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Baktria, Diodotus I as Satrap for Antiochus II Theos, c. 255 - 250 B.C.
Diodotus I was the Seleukid governor of Baktro-Sogdiana early in Antiochos II's reign. His first coinage was issued with the Seleukid monarch's portrait. He then issued coins, like this one, with his own portrait, yet retaining the name of Antiochos as king. Diodotus' territory was so remote that he was king in all but title. About 250 B.C., he took the title too and issued coins as king in his own name (BAΣIΛEΩΣ ∆IO∆OTOY).
Recent scholarship shows that Ai Khanoum (Greek name uncertain) was the principal mint of the region, located on the frontier between Afghanistan and the former Soviet Union.SH33186. Gold stater, Houghton-Lorber I 630, Newell ESM 723, SGCV II 7497, gVF, obverse test cut, weight 8.310 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ai Khanoum mint, obverse diademed head of middle-aged Diodotus I right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Zeus striding left, naked, aegis over extended left arm, hurling fulmen with raised right, wreath over eagle inner left; rare; SOLD
India, Tribal Issue, Sarabhapuriyas of Mahakosala (Chhattisgarh), Prasannamatra, c. 525 - 550 A.D.
Bracteates (a type of coin, not a denomination) were also minted in medieval Europe. They were made with very thin metal and were apparently made using a single die with the flan placed on a leather covered block, thus giving an intaglio reverse.SH12098. Gold bracteate 12 rattis, Mitchiner ATEC 5207; cf. Baldwin auction 37 (4 May 2004), lot 1344; Mitchiner NI -, VF, weight 1.222 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, obverse uniface coin with Garuda bird flanked by discus and conch, Brahmi legend and jar below; extremely rare; SOLD