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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Anchialus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Anchialus, Thrace

Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) was possibly founded in the 5th or 4th century B.C. as a colony of Apollonia. It is mentioned in Strabo's Geographica as a small town. It was briefly captured by Messembria in the 2nd century B.C., but retaken by Apollonia and its fortified walls destroyed. The western Black Sea coast was conquered by the Romans under Marcus Licinius Crassus in 29 - 28 B.C. after continuous campaigns in the area since 72 - 71. The city became part of the Roman province of Thrace and was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos prospered as the most important import and export location in Thrace during the 2nd and 3rd centuries and acquired the appearance of a Roman city during the Severan Dynasty.


Maximinus I Thrax, 20 March 235 - Late May 238 A.D., Anchialos, Thrace

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Telesphorus was a son of Asclepius. He frequently accompanied his sister, Hygieia. He was a dwarf whose head was always covered with a cowl hood or cap. He symbolized recovery from illness, as his name means "the accomplisher" or "bringer of completion" in Greek. Representations of him are found mainly in Anatolia and along the Danube. Telesphorus is assumed to have been a Celtic god in origin, who was taken to Anatolia by the Galatians in the 3rd century B.C., where he would have become associated with the Greek god of medicine, Asclepius, perhaps in Pergamon (an Asclepian cult center) and spread again to the West due to the rise of the Roman Empire, in particular during the 2nd century A.D., from the reign of Hadrian.
RP89404. Bronze AE 20, Unpublished bust variety; CN Online Anchialos CN_7559 var. (laur. head), Varbanov II -, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, AMNG II -, VF, green patina, off center, oval flan with edge chip, weight 2.792 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 20 Mar 235 - late May 238 A.D.; obverse AVT MAΞIMINOC EVCE AVΓ, laureate and drapes bust right, seen from behind; reverse AΓXIA-ΛEΩN, Telesphoros standing facing, wearing hooded mantle; we know of a few specimens of the variety without drapery published in the Corpus Nummorum Online, this is the only specimen we know of this draped bust variety; extremely rare; $60.00 (52.80)


Gordian III and Tranquillina, May 241 - 25 February 244 A.D., Anchialos, Thrace

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Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) was possibly founded in the 5th or 4th century B.C. as a colony of Apollonia. It is mentioned in Strabo's Geographica as a small town. It was briefly captured by Messembria in the 2nd century B.C., but retaken by Apollonia and its fortified walls destroyed. The western Black Sea coast was conquered by the Romans under Marcus Licinius Crassus in 29 - 28 B.C. after continuous campaigns in the area since 72 - 71. The city became part of the Roman province of Thrace and was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos prospered as the most important import and export location in Thrace during the 2nd and 3rd centuries and acquired the appearance of a Roman city during the Severan Dynasty.
SH33329. Bronze AE 27, Varbanov II 761, VF, weight 10.640 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 180o, Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, May 241 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AYΓCAB TPANKYΛΛINA, confronted busts of Gordian on left, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, and Tranquillina on right, draped and wearing stephane; reverse OYΛΠIANWN AΓXIAΛEWN, galley under sail left, containing five crew members, hull decorated with dolphin, fish and octopus right, waves below; SOLD


Gordian III and Tranquillina, May 241 - 25 February 244 A.D., Anchialos, Thrace

Click for a larger photo
Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) was possibly founded in the 5th or 4th century B.C. as a colony of Apollonia. It is mentioned in Strabo's Geographica as a small town. It was briefly captured by Messembria in the 2nd century B.C., but retaken by Apollonia and its fortified walls destroyed. The western Black Sea coast was conquered by the Romans under Marcus Licinius Crassus in 29 - 28 B.C. after continuous campaigns in the area since 72 - 71. The city became part of the Roman province of Thrace and was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos prospered as the most important import and export location in Thrace during the 2nd and 3rd centuries and acquired the appearance of a Roman city during the Severan Dynasty.
SH38481. Bronze AE 27, Varbanov II 699, VF, weight 11.482 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, May 241 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AYΓCEB TPANKYΛΛINA, confronted busts of Gordian on left, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, and Tranquillina on right, draped and wearing stephane; reverse OYΛΠIANWN AΓXIAΛEWN, galley under sail left, containing five crew members, hull decorated with dolphin, fish and octopus right, waves below; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. II: Macedon, Thrace, Thessaly, Greece. (London, 1924).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Mionnet, T. Description de Mdailles antiques grecques et romaines, supplement 2: Thrace. (Paris, 1822).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Mnzer, F. & M. Strack. Die antiken Mnzen von Thrakien, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. II. (Berlin, 1912).
Poole, R. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1987).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. II: Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, October 16, 2019.
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Anchialus