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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Marcianopolis||View Options:  |  |  |   

Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

Renamed by Trajan after his sister, Ulpia Marciana, Marcianopolis was an important strategic center, part of Roman Thrace until c. 190, and then belonged to Moesia inferior. Marcianopolis' prosperity was ended by Gothic raids in 248 and 249, another in 267 or 268, and other barbarian invasions from the north. The city recovered and under Diocletian Marcianopolis became the center of the province Moesia Secunda of the Diocese of Thrace, and was thoroughly rebuilt in the late 3rd and early 4th century. During Valens' conflict with the Goths (366 - 369), Marcianopolis was a temporary capital of the empire and the largest city of Thrace. In 447, it was destroyed by the Huns under Attila, immediately after the bloody Battle of the Utus River. Justinian I restored and fortified it, but it was subject to regular barbarian attacks. An Avar raid finally destroyed it in 614 or 615.


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

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The Three Graces, named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of Aphrodite (Venus). They are shown on Roman provincial coins as a statuary group, nude and sometimes holding apples.
RP28313. Bronze AE 23, AMNG I/I 603, VF, weight 7.812 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, obverse IOYΛIA ∆OMNA CEB, draped bust right; reverse MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, the three graces, outer two each holding an apple; SOLD


Caracalla and Julia Domna, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

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When Severus died in 211, Julia became the mediator between their two quarreling sons, Caracalla and Geta, who were to rule as joint emperors. Caracalla convinced his mother to call Geta for a reconciliation meeting in her residence. It was a trick. In his mother's house, Caracalla's soldiers attacked and Geta died in their mother's arms. afterward, Julia's relationship with Caracalla was understandably difficult. Nevertheless, she accompanied him on his Parthian campaign in 217. During this trip, Caracalla was assassinated, after which Julia committed suicide. Her body was brought to Rome and she was later deified.
SH54115. Bronze pentassarion, Varbanov I 1001, AMNG I/I 663, H-J Marcianopolis 6.19.7.3, Choice aEF, weight 13.646 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Quintilianus, 215 A.D.; obverse ANTΩNINOC AYΓOYCTOC IOYΛIA ∆OMNA, laureate bust of Caracalla right confronting draped bust of Julia Domna left; reverse YΠ KYNTIΛIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛI,TΩ−N, Apollo standing facing, nude, looking right, right hand on head, bow and arrow in left, coiled serpent around stump right, E (mark of value) in left field; attractive style, nice green patina; SOLD


Caracalla and Julia Domna, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

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When Severus died in 211, Julia became the mediator between their two quarreling sons, Caracalla and Geta, who were to rule as joint emperors. Caracalla convinced his mother to call Geta for a reconciliation meeting in her residence. It was a trick. In his mother's house, Caracalla's soldiers attacked and Geta died in their mother's arms. afterward, Julia's relationship with Caracalla was understandably difficult. Nevertheless, she accompanied him on his Parthian campaign in 217. During this trip, Caracalla was assassinated, after which Julia committed suicide. Her body was brought to Rome and she was later deified.
RP54163. Bronze pentassarion, Varbanov I 1007, AMNG I/I 666, aEF, weight 11.786 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Quintilianus, 215 A.D.; obverse ANTΩNINOC AYΓOYCTOC IOYΛIA ∆OMNA, laureate bust of Caracalla right facing draped bust of Julia Domna left; reverse YΠ KYNTIΛIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛI−TΩ−N, Athena standing left, phiale in extended right over flaming altar, left hand on shield, column surmounted by eagle right, E in right field; choice for the type; rare (Varbanov R7); SOLD


Philip I and Otacilia Severa, 244 - 249 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

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Hermes was the messenger of the gods and the god of commerce and thieves. He was the son of Zeus and the nymph Maia. His symbols include the caduceus and winged sandals.
RP36495. Bronze pentassarion, Varbanov I 2078, AMNG I/I 1202, aEF, weight 13.702 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 195o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Prastina Messallinus, 244 - 247; obverse AYT M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC AVΓ M WTAK CEBHPA C, confronting draped busts of Philip, on left, and Otacilia; reverse YΠ ΠPACT MECCAΛΛEINOY MAPKIANOΠOΛEITΩN, Hermes standing half-right, head left, holding purse and caduceus, nude but for cloak hanging on forearm, E (mark of value) in left field; ex H.D. Rauch 82, 488; unusual fine condition for a provincial bronze; SOLD


Macrinus and Diadumenian, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

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Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom, war, the arts, industry, justice, and skill. Her usual attribute is the owl and Nike is her frequent companion.
RP48225. Bronze pentassarion, Varbanov I 1144 cor (says transverse spear but pl. shows inverted), AMNG I/I -, BMC Thrace -, gVF, cleaning scratches, weight 10.222 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Marcus Agrippa, 217 - 218 A.D.; obverse AYT K OΠEΛ CEY MAKPEINOC K M OΠEΛ ANTΩNEINOC, laureate head of Macrinus right confronted with bare-head of Diadumenian left; reverse YΠ AΓPIΠΠOY MAPKIANOΠOΛEITΩN, Athena standing left, patera in right hand, inverted spear in left hand, E (mark of value) in right field; very rare (R7); SOLD


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

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RP33831. Bronze AE 26, H-J Marcianopolis 6.32.7.2 (R4), AMNG I/I 986, Varbanov I 1753 corr. (R5, laureate head), SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, EF, weight 12.101 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 180o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Iulius Gaetulicus, 222 - 225 A.D.; obverse AYT K M AYP CEY AΛEZAN∆POC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse YΠ IOY ΓETOY∆IKOY − MAPKIANOΠOΛIT (OY's and AP ligate), Apollo standing left, nude, phiale in extended right, branch in left; SOLD


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

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Homonoia was the goddess (or spirit or personification) of harmony, concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind. She is usually depicted either seated or standing with a cornucopia.
RP54379. Bronze pentassarion, Varbanov I 2096, AMNG I/I 1213, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Righetti -, Lindgren -, SGICV -, VF, weight 11.556 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 45o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, obverse M IOYΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠOC KAICAP, confronting draped busts of Philip, on left, and Serapis; reverse MAPKIANOΠOΛEITΩN, Homonoia standing facing, head left, patera in left over flaming altar, cornucopia in right, E (mark of value) in left field; attractive green patina; scarce; SOLD


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

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The Three Graces, named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of Venus (Aphrodite). They are shown on Roman provincial coins as a statuary group, nude and sometimes holding apples.
RP84853. Bronze AE 21, H-J Marcianopolis 6.36.26.3 (same dies), Varbanov 1908, AMNG I -, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, Mionnet -, Moushmov -, VF, dark green patina, porous, central cavities, weight 4.432 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Marcianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, 240/241 A.D.; obverse M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AVT, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right from the front; reverse MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN (the final N in exergue), The Three Graces standing, nude, the outer two facing, with heads turned outward and holding apples in outer hand, the middle with back facing and with arms around other two; ex CNG e-auction 225, lot 242; ex Mark Staal Collection of the Three Graces; ex Palladium, Sep 1997; rare; SOLD


Gordian III and Tranquillina, May 241 - 25 February 244 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

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RP33650. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.38.46.2 (same dies, R6), Varbanov I 2057 (same dies, R4), AMNG I/I 1192 (same reverse die), Moushmov 841, VF, weight 11.363 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Tertullianus, 241 - 244 A.D.; obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AYΓ CE, TPANKYΛ/ΛEINA (legend ends in two lines below busts), confronted busts of Gordian on left, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, and Tranquillina on right, draped and wearing stephane; reverse YΠ TEPTYΛΛIANOY MAPKIANO,ΠOΛIT,Ω/N (legend continues into exergue, and ends on right side of the temple), tetrastyle temple containing statue of Tyche standing facing, head left, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, horned roof, pellet in pediment, E (mark of value) in left field; scarce; SOLD


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

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The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by his cousin King Eurystheus, was to slay the Nemean lion and bring back its skin. It could not be killed with mortal weapons because its golden fur was impervious to attack. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight, the lion bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt but failed. Wise Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.
RP68282. Bronze AE 19, H-J Marcianopolis 6.14.14.3 (R2), Moushmov 397, Varbanov I 733 (R4) var. (CEΠTI), AMNG I/I 585 var. (CE), VF, tight flan, weight 4.951 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 225o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AV Λ CEΠT CEVHPOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Herakles standing left, nude, fighting the Nemean lion, which appears to be biting off his finger; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Hristova, N. & G. Jekov. The Local Coinage of the Roman Empire - Moesia Inferior, I - III c. A.D., Marcianopolis. (Blagoevgrad, 2006).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Pick, B. & K. Regling. Die antiken Münzen von Dacien und Moesien. AMNG I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 7: Taurische Chersones. Sarmatien. Dacia. Moesia superior. Moesia inferior. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain - Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Hungary, Budapest, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum, III: Moesia inferior. (Milan, 2000).
Varbanov, Ivan. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume I: Dacia, Moesia Superior & Moesia Inferior. (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Saturday, August 17, 2019.
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Marcianopolis