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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Justice & Equity||View Options:  |  |  | 

Justice: Equity (Dikaiosyne or Aequitas) and Punishment (Nemisis)

In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity. Dikaiosyne is the Greek equivalent personification of justice and fair dealing.

Nemesis, the balancer of life, is the goddess of revenge, the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers. She distributes fortune, good or bad, in due proportion to each according to what is deserved. She often holds a lorum, a long scarf worn by Roman magistrates, to symbolize her authority as judge, and scales or a cubit rule to measure each man's just deserts. The wheel of fate rests against her side.

Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D.

|Nerva|, |Nerva,| |18| |September| |96| |-| |25| |January| |98| |A.D.||as|
In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
SL95396. Copper as, RIC II 94, BnF III 126, Cohen II 10, BMCRE II 139, Hunter I 57, SRCV II -, NGC Ch VF, strike 4/5, surface 2/5 (5770030-003), weight 11.467 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Sept - Dec 97 A.D.; obverse IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P II COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse AEQVITAS AVGVST (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing half left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across lower half of field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; NGC| Lookup; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $180.00
 


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

|Philip| |I|, |Philip| |I| |the| |Arab,| |February| |244| |-| |End| |of| |September| |249| |A.D.||antoninianus|NEW
Nice gift for a lawyer or a judge. In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RS95276. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 27b, RSC IV 9, Hunter III 25, SRCV III 8918, Choice EF, full border centering, sharp portrait, some luster, small edge cracks, weight 4.395 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 244 - 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AEQVITAS AVGG (equity of the two emperors), Aequitas standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $170.00 SALE |PRICE| $153.00
 


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

|Hadrian|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
Justitia is the Roman goddess or personification of justice. She was not depicted on many Roman coin types. Perhaps this coin would make a nice gift for a lawyer or judge!
RS94579. Silver denarius, RIC II-3 19 (R2); RSC II 875a; BMCRE III p. 238, 12; Hunter II 14; Strack II 5; SRCV II -, F, nice portrait, toned, tight flan, marks, tiny edge crack, weight 3.376 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 11 Aug - Dec 117 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIAN OPT AVG GER DAC, laureate bust right, bare chest (heroic bust), trace of drapery on far shoulder, balteus strap on right shoulder; reverse PARTHIC DIVI TRAIAN AVG F P M TR P COS P P, Justitia seated left on throne, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, IVSTITIA in exergue; very rare; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00
 







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REFERENCES

Posnansky, H. Nemesis und Adrasteia. (Koebner, 1890).
Catalog current as of Friday, October 30, 2020.
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