|This was the first struck coin type minted in Vietnam. Most Vietnamese coins continued to be cast. |
Nguyen Hoang Tong held the title of Khai Dinh, meaning "auger of peace and stability." He was a puppet figurehead for the French colonial rulers, following all of their instructions giving "legitimacy" to French policies. As a result, he was very unpopular with the people. Nguyen Ai Quoc (later known as Ho Chí Minh) wrote a play about Khai Dinh called "The Bamboo Dragon" that ridiculed him as grand only in appearance and ceremony but a powerless puppet of the French government. In 1919, the Emperor decreed Vietnam cease using Chinese as official written language and replaced it with Romanized Vietnamese.