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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Types| ▸ |Votive||View Options:  |  |  | 

Votive Coinage
Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

|Crispus|, |Crispus,| |Caesar,| |1| |March| |317| |-| |326| |A.D.||centenionalis|
In 323, Constantine the Great defeated invading Goths and Sarmatians north of the Danube in Dacia, and claimed the title Sarmaticus Maximus.
RT112169. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 372, SRCV IV 16731, Cohen VII 22, VF, well centered, green patina, mild roughness, weight 2.260 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 322 - 323 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate and cuirassed bust left, spear over shoulder in right hand, oval shield on left shoulder; reverse BEATA TRAN-QVILLITAS (blessed tranquility), altar inscribed VO/TIS / XX in three lines, surmounted by celestial globe, three stars above, •STR• in exergue; from Shawn Caza former diplomat, author of A Handbook of Late Roman Coins (Spink, 2021), collection assembled during postings and international travel; ex Agora Vienna (Reinhard Dollinger); $65.00 SALE PRICE $58.50


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||solidus|
Constantius II, unlike his father, allowed Christians to persecute pagans and Jews. Christian clergy inspired angry crowds, which attacked and destroyed synagogues and temples. On 7 May 351, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. The rebels destroyed the Roman garrison in a surprise night attack and acquired the garrison's weapons. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias and killed the people of different ethnicities, including Greeks and Samaritans. In 352, Constantius Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. Diocesarea, the epicenter of the revolt, was razed to the ground. Ursicinus ordered the execution of thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
SH98716. Gold solidus, Hunter V p. 317, 86 (also 4th officina); RIC VIII Nicomedia 32 (R3); Depeyrot p. 264 3/4; SRCV V 17738; Cohen VII 108, Choice gVF, well centered, flow lines, scratches, weight 4.423 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 347 - 15 Mar 351; obverse FL IVL CONSTAN-TIVS PERP AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA - REI-PVBLICAE, Roma on left, enthroned facing, helmeted, spear in right hand, Constantinopolis on right, enthroned left, wearing turreted crown, right foot on prow, scepter in left hand, both hold shield inscribed VOT XX MVLT XXX, SMNC in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||siliqua|
In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RS79818. Silver siliqua, RIC VIII Antioch 35 (R2), RSC V 338A, SRCV V 17925, Hunter V -, Cohen VII -, EF, well centered, toned, nice surfaces with a few light marks, weight 3.152 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 30o, Antioch mint, c. 340 - 342 A.D.; obverse pearl-diademed head right, with eyes raised to heaven, no legend; reverse VOTIS / XV / MVLTIS / XX in four lines within laurel wreath with jewel at the top, tied at the bottom, ANT in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

|Roman| |Gold|, |Constans,| |9| |September| |337| |-| |19| |January| |350| |A.D.||solidus|
"OB" means "on account of," is an abbreviation for the word obryzum, which means refined or pure gold, and is the Greek numeral 72. Thus the legend may be read, "on account of our celebration of our triumph" or it may use the multiple meanings and read "1/72 pound pure gold for the celebration of our triumph." The Romans found the use of double meanings clever. We believe the choice of this legend was intended to be clever.
SH08818. Gold solidus, RIC VIII Siscia 114, Cohen -, Choice EF, weight 4.46 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 342 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONS-TANS P F AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse OB VICTORIAN TRIVMPHALEM, two Victories standing facing center, holding between them a wreath inscribed VOT X MVL XX, SIS* in exergue; beautifully centered and struck with no sign of circulation or wear, would be MS except for digger's mark across lower reverse; very rare (R3); SOLD


Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

|Theodosius| |I|, |Theodosius| |I,| |19| |January| |379| |-| |17| |January| |395| |A.D.||solidus|
On 24 November 380, Theodosius I made his adventus, or formal entry, into Constantinople.
SH37592. Gold solidus, RIC IX Constantinopolis 70(b)1, Depeyrot 48/4, SRCV V 20398, Cohen VIII 10, choice VF, weight 4.348 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 387 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGGG A (harmony among our three emperors, 1st officina), Constantinopolis seated facing on throne, her helmeted head right, right leg bare, right foot on prow, long grounded scepter in right hand, shield inscribed VOT V MVLT X in left hand supported on the left arm of the throne, each arm of the throne ornamented with a lion head, CONOB in exergue; ex Baldwin's (London); rare; SOLD


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.||solidus|
In 354, Constantius II recalled his legate (and cousin) Constantius Gallus to Constantinople after receiving unfavorable reports about him. Caesar of the East, Gallus had successfully suppressed revolts in Palestine and central Anatolia. Constantius stripped him of his rank and later had him executed in Pola (in modern Croatia).
SH70831. Gold solidus, Depeyrot 6/3, RIC VIII Antioch 81 var. (unlisted officina), VF, digs and scratches on obverse, weight 4.225 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, 10th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, late 347 - 355 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS PERP AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA REI-PVBLICAE, Roma on left, enthroned facing, holding spear; Constantinopolis on right, enthroned half-left, right foot on prow, scepter in left; both hold shield inscribed VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines; SMANI in ex; ex CNG auction 306, lot 431; ex Kelly J. Krizan M.D. Collection; rare; SOLD


Jovian, 27 June 363 - 17 February 364 A.D.

|Jovian|, |Jovian,| |27| |June| |363| |-| |17| |February| |364| |A.D.||siliqua|
After arriving at Antioch, Jovian decided to rush to Constantinople to consolidate his political position there. While en route, he was found dead in bed in his tent at Dadastana, halfway between Ancyra and Nicaea. His death has been attributed to either a surfeit of mushrooms or the poisonous carbon monoxide fumes of a charcoal warming fire. Jovian was buried in the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople.
SH33676. Silver siliqua, RIC VIII Constantinople 173, nice VF, cleaning marks, weight 1.982 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 27 Jun 363 - 17 Feb 364 A.D.; obverse D N IOVIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT V MVLT X within wreath, CPΓ in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

|Procopius|, |Procopius,| |28| |September| |365| |-| |27| |May| |366| |A.D.||siliqua|
VOT V abbreviates Votis Quinquennalibus, which means Procopius has completed vows (prayers and sacrifices) for five years of rule. In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).
RS41366. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Constantinopolis 13e, SRCV V 19867, gVF, repaired, weight 2.033 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT V within wreath, CS; BROKEN and repaired (glued); rare; SOLD


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.||reduced| |follis|
Londinium (London today), established around 43 A.D., was sacked in 60 A.D. by the Iceni led by queen Boudica, but quickly rebuilt. At the end of the 1st century, Londinium was a cosmopolitan community of merchants from across the Empire and the capital of Roman Britain. In 286, the usurper Carausius declared himself the Emperor of Britain. In 296, Rome invaded and reclaimed Britain from his successor Allectus. Twice British legions rebelled and elected their own emperors, Magnus Maximus in 382 and Constantine III, in 407. Both crossed the channel with their legions and were defeated, leaving Britain largely unprotected. As the Empire declined, Britain became increasingly isolated. In 410, the Romano-British authorities appealed to Honorius for help. He replied that the Britons would have to look after their own defenses, meaning Roman occupation of Britain had ended. Britain was increasingly vulnerable to attack by the Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisii. By the middle 5th century only a small number of wealthy families maintained a Roman lifestyle. At the end of the 5th century the city was largely an uninhabited ruin.Londinium
SH28377. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII London 283 (R4) var. (draped), Hunter V 5 var. (described as cuir. but wearing trabea), SRCV V 17149 var. (bust), Cohen VII 8 ff. var. (same), Choice aEF, weight 3.005 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 135o, 1st officina, Londinium (London, England) mint, as caesar, 323 - 324 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, laureate and cuirassed bust, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, mappa in left hand; reverse BEAT TRA-NQLITAS, globe on altar inscribed VOT/IS / XX, three stars above, PLON in exergue; extremely rare; SOLD


Decentius, Caesar, July or August 350 - 18 August 353 A.D.

|Decentius|, |Decentius,| |Caesar,| |July| |or| |August| |350| |-| |18| |August| |353| |A.D.||maiorina|
A key coin for collecting a set of all Roman mints. The mint at Amiens was established by Magnentius in the middle of 350 A.D. Only one officina was established and all coins were billon. The mint was closed in 354 A.D. and never opened again.
SH06936. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Amiens 10 (R), Bastien MM 110, SRCV V 18876, Cohen VIII 33, LRBC II -, EF, sharp, beautiful patina, weight 4.77 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 45o, Ambianum (Amiens, France) mint, Jul/Aug 350 - 18 Aug 353 A.D.; obverse D N DECENTIVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAES (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT V MVLT X, AMB in exergue; from the Scott Collection; rare; SOLD







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