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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ HappinessView Options:  |  |  | 

Happiness (Felicitas)

Happiness, cheerfulness and joy (or gaiety) are personified on Roman coins by Felicitas, Hilaritas and Laetitia. Coins with these subjects celebrated the brighter side of life, or in harder times explained that the Empire was moving toward a happier future.


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS87914. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV p. 98, 232 (Philip I); Bland 80; RSC IV 33a, SRCV III 9268, Hunter III - (p. xciii), Choice EF, excellent centering, much mint luster, slight weakness to centers, weight 4.572 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P IIII COS P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power for 4 years, consul, father of the country), Felicitas standing slightly left, head left, long caduceus vertical in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; ex Beast Coins, ex Freeman and Sear; scarce; $125.00 (106.25)


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS83948. Silver denarius, RSC II 805a, BMCRE IV 62, RIC III 15, Hunter II -, SRCV II -, gVF, centered on a tight flan, radiating flow lines, die wear, small edge cracks, weight 2.588 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 10 Dec 180 - 10 Dec 181 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS COMMODVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P, Felicitas standing facing, head left, raising caduceus in right hand, long grounded scepter near vertical in left hand; Numismatik Naumann, auction 62, lot 1105 (part of); $110.00 (93.50)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS87528. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 3, RSC IV 124, Hunter III 4, SRCV III 8944, VF, excellent portrait, centered on a broad flan, toned, die wear, edge splits, weight 3.040 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 246 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P III COS P P, Felicitas standing left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from an American collection; $70.00 (59.50)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 280, Proculus, a Roman usurper, started a rebellion at Lugdunum (Lyon, France) and proclaimed himself emperor. Probus suppressed the revolt and Proculus was executed.
RA47769. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V-2 104, Bastien IX 269, aMS, full silvering, excellent centering, weight 3.473 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse TEMPOR FELICI (time of good fortune), Felicitas standing right, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia inwardly in left hand, I in exergue; $45.00 (38.25)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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In 267 A.D., the Goths, originally from Scandinavia, along with the Sarmatians, originally from the area of modern Iran, first invaded the Empire. They ravaged Moesia, Thrace, the Balkans and Greece. In southern Greece, the cities they sacked included Athens, Corinth, Argos and Sparta. An Athenian militia force of 2,000 men, under the historian Dexippus, pushed the invaders north where they were intercepted by the Roman army under Gallienus. Gallienus defeated them near the Nestos River, on the boundary between Macedonia and Thrace.
RS64645. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 331a, RIC V-2 325, Hunter IV 79, Elmer 593, Mairat 143, Schulzki AGK 77, Cunetio 2444, SRCV III 10983, VF, well centered, sightly porous, weight 4.506 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 266 - 267 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right from the front; reverse SAECVLI FELICITAS (era of good fortune), Postumus standing right, bare-headed, wearing military attire, transverse spear in right hand, globe in extended left hand; $45.00 (38.25)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to Felicitas for bringing lucky times. But Gordian was not so lucky, he died soon after this coin was minted. He was most likely murdered by his successor, Philip I.
RS87826. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 142, RSC IV 81, Hunter III 49, SRCV III 8608, Choice VF, full circle centering on a broad flan, old cabinet toning, excellent portrait, struck with a worn reverse die, weight 4.203 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 243 - Feb 244 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse FELICITAS TEMPORVM (happy times), Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus vertical in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $45.00 (38.25)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS64653. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 39, Schulzki AGK 14, RIC V-2 58, Hunter IV 49, Elmer 335, SRCV III 10936, VF, well centered, small edge cracks, weight 3.289 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, c. 265 - 268 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse FELICITAS AVG (the good fortune of the Emperor), Felicitas standing half left, long grounded caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $40.00 (34.00)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS64659. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 39a, Schulzki AGK 14, RIC V-2 58, Hunter IV 49, Elmer 335, SRCV III 10936, gVF, well centered, flan a little ragged, weight 3.446 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 45o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 265 - 268 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FELICITAS AVG (the good fortune of the Emperor), Felicitas standing half left, long grounded caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $40.00 (34.00)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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In 267 A.D., Aureolus, who was charged with defending Italy, defeated Victorinus, the emperor in Gaul, and was proclaimed emperor by his troops. Aureolus then marched into Italy. In 268 A.D., Gallienus besieged Aureolus at Mediolanum (Milan). It ended in disaster for both men. Gallienus was killed by his own officers and Aureolus was murdered in turn by the Praetorian guard.
RB64674. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 331a, RIC V-2 325, Hunter IV 79, Elmer 593, Mairat 143, Schulzki AGK 77, Cunetio 2444, SRCV III 10983, VF, uneven toning, irregular flan with edge splits, weight 3.318 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 225o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, c. 266 - 267 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right from the front; reverse SAECVLI FELICITAS (era of good fortune), Postumus standing right, bare-headed, wearing military attire, transverse spear in right hand, globe in extended left hand; $31.00 (26.35)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS90045. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 73c, RIC V-1 87, RSC IV 53, SRCV III 9936, Hunter IV - (p. xxxv), F, well centered, toned, porous, weight 3.137 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 2nd emission, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FELICITAS AVGG (the good fortune of the two emperors), Felicitas standing left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $24.00 (20.40)







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Happiness