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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Venice||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of the Republic of Venice

"You own many and many a ship; your vessels fear not the stormy winds. They come home safely to port, nor do they ever founder, they who time after time set sail from shore. The famous Venetia, already rich in nobility." -- Letter from Cassiodorus, minister to Theodoric the Ostrogoth, to the Venetians. It is the first recorded mention of the people of the lagoon.

Duchy of Durazzo (Republic of Venice), 1205 - 1213, Imitative of Byzantine, Alexius I Tetarteron, 1093 - 1118

|Greece|, |Duchy| |of| |Durazzo| |(Republic| |of| |Venice),| |1205| |-| |1213,| |Imitative| |of| |Byzantine,| |Alexius| |I| |Tetarteron,| |1093| |-| |1118||tetarteron|
The Duchy of Durazzo was a short-lived overseas colony of the Republic of Venice, encompassing the port city of Durazzo (modern Durrs in Albania) and its environs. It was established in 1205, following the dissolution of the Byzantine Empire in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade, and lasted until it was reclaimed by the Byzantine Despotate of Epirus in 1213.

The Durrs Hoard discovered in 1967, near the apse of the chapel of the amphitheater of Dyrrachion, included 862 ornamented cross-type copper coins imitative of tetartera of the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I Comnenus. Similar types to our imitative coin. Pagona Papadopoulou studied the hoard and concluded the coins were hidden in the chapel when the forces of Michael I Comnenus Ducas, the Despot of Epirus (1204-1215) attacked and put an end to the Venetian Duchy in 1214. She also studied many other finds of the type and concluded the coins were struck by the Venetians beginning shortly before or after 1204 A.D., probably at Corinth.
Durazzo
BZ99037. Bronze tetarteron, cf. Papadopoulou type IIa, Sommer 59.26.2; Hendy pl. 8, 11; for the prototype see DOC IV-1 40 (Byzantine, Alexius I, Thessalonica, 1093 - 1118 A.D.), aEF, green patina, crude, porous, weight 1.130 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Corinth (Greece) or Durazzo (Durrs, Albania) mint, 1203 - 1213 A.D.; obverse crude Maltese cross fourche with arms of equal length, no base, no X at center, globus and two pellets at the end of each arm, Φ - C / X - [?] in the angles; reverse no legend, barbarous half-length bust facing, bearded, wearing crown with pendilia and jeweled chlamys, cruciform scepter in right hand, globus cruciger with four-pellet cross in left hand, pellets left and right; from a Las Vegas dealer; rare; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00







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REFERENCES

Biaggi, E. Monete e Zecche medievali Italiane dal Sec. VIII al Sec. XV. (Torino, 1992).
Corpus Nummorum Italicorum VII: Veneto - Venezia - Parte I. (Rome, 1915).
Eklund, O. Copper coins of Italy. (New York, 1963).
Friedberg, A. & I. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 8th ed.. (Clifton, NJ, 2009).
Gamberini, C. Prontuario prezzario delle monete, oselle e bolle di Venezia. (Bologna 1969).
Gardiakos, S. A Catalogue of the Coins of Dalmatia et Albania 1410 - 1797. (Aurora, IL, 1970).
Ives, H. The Venetian Gold Ducat and its Imitations. ANSNNM 128. (New York, 1954).
Lambros, Paul. Coins of the Medieval Kingdom of Cyprus. (Vienna, 1873).
Levinson, R. The early dated coins of Europe 1234-1500. (Williston, VT, 2007).
Montenegro, E. I dogi e le loro monete. (Torino, 2012).
Paolucci, R. Le Monete Dei Dogi Di Venezia - The Coinage of the Doges of Venice, 2nd Ed. (Padova, 2001).
Papadopoli, N. Le monete de venezia. (Venice & Milan, 1893-1919).
Papadopoulou, P. "Ttartra d'imitation du XIIIe sicle : propos du trsor de Durrs (Albanie)" in Revue numismatique, volume 161 (2005), pp. 145 - 162, pl. XIII - XIV.
Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient latin. (1878; Supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Stahl, A. The Venetian tornesello: A medieval colonial coinage. ANSNNM 163. (New York, 1985).

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