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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Numismatics| ▸ |Barbaric & Imitative||View Options:  |  |  | 

Barbaric and Imitative Coins
Nabataean Kingdom, Aretas IV, 9 B.C. - 40 A.D., Barbaric Imitative

|Nabataean| |Kingdom|, |Nabataean| |Kingdom,| |Aretas| |IV,| |9| |B.C.| |-| |40| |A.D.,| |Barbaric| |Imitative||AE| |14|
Aretas IV was the greatest Nabataean king, ruling S. Palestine, most of Trans-Jordan, N. Arabia, and Damascus. Al-Khazneh,one of the most elaborate temples in Petra, is believed to have been the mausoleum of Aretas IV. Paul mentions Aretas in connection with his visit to Damascus (2 Corinthians 11:32). Al-Khazneh, one of the most elaborate temples in Petra, is believed to have been the mausoleum of Aretas IV.
GB94966. Bronze AE 14, Al-Qatanani 141t6 (die match, barbaric style), Meshorer Nabataean 68A; cf. Huth 77 (official style), Barkay CN 150c (same), Schmitt-Korte 38 (same), VF, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, obv. off center, reverse edge beveled, small edge split, weight 1.482 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial mint, c. 2 - 24; obverse laureate head of Aretas right; reverse two crossed and filleted cornucopias, Nabataean het ros monogram (Aretas) between the horns; from the Ray Nouri Collection; extremely rare; $225.00 SALE PRICE $203.00


Gallic Tribes, Volcae-Arecomici, Nimes Area, Gaul, c. 120 - 49 B.C., Imitating Massalia

|Gaul|, |Gallic| |Tribes,| |Volcae-Arecomici,| |Nimes| |Area,| |Gaul,| |c.| |120| |-| |49| |B.C.,| |Imitating| |Massalia||obol|
Lighter cruder specimens of this head of Apollo / wheel type, have traditionally been identified as very late obols struck at Massalia. More recent research indicates finds are overwhelmingly centered in an area west of Massalia. They were almost certainly struck by the Volcae Arecomici, a Gallic tribe dwelling between the Rhne and the Hrault rivers, around present-day Nmes.
GS99626. Silver obol, cf. Maurel 493, VF, dark toning, flow lines, flan much smaller than the dies, weight 0.540 g, maximum diameter 9.5 mm, die axis 0o, Volcae-Arecomici mint, c. 120 - 49 B.C.; obverse crude bare head of Apollo left (nose, mouth and chin off flan); reverse four-spoke wheel, between spokes M-A; ex CNG, ex Richard L. Horst Collection; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Persian Empire, Philistia (Gaza or Samaria), c. 375 - 333 B.C., Imitative of Athens

|Persian| |Rule|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Philistia| |(Gaza| |or| |Samaria),| |c.| |375| |-| |333| |B.C.,| |Imitative| |of| |Athens||obol|NEW
A Persian Period imitation of Athenian types from the Holy Land. In the past these coins were all attributed to Gaza, however, recent hoard finds indicate a mint at Ashkelon probably also struck this type. It is likely that at least several small mints struck these imitative types.
GS110013. Silver obol, cf. Samaria Hoard pls. 45 - 50, SH269 ff.; Gitler-Tal 4.4.IX.1O; SNG ANS 18; Sofaer Gaza pl. 103, 6, F, toned, off center, die wear, tight somewhat squared flan, ragged edge, weight 0.478 g, maximum diameter 8.7 mm, Gaza(?) mint, c. 375 - 333 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet with three olive leaves over visor and a spiral palmette on the bowl, hair in parallel bands, eye in profile; reverse owl standing right, wings closed, head facing, olive spray with one olive between two leaves and a crescent behind, AΘE downward on right, all in incuse square, no Aramaic inscription; ex Classical Numismatic Group, ex Richard L. Horst Collection; $75.00 SALE PRICE $67.50


Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, 429 - 534 A.D.

|Germanic| |Tribes|, |Vandal| |Kingdom,| |North| |Africa,| |429| |-| |534| |A.D.||AE| |9|
In spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. Convicted of treason, rather than surrender for execution, the Roman general Bonifacius revolted and sought support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals ruled North Africa until the Byzantine Romans recaptured it in 534.
ME93386. Bronze AE 9, cf. Wroth BMCV 188, pl. iv, 39, F, earthen encrusted, weight 0.805 g, maximum diameter 8.5 mm, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, 429 - 534 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust right; reverse cross (in wreath?); $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Geto-Dacian, Roman Republic Imitative, c. 82 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Geto-Dacian,| |Roman| |Republic| |Imitative,| |c.| |82| |B.C.| |-| |1st| |Century| |A.D.||denarius| |serratus|
In ancient Greek and Roman writing Dacus (plural Daci) and Geta (plural Getae) were interchangeable names for tribes of the Dacia region, distinct from but influenced by and possibly related the Thracians and Celts. Modern historians prefer to use the name Geto-Dacians.
CE68430. Silver denarius serratus, cf. Davis C52 and M166; for the Rome mint, C. Mamilius Limetanus, 82 B.C., prototype see: SRCV I 282, Sydenham 741, Crawford 362/1, gVF, weight 3.846 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 135o, tribal mint, c. 82 B.C. - 1st century A.D.; obverse bust of Mercury right wearing winged petasus, caduceus over shoulder; reverse Ulysses (Odysseus) walking right, greeted by his dog Argos, staff in left hand, C MAMIL downward on left, LIMETAN (AT ligate) upwards on right; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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Album, S. & T. Goodwin. Sylloge of Islamic Coins in the Ashmolean Museum, Vol. 1, The Pre-Reform Coinage of the Early Islamic Period. (Oxford, 2002).
Bellinger, A. & P. Grierson, eds. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. (Washington D.C., 1966 - 1999).
Campbell, W. Greek and Roman Plated Coins. ANSNNM 75. (New York, 1933).
Davis, P. "Dacian and Celtic Imitations of Republican Denarii" in The Celator 18-4, April 2004, pp. 6-16.
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm XLIII/1. (2006).
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info/.
Davis, P. & E. Paunov. "Imitations of Republican Denarii from Moesia and Thrace" in Studies Prokopov. (2012).
Foss, C. Arab-Byzantine Coins: An Introduction, with a Catalogue of the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Harvard University Press, 2008).
Goodwin, T. Arab-Byzantine Coinage. Studies in the Khalili Collection. (London, 2005).
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Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
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Spengler, W. & W. Sayles. Turkoman Figural Bronze Coins and Their Iconography. (Lodi, 1992).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Vasic, M. "A IVth and Vth Centuries Hoard of Roman coins and imitations in the collection of the National Museum in Belgrade" in Sirmium VIII, p. 128-129, 6-19.
Walker, J. A Catalogue of the Muhammadan Coins in The British Museum. Vol. 2: A Catalogue of the Arab-Byzantine and Post-Reform Umaiyad Coins. (London, 1956).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

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