimbate, wears tunic and maphorion, MP - ΘV (Greek abbr.: Mητηρ Θεου - Mother of God) flanking nimbus; reverse Andronicus, on left, standing facing, scepter cruciger in right hand and anexikakia(?) in left hand, blessed by military saint, on right standing facing with sword(?) in left hand; extremely rare; $300.00 (€264.00)
Byzantine Empire, Michael VIII Palaeologus, 15 August 1261 - 11 December 1282
The Panagia Agiosoritissa or Hagiosoritissa is the name for a type of Marian icon, showing Mary without child, slightly from the side with both hands raised in prayer. BZ89849. Copper trachy, B-D BTM C.7; Bendall PCPC 25; Grierson 1343; DOC V type 8, 64 - 65; SBCV 2264; Sommer 77.8, VF, crowded flan, nicer than the two Dumbarton Oaks plate coins, face of Mary weak, reverse typical double strike, weight 2.237 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1261 - 1282 A.D.; obverse the Virgin Hagiosoritissa, standing orans half-left, wearing tunic and maphorion, MP - ΘV (Mother of God) flanking nimbus; reverse X / M / ∆/EC/ΠO/T on left, O / Γ on right, Michael, on left, with St. George, on right, both standing facing holding a labarum between them, emperor wearing stemma, divitision, color piece and loros and holds scepter cruciger in right hand, St. George nimbate and wearing tunic, breastplate and sagion; very rare; $175.00 (€154.00)
Normans, Kingdom of Sicily, Roger II, 1105 - 1154 A.D.
Roger II was King of Sicily, son of Roger I of Sicily and successor to his brother Simon. He began his rule as Count of Sicily in 1105, became Duke of Apulia and Calabria in 1127, and then King of Sicily in 1130. Roger II is remembered for having united all of the Norman conquests in Italy under one strong central government. He was also the grandfather of Frederick II.ME70465. Bronze follaro, MIR 10 135 (R2), MEC Italy III 227, F, both sides off-center, weight 1.120 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 180o, Messina mint, 1150 - 1151 A.D.; obverse half-length bust of the Virgin Orans facing, MHP - ΘV (Greek abbreviation for Mother of God) across field; reverse Arabic inscription arranged as a cross: umila five hundred forty five (struck in 545 AH), four dots arranged in a square in each quarter; very rare; $100.00 (€88.00)
Byzantine Empire, Manuel I Comnenus, 8 April 1143 - 24 September 1180 A.D.
Called ho Megas ("the Great"), Manuel inspired intense loyalty in those who served him. He appears as the hero of a history written by his secretary, John Kinnamos, in which every virtue is attributed to him. Modern historians, however, have been less enthusiastic. Some argue that, since Byzantine imperial power declined catastrophically after Manuel's death, it is necessary to look for the causes of this decline in his reign.BZ89926. Billon aspron trachy, DOC IV-1 13f; Wroth BMC 40; Morrisson BnF 61/Cp/B/17 39; Hendy pl. 17, 1; Ratto 2127; SBCV 1966; Sommer 61.11, EF, a little porous, weight 3.811 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 8 Apr 1143 - 24 Sep 1180 A.D.; obverse Christ Pantokrator seated facing on throne without back, bearded, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, colobium, Gospels in left hand, star to left and right, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation for Jesus Christ) flanking head; reverse MANVHΛ ∆ECΠ (or similar), Virgin Mary standing, on right, nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium, crowns emperor with right, Manuel standing, on left, wearing divitision, loros, and chlamys, labarum in right, globus cruciger in left; $70.00 (€61.60)
Second Bulgarian Empire, Ivan Shishman, 1371 - 1395 A.D.
Ivan Alexander divided his kingdom between his two sons. Ivan Shishman inherited the central portion of Bulgaria with the capital Tarnovo. In 1393, after three-month siege, Tarnovo fell to the Ottoman Empire. Ivan Shishman continued to rule in Nikopol as an Ottoman vassal but Sultan Bayezit I had him beheaded on June 3, 1395.ME47142. Silver grosch, reduced weight; Moushmov 7454, pl. LXV 8, c. 0.60g, c. 15mm diameter, Tarnovo mint, c. 1380 - 1393 A.D.; obverse Czar standing facing, cruciform scepter in left, legend and monograms around; reverse half length figure of Virgin Orans facing, infant Christ's head facing at Her breast, M − Θ (Greek abbreviation: Mother of God) across field flanking head; VF or better, nice examples with the usual imperfect strikes and slightly wavy flans; Forum's random selection from the same group as the coins in the photograph; one coin; $60.00 (€52.80)