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Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.
This coin is listed in Hendin's Guide to Biblical Coins as extremely rare and without a price. Struck from the same dies as the Zurqieh example on the Menorah Coin Project. Meshorer reports the lead tesserae of Alexander Jannaeus are found almost exclusively in Transjordan, as was this example.JS08257. Lead tessera, Hendin 477, Menorah Coin Project type III, VF, weight 1.370 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, Transjordan mint, obverse Central elevated dot surrounded by six loop rays, all within a circle.; reverse blank; extremely rare; SOLD
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Struck at Akko, Israel!SH33206. Gold stater, Price 3261 - 3264, VF, weight 8.498 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais (Acre, Israel) mint, c. 322 - 320 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right wearing earring, necklace, and crested Corinthian helmet decorated with griffin, hair in ringlets; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Nike standing left, wreath in right hand, stylus in left, Phoenician numeral lower right (off-flan); SOLD
Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius III, c. 96 - 87 B.C.
Demetrius III Eucaerus ("the Timely") was nicknamed Acaerus ("the Untimely) by the Jews. He defeated the Hasmonaean Priest King Alexander Jannaeus but was forced to withdraw from Judaea by the hostile population. While attempting to dethrone his brother, Philip I Philadelphus, he was defeated by the Arabs and Parthians, and taken prisoner. He was held in confinement in Parthia by Mithridates II until his death in 88 B.C.SH28097. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton-Lorber II 2451(5), SNG Spaer 2862 var. (date); Houghton II 799 var. (date); Newell LSM 127 var. (monogram), VF, scratch on reverse, a little rough, weight 15.769 g, maximum diameter 28.9 mm, die axis 0o, Damascus mint, 91 - 90 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Demetrios III right, curly beard, diadem ends fall straight behind, fillet border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ∆HMHTPIOY ΘEOY ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ, cult image of Atargatis standing facing, holding flower, barley stalk behind each shoulder, N over ∆ (controls) outer left, date BKΣ (year 222 of the Seleucid Era) in exergue, laurel wreath border; very rare; SOLD
Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D., Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem), Syria Palestina
After the First Jewish Revolt, the Jews were disbursed from Jerusalem and prohibited even from visiting. About 130 A.D. Hadrian established a colony on the site and built a temple to Jupiter Capitolinus on the temple mount. His actions prompted the Second Jewish Revolt or Bar Kochba Rebellion.SH90827. Bronze AE 27, Kadman Aelia Capitolina 170 (same dies), Sofaer Collection 141, Meshorer Aelia 154, Rosenberger 89, F, weight 13.132 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 0o, Aelia Capitolina mint, obverse IMP C G MES Q TRA DECIVS AVG, laureate bust right; reverse COL AEL KAP COM P F, Serapis seated left on throne, kalathos on head, reaching right hand toward Cerberus at feet on left, long scepter vertical behind in left; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection; extremely rare; SOLD
Ptolemy II encouraged education, commerce, industry, immigration and trade resulting in a prosperous growing economy and making him the richest monarch of his age. His 112 ships comprised the most powerful fleet that had ever existed. His splendid court compares with the Versailles of Louis XIV. An enthusiast for Hellenic culture, he also adopted Egyptian religious concepts bolstering his image as a pharaoh. At the Library at Alexandria, Jewish texts were translated and transcribed by seventy Jewish scholars, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible. He defeated the Seleucids in the first Syrian War, gaining control of western Cilicia, southern Lycia, Caunus, Halicarnassus, Myndus, Cnidus, probably Miletus, all of Phoenicia, and even part of Syria.GS94060. Silver quarter ma'ah, Hendin 1081; Meshorer TJC 33; Mildenberg Yehud pl. 22, 26; Gitler-Lorber II, group 6, pl. 1, 10, aF, obverse off flan, weight 0.162 g, maximum diameter 5.7 mm, c. 283 - 270 B.C.; obverse diademed bust of either Ptolemy I right; reverse head of Berenike I right, Hebrew inscription downward on right: YHD; very rare; ON LAYAWAY
Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Late Anonymous, 1250 - 1268
From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of Coins of the Crusader States. See Malloy Crusaders p. 197 for a discussion of the late anonymous series.
Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land where he collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.
Antioch existed for over 1500 years, was one of the three most important cities in the ancient world, and in the 1st century had a population of about 500,000 (not counting women and slaves). On 18 May 1268, Antioch surrendered to Baibars on the condition that the lives of the citizens would be spared. As soon as his troops were within the gates, Baibars ordered the gates shut and brutally massacred everyone in the city. Lamenting that Antioch's ruler had not been present either for the siege or the ransacking and murder, Baibars wrote a detailed letter describing exactly what had been done, concluding with the phrase, "Had you been there, you would have wished you had never been born."
FORVM has three examples of this type from the Malloy Collection. This particular coin is a unique variant. The other two examples have a small T above H, missing on this coin. No other examples are known and the type is otherwise unknown to modern numismatics. Historically of great importance, these coins were minted in the last throngs of the city of Antioch as it was dying.
SH32084. Bronze pougeoise, unpublished and historically important, unique variant of type with only three known, Malloy Crusaders -, Metcalf Crusades -, aVF, weight 0.774 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 45o, obverse hexagram, AN (Antioch) monogram in center; reverse hexagram, ΠP monogram in center (uncertain meaning, perhaps the moneyers name or the ruling Crusaders at this time but interestingly in Greek not Latin); of great rarity; SOLD
Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, 4 B.C. - 39 A.D., In the Name of Caligula
After Agrippa was heard expressing to his friend Caligula his eagerness for Tiberius to die and leave room for Caligula to succeed him, he was imprisoned. When Caligula finally became emperor in 37 A.D., he not only released his friend but granted him rule of Philip's former tetrarchy (slightly extended), with the title of king.SH08651. Bronze half denomination, Hendin 1216; Meshorer TJC 92; RPC I 4935; BMC Palestine p. 230, 10; SNG ANS 231, gF, weight 5.69 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tiberias mint, 39 A.D.; obverse ΓAIΩ / KAICA / ΓEPMA/NIKΩ (Gaius Caesar Germanicus = Caligula) in four lines, surrounded by wreath within a dot border; reverse HPΩ∆HC TETPAPXHC (of Herod the tetrarch), palm frond upright with slight curve, L - MΓ (year 43) across fields, dot border; very rare; SOLD
The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Type Half Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 23 - 24 A.D.
At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
JD40472. Silver half shekel, Year unlisted in primary references; BMC Phoenicia -, Prieur -, RPC I -, aF, lamination defects, weight 6.428 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 45o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 23 - 24 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, PMΘ (year 149) over club left, KP over X? right, Aramaic aleph between legs; extremely rare; SOLD
Herod Philip, Tetrarch of Batanea, 4 B.C. - 34 A.D., Issued for Livia
Son of Herod the Great, Philip was educated with his older brothers at Rome. He inherited the northern part of his father's kingdom. Augustus gave him the title tetrarch, not king. Philip was peace-loving and a good administrator. He was the first Jewish ruler to put his own portrait, as well as those of Roman rulers, on coins.SH65523. Bronze AE 15, Hendin 1233, Meshorer TJC 109, Meshorer AJC II 246, 14, RPC I 4949; Hendin 540, aF, weight 2.946 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas mint, 30 - 31 A.D.; obverse IOYΛIA CEBACTH, draped bust of Livia right; reverse KAPΠOΦOPOCC (fruit-bearing), hand holding three stalks of grain, L Λ−∆ (year 34) across field; ex Heritage auction 231307, lot 64059; ex David Bar Levav (Jerusalem); very rare; SOLD
Judah, Macedonian or Ptolemaic Rule, Satrap Hezekiah, c. 333 - 301 B.C.
Josephus identifies Hezekiah as the High Priest of the Jews who offered friendship to Ptolemy I after his conquest of Palestine. Josephus mentions Hezekiah was sixty years old at the time of Ptolemy. It was common for obverse dies in this series to have been used after they were completely deteriorated (see J.-P. Fontanille, "Extreme Deterioration and Damage on Yehud Coin Dies," INR 3 , pp. 45-50).SH35682. Silver quarter obol, Hendin 1065 - 1066; Meshorer TJC 24 - 25; Mildenberg Yehud pl. 22, 19 & 23; HGC 10 451 - 452 (R1 - R2), Fair/VF, weight 0.239 g, maximum diameter 6.9 mm, Jerusalem(?) mint, c. 350 - 333 B.C.; obverse youthful male head left or right (off flan and/or struck with a deteriorated die); reverse forepart of winged and horned lynx left; Aramaic inscription lower right: YHZQYH (Hezekiah); rare; SOLD