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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Types| ▸ |Facing Heads||View Options:  |  |  | 

Facing Heads on Ancient Coins
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |II| |Theos,| |261| |-| |246| |B.C.||AE| |17|
Antiochus II Theos was the son of Antiochus I and Princess Stratonice, the daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes. He inherited a state of war with Egypt and while he was thus occupied, his satraps in Parthia and Bactria declared independence. To make peace with Egypt and to seal the treaty, Antiochus repudiated his wife Laodice I, exiled her to Ephesus, and married Ptolemy II's daughter Berenice. Antiochus later left Berenice and their infant son Antiochus, to live again with Laodice. Laodice poisoned him, had Berenice and her infant son murdered, and proclaimed her son Seleucus II as king.
GY99608. Bronze AE 17, Houghton-Lorber I 592, Newell ESM 196, HGC 9 268 (R2), VF, dark green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, weight 3.964 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Seleukeia on the Tigris (south of Baghdad, Iraq) mint, c. 250 - 246 B.C.; obverse helmeted and draped bust of Athena slightly left, wearing triple crested helmet; reverse Apollo seated right on omphalos, holding kithara on lap with right hand, tall tripod lebes behind on left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, monograms (controls) outer left and outer right; ex CNG e-auction 513 (6 Apr 2022), lot 178; this coin is the only specimen of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $225.00 SALE PRICE $203.00

Byzantine Empire, Andronicus I, September 1183 - 12 September 1185 A.D.

|Andronicus| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Andronicus| |I,| |September| |1183| |-| |12| |September| |1185| |A.D.||half| |tetarteron|
Marchev and Watcher suggest the scarcity of this type my be due to limited or no minting during the Norman siege of Thessalonica.
BZ95147. Bronze half tetarteron, CLBC 5.4.4; DOC IV-1 8; SBCV 1989; Hendy pl. 19, 4; Morrisson BnF - (p. 731); Wroth BMC 17-18; Ratto 2172; Sommer 62.6; Grierson 1115, aVF, weak strike, ragged flan with edge splits typical of type, weight 1.781 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, Sep 1183 - 12 Sep 1185 A.D.; obverse facing bust of the Virgin Orans, nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium, the nimbate head of the infant Christ on her chest, MP - ΘV (Greek abbreviation: Mητηρ Θεου - Mother of God) across field; reverse AN∆PO, half-length figure of Andronicus facing with forked beard, wearing crown, scaramangion and sagion, labarum in left hand, globus cruciger in right hand; from the S. Lindner Collection; rare; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00

Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class A2, Basil II & Constantine VIII, 976 - 1025 A.D.

|Anonymous| |Folles|, |Byzantine| |Anonymous| |Follis| |of| |Christ,| |Class| |A2,| |Basil| |II| |&| |Constantine| |VIII,| |976| |-| |1025| |A.D.||anonymous| |follis|
The class A2 anonymous follis is identified by Wayne Sayles in "Ancient Coin Collecting V" as one of the masterpieces of Romaion coinage.
BZ110388. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ class A2; Grierson-NumisWiki ornaments 40b; DOC III-2 A2.18, Sommer 40.2, SBCV 1813, VF, nice green patina, light earthen deposit, light marks, obverse die break, weight 15.290 g, maximum diameter 31.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 10 Jan 976 - 15 Dec 1025 A.D.; obverse EMMANOVHΛ (romanized Hebrew - God is with us), facing bust of Christ, wears nimbus cruciger ornamented in each limb of cross, pallium, and colobium, ornamented Gospels held in both hands, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsos Xrists - Jesus Christ) across field; reverse IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Greek: Jesus Christ King of Kings), ornamentation above and below inscription; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00

Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class A3, Basil II & Constantine VIII, c. 1023 - 11 November 1028 A.D.

|Anonymous| |Folles|, |Byzantine| |Anonymous| |Follis| |of| |Christ,| |Class| |A3,| |Basil| |II| |&| |Constantine| |VIII,| |c.| |1023| |-| |11| |November| |1028| |A.D.||anonymous| |follis|
The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ98859. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ class A3; Grierson-NumisWiki ornaments 47; DOC III-2 A2.47, Wroth BMC 4 (Romanus III), Sommer 40.3.4, SBCV 1818, gF, dark green patina, flat strike areas, weight 9.179 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1023 - 11 Nov 1028 A.D.; obverse + EMMANOVHΛ (romanized Hebrew - God is with us), facing nimbate bust of Christ, pallium and colobium, Gospels in both hands, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsos Xrists - Jesus Christ) across field; reverse + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Greek: Jesus Christ King of Kings), square above and below inscription; J; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00

Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

|Constans| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constans| |II,| |September| |641| |-| |15| |July| |668| |A.D.||follis|
Grierson notes, "These coins are struck on irregular flans and often badly worn and corroded. Usually only a few letters of the reverse inscription are legible..."
BZ97798. Bronze follis, Anastasi 75; Wroth BMC 345; Hahn MIB 204b; Sommer 12.86; SBCV 1103; Tolstoi 137; DOC II-1 p. 399, 9d (Heraclonas); Morrison BnF -, VF, nice green patina, overstruck on a clipped fraction of an older coin, undertype effects, ragged edge with splits, weight 5.455 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 210o, Syracuse mint, 641 - 644 A.D.; obverse IMPER CONST (or similar), bust of Constans II facing, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse large M (40 nummi) above exergue line, small cross (no officina letter) before large S C (senatus consulto) below exergue line, A/N/A downward on left, N/E/O/ς downward on right; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00

Eusebeia (Caesarea), Cappadocian Kingdom, Reign of Archelaus, c. 36 B.C. - 17 A.D.

|Cappadocia|, |Eusebeia| |(Caesarea),| |Cappadocian| |Kingdom,| |Reign| |of| |Archelaus,| |c.| |36| |B.C.| |-| |17| |A.D.||AE| |16|
Mount Erciyes (Argaios to the Greeks, Argaeus to the Romans) is a massive stratovolcano 25 km to the south of Kayseri (ancient Caesarea) in Turkey. The highest mountain in central Anatolia, with its summit reaching 3,916 meters (12,848 ft). It may have erupted as recently as 253 B.C., as may be depicted on Roman era coins. Strabo wrote that the summit was never free from snow and that those few who ascended it reported seeing both the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south in days with a clear sky.
GB110053. Bronze AE 16, Sydenham Caesarea 5; BMC Galatia p. 45, 1; ; Lindgren III 945; SNGvA -; SNG Cop VII -; Imhoof MG -, F, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 3.729 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 36 B.C. - 17 A.D.; obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion) in aegis; reverse Mount Argaeus, EYΣEBEIAΣ in exergue ; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00

Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Principality| |of| |Antioch,| |Tancred,| |Regent,| |March| |1101| |-| |May| |1103| |and| |Late| |1104| |-| |December| |1112||follis|
Tancred, a Norman leader of the 1st Crusade, became Prince of Galilee and regent of the Principality of Antioch when his uncle Bohemund was taken prisoner. He later took the County of Edessa when Baldwin II was captured, but Baldwin was released, defeated him and took it back. Tancred was made regent of Antioch again when Bohemund went to Europe to recruit more Crusaders. Tancred refused to honor a treaty in of fealty to the Byzantine Emperor, making Antioch independent, and ruled until his death in a typhoid epidemic.
CR110071. Bronze follis, Metcalf Crusades 81; Malloy Crusaders 5; Schlumberger pl. II, 8, aF, dark patina, red earthen deposits, parts of edge ragged, weight 1.826 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Mar 1101 - Dec 1112; obverse facing bust of Christ, wears nimbus cruciger ornamented with one pellet in each limb of cross, pallium, and colobium, Gospels in both hands, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Iησοúς Xριστος - Jesus Christ) across field; reverse cross pomme, fleuronne at base, TA-NK/P-H in quarters; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00

Byzantine Empire, Romanus IV Diogenes, 1 January 1068 - 19 August 1071

|Romanus| |IV|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Romanus| |IV| |Diogenes,| |1| |January| |1068| |-| |19| |August| |1071||follis|
In modern usage, the term despot means a ruler or other person who holds absolute power, typically one who exercises it in a cruel or oppressive way. The original Greek term meant simply "lord" and was the Greek equivalent to the Latin dominus. Despotes was initially used as a form of address indicating respect. As such, it was applied to any person of rank, but in a more specific sense to God, bishops and the patriarchs, and primarily the Roman and Byzantine Emperors.
BZ99042. Bronze follis, DOC III-2 8, Morrisson BnF 53/Cp/AE/01, Wroth BMC 9 ff., Ratto 2030, Sommer 54.4, SBCV 1866, VF, dark patina, overstruck, weight 4.166 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071; obverse bust of Jesus Christ, dotted cross behind, wearing tunic and himation, right hand raised in benediction, left hand holds the Gospels , IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ Conquers) flanking Christ's head; reverse Latin cross with X at center, one large and two small pellets at end of each arm, C R P ∆ (Greek abbreviation: Σταυρε Bοηθει Pωμανω ∆εσποτη - May the cross protect the despot Romanus) in the angles; from a Las Vegas dealer; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00

Kingdom of Mallorca, Sancho de Mallorca, 1311 - 1324

|Spain|, |Kingdom| |of| |Mallorca,| |Sancho| |de| |Mallorca,| |1311| |-| |1324||dobler|
The Kingdom of Majorca (1231 - 1715) was created by James I of Aragon following his conquest of the Balearic Islands and the surrender of sovereignty by the Muslim rulers 1231. It was ruled in conjunction with the Crown of Aragon until his death when it passed to a younger son, James II, who ruled the kingdom as nominal vassal of the Aragonese Crown. James II's son, Sancho, called the Peaceful, was King of Majorca, Count of Roussillon and Cerdanya, and Lord of Montpellier from 1311 to his death in 1324. In 1344, the kingdom was again united with the Crown of Aragon. It subsequently formed an administrative kingdom within the Crown of Spain until the Nueva Planta Decrees abolished the division in 1715.
ME92741. Billon dobler, Crusafont 1992 547, Burgos 1388, VF, small edge split, holed, weight 1.484 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Palma mint, 1311 - 1324; obverse + REX MAIORICAR (King of Majorca), crowned bust facing, star right and left; reverse + SACIUS DEI GRA ( Sancho I by the grace of God), Latin cross, the base dividing the legend; ex York Coins; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00

Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

|Maurice| |Tiberius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Maurice| |Tiberius,| |13| |August| |582| |-| |22| |November| |602| |A.D.||follis|
Antioch was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528.

Maurice Tiberius, a successful general, was selected by Tiberius II Constantine as his successor. He achieved a favorable peace with Persia and stemmed losses in Italy and Africa, much of the Balkans were lost. Focas, a junior officer, revolted. Maurice and Theodosius, his son and co-emperor, were captured and murdered.
BZ97888. Bronze follis, DOC I 165b; Wroth BMC 181; Morrisson BnF 7/An/AE/35; Hahn MIB 96c; Tolstoi 168; Ratto 1135; Sommer 7.63.1; SBCV 533, aVF, black patina, earthen deposits and encrustations, weight 12.010 g, maximum diameter 28.9 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 594 - 595 A.D.; obverse D N mAUΓI-CNPAUT, bust facing, crown with trefoil ornament, consular robes, mappa in right, eagle-tipped scepter in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and X/III (regnal year 13), cross above, Γ (officina 3) below, THEUP' in exergue; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00


Catalog current as of Thursday, February 2, 2023.
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