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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire| ▸ |Galla Placidia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Galla Placidia, Augusta 8 February 421 - 27 November 450 A.D.

Galla Placidia is one of the most interesting figures of the late Roman history. Daughter of Theodosius I and his second wife Galla, she grew up in the house of Stilicho and following his death she was captured by the invading Goths of Alaric. Alaric's successor Ataulf married Galla while being allied with her brother Honorius. After the Visigothic throne was usurped, she was passed to her brother and then married Constantius III. The future emperor Valentinian III was born, and Galla's influence steadily increased over the years, until Aetius became Magister Militum in 433. She remained a regent until 437 and died in 450. She is also known for the famous mausoleum in Ravenna, a perfectly preserved small chapel housing magnificent mosaics and three sarcophagi said to belong to her, Constantius III and Valentinian III.

Tyre, Phoenicia, 104 - 105 A.D.

|Phoenicia|, |Tyre,| |Phoenicia,| |104| |-| |105| |A.D.||AE| |12|NEW
Astarte, called "Ashtroth" in Scripture, was the favorite goddess of the Sidonians, Tyrians, Philistines, and Syro-Phoenicians generally. She was associated with the Greek Aphrodite and Roman Venus Genetrix, being believed by the ancients to be the goddess of generation, as well as of beauty. Astarte was chiefly worshiped and appears on the coins of Berytus, Bostra, Sidon, and Tyre. Her image is of a young woman, wearing a tall headdress; and clothed in a tunic, high in the neck- sometimes, not reaching lower than the knees, or sometimes with a longer dress, but with one knee exposed, and one foot planted on a galley's prow.
RP110571. Bronze AE 12, RPC Online III 3883; Rouvier 2251; BMC Phoenicia p. 260, 305; SNG Cop 356; Baramki AUB 169, VF, black patina, reverse off center, porosity, light corrosion, weight 1.768 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, 104 - 105 A.D.; obverse turreted and veiled head of Tyche right, palm frond behind; reverse Astarte standing left on galley left, turreted, wreath in right hand, transverse cruciform scepter in left, volute on prow, aphlaston at stern, ΛΣ (year 230) above galley left, (metropolis Tyre monogram) above galley right, Phoenician inscription "of Tyre" in exergue; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


|Galla| |Placidia|, |Galla| |Placidia,| |Augusta,| |421| |-| |7| |November| |450| |A.D.||nummus|
The crude Victory reverse type with the officina letter left is typical of coins struck in the west, mostly at Rome, during the long reign of Valentinian III (and to a very small degree, by Johannes and Majorian). Although the tight flan cuts off the obverse legend, since the bust has, in our opinion, female features, an elaborate headdress and a sizable pearl-necklace, we believe the coin was struck by Valentinian III in the name of his mother, Galla Placidia.
SH02533. Bronze nummus, RIC X 2109 (noting officina T reported in Villa Giulia hoard); DOCLR -, aVF, weight 1.661 g, maximum diameter 11.3 mm, die axis 0o, third officina, Rome mint, 425 - c. 435 A.D.; obverse [D N GALLA PLA-CIDIA P F AVG], draped bust right, wearing elaborate diadem and pearl-necklace; reverse [SALVS REI-PVBLICE], Victory walking left, wreath upward in right, palm frond over shoulder in left, T left ( 3rd officina), [RM in exergue]; extremely rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. P. C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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