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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Tomis||View Options:  |  |  | 

Tomis, Moesia Inferior

Tomis (Constanta, Romania today) was a Greek colony founded on the Black Sea shore around 600 B.C. for trade with the local Getic populations. In 29 B.C. the Romans captured the region, which they called Limes Scythicus, from the Odryses. The Roman poet Ovid was banished by Augustus to Tomis in 8 A.D. and died there eight years later. By his account, Tomis was "a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire." The city was later in the Province of Moesia, and, from the time of Diocletian, it was the metropolis of Scythia Minor. During Maurice's Balkan campaigns, in the winter of 597/598, Tomis was besieged by the Avars. Tomis was within the Bulgarian Empire for over 500 years, later in the independent principality of Dobrotitsa/Dobrotici, in Wallachia under Mircea I of Wallachia, and under Ottoman rule from around 1419. Tomis was renamed "Kwnstantia" ("Constantia") in honor of Constantia, the half-sister of Constantine the Great sometime before 950.

Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior

|Tomis|, |Julia| |Mamaea,| |Augusta| |13| |March| |222| |-| |February| |or| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Tomis,| |Moesia| |Inferior||triassarion|
Hecate or Hekate is an underworld goddess of archaic origin associated with magic, childbirth, nurturing the young, gates and walls, doorways, crossroads, lunar lore, torches and dogs. During the Hellenistic period, she appeared as a three-faced goddess associated with ghosts, witchcraft, and curses. Today she is popular with modern witches and neo-pagans.
SH56016. Bronze triassarion, AMNG I/II 3296, Varbanov I 5453, aVF, rough surfaces, weight 7.322 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 225o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, obverse IOVΛIA MAMAIA AVΓ, bare-headed, draped bust right; reverse MHTPO ΠONTOV TOMEΩC, bust of Hekate triformis set on column, her six arms holding her torches of lunar fire, serpents of immortality and knives of midwifery, Γ (mark of value) in left; rare; SOLD


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior

|Tomis|, |Geta,| |209| |-| |c.| |26| |December| |211| |A.D.,| |Tomis,| |Moesia| |Inferior||AE| |27|
RP49067. Bronze AE 27, AMNG I/II 2980, aEF, slightly rough patina, weight 10.776 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 45o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, as caesar,; obverse Π CEΠTI ΓETAC K or similar, head right; reverse MHTPO ΠONTOY TOMΕ, ΩC in ex, tetrastyle temple, O on pediment, Dionysos standing within, uncertain object (patera or kantharos?) in right, thyrsos in left, panther at feet left; scarce; SOLD


Maximus, Caesar, 235 or 236 - 24 June 238 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior

|Tomis|, |Maximus,| |Caesar,| |235| |or| |236| |-| |24| |June| |238| |A.D.,| |Tomis,| |Moesia| |Inferior||AE| |27|
Nemesis, the winged balancer of life, is the goddess of revenge, the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers. She distributes fortune, good or bad, in due proportion to each according to what is deserved. The wheel of fate rests against her side. She holds a lorum, a long scarf worn by Roman magistrates, to symbolize her authority as judge, and holds the scales and cubit rule to measure each man's just deserts.
RP49048. Bronze AE 27, Varbanov I 5519, AMNG I/II 3348a, VF, attractive dark green patina, weight 10.460 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 180o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, obverse Γ IOYΛ OYH MAΞIMOC KAIC, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse MHTPO ΠONTOY TOMEΩC, Nemesis standing facing, head left, wand in right hand, scepter in left hand, wheel at feet, Δ (mark of value) in left; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Corpus Nummorum Online - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
de Callata, F. L'histoire des guerres Mithridatiques vue par les monnaies. (Louvain-La-Neuve, 1997).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Macedon and Its Neighbors, Vol. 3, Part II: Thrace, Skythia, and Taurike, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 3.2. (Lancaster, 2017).
Mionnet, T. E. Description de Mdailles antiques grecques et romaines. (Paris, 1807-1837).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Petac, E. La Collection M.C. Sutzu (Bibliothque de lAcadmie Roumaine, Bucarest). I. Istros, Kallatis, Tomis. (Wettern, 2005).
Pick, B. & K. Regling. Die antiken Mnzen von Dacien und Mesien, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/II. (Berlin, 1910).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnchen Staatlische Mnzsammlung, Part 7: Taurische Chersonesos, Sarmatien, Dacia, Moesia superior, Moesia inferior. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Varbanov, Ivan. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, (English Edition), Volume I: Dacia, Moesia Superior & Moesia Inferior. (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Friday, September 29, 2023.
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