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Gold Coins
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta

|Vespasian|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta||aureus|NEW
On 14 April 70 A.D. Titus surrounded Jerusalem. He allowed pilgrims to enter to celebrate Passover but this was a trap to put pressure on supplies of food and water; he refused to allow them to leave. On 10 May he began his assault on the walls. The third wall fell on 25 May. The second wall fell on 30 May. On 20 July Titus stormed the Temple Mount. On 4 August 70 A.D. Titus destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date. This type celebrates the victory of Vespasian and Titus. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judaea Capta" issues.
SL110372. Gold aureus, RIC II-1 1; BMCRE I 31; SRCV I 2252, Cohen 1 225, Hunter I 16, NGC F 5/5 - 3/5 (5771211-001), weight 7.13 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 21 Dec 69 - early 70 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse Jewess captive seated right in attitude of mourning, knees drawn up, head resting on left hand propped up on knees, trophy of captured arms behind her includes helmet, cuirass, oblong and round shields, and greaves, IVDAEA in exergue; first example of this type handled by Forum; NGC| Lookup; $9400.00 SALE PRICE $8460.00


Byzantine Empire, Constantine X Ducas, 25 December 1059 - 21 May 1067 A.D.

|Constantine| |X|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constantine| |X| |Ducas,| |25| |December| |1059| |-| |21| |May| |1067| |A.D.||histamenon| |nomisma|
About 1060 A.D. the Spanish Jew Benjamin of Tudela reported that Constantinople had merchant communities from Babylon, Canaan, Egypt, Hungary, Persia, Russia, Sennar, and Spain, as well as 2,000 Jews.
SH99272. Gold histamenon nomisma, DOC III-2 1a.; Wroth BMC 3; Morrisson BnF 51/Cp/AV/03; SBCV 1847; Sommer 52.1; Ratto 2010, gVF, flattened scyphate, flow lines, scratches, mild die wear, weight 4.194 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Dec 1059 - 21 May 1067 A.D.; obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTInm (Jesus Christ King of Kings), Christ seated facing on square-backed throne, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising hand in benediction, Gospels in left, double border; reverse +KWN RAC Λ O ∆OVKAC, Constantine standing facing on footstool, bearded, wearing crown, sakkos and loros, labarum with pellet on shaft in right hand, globus cruciger in left, double border; $700.00 SALE PRICE $630.00


Leu Numismatic LTD, Auction Catalog. Zurich, Auction 55 1992

|Auction| |Catalogs|, |Leu| |Numismatic| |LTD,| |Auction| |Catalog.| |Zurich,| |Auction| |55| |1992|
Auction 55, 19 Oct. 1992, The Gold Coinage of Portugal.
BL23069. Leu Numismatic LTD, Auction Catalog. Zurich, Auction 55 1992, in English, softcover, 92 pages 192 lots international shipping at the actual cost of postage; $15.00 SALE PRICE $13.50


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.||aureus|
The Sphinx was one of Augustus' symbols and was used on his personal seal (Suetonius).
SH30615. Gold aureus, RIC I 512 corr. (head left), BMCRE 682, Calico 156, Cohen 333, gVF, weight 7.998 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 19 - 18 B.C.; obverse AVGVSTVS, bare head right; reverse sphinx seated right; attractive reddish toning; rare; SOLD


Arsinoe II, Wife of Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C., Restoration by Ptolemy VI or Ptolemy VIII

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Arsinoe| |II,| |Wife| |of| |Ptolemy| |II| |Philadelphos,| |285| |-| |246| |B.C.,| |Restoration| |by| |Ptolemy| |VI| |or| |Ptolemy| |VIII||oktodrachm|
Following Arsinoe's death in 268 B.C., Ptolemy II minted a massive issue of outstanding gold and silver medallic coins honoring his departed wife. Arsinoe II is portrayed in the guise of Isis. Her worship was widespread during this period and for generations following.

This coin is a "restoration" struck by Ptolemy VI or Ptolemy VIII. A possible exact date could be 145 B.C. on the accession of Ptolemy VIII.
SH30612. Gold oktodrachm, Svoronos 1498, SNG Cop 321, Choice EF, weight 27.841 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, c. 180 - 116 B.C.; obverse diademed and veiled head or Arsinoe II as Isis right, K behind; reverse APΣINOHΣ ΦIΛA∆EΛΦOY, double cornucopia bound with fillet and filled with fruits; huge gold coin!; SOLD


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |II| |Philadelphos,| |285| |-| |246| |B.C.||pentadrachm|
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

Ptolemy II encouraged education, commerce, industry, immigration and trade resulting in a prosperous growing economy. He was the richest monarch of his age.
SH24850. Gold pentadrachm, Svoronos 636 (8 specimens); BMC Ptolemies p. 9, 74 and pl. II, 2 (same obv die, Ptolemy I), Choice aEF, weight 17.823 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, c. 270 - 267 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, date H and club left; superb strike, lustrous, beautiful!; rare; SOLD


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

|Severus| |Alexander|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.||aureus|
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

This coin is a near perfect specimen, cut from fresh dies which were equisitly engraved. When rotating the coin under a light, Severus' hair and laurel wreath literally sparkle as if a diamond. One of the finest coins ever handled by Forum, this coin has no equal.
SH21939. Gold aureus, RIC IV 103, BMCRE VI 620, brilliant Mint State, weight 5.922 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 230 A.D.; obverse IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate bust right with drapery on left shoulder; reverse P M TR P VIII COS III P P, emperor advancing right, spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left; "brilliant mint state" grade by Sear and on certificate, ex Gemini III, 430; SOLD


Arsinoe II, Wife of Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Arsinoe| |II,| |Wife| |of| |Ptolemy| |II| |Philadelphos,| |285| |-| |246| |B.C.||oktodrachm|
Exceptional quality early octadrachm. Egypt was neutral during the First Punic War. It is likely that the balance of trade favored Egypt. At the same time, Ptolemy II diverted the revenues from the temples of the Egyptian gods, to those of his deifed sister Arsinoe II. Massive gold coins such as this may have been the result of both political trends.
SH30614. Gold oktodrachm, Svoronos 460, SNG Cop 134, SGCV II 7768, EF, some minor marks, weight 27.799 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, c. 260 B.C.; obverse diademed and veiled head or Arsinoe II right, Θ behind; reverse APΣINOHΣ ΦIΛA∆EΛΦOY, double cornucopia bound with fillet and filled with fruits; huge gold coin!; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.||aureus|
Fortuna (equivalent to the Greek goddess Tyche) goddess of fortune, was the personification of luck. Fortuna Redux brought one safely home, in this case the emperor. The Romans believed that Fortuna, after deserting the Persians and Assyrians, took flight over Macedonia and saw Alexander perish as she passed into Syria and Egypt. At last arriving on Mount Palatine, she threw aside her wings and casting away her wheel (the wheel of fortune), entered Rome where she took up her abode forever.
SH30319. Gold aureus, Woytek 525t+-12 var. (no stops, same rev. die), Calic 1025 var. (same), RIC II 320, Cohen II 152, BMCRE III 576 var. (globe under bust), Choice VF, elegant bust type, nice style, excellent strike, weight 7.224 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 114 - 116 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate bust right, bare chest, wearing aegis visible front and back; reverse FORT RED P M TR P COS VI P P S P Q R, Fortuna seated left on chair without back, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; very scarce; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.||aureus|
SH30330. Gold aureus, Woytek 525, Calico 1026, RIC II 319, BMCRE III 569, Cohen II -, Choice EF, well centered and struck on a full broad flan, nice style, minor scratches, weight 7.355 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 116 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FORT RED P M TR P COS VI P P S P Q R, Fortuna seated left on chair without back, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; SOLD




  



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REFERENCES

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Berk, H. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Brend, D. "Le monnayage d 'or de Syracuse sous Denys I" in CCISN 8. (Rome, 1993), pp. 91 - 143.
Bursche, A. Złote medaliony rzymskie w Barbaricum Symbolika prestiżu i władzy społeczeństw barbarzyńskich u schyłku starożytności. (Warsaw, 1998).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain. (Paris, 1880 - 1892).
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Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum. (London, 1923 - 1963).
Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276 (RIC V Online) http://www.ric.mom.fr
Oddy, W. "Analysis of the Gold Coinage of Beneventum" in NC 1974.
Pink, K. "Die Goldprgung des Diocletianus und seiner Mitregenten" in Numismatische Zeitschrift 64 (1931).
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Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values. (London, 2000 - 2014).
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