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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Antiquities| ▸ |Byzantine Antiquities||View Options:  |  |  |   

Byzantine Antiquities
Byzantine Empire, Levante or Alexandria, c. 5th - 6th Century A.D., Jewish Menorah Lead Token

|Holy| |Land| |Antiquities|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Levante| |or| |Alexandria,| |c.| |5th| |-| |6th| |Century| |A.D.,| |Jewish| |Menorah| |Lead| |Token||token|
The purpose of Byzantine era lead tokens is unknown. Many appear closely related to seals differing only by the absence of a cord or channel for attachment to a container or document. Many late Roman and early Byzantine seals have a figural type on one side and a legend in two lines in Latin or Greek on the other side. Seals with a menorah are known, usually with a blank globular reverse, but some also have a name on the other side.
JD98657. Lead token, personal token of Rodanos(?); Roma e-sale 53 (7 Feb 2019), lot 504 (same dies), VF, highlighting earthen deposit desert patina, weight 3.077 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, c. 5th - 6th century A.D.; obverse Menorah of seven branches, flanked by lulav on left and etrog on right; reverse POΔA/NOY in two lines across field, palm frond above; ex CNG e-auction 435 (2 Jan 2019), lot 401; extremely rare; $1440.00 (1353.60)


Lot of 100 Bronze Ancient Trilobate Arrowheads, Hellenistic - Byzantine, c. 300 B.C. - 1000 A.D.

|Metal| |Arrowheads|, |Lot| |of| |100| |Bronze| |Ancient| |Trilobate| |Arrowheads,| |Hellenistic| |-| |Byzantine,| |c.| |300| |B.C.| |-| |1000| |A.D.|
 
LT96894. Lot of 100 bronze trilobate arrowheads, mostly or all Hellenistic - Byzantine, c. 300 B.C. - 1000 A.D., c. 12 - 28 mm, some complete and intact, some with chips or bends, unattributed to type, no tags, from the same larger lot as the arrowheads in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $380.00 (357.20)


Lot of 100 Bronze Ancient Trilobate Arrowheads, Hellenistic - Byzantine, c. 300 B.C. - 1000 A.D.

|Metal| |Arrowheads|, |Lot| |of| |100| |Bronze| |Ancient| |Trilobate| |Arrowheads,| |Hellenistic| |-| |Byzantine,| |c.| |300| |B.C.| |-| |1000| |A.D.|
LT96895. Lot of 100 bronze trilobate arrowheads, mostly or all Hellenistic - Byzantine, c. 300 B.C. - 1000 A.D., c. 12 - 28 mm, some complete and intact, some with chips or bends, unattributed to type, no tags, from the same larger lot as the arrowheads in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $380.00 (357.20)


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syria Palaestina), Miniature "Candlestick" Oil Lamp, c. 350 - 500 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Late| |Roman| |-| |Byzantine,| |Holyland| |(Syria| |Palaestina),| |Miniature| |"Candlestick"| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |350| |-| |500| |A.D.|
The pattern on the nozzle, branches issuing from a central ridge, is often called a "candlestick," meaning it is a representation of the menorah. Some authorities believe it is a palm branch and it is sometimes indecisively called a a palm-menorah. The strongest evidence that the palm-menorah actually is a menorah is a variation of this lamp with a cross on the nozzle. This suggests that Jews and Christians used the same type of lamp, differentiated only by their respective religious symbol, a phenomenon also encountered on North African Red-Slip Lamps. The type is found across Israel but most commonly in Jerusalem and within 50 kilometers of Jerusalem. See our |Candlestick |Lamps page in NumisWiki. This is the smallest example of this type known to FORVM.
AL78095. Miniature "Candlestick" Oil Lamp; Adler type BYZ.1; Alder 905 (7.4cm); Qedem 8 477 (8cm); Sussman Late 1553 (7.7cm), Choice, complete and intact, mild wear, 6.6cm (2 5/8") long, 4.5cm (1 3/4") wide, 2.2cm (7/8") high, c. 350 - 500 A.D.; grey-buff light clay, chalk inclusions, tear drop shape from above, no handle, double rim around filling hole, decorative radiating pattern around shoulder continues on the nozzle with six branches from a central ridge (palm-menorah), ring base; $270.00 (253.80)


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syria Palaestina), Small "Candlestick" Oil Lamp, c. 350 - 500 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Late| |Roman| |-| |Byzantine,| |Holyland| |(Syria| |Palaestina),| |Small| || |"Candlestick"| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |350| |-| |500| |A.D.|
The pattern on the nozzle, branches issuing from a central ridge, is often called a "candlestick," meaning it is a representation of the menorah. A more menorah-like variation has the "candlestick" on a tripod base. Some authorities believe it is a palm branch and it is sometimes indecisively called a a palm-menorah. The strongest evidence that the palm-menorah actually is a menorah is a variation of this lamp with a cross on the nozzle. This suggests that Jews and Christians used the same type of lamp, differentiated only by their respective religious symbol, a phenomenon also encountered on North African Red-Slip Lamps. The type is found across Israel but most commonly in Jerusalem and within 50 kilometers of Jerusalem. See our |Candlestick |Lamps page in NumisWiki.
AL43869. Small "Candlestick" Oil Lamp; Adler type BYZ.1; cf. Qedem 8 477; Sussman Late 1553; Bailey BMC -, Near Choice, small chip in nozzle, soot on nozzle, earthen encrustations; 7.9cm (3 1/8") long, 5.2cm (2") wide, 2.8cm (1 1/8") tall, small earlier variety, c. 350 - 500 A.D.; mold made, pink-buff light clay, biconvex tear drop shape, pellet replacing handle, double rim around filling hole with inner rim larger, decorative radiating pattern around shoulder continues on the nozzle with six branches from a central ridge (palm-menorah), ring base; $250.00 (235.00)


Byzantine, Palaestina Secunda, Imitative Beit Natif Lamp, 5th - 6th Century A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Byzantine,| |Palaestina| |Secunda,| |Imitative| |Beit| |Natif| |Lamp,| |5th| |-| |6th| |Century| |A.D.|
Sussman and Adler identify the type as a northern imitation of Beit Natif lamps. Sussman calls this handle type, which was not used at Beit Natif, "wing-shaped."
AL78101. Imitative Beit Natif Lamp; Adler type BN.6, cf. 952; Sussman Late p. 50, fig. 33, near Choice, handle broken otherwise complete and intact, attractive, 8.8cm (3 1/2") long, 5.5cm (2 1/8") wide, 2.9cm (1 1/8") high, 5th - 6th century A.D.; reverse Bet Shean, Byzantine Palaestina Secunda, Imitative Beit Natif Lamp, 5th - 6th Century A.D.; mold made, buff-gray clay, red-orange slip, elongated shape, large bow rim nozzle decorated with an ornate basket or amphora and small dotted annulets around, high rim around large filling hole, herringbone wreath around shoulders, large rectangular handle rising diagonally ornamented with a palmette, low ring base; $250.00 (235.00)


Byzantine, Palaestina Secunda, Bet Shean Lamp, 5th Century A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Byzantine,| |Palaestina| |Secunda,| |Bet| |Shean| |Lamp,| |5th| |Century| |A.D.|
Bet Shean, in the Beit She'an Valley in northern Israel, is about 120 m (394 feet) below sea level. It is one of the oldest cities in the region. During the Hellenistic period, it was named Scythopolis. Under Rome it held imperial free status and was the leading city of the Decapolis. In the Byzantine period, Bet Shean was primarily Christian, as attested to by the large number of churches, but evidence of Jewish habitation and a Samaritan synagogue indicate established minority communities. The pagan temple in the city center was destroyed, but the nymphaeum and baths were restored, and walls were built. In 409 it became the capital of Palaestina Secunda. After the Arab conquest and following a series of devastating earthquakes (most notably in 749), the city lost its prominence, and became a medium-sized country town. See our Bet Shean |Lamps page in NumisWiki.
AL93910. Bet Shean Lamp; cf. Adler type S.5, 823; Qedem 4, Hadad type 19, group 1, 127; Sussman Late 3158, Choice, earthen encrustation, soot on nozzle, 9.0 cm (3 1/2") long, 5th century A.D.; mold made, pinkish-brown clay, piriform biconvex shape, handle rising diagonally, crowded ornamentation that leaves no space empty: ring around filling hole, framed row pellets around filling hole and framing nozzle and flanking handle, herringbone on shoulder, rectangular geometric pattern on nozzle, lines on handle; $160.00 (150.40)


Late Roman - Byzantine, Syria-Palestina, Beit Nattif Imitative Ovoid Lamp, c. 270 - 500 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Late| |Roman| |-| |Byzantine,| |Syria-Palestina,| |Beit| |Nattif| |Imitative| |Ovoid| |Lamp,| |c.| |270| |-| |500| |A.D.|
The size and form of this lamp is similar to the Beit Nattif ovoid lamp type, but differs in decorative details. Beit Nattif Lamps are named after the site in the Judean Foothills in south-central Israel where a workshop for the type was found. The type was, however, imitated throughout Israel. This lamp is not a very close to match to any of the many examples published in our references. We believe it is an imitative made by a small workshop somewhere other than Beit Nattif that produced for local use. Beit Nattif| Lamps| page in NumisWiki.
AL93882. Beit Natif Imitative Ovoid Lamp, Adler 4.3, BN.1, 482 (decorations differ); Sussman Late LR2, 1162 (same), Choice, complete and intact, encrustations; 7.5 cm (3") long, c. 270 - 500 A.D.; mold made, buff-gray clay, traces of a brown slip(?), biconvex piriform shape, large filling hole with double rim, arches patterns on shoulder, tab handle ornamented with lines, slightly pinched nozzle with round tip, ring base; $130.00 (122.20)


Lot of 10 Ancient Bronze Arrowheads, Graeco-Scythian - Byzantine, c. 650 B.C. - 1000 A.D.

|Metal| |Arrowheads|, |Lot| |of| |10| |Ancient| |Bronze| |Arrowheads,| |Graeco-Scythian| |-| |Byzantine,| |c.| |650| |B.C.| |-| |1000| |A.D.|
The bilobate arrowhead is Graeco-Scythian or Achaemenid Persian, 650 - 330 B.C.
AS111476. 10 ancient bronze arrowheads, 1 bilobate arrowhead and 9 trilobate arrowheads, nice variety, most Choice, c. 15.5 - 31.2 mm, 650 B.C. - 1000 A.D.; c. 15.5 - 31.2 mm, unattributed to type, no tags, the actual arrowheads in the photograph; ex Ancient Treasures (Plamen Arsoff, Granada Hills, CA); as-is, no returns; $120.00 (112.80)


Byzantine, Palaestina Secunda, Transjordan "Elongated" Oil Lamp, c. 400 - 620 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Byzantine,| |Palaestina| |Secunda,| |Transjordan| |"Elongated"| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |400| |-| |620| |A.D.|
This type is identified by Adler as a Transjordan elongated lamp. Adler writes that the shoulders are narrow and ornamented with a wide variety of motifs including linear bands, geometric, and floral designs; the handle is tongue shaped projecting horizontally and decorated with three or more bands; the nozzle is decorated with geometric or floral designs or rarely a cross. The type is found in the northern part of Transjordan, and in Israel, mainly in northern Israel and the Beit Shean area. They date possibly as early as the fifth century, mostly to the sixth century and extending into the first half of the seventh century. In the Hellenistic and Roman eras Beit Shean was the Decapolis city Scythopolis. Click the photo on the right of the ancient ruins at Beit Shean, to learn more about the city. Scythopolis
AL21922. Transjordan elongated lamp; Adler type JOR.1, cf. 967, Average, chip in handle and side near handle, soot on nozzle; 9.6 cm (3 4/4") long, c. 400 - 620 A.D.; pink clay, mold made, elongated body, tongue shaped handle rising diagonally ornamented with three vertical bands, double rim around large filling hole, radiating bands on convex shoulders, star or cross in circle on nozzle; $110.00 (103.40)




  



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