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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Peace||View Options:  |  |  |   

Peace (Pax the Goddess of Peace)

Ancient rulers often used coins to send their messages to the people. In the late Roman Empire, particularly when threats were most ominous, coins frequently boasted of the peace and security brought by Rome, the army and the emperor. From our vantage we can see these coins as propaganda and lies, and as failed promises and doomed dreams.

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.

|Antoninus| |Pius|, |Antoninus| |Pius,| |August| |138| |-| |7| |March| |161| |A.D.|, |denarius|
Not in RIC. The normal obverse legend for combined with this reverse type and legend is IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P. This coin is missing HADR. For this variety, only four sales in the last two decades are recorded on Coin Archives.
RS94123. Silver denarius, RSC II 825c, BMCRE IV 736 note, Strack III 228, RIC III 202b (S) var. (obv. legend), SRCV II 4108 var. (obv. legend), Choice F, nice portrait, well centered, toned, die wear, edge a bit ragged with small cracks, weight 2.996 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 151 - 152 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES T AEL ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XIIII COS IIII, Tranquillitas standing right, rudder in right hand, stalks of grain downward in left, TRANQ in exergue; very rare; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $105.00


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA92322. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 399, bust type H (S); Bastien VII 387, pl. XXVIII (46 spec.); Cohen VI 442; Compas Collection 235, Choice aEF, much silvering, well centered, light marks, edge cracks, weight 3.606 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 7th emission, spring 290 - 291 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiate consular bust left, wearing imperial mantle, eagle-tipped scepter in right hand; reverse PAX AVGG (the peace of the two emperors), Pax standing left, Victory on globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, B in exergue; scarce; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

|Probus|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA92850. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 706; Pink VI/1, p. 50; Cohen VI 401; SRCV III 1200 var. (officina in field); Hunter IV 247 var. (3rd officina), Choice VF, full border centering, green patina, traces of silvering, light marks, scattered porosity, weight 3.647 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 4th emission, 277 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left slightly left, head left, raising olive branch in right hand, transverse long scepter in left hand, XXIS in exergue; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt|, |tetradrachm|
"Eirene is the Koine (New Testament) Greek word for "harmony." It's actually translated "peace" in most places. But in Greek culture, the idea of peace was not a passive concept or an absence of conflict. Rather peace was something active, where parties worked to find common ground and maintain a relationship. Or where a person worked to maintain a harmonious relationship with his or her environment." -- Becca Shouse, Notes from Eirene Farm
RX92009. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5236; Milne 4114; Geissen 2929; BMC Alexandria p. 284, 2177; SNG Cop 786; Kampmann 90.87; Emmett 3810.13, VF, well centered, nice portrait, tiny edge cracks, weight 8.670 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 265 - 266 A.D.; obverse AVT K Π ΛIK ΓAΛΛIHNOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Eirene (Peace) standing left, olive-branch in raised right, scepter in left, palm right, date LIΓ (year 13) left; ex FORVM (2008); $105.00 SALE |PRICE| $95.00


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

|Carausius|, |Romano-British| |Empire,| |Carausius,| |Mid| |286| |-| |Spring| |or| |Early| |Summer| |293| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Colchester (Camulodunum) and its wall were rebuilt by the Romans after Queen Boudica led a rebellion in A.D. 60 and destroyed the town. Balkerne Gate in Colchester is the largest Roman arch in Britain. Balkerne Gate Colchester
RA73495. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 391; RIC V-2 335 (S); Cohen VII 240; SRCV IV 13666; Hunter IV 143 var. (...P F IN AVG), VF, green patina, well centered, areas of corrosion, weight 3.604 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. mid 292 - early summer 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, tetrarchic portrait type; reverse PAX AVGGG (the peace of the three emperors), Pax standing half left, head left, raising olive-branch in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, S - P flanking across field, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; very scarce; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

|Carausius|, |Romano-British| |Empire,| |Carausius,| |Mid| |286| |-| |Spring| |or| |Early| |Summer| |293| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Colchester (Camulodunum) and its wall were rebuilt by the Romans after Queen Boudica led a rebellion in A.D. 60 and destroyed the town. Balkerne Gate in Colchester is the largest Roman arch in Britain. Balkerne Gate Colchester
RA73507. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 336 (S), Webb Carausius 389, Bourne Carausius 79, Linchmere 402B, Burton Latimer 46 var. (...P F AVG), SRCV IV 13666 var. (same), F, well centered, green portrait, reverse a weak, scratches, earthen deposits, weight 3.544 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. mid 292 - early summer 293; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right, late reign tetrarchic portrait; reverse PAX AVGGG (the peace of the three emperors), Pax standing left, raising olive branch in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, S - P across field, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; scarce; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA93173. Billon antoninianus, Bastien 380, Hunter IV 31, RIC V-2 399, Cohen VI 438, SRCV IV 13155, Choice VF, well centered, silvering, flow lines, porosity, tiny edge crack, weight 4.228 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 290 - 294 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse PAX AVGG (the peace of the two emperors), Pax standing slightly left, head left, Victory on globe in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, B in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $85.00 SALE |PRICE| $76.50


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

|Probus|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Ticinum was a municipality and an important military site (a castrum) under the Roman Empire. In 476, Odoacer defeated Flavius Orestes at Ticinum after a long siege. To punish the city for helping his rival, Odoacer destroyed it completely. After the Lombard's conquest, Pavia became the capital of their kingdom, 568 - 774.
RA87247. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V-2 547, Pink VI-1 p. 65, Cohen VI 399, SRCV III -, Hunter III -, Choice EF, well centered and struck, much silvering, green and brown encrustations, weight 3.975 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 6th emission, 2nd phase, 279 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis, fold of paludamentum on left shoulder; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, raising olive branch in extended right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, EXXI in exergue; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Claudius II Gothicus, 268-270 AD

|Claudius| |II|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |268-270| |AD|, |antoninianus|
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA91014. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T60, RIC V-1 157, Normanby 1031, Venra 9303 - 9364, Cunetio 2263, Hunter IV 58, SRCV III 3215, Cohen VI 202, EF, dark brown patina, traces of silvering, well centered, parts of legends weak, edge splits/cracks, weight 3.128 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Mediolanum (Milan) mint, 2nd issue, mid 269 spring 270; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse PAX AVG, Pax walking left, raising olive branch in right hand, long scepter transverse in right hand, T in exergue; ex Eric J. Engstrom Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

|Hadrian|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.|, |as|
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RB92430. Copper as, RIC II-3 676, Hunter II 376, Cohen II 1142, Strack II 575, BMCRE III 1267 var. (no cuirass), SRCV II 3688 var. (head), VF, well centered on a tight flan, nice portrait, rough corrosion, weight 9.716 g, maximum diameter 25.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 121 - 122 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, bust right; reverse P M TR P COS III, Pax standing half left, head left, olive branch downward in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across lower half of field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00




  



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