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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Money||View Options:  |  |  | 

Money (Moneta)

Coins about...money! One of our favorite collecting themes. Roman propaganda often recorded largesses (represented by Liberalitas) on coins. She is usually depicted holding what was traditionally described as an abacus, a counting board. The object is also described as a tessera, type of banner, showing a number of painted marks equal to the number of aurei or denarii offered. Curtis Clay suggested it is actually a money shovel, a wooden shovel with shallow round depressions which could extract the exact number of coins needed from a chest. Another popular type is that of Moneta holding scales. One quite interesting coin is the Republic denarius of T.Carisius depicting mint tools: an anvil, tongs, a hammer and a die.


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.

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Between 209 and their father's death in February 211, both brothers were shown as equally mature young men with a short full beard. Both sons were presented as equally suitable heirs to the throne, showing thus more "depth" to the dynasty. Between the death of Septimius Severus and the assassination of Geta, Caracalla's portraits did not change, while Geta was depicted with a long beard with hanging hairs much like his father, a strong indication of Geta's efforts to be seen as the "true" successor of his father.
RS86671. Silver denarius, RIC IV 88, RSC III 68, BMCRE V 65, SRCV II -, Choice EF, nearly as struck except for light toning, fantastic portrait, luster in recesses, perfect centering on a broad flan, some legend just a little weak, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.250 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 210 - 212 A.D.; obverse P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG V (the 5th liberality [distribution of gifts to the people] by the Emperor), Liberalitas standing half-left, coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $270.00 (237.60)


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

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Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Regina, Juno Sospita, and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Moneta, holding the scales symbolic of equity and a cornucopia indicating plenty. This surname was given to Juno because she counseled the Romans to undertake only just wars in which case she promised that they would never be in want of money. The first mint in Rome was within the temple of Juno Moneta.
RS88834. Silver denarius, RIC II 256(d), RSC II 966, BMCRE III 680, Hunter II 223, Strack II 251, SRCV II 3507 var. (bare head, slight drapery), VF, excellent portrait, light toning, flow lines, light marks and scratches, small edge cracks, weight 3.277 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 134 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 72, part of lot 1045; $155.00 (136.40)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Regina, Juno Sospita, and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Moneta, holding the scales symbolic of equity and a cornucopia indicating plenty. This surname was given to Juno because she counseled the Romans to undertake only just wars in which case she promised that they would never be in want of money. The first mint in Rome was within the temple of Juno Moneta.
RS91584. Silver denarius, RIC IV 224; RSC III 165; BMCRE V p. 372, 90; Hunter III 15; SRCV II 6821, Choice EF, light tone on mint luster, excellent portrait, well centered, weight 3.225 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, Rome mint, 210 - 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $150.00 (132.00)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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Moneta was a surname given to Juno because she was said to have promised the Romans that if they fought only just wars, they would never be in want of money.
RT85728. Billon follis, RIC VI Aquileia 33b (S), SRCV IV 13296, Cohen VI 504, Hunter V 60, Choice aEF, well centered and struck, dark green patina, some porosity, cleaning marks, weight 9.917 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, c. 301 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR (the sacred money of our two emperors and two princes), Moneta standing slightly left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, V right, AQS in exergue; scarce; $100.00 (88.00)


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

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Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Regina, Juno Sospita, and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Moneta, holding the scales symbolic of equity and a cornucopia indicating plenty. This surname was given to Juno because she counseled the Romans to undertake only just wars in which case she promised that they would never be in want of money. The first mint in Rome was within the temple of Juno Moneta.
RT91557. Billon follis, RIC VI Treveri 548a (S), Cohen VI 344 var. (...P F AVG), SRCV IV 12809 var. (same, bust), Hunter V -, VF, excellent portrait for the period, full border centering, brown tone, flow lines, light marks, scattered light porosity, minor encrustations, weight 10.280 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint mint, 302 - 303 A.D.; obverse IMP DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MONETA S AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - F across field, ITR in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection, ex Numismatique Archeologie, M. Platt (Paris); scarce; $90.00 (79.20) ON RESERVE


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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The reverse depicts a Commodus' forth liberalitas, a gift distribution of money to the people of Rome. A citizen is using his drapery to catch coins thrown from above - the coins are depicted by four pellets. Liberalitas holds a counting board, a money shovel with shallow holes in it, used to quickly distribute a specific number of coins to each recipient.
RB92465. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 563, Cohen III 320, BMCRE IV 650, Hunter II 163, SRCV II -, VF/F, excellent portrait, highlighting green and brown patina, tight flan, edge flaw, weight 19.715 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 190 A.D.; obverse M COMMOD ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT P P, laureate bust right; reverse LIBERAL AVG VII TR P XV IMP VIII COS VI, Liberalitas standing slightly left, head left, coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 (79.20)


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

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Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Regina, Juno Sospita, and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Moneta, holding the scales symbolic of equity and a cornucopia indicating plenty. This surname was given to Juno because she counseled the Romans to undertake only just wars in which case she promised that they would never be in want of money. The first mint in Rome was within the temple of Juno Moneta.
RB89955. Billon follis, Hunter V 27 (also 3rd officina), RIC VI Ticinum 45a, Cohen VI 101, SRCV IV 12772, Choice VF, full legends, nice portrait, flow lines, light marks, weight 10.940 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 45o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 304 - 305 A.D.; obverse IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR (the sacred money of our two emperors and two princes), Moneta standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star right, TT in exergue; $80.00 (70.40)


Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

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In 303, Diocletian, Maximian, Galerius, and Constantius issued a series of edicts rescinding the legal rights of Christians and demanding that they comply with traditional religious practices. About 3,000 Christians died in the persecutions, many more were imprisoned and tortured, but most Christians avoided punishment.
RT91849. Billon follis, Hunter V 35 (also 3rd officina), RIC VI Rome 112a, SRCV IV 14085, Cohen VII 263, VF, well centered on a broad flan, brown tone with highlighting light earthen deposits, Moneta's head not fully struck, edge crack, weight 9.287 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 303 - 305 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, R crescent T in exergue; $45.00 (39.60) ON RESERVE







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Catalog current as of Tuesday, October 15, 2019.
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