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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Apollonia Pontica||View Options:  |  |  | 

Apollonia Pontica, Thrace

Apollonia Pontica was founded as Antheia by Greek colonists from Miletus in the 7th century B.C. They soon changed its name to Apollonia after building a temple for Apollo. The temple contained a colossal statue of Apollo by Calamis, which was later taken to Rome and placed in the Capitol. The anchor on the coinage is evidence of the importance of its maritime trade.

Apollonia Pontika, Thrace, 450 - 425 B.C.

|Apollonia| |Pontica|, |Apollonia| |Pontika,| |Thrace,| |450| |-| |425| |B.C.||drachm|
Homer wrote about the Gorgon on four occasions, but only about the head, as if the creature had no body. Up to the 5th century B.C., the head depicted was very ugly, with her tongue sticking out, boar tusks, puffy cheeks, her eyeballs staring straight ahead and the snakes twisting all around her. The direct frontal stare was highly unusual in ancient Greek art. In some cases a beard, (probably representing streaks of blood) was added to her chin, making her appear as a wild. Gorgoneia painted on the shields of warriors on mid-5th century Greek vases, however, are not as ugly, strange or frightening. By that time, the Gorgon had lost her tusks and the snakes were rather stylized. The Hellenistic marble known as the Medusa Rondanini shows how the Gorgon changed over time into a beautiful woman..Medusa Rondanini
GS29544. Silver drachm, Topalov Apollonia II p. 588, 44; SNG BM 159; HGC 3.2 1324; SNG Stancomb -, SNG Cop -, gVF, weight 3.360 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 0o, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, 450 - 425 B.C.; obverse gorgoneion (facing head of Medusa), round face, protruding tongue, straight human hair, wearing taenia, with snakes around, in shallow round incuse; reverse inverted anchor, large flukes, A left, crayfish right, round slight incuse; SOLD

Six Rings, Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Six| |Rings,| |Celtic| |Ring| |Money,| |Black| |Sea| |Region,| |c.| |800| |-| |100| |B.C.||Ring| |Money|
Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
LT87183. Bronze Ring Money, 6 bronze rings, Choice VF, nice patinas, symmetric, well formed, (1x) cf. Victoor IX-2b, Topalov Apollonia p. 109, XIX.0, wheel ring with four spokes, 10.442g, 31mm; (2x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, 3 groups of 2 globules, c. 3.9g, c. 26mm; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 95, V.0, two rings interlocked, each with 3 groups of 2 globules, 8.064g, c. 29mm each; (1x) Topalov Apollonia I p. 90, VII.0, 3 globules, 3.780g, c. 22mm; SOLD



Corpus Nummorum Thracorum -
Hoover, O. The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Vol. 3 - Handbook of Coins of Macedon and Its Neighbors. Part II: Thrace, Skythia, and Taurike, Sixth to First Centuries BC. (Lancaster, 2017).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Monnaies Grecques. (Amsterdam, 1883).
Naville Co. Monnaies grecques antiques S. Pozzi. Auction 1. (4 April 1921, Geneva).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Topalov, S. Apollonia Pontica, Contribution to the Study of the Coin Minting of the City 6th - 1st c. B.C. (Sofia, 2007).
Victoor, R. Roulles Celtes et Objets AssimilÚs. (RosendaŰl-lez-Dunkerque, 1989).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Mysia. (London, 1892).

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