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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Horse||View Options:  |  |  |   

Horses on Ancient Coins
Roman Republic, Cast Aes Grave, c. 270 B.C.

|before| |211| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Cast| |Aes| |Grave,| |c.| |270| |B.C.||triens|
In 270 B.C., Rome's subjugation of Italy was completed by the recapture of Rhegium from the Mamertines and the defeat of the Brutians, the Lucanians, the Calabrians and the Samnites. The town of Rhegium was then restored by the Romans to its original Greek inhabitants.
RR93747. Aes grave (cast) triens, Crawford 18/3, Sydenham 17, Thurlow-Vecchi 10, ICC 35, HN Italy 281, Russo RBW -, VF, dark green patina, earthen deposits, minor casting flaw on edge, weight 97.090 g, maximum diameter 47.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 270 B.C.; obverse head of horse right, •••• (mark of value); reverse head of horse left, •••• (mark of value) below; from the Errett Bishop Collection, 97 grams! 47 mm!; $1900.00 SALE |PRICE| $1710.00
 


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

|Nero|, |Nero,| |13| |October| |54| |-| |9| |June| |68| |A.D.||sestertius|
A decursio was a military exercise, by which Roman soldiers were taught to make long marches in a given time, under arms and without quitting their ranks. They sometimes consisted of a mock fight between two divisions. Augustus and subsequently Hadrian ordered that the infantry and cavalry were to march out three times a month ten miles from the camp and ten miles back, fully armed and equipped. Decursio on this coin probably refers Nero's participation in mock military maneuvers in the circus.
SH96390. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I 508, Mac Dowall WCN 448, BMCRE I 316, BnF II 135, Cohen I 88, SRCV I -, Choice aEF/VF, superb portrait, well centered and struck, scratches, marks, porosity more on the reverse, weight 23.971 g, maximum diameter 35.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 66 A.D.; obverse IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT MAX TR POT P P, laureate head left, small globe at point; reverse DECVRSIO (in exergue), Nero and a companion on horseback prancing right, Nero holds spear in right hand, companion holds vexillum in right over shoulder, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; $1860.00 SALE |PRICE| $1674.00
 


Kyme, Aeolis, 165 - 140 B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Kyme,| |Aeolis,| |165| |-| |140| |B.C.||stephanophoric| |tetradrachm|
In Greek mythology, the Amazons were a nation of all-female warriors Herodotus placed them in a region bordering Scythia in Sarmatia (modern territory of Ukraine). Other historiographers place them in Asia Minor or Libya.
SH96005. Silver stephanophoric tetradrachm, SNGvA 1636; SNG Cop 103; BMC Troas p. 111, 73; Weber 5502, VF, attractive style, centered on a broad flan, toned, porous slightly rough surfaces, weight 16.286 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, 165 - 140 B.C.; obverse head of Amazon Kyme right, wearing taenia; reverse horse walking right, oinochoe below raised left foreleg, KYMAIΩN downward on right, KAΛΛIAΣ (magistrate) in exergue, all in laurel wreath tied at the bottom; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $900.00 SALE |PRICE| $810.00
 


Carthage, Zeugitana, N. Africa, c. 410 - 310 B.C.

|Carthage|, |Carthage,| |Zeugitana,| |N.| |Africa,| |c.| |410| |-| |310| |B.C.||litra|
At the height of its prominence, Carthage's influence extended over most of the western Mediterranean. Rivalry with Rome led to a series of conflicts, the Punic Wars. The Third Punic War ended in the complete destruction of the city, annexation by Rome of all Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire Carthaginian population.
GS95983. Silver litra, Viola CNP 653; SNG Cop 8 74; SNG Mün 6 1612; SNG Lloyd II 1611; SNG Lockett 1033; SNG Ash 2153; Pozzi 3294; Müller Africa p. 92, 130; HGC 2 -, Choice VF, well centered, toned, porosity, weight 0.732 g, maximum diameter 9.1 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Sicilian mint, c. 410 - 310 B.C.; obverse palm tree with two hanging bunches of dates; reverse horse head right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $450.00 SALE |PRICE| $405.00
 


Germanicus, b. 24 May 15 B.C. - d. 10 Oct 19 A.D., Issued by Caligula

|Germanicus|, |Germanicus,| |b.| |24| |May| |15| |B.C.| |-| |d.| |10| |Oct| |19| |A.D.,| |Issued| |by| |Caligula||dupondius|
This type was issued by Caligula in honor of his deceased father. Germanicus Caesar was the son of Tiberius' brother Drusus Sr. and Antonia the daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia. He distinguished himself on the battlefield many times, most notably in Germania where he inflicted serious defeats on the barbarian tribes and recovered the legionary standards lost in the catastrophic Varus disaster. He was chosen Tiberius' successor, but died of an unknown cause. His tremendous popularity helped his son Caius (Caligula) obtain the throne after Tiberius died.
RB97745. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC I Gaius 57, BMCRE I Gaius 93, BnF II Caligula 140, Hunter I Gaius 37, Cohen I 7, SRCV I 1820, gF, scattered mild pitting, weight 12.208 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 37 - 41 A.D.; obverse Germanicus in slow quadriga right, bare-headed, wearing paludamentum, eagle-tipped scepter in left hand, chariot ornamented with Victory and wreath, GERMANICVS / CAESAR in two lines above horses; reverse Germanicus standing left, bare-headed, wearing cuirass and short tunic, cloak over left arm, right leg bent, raising right hand, aquila (legionary eagle) in left hand, SIGNIS - RECEPT / DEVICTIS - GERM (standards recovered from the defeated Germans) in two divided lines across the field at center, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 78 (17 Dec 2020), lot 1296, ex Lucernae prima auction (2 Jun 2020), lot 212; $450.00 SALE |PRICE| $405.00
 


Eastern Celts, Imitative of Philip II of Macedonia, "Dachreiter" Type, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Eastern| |Celts,| |Imitative| |of| |Philip| |II| |of| |Macedonia,| |"Dachreiter"| |Type,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Although the body and head of the horseman on the prototype drachm of Philip III of Macedonia have been replaced by an S-shaped line over three pellets, the horseman's leg can still be found on the side of the horse!
SH89462. Silver tetradrachm, Göbl OTA tf. 15, 170/4; Lanz 448, aVF, light toning, reverse slightly off center, light marks, weight 11.953 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Zeus right; reverse stylized horseman prancing left, rider's head and body reduced to an S-shaped line over three pellets, leg of horseman on side of the horse; $360.00 SALE |PRICE| $324.00
 


Gallic Celts, Uncertain (Lemovices?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Gallic| |Celts,| |Uncertain| |(Lemovices?),| |c.| |100| |-| |50| |B.C.||obol|
The tribe and mint that issued this obol type are unknown, but the Lemovices struck quinarii with similar types, including a human head above the horse on the reverse. It is possible the Lemovices also issued this rare type.
CE89067. Silver obol, Delestrée-Tache 3699; cf. CCBM II S404 ff., De la Tour 4561 (Lemovices, severed head series quinarii), F, well centered, toned, etched surfaces, weight 0.633 g, maximum diameter 10.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, c. 100 - 50 B.C.; obverse female head right in classic style; reverse horse galloping right, small human head right above; ex CGB Numismatique Paris; rare; $155.00 SALE |PRICE| $140.00
 


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.||denarius|
This coin refers to the departure (profectio) of Caracalla, Septimius, and Geta on their British expedition. Historian's dating of this departure to the year 208 depends on these coins dated TR P XI for Caracalla and TR P XVI for Septimius.
RS97836. Silver denarius, RIC IV 108 (S); RSC III 510; BMCRE V 574; Hunter III p. 56, 52; SRCV II -, VF, excellent portrait, choice obverse, well centered, flow lines, reverse die wear, edge cracks, weight 3.341 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 208 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF TR P XI COS III (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power for 11 years, consul for the 3rd time), Emperor on horseback right, wearing military garb, paludamentum flying behind, transverse lance in right hand, enemy kneeling right with right hand raised below horse's raised right foreleg, PROF (departure) in exergue; from a Norwegian collection; scarce; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00
 


Kingdom of Numidia, Massinissa 203 - 148 B.C., or Micipsa 148 - 118 B.C.

|Numidia|, |Kingdom| |of| |Numidia,| |Massinissa| |203| |-| |148| |B.C.,| |or| |Micipsa| |148| |-| |118| |B.C.||AE| |27|NEW
Numidia was an Ancient Berber kingdom in what is now Algeria and a smaller part of Tunisia, in North Africa. It was bordered by the kingdoms of Mauretania (modern-day Morocco) to the west, the Roman province of Africa (modern-day Tunisia) to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Sahara Desert to the south. The long-lived King Masinissa ruled c. 203 -148 B.C. He was succeeded by his son Micipsa. When Micipsa died in 118, he was succeeded by his two sons Hiempsal I and Adherbal, and by his illegitimate grandson, Jugurtha. Jugurtha had Hiempsal killed, which led to war with Adherbal. Rome declared war after Jugurtha killed some Roman businessmen aiding Adherbal. Jugurtha surrendered and received a highly favorable peace treaty, which raised suspicions of bribery. The Roman commander was summoned to Rome to face corruption charges. Jugurtha was also forced to come to Rome to testify, where he was completely discredited. War broke out again and several legions were dispatched to North Africa. The war dragged out into a seemingly endless campaign. Frustrated at the apparent lack of action, Gaius Marius returned to Rome to seek election as Consul. Marius was elected, and then returned to take control of the war. He sent his Quaestor Lucius Cornelius Sulla to neighboring Mauretania to eliminate their support for Jugurtha. With the help of Bocchus I of Mauretania, Sulla captured Jugurtha. In 104 B.C., after being paraded through the streets of Rome in Marius' Triumph, Jugurtha was executed.
GB93787. Bronze AE 27, Alexandropoulos MAA 18a; Mazard III 50; Müller Afrique III p. 18, 32; SNG Cop 505 ff.; SGCV II 6597, aVF, desert patina, porosity/pitting, obverse edge beveled, remnants of pre-strike casting sprues, weight 14.122 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 0o, Cirta (Constantine, Algeria) mint, 203 - 118 B.C.; obverse laureate head (Micipsa?) left with pointed beard, dot border; reverse horse running left, pellet below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
 


Carthage, Zeugitana, N. Africa, c. 340 - 320 B.C.

|Punic| |Sicily|, |Carthage,| |Zeugitana,| |N.| |Africa,| |c.| |340| |-| |320| |B.C.||AE| |20|NEW
At the height of its prominence, Carthage's influence extended over most of the western Mediterranean. Rivalry with Rome led to a series of conflicts, the Punic Wars. The Third Punic War ended in the complete destruction of the city, annexation by Rome of all Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire Carthaginian population.
GI93811. Bronze AE 20, Calciati III p. 384, 12/15 (same dies); Viola CNP 255; SNG Cop 102; Alexandropoulos MAA 20; HGC 2 1668, F, black patina, minor roughness, obverse edge beveled, weight 5.703 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Sicilian mint, c. 340 - 320 B.C.; obverse palm tree, three fronds on each side and a bunch of dates on each side, linear border; reverse horse head right, linear border; scarce; $85.00 SALE |PRICE| $76.50
 




  



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