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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Peace||View Options:  |  |  | 

Peace (Pax the Goddess of Peace)

Ancient rulers often used coins to send their messages to the people. In the late Roman Empire, particularly when threats were most ominous, coins frequently boasted of the peace and security brought by Rome, the army and the emperor. From our vantage we can see these coins as propaganda and lies, and as failed promises and doomed dreams.

Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Tribute Penny of Matthew 22:20-21

|Tiberius|, |Tiberius,| |19| |August| |14| |-| |16| |March| |37| |A.D.,| |Tribute| |Penny| |of| |Matthew| |22:20-21||denarius|
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.
SL113454. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 4, 150; RIC I 30 (C); BMCRE I 48; RSC II 16a; SRCV I 1763, NGC Ch VF, strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (2400511-002, 'Tribute Penny'), weight 3.77 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 270o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 18 - 35 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, feet on footstool; from a Virginia collector, ex Eastern Numismatics Inc (Garden City, NY, 22 Nov 2010, $1395); NGC| Lookup; $1400.00 (Ä1316.00)


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.||denarius|
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RS113104. Silver denarius, Woytek 24a, RIC II 17, BnF IV 15, RSC II 292, BMCRE III 14, Hunter II 5, Strack I 13, SRCV II 3152, Choice gVF, well centered, flow lines, nice portrait, light toning, mild die wear, weight 3.657 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Feb - Autumn 98 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head right (early portrait resembling Nerva); reverse PONT MAX TR POT COS II (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 2nd time), Pax standing slightly left, head left, olive branch held upright in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $250.00 (Ä235.00)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

|Carausius|, |Romano-British| |Empire,| |Carausius,| |Mid| |286| |-| |Spring| |or| |Early| |Summer| |293| |A.D.||antoninianus|NEW
The quantity of PAX coinage issued by Carausius probably exceeded the entire output of all his other types combined. The type was an appeal by the usurper Carausius for peace with the "official" emperors. Diocletian and Maximian did not recognize Carausius as emperor, nor did they reciprocate his desire for peace.
RA112774. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 131; Webb Carausius 532; RIC V-2 475; Cohen VII 194, aVF, brown tone, porosity/corrosion, obv. off center, weight 4.446 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, unmarked mint, c. mid 292 - early summer 293; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, long neck tetrarchic portrait type; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, raising olive-branch in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, S - P across fields, exergue blank; $90.00 (Ä84.60)


Romano-Gallic Empire, Victorinus, Summer to November 268 - mid 271 A.D.

|Victorinus|, |Romano-Gallic| |Empire,| |Victorinus,| |Summer| |to| |November| |268| |-| |mid| |271| |A.D.||antoninianus|NEW
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA113779. Billon antoninianus, Mairat 601, Cunetio hoard 2543, Chalfont hoard 1006, Zschucke 207, RIC V 118 var. (no palm), Elmer 682 var. (same), aVF, green patina, tight flan, ragged edge, light earthen deposits, weight 1.971 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, c. 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing half left, raising olive branch in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, V in left field, star over branch in right field; $50.00 (Ä47.00)


Pupienus, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D.

|Pupienus|, |Pupienus,| |22| |April| |-| |29| |July| |238| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Magnificent. Spectacular portrait. Beautifully toned with traces of iridescent blue. This coin is the scarcer of two types minted with the same reverse but with different obverse legends. The reverse refers to the mutual clarity or shared vision of the emperors Balbinus and Pupienus. Because they were quarreling they were unable to put up a joint defense against the praetorians. They were both murdered after a reign of only 99 days.
SH07654. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV-1 10a (S); RSC III 4; BMCRE VI 80, SRCV III 8519, Hunter III 8 var. (obv. legend), aEF, weight 4.26 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, obverse IMP CAES M CLOD PVPIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CARITAS MVTVA AVGG (Mutual Clarity of the Emperors), clasped hands; from the Scott Collection; scarce; SOLD


Nuremberg, German States, 1700

|Medieval| |&| |Modern| |Gold|, |Nuremberg,| |German| |States,| |1700||klippe| |ducat|
Attractive and popular "lamb ducat".

The coin is dated using a chronogram. Four letters from the obverse legend were engraved larger than the others, giving the year MDCC (1700).

The denominations of the series range from 1/32 to 4 ducats!
SH31262. Gold klippe ducat, KM 258, EF, weight 3.477 g, Nuremberg mint, obverse TEMPORA NOSTRA PATER DONATA PACE CORONA, pascal lamb standing left on globe, banner inscribed PAX across shoulder; reverse SECVLVM NOVVM CELEBRAT RESP NORIBENGENS, ornate cartouche bearing three shields of arms, dove above, signature IMF below; c. 20 mm square; SOLD


Crispina, Wife of Commodus, Augusta 178 - 182 A.D.

|Crispina|, |Crispina,| |Wife| |of| |Commodus,| |Augusta| |178| |-| |182| |A.D.||denarius|
 
RS33550. Silver denarius, RIC III 279, RSC II 9, BMCRE IV 29, Choice gVF, weight 3.403 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVG, draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA (harmony), clasped hands; scarce; SOLD


Romano-British Empire, Allectus, Summer 293 - 296 A.D.

|Allectus|, |Romano-British| |Empire,| |Allectus,| |Summer| |293| |-| |296| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA72407. Billon antoninianus, SRCV IV 13830, RIC V-2 90, Burnett Allectus 148, Webb Allectus 146, Cohen VII 40, Hunter IV 49 var. (P F AVG), NGC VF, strike 5/5, surface 2/5, porosity (4162105-003, removed from plastic case), weight 4.259 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, 293 - 295 A.D.; obverse IMP C ALLECTVS P F I AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, branch in right, long scepter transverse in left, S - P flanking across field, C in exergue; rare; SOLD


Quintillus, August or September - October or November 270 A.D.

|Quintillus|, |Quintillus,| |August| |or| |September| |-| |October| |or| |November| |270| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA08993. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1126, RIC V-1 26, Hunter IV 14, Normanby 1146, VenŤra I 988 - 1001, Cohen VI 52, SRCV III 11449, EF, weight 2.76 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 270 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR CL QVINTILLVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse PAX AVGVSTI (to the peace of the emperor), Pax standing left holding olive-branch and transverse scepter, A (appearing as H) left; SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.; EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, T, VXXI

|Scott| |AEQVITI| |Collection|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.;| |EQVI<u>T</u>I| |Series| |II| |of| |Ticinum,| |<u>T</u>,| |VXXI||antoninianus|
Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click AEQVITI to read the NumisWiki article, "Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark." The letter "T" in the reverse field is the fifth letter of the codeword EQVITI. The letter "V" in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the fifth officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
RA25954. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 517G, Choice aEF, weight 3.676 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), helmeted, radiate and cuirassed bust left, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, holding olive branch in right and transverse scepter in left hand,T left, VXXI in exergue; SOLD







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