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Ancient Pottery
Byzantine, Holyland (Northern Israel or Jordan), Beit Natif Related Pottery Lamp, c. 400 - 500 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Byzantine,| |Holyland| |(Northern| |Israel| |or| |Jordan),| |Beit| |Natif| |Related| |Pottery| |Lamp,| |c.| |400| |-| |500| |A.D.|
This lamp, from northern Israel or Jordan, is a locally made copy of the Beit Natif type. Beit Natif, in southern Israel, is the site of the primary workshop where the prototype "Beit Natif" Judaean lamps were made. This lamp and Beit Natif lamps typically have a round body, a small handle, and the sides of the nozzle are sightly convex (bow-shaped) with a narrow rim around its shoulder that is pinched to strengthen the impression that the sides are convex.
AL93944. Adler type 6.2, BN.6; cf. Alder 953, Warschaw 388, Qedem 8 -; 8.3 cm (3 1/4") long, near Choice, a few small chips, pin head size hole at tip of nozzle and another below handle, ornamentation worn, c. 400 - 500 A.D.; mould-made, pink clay, sides of nozzle are slightly convex, rims on the nozzle shoulder with scroll on each end, decorations on top of nozzle obscure but perhaps grapes, double rim around large filling hole, tongue shaped handle rising diagonally ornamented with four vertical bands, radiating bands on shoulders of body, slight ring base; $110.00 (90.20)


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), "Elongated" Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 400 - 650 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Late| |Roman| |-| |Byzantine,| |Holyland| |(Syro-Palestinian),| |"Elongated"| |Pottery| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |400| |-| |650| |A.D.|
This type is identified by Adler as a Transjordan elongated lamp. Adler writes that the shoulders are narrow and ornamented with a wide variety of motifs including linear bands, geometric, and floral designs; the handle is tongue shaped projecting horizontally and decorated with three or more bands; the nozzle is decorated with geometric or floral designs or rarely a cross. The type is found in the northern part of Transjordan, and in Israel, mainly in northern Israel and the Beit Shean area. They date possibly as early as the fifth century, mostly to the sixth century and extending into the first half of the seventh century. In the Hellenistic and Roman eras Beit Shean was the Decapolis city Scythopolis. Click the photo on the right of the Roman theater at Beit Shean, to learn more about the city. Scythopolis
AL21925. Transjordan elongated lamp; Adler type JOR.1, cf. 967 - 968 (similar ornamentation); 8.6 cm (3 1/2") long, Choice, complete and intact, small chips, earthen encrustation, c. 400/500 - 600/650 A.D.; pink-orange clay, mold made, elongated body, tongue shaped handle rising diagonally ornamented with three vertical bands, double rim around large filling hole, pattern of dots in the angles of zig-zag lines on the shoulders and nozzle, decorative circle on the bottom (not a true ring base); $100.00 (82.00)


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), Bi-Lanceolate Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 300 - 500 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Late| |Roman| |-| |Byzantine,| |Holyland| |(Syro-Palestinian),| |Bi-Lanceolate| |Pottery| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |300| |-| |500| |A.D.|
Adler notes these lamps are found throughout the northern part of Israel, especially in Beit Shean and Hamat Gader, and date to the fourth and fifth centuries. At this time, Beit Shean, was primarily Christian, but evidence of Jewish habitation and a Samaritan synagogue indicate established minority communities. Hamat Gader was already a well known health and recreation site in Roman times, mentioned in Strabo, Origen and Eunapius, as well as the Rabbinic literature. Construction of the bath complex began in the 2nd century by the 10th Roman Legion, which was garrisoned in nearby Gadara (modern Umm Qais). The ancient Hebrew name means hot springs of (the ancient city of) Gadara. The Arabic name El-Hamma preserves this, and the name of the tel located near the site, Tel Bani, is a corruption of the Latin word meaning "baths." The empress Aelia Eudocia composed a poem praising the qualities of the multiple springs which was inscribed so that visitors could see it as they went into the pool. The photo to the right is of the ancient Roman baths. Click the photo to see a larger image.Hammat Gader Baths
AL93918. Bi-lanceolate pottery oil lamp; Adler Collection (website) type N2; 8.0 cm (3 1/8") long, near Choice, complete and intact, light encrustation, wear, c. 300 - 500 A.D.; pink-buff clay, mold made with incised decoration, the body includes the entire lamp from tip of nozzle to tip of "tongue" handle, wide rim surrounds a large fill hole, incised herring-bone geometric wreath pattern on narrow convex shoulders, two incised lengthwise lines on the handle, incised lines between fill hold rim and nozzle; bi-lanceolate oil lamp BETTER condition than the lamp in the photo, limit one per customer please; $80.00 (65.60)







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