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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Justice & Equity||View Options:  |  |  |   

Justice: Equity (Dikaiosyne or Aequitas) and Punishment (Nemisis)

In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity. Dikaiosyne is the Greek equivalent personification of justice and fair dealing.

Nemesis, the balancer of life, is the goddess of revenge, the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers. She distributes fortune, good or bad, in due proportion to each according to what is deserved. She often holds a lorum, a long scarf worn by Roman magistrates, to symbolize her authority as judge, and scales or a cubit rule to measure each man's just deserts. The wheel of fate rests against her side.

Pertinax, 31 December 192 - 28 March 193 A.D.

|Pertinax|, |Pertinax,| |31| |December| |192| |-| |28| |March| |193| |A.D.|, |denarius|
In Roman mythology, Aequitas, also known as Aecetia, was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity.
SH21377. Silver denarius, RIC IV 1a, BMCRE V 15, RSC III 2, SRCV II 6038, VF, weight 3.228 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right; reverse AEQVIT AVG TR P COS II, Aequitas standing facing, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; very rare (R2); SOLD


Pertinax, 31 December 192 - 28 March 193 A.D.

|Pertinax|, |Pertinax,| |31| |December| |192| |-| |28| |March| |193| |A.D.|, |denarius|
In Roman mythology, Aequitas, also known as Aecetia, was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity.
SH27768. Silver denarius, RIC IV 1a, BMCRE V 15, RSC III 2, SRCV II 6038, VF, toned, weight 3.195 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right; reverse AEQVIT AVG TR P COS II, Aequitas standing facing, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; very rare (R2); SOLD


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.

|Antoninus| |Pius|, |Antoninus| |Pius,| |August| |138| |-| |7| |March| |161| |A.D.|, |dupondius|
Honos was the god of chivalry, honor and military justice. He was usually depicted in art with a spear and a cornucopia. He was sometimes identified with Virtus.
SH68901. Bronze dupondius, RIC III 802, BMCRE IV 1738, Cohen II 415, SRCV II -, EF, beautiful green patina, well centered, weight 12.822 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 145 - 147 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P, radiate head right; reverse HONORI AVG COS IIII, Honos standing facing, head left, togate, branch in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; a very attractive coin!; SOLD


Agrippina Senior, Wife of Germanicus, Mother of Caligula and Agrippa Jr., Died 18 October 33 A.D.

|Agrippina| |Sr.|, |Agrippina| |Senior,| |Wife| |of| |Germanicus,| |Mother| |of| |Caligula| |and| |Agrippa| |Jr.,| |Died| |18| |October| |33| |A.D.|, |dupondius|
Most references identify the portrait as Livia, but as David Vagi notes, "the bust of Justitia represents (but seemingly does not portray) Antonia and/or Agrippa Senior. It no doubt reflects the justice they received from the trial of Piso for the murder of Germanicus." He explains that the portrait does not appear to be of either of them, perhaps because it was intended to represent them both simultaneously.

Since Agrippina knew, but had no evidence, that Piso murdered Germanicus on orders from Tiberius, she was not satisfied with this "justice" and continued to be an outspoken critic of Tiberius and his prefect, Sejanus. Sejanus had her accused of adultery. She was flogged so severely that she lost an eye, and was banished to the island of Pandateria where she starved to death four years later. Her sons Nero Caesar and Drusus Caesar also died imprisoned. When her son Caligula became emperor, the first act of his reign was to return the ashes of his mother and brothers to Rome.
RB58415. Orichalcum dupondius, Vagi Antonia 498, RIC I Tiberius 46, BMCRE I Tiberius 79, BnF II Tiberius 57, Cohen I Livie 4, SRCV I Livia 1739, VF, weight 13.937 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 22 - 23 A.D.; obverse IVSTITIA, diademed and draped bust of Justitia right; reverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVG P M TR POT XXIIII, large S C; SOLD


Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D.

|Nerva|, |Nerva,| |18| |September| |96| |-| |25| |January| |98| |A.D.|, |denarius|
In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
SH08110. Silver denarius, RIC II 13, RSC II 6, BnF III 13, BMCRE III 24, Hunter I 9, SRCV II -, Choice EF, exceptional stern portrait, mint luster, weight 3.72 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 97 A.D.; obverse IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse AEQVITAS AVGVST (fairness of the emperor), Aequitas standing half left, head left, wearing stephane, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; SOLD


Macrianus, Summer 260 - Early Summer 261 A.D.

|Macrianus|, |Macrianus,| |Summer| |260| |-| |Early| |Summer| |261| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RA26601. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1727k, RSC IV 1, RIC V-2 5 (R2), Hunter 1, SRCV III 10798, Choice VF, near full circle centering, weight 4.156 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse IMP C FVL MACRIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVTAS (sic) AVGG, Aequitas standing half left, scales in right hand, scepter in left hand, star left; rare; SOLD


Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D.

|Nerva|, |Nerva,| |18| |September| |96| |-| |25| |January| |98| |A.D.|, |denarius|
The attributes of Justitia, the personification of justice, are the olive branch, patera, and scepter.
SH46859. Silver denarius, RIC II 18, RSC II 101, BMCRE III 44, BnF III 30, nice aVF, weight 3.532 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 97 A.D.; obverse IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse IVSTITIA AVGVST, Justice seated right, long scepter vertical in right, olive-branch in left; rare; SOLD


Macrianus, Summer 260 - Early Summer 261 A.D.

|Macrianus|, |Macrianus,| |Summer| |260| |-| |Early| |Summer| |261| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RA42464. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1727b, RSC IV 1 (R2), RIC V-2 5 (R2), Hunter 1, SRCV III 10798, Choice VF, weight 4.052 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse IMP C FVL MACRIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVTAS (sic) AVGG, Aequitas standing half left, scales in right hand, scepter in left hand, star left; rare; SOLD


Quietus, Fall or Winter 260 - Late 261 A.D.

|Quietus|, |Quietus,| |Fall| |or| |Winter| |260| |-| |Late| |261| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
SH12190. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1728n, RSC IV 1c, RIC V-2 2 (R), SRCV III 10818, Hunter IV 1 var. (no star), VF, weight 3.68 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Syrian mint, obverse IMP C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse AEQVTAS AVGG (sic), Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star in left field; from the Scott Collection; rare; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Ulpianum Mine Issue

|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Ulpianum| |Mine| |Issue|, |quadrans| |or| |semis|
This type is from a series of semisses and quadrantes struck in Rome for use in the closed imperial mine communities of the Balkan region. Some types name the mines in the reverse legends: METALLI VLPIANI DELM (for Dalmatia), METALLI VLPIANI PANN (for Pannonia) and DARDANICI (for Dardania, Moesia).
RB46869. Bronze quadrans or semis, Woytek 610b, Simic and Vasic 13, BnF IV 973; RIC II 708 (R2) corr. (bust), Cohen 182 corr. (same), SRCV II 3252, BMCRE III -, Hunter II -, Choice gVF, very attractive coin, slightly rough "as found" green patina, weight 3.203 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 107 - 109 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GER DAC, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse METALLI VLPIANI, Aequitas (or Moneta?) standing half left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; very rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES

Posnansky, H. Nemesis und Adrasteia. (Koebner, 1890).
Catalog current as of Friday, September 18, 2020.
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