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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |Medusa||View Options:  |  |  |   

Medusa, Gorgoneion & Perseus on Ancient Coins
Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Dictatorship| |of| |Julius| |Caesar,| |L.| |Plautius| |Plancus,| |47| |B.C.||denarius|
In the spring of 47 B.C. Caesar and Cleopatra celebrated their victory in the Alexandrine civil war with a triumphant procession on the Nile.

Among the most beautiful of all Roman coin types, both the obverse and reverse designs were popular designs for intaglio engraved gems during the Late Republic.
RR38435. Silver denarius, Crawford 453/1e, RSC I Plautia 1c, Sydenham 959b, Sear CRI 29a, SRCV I 429, BMCRR Rome 4009 var. (L. PLAVTIVS), Russo RBW 1587 var. (PLANCV), EF, imperfect strike but far better than most for the type, weight 4.035 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 47 B.C; obverse facing head (mask?) of Medusa with disheveled hair, no snakes, LPLAVTIV below; reverse winged Aurora flying right, head turned facing, holding reins and conducting the four horses of the sun, wreath on palm frond in left hand, PLANCVS below; SOLD


Roman Republic, L. Cornelius Lentulus and C. Claudius Marcellus, For Pompey the Great, 49 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |L.| |Cornelius| |Lentulus| |and| |C.| |Claudius| |Marcellus,| |For| |Pompey| |the| |Great,| |49| |B.C.||denarius|
Lentulus and Marcellus, the consuls for 49 B.C., were exiled by Caesar upon his war with Pompey. This coin was struck by a mobile military mint in Pompey's camp, possibly in Sicily but more likely in Greece, under the name of the two consuls.
SH30342. Silver denarius, Crawford 445/1b, BMCRR Sicily 1, Sydenham 1029, RSC I Cornelia 64a, SRCV I 414, EF, weight 4.067 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, Pompeian military mint, obverse triskeles, head of Medusa in center, grain-ears between legs; reverse LENT MAR COS (consules), Jupiter standing half-right, thunderbolt in right, eagle in left; scarce; SOLD


Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Dictatorship| |of| |Julius| |Caesar,| |L.| |Plautius| |Plancus,| |47| |B.C.||denarius|
In the spring of 47 B.C. Caesar and Cleopatra celebrated their victory in the Alexandrine civil war with a triumphant procession on the Nile.

Among the most beautiful of all Roman coin types, both the obverse and reverse designs were popular designs for intaglio engraved gems during the Late Republic.
SH42465. Silver denarius, Crawford 453/1a, BMCRR Rome 4004, Russo RBW 1583, RSC I Plautia 15, Sydenham 959, Sear Imperators 29, SRCV I 429, gVF, choice for the type, weight 4.028 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, dictatorship of Julius Caesar, 47 B.C.; obverse facing head (mask?) of Medusa with disheveled hair, snakes for hoop earrings, LPLAVTIVS below; reverse winged Aurora flying right, head turned facing, holding reins and conducting the four horses of the sun, wreath on palm frond in left hand, PLANCVS below; a masterpiece reverse design - well struck in magnificent style; SOLD


Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C.

|after| |50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Dictatorship| |of| |Julius| |Caesar,| |L.| |Plautius| |Plancus,| |47| |B.C.||denarius|
In the spring of 47 B.C. Caesar and Cleopatra celebrated their victory in the Alexandrine civil war with a triumphant procession on the Nile.

Among the most beautiful of all Roman coin types, both the obverse and reverse designs were popular designs for intaglio engraved gems during the Late Republic.
SH81831. Silver denarius, Crawford 453/1e, RSC I Plautia 1c, Sydenham 959b, Sear CRI 29a, SRCV I 429, BMCRR Rome 4009 var. (L. PLAVTIVS), Russo RBW 1587 var. (PLANCV), EF, much better strike than typical for this issue, weight 3.777 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 47 B.C; obverse facing head (mask?) of Medusa with disheveled hair, no snakes, LPLAVTIV below; reverse winged Aurora flying right, head turned facing, holding reins and conducting the four horses of the sun, wreath on palm frond in left hand, PLANCVS below; SOLD


Motya, Sicily, 420 - 397 B.C.

|Other| |Sicily|, |Motya,| |Sicily,| |420| |-| |397| |B.C.||litra|
Motya was founded by Phoenicians in the 8th century B.C. on the biggest island in Stagnone lagoon. The colony was successful due to its favorable location on trade routes, however, in 397 B.C. Greeks from Eastern Sicily destroyed the city. The town was surrounded by walls with watch-towers and two gates, which are still well preserved. Most of the city has not been excavated.
SH11109. Silver litra, Jenkins 4b (or similar), SNG ANS 503 -507 var., BMC -, Rizzo -, Hill -, VF, weight .526 g, maximum diameter 13.15 mm, die axis 45o, Motya mint, obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion); reverse palm tree, Punic script at sides; toned, chiped, ex C. E. Bullowa (Philadelphia dealer); rare; SOLD


Kamarina, Sicily, c. 420 - 405 B.C.

|Kamarina|, |Kamarina,| |Sicily,| |c.| |420| |-| |405| |B.C.||onkia|
A Gorgoneion was a horror-creating apotropaic Gorgon head pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgs, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying face that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister Medusa was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, Athena, Hellenistic kings and Roman emperors wore Gorgoneion for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A Gorgon image is at the center of the pediment of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone pediment in Greece from about 600 B.C.
GB69171. Bronze onkia, Calciati III, p. 47, 7 (same dies); Westermark-Jenkins, type A, 180; HGC 2 552 (R1); BMC Sicily -; SNG Cop -; SNG ANS -; SNG Munchen -, EF, light cleaning scratches, weight 1.295 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 270o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, Sicily, Italy) mint, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion), smooth neat hair tied with ribbon, symmetrical locks on forehead, eyes looking left, tongue not protruding; reverse KAMA (upward on left), owl standing right on right leg, head facing, lizard with head down in left talon, pellet (mark of value) in exergue, barley kernel (control symbol) right; rare; SOLD


Himera, Sicily, c. 430 - 420 B.C.

|Himera|, |Himera,| |Sicily,| |c.| |430| |-| |420| |B.C.||hemilitron|
Himera was a Chalcidic colony founded from Zancle on the north coast of Sicily in mid-seventh century B.C. Carthage attacked in 409 B.C. At first Syracuse supported them with 4000 auxiliaries, but their general panicked for the safety of Syracuse itself abandoned Himera. The city was utterly destroyed, its buildings, even its temples, were razed to the ground. General Hannibal Mago executed more than 3000 prisoners as a human sacrifice to the memory of his grandfather General Hamilcar who had been defeated at Himera in 480 B.C. The site has been desolate ever since. The few surviving Greeks were settled by the Carthaginians eleven kilometers west of Himera at Thermae Himeraeae (Termini Imerese today). Thermae was taken by the Romans during the First Punic War.
SH73532. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati I Group III, Class 5, p. 32, 20; SNG ANS 179, VF, thick truncated-conic flan (usual for the type), smoothed, weight 26.468 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 0o, Himera (Termini, Sicily, Italy) mint, c. 430 - 420 B.C.; obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion), hair in large curls, crude execution, dot border; reverse six pellets (mark of value), in two columns of three, within shallow round incuse; SOLD


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Aegeae, Cilicia

|Hadrian|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Aegeae,| |Cilicia||tetradrachm|
Aegeae (also spelled Aigai, Aegaeae, Aigaiai, Aegae, or Aigeai) was a Greek town with a port on the coast of ancient Cilicia, on the north side of the Bay of Issus. It is now separated from the outlet of the Pyramus River (the modern Ceyhan) by a long narrow estuary called Gulf of Alexandretta. During his stay in Tarsus, in 47 B.C., Julius Caesar reorganized Cilicia. Aegeae was pro-Caesarian and demonstrating their support began a new town era in that same year. Under Rome Aegeae was a place of some importance. It was Christianised at an early date. Aegeae issued tetradrachms only during the reigns of Hadrian and Caracalla. The issues were probably related to visits of these emperors to the town or to its famous sanctuary of Asclepius.
SH26492. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 715, Weber -, VF, weight 9.545 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, Aigeai (near Yumurtalik, Turkey) mint, 117 - 118 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAIC TRAIANOC A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate bare-chest bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse ETOYC ∆ΞP AIΓEAIΩN, diademed head of Perseus (or Alexander the Great) right, goat below; very rare; SOLD


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Aegeae, Cilicia

|Hadrian|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Aegeae,| |Cilicia||tetradrachm|
SH28338. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 715, Weber -, F, weight 9.703 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 0o, Aigeai (near Yumurtalik, Turkey) mint, 117 - 118 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAIC TRAIANOC A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate bare-chest bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse ETOYC ∆ΞP AIΓEAIΩN, diademed head of Perseus (or Alexander the Great) right, goat below; very rare; SOLD


Segesta, Sicily, 430 - 420 B.C.

|Other| |Sicily|, |Segesta,| |Sicily,| |430| |-| |420| |B.C.||litra|
Segesta, in the northwestern Sicily, was one of the major cities of the Elymians, one of the three indigenous peoples of Sicily. Ionian Greeks settled in the city and the Elymians were quickly Hellenized. Segesta was in eternal conflict with Selinus. The first clashes were in 580 - 576 B.C., and again in 454 B.C. In 415 B.C. Segesta asked Athens for help against Selinus, leading to a disastrous Athenian expedition in Sicily. Later they asked Carthage for help. After Carthage destroyed Selinus, Segesta remained a loyal ally. It was besieged by Dionysius of Syracuse in 397 B.C., and destroyed by Agathocles in 307 B.C., but recovered. In 276 B.C. the city allied with Pyrrhus, but changed sides and surrendered to the Romans in 260 B.C. Due to the mythical common origin of the Romans and the Elymians (both descendants of refugees from Troy), Rome designated Segesta a "free and immune" city. In 104 B.C., the slave rebellion led by Athenion started in Segesta. Little is known about the city under Roman rule. It was destroyed by the Vandals.
GB66063. Silver litra, SNG ANS 651 - 654, Winterthur 838, SNG Cop -, VF, weight 0.649 g, maximum diameter 11.9 mm, die axis 315o, Segesta mint, 430 - 420 B.C.; obverse Head of the nymph Segesta facing slightly left, laurel branches flanking; reverse hound standing left; gorgoneion above, murex shell to left; ex Triton VIII Auction, CNG January 10, 2005, lot 1839 (part of), ex Tony Hardy collection; very rare; SOLD




  




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