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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Kallatis||View Options:  |  |  | 

Kallatis, Thrace

Kallatis was founded on the Black Sea by Heraclea Pontica in the 6th century B.C. In Greek Kallatis means "the beautiful." Its first silver coinage was minted approximately 350 B.C. In 72 B.C., Kallatis was conquered by the Roman general Lucullus and was included in the Roman province of Moesia Inferior. Throughout the 2nd century A.D., the city built defensive fortifications. Kallatis suffered multiple invasions in the 3rd century A.D. but recovered in the 4th century A.D. to regain its status as an important trade hub and port city. Today Kallatis is called Mangalia, the oldest city in Romania.

Kallatis, Thrace, c. 260 - 220 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander the Great

|Kallatis|, |Kallatis,| |Thrace,| |c.| |260| |-| |220| |B.C.,| |In| |the| |Name| |and| |Types| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great||stater|
In 279 B.C., Ptolemy Keraunos, the son of Ptolemy I, was captured and killed by Galatian Celts who overran Thrace and established a Celtic kingdom at Tylis. Mesembria, Odessos, Kallatis, and Istros, later followed by Cabyle, Dionysopolis and Tomis began striking gold and silver coins in the name of Alexander the Great along with autonomous civic bronze coinage. Much of the silver and gold coinage was likely needed to pay tribute to the new Celtic rulers of the hinterland until the destruction of the Kingdom of Tylis, c. 218 B.C.
SH38171. Gold stater, Price 897, Mller Alexander 1638, HGC 3.2 1823 (S), aEF, nice style, scrape on cheek, weight 8.496 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, Thrace, Kallatis (Mangalia, Romania) mint, c. 260 - 220 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet decorated with a coiled snake; reverse Nike standing half left, wreath in extended right hand, stylus in left, AΛEΞANΔPOY downward on right, KAT monogram left; scarce; SOLD


Kallatis, Thrace, c. 300 - 100 B.C.

|Kallatis|, |Kallatis,| |Thrace,| |c.| |300| |-| |100| |B.C.||drachm|
"Kallatis was an apoikia of Pontic Heraklea and was founded in accordance with an oracle at the time when Amyntas was the ruler of Macedonia.4 While scholars do not doubt the foundation of Kallatis by Heraklea, the date of its establishment is a matter of debate though, since it is not clear if Ps. Schymnos was writing about Amyntas I or Amyntas III. Amyntas I ruled in the second part of 6th century, while Amyntas III ruled between 393 and 370/69 BCE. Romanian scholars favor the earliest date although there is no clear archaeological evidence to prove this. When it comes to the territory of Kallatis, the earliest archaeological findings are dated in the 4th century BCE. If the earliest date is accepted, it means that Kallatis was the earliest Megarian colony on the western shore of the Black Sea."-- Greek cities on the western coast of the Black Sea:Orgame, Histria, Tomis, and Kallatis (7th to 1stcentury BCE) by Smaranda Andrews
SH34937. Silver drachm, SNG Cop 176, SNG BM 202, HGC 3.2 1825 (R2), aEF, finest style for the issue, high relief, finder's scrape on reverse, weight 5.172 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Kallatis (Mangalia, Romania) mint, c. 300 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse stalk of grain and club with handle down on left, KAΛΛATIA upward in center, bow in bow case on right; SOLD


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Kallatis, Moesia Inferior

|Kallatis|, |Commodus,| |March| |or| |April| |177| |-| |31| |December| |192| |A.D.,| |Kallatis,| |Moesia| |Inferior||AE| |19|
SH12245. Bronze AE 19, Moushmov 267, BMC -, SNG Cop -, Lindgren -, SGICV -, aEF, weight 3.822 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Kallatis (Mangalia, Romania) mint, obverse AYK MAYKOMOΔOC, laureate and draped bust right; reverse KAΛΛATIANΩN, Thanatos (Death) leaning left on reversed torch; high grade and very attractive; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Corpus Nummorum Online - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Macedon and Its Neighbors, Vol. 3, Part II: Thrace, Skythia, and Taurike, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 3.2. (Lancaster, 2017).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Mller, L. Die Mnzen Des Thracishen Konigs Lysimacus. (Copenhagen, 1858).
Mller, L. Numismatique d'Alexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Petac, E. La Collection M.C. Sutzu (Bibliothque de lAcadmie Roumaine, Bucarest). I. Istros, Kallatis, Tomis. (Wettern, 2005).
Pick, B. Die antiken Mnzen von Dacien und Moesien, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Price, M. J. The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (Zurich-London, 1991).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2: Volume 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnchen Staatlische Mnzsammlung, Part 7: Taurische Chersonesos, Sarmatien, Dacia, Moesia superior, Moesia inferior. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Wartenberg, U. and J.H. Kagan, "Some Comments on a New Hoard from the Balkan Sea" in Travaux Le Rider.
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. I: Dacia, Moesia Superior & Moesia Inferior. (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Thursday, September 28, 2023.
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