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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Numismatics| ▸ |Barbaric & Imitative||View Options:  |  |  | 

Barbaric and Imitative Coins
Persian Empire, Idumaea (Edomites in Judah), 4th Century B.C.

|Persian| |Rule|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Idumaea| |(Edomites| |in| |Judah),| |4th| |Century| |B.C.||1/4| |Shekel|NEW
The Kingdom of Edom, south of Moab and Judah, flourished between the 13th and 8th century B.C. It was conquered by King David and was destroyed by the Babylonians in the 6th century B.C. After the loss of the kingdom, the Edomites were pushed westward towards southern Judah by nomadic tribes coming from the east, among them the Nabataeans, who established their own kingdom in what used to be Edom. The Edomites assisted Nebuchadnezzar in the sack of Jerusalem in 587 B.C. Recent excavations show that Edomite settlement in the Kingdom of Judah began even before that. Under the Persian Empire, southern Judah was formed into the Idumaea satrapy. Herod the Great was of Nabataean and Edomite descent; his ancestors converted to Judaism.

This type is imitative of Athens. After the image of Athena was completely worn, the die was intentionally recut to a blank dome.
Edom
JD98140. Silver 1/4 Shekel, GTvA 58 (most similar); Hendin 1025; HGC 10 617 (R1), gVF, struck with unusually sharp fresh dies for the type, attractive dark toning/patina, tight flan cutting off part of owl's head, weight 4.166 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, die axis 0o, Idumaean mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse dome-shaped blank; reverse owl standing right, head facing, olive spray and crescent upper left, AΘE (Athens) downward on right; rare; $580.00 SALE PRICE $522.00 ON RESERVE


Imitative Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, c. 970 - 980 A.D.

|Anonymous| |Folles|, |Imitative| |Byzantine| |Anonymous| |Follis| |of| |Christ,| |c.| |970| |-| |980| |A.D.||anonymous| |follis|
Of this type of imitative, Lampinen writes, "The second phase of Balkan coinage production goes into high gear with the introduction of the anonymous follis series during the reign of John I (969 - 976). The explicit Christian imagery must have struck a chord with the recently converted Balkan masses because the official mint issues were accompanied by a fair quantity of copies, to meet the excess demand. These Christian issues would also be the prototypes for the initial coinage of several medieval Christian states, such as the first Crusader issues of Edessa and Antioch, medieval Armenia and distant Georgia in the Caucasus."
BZ89911. Bronze anonymous follis, See Lampinen Imitative p. 154 for a similar imitative; for the likely prototype cf. official Byzantine anonymous class A1 folles; SBCV 1793, VF, green patina, double struck, porous, crude and blundered, weight 6.880 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, unofficial (Balkan?) mint, c. 970 - 980 A.D.; obverse facing bust of Christ, wears nimbus cruciger ornamented with two pellets in each limb of cross, pallium, and colobium, Gospels in both hands, blundered imitation of the abbreviation: IC - XC (Greek: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) across field; reverse blundered inscription imitating: + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Greek: Jesus Christ King of Kings); rare this crude; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00
 


Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, 429 - 534 A.D.

|Germanic| |Tribes|, |Vandal| |Kingdom,| |North| |Africa,| |429| |-| |534| |A.D.||AE| |9|
In spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. Convicted of treason, rather than surrender for execution, the Roman general Bonifacius revolted and sought support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals ruled North Africa until the Byzantine Romans recaptured it in 534.
ME93386. Bronze AE 9, cf. Wroth BMCV 188, pl. iv, 39, F, earthen encrusted, weight 0.805 g, maximum diameter 8.5 mm, Carthage mint, 429 - 534 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust right; reverse cross (in wreath?); $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00
 


Roman Republic, Anonymous (Unofficial?), c. 91 B.C.

|99-50| |B.C.|, |Roman| |Republic,| |Anonymous| |(Unofficial?),| |c.| |91| |B.C.||quadrans|
Russo suspects this type may be unofficial because, despite the attractive style, the prow does not include the usual features found on most coins of the period.
RR88352. Copper quadrans, Russo RBW 1244 (unofficial?), Crawford 339/4a, Sydenham 679c, BMCRR Rome 2208, SRCV I 1195, VF, porous, rough, edge splits, weight 2.114 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial(?) mint, c. 169 - 91 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow right, apotropaic on side, ROMA above, three pellets below; $65.00 SALE PRICE $58.50
 







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REFERENCES|

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Campbell, W. Greek and Roman Plated Coins. ANSNNM 75. (New York, 1933).
Davis, P. "Dacian and Celtic Imitations of Republican Denarii" in The Celator 18-4, April 2004, pp. 6-16.
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm XLIII/1. (2006).
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info/.
Davis, P. & E. Paunov. "Imitations of Republican Denarii from Moesia and Thrace" in Studies Prokopov. (2012).
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Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
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Vasic, M. "A IVth and Vth Centuries Hoard of Roman coins and imitations in the collection of the National Museum in Belgrade" in Sirmium VIII, p. 128-129, 6-19.
Walker, J. A Catalogue of the Muhammadan Coins in The British Museum. Vol. 2: A Catalogue of the Arab-Byzantine and Post-Reform Umaiyad Coins. (London, 1956).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

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