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Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great
Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.SH09059. Gold stater, Thompson 164, EF, struck with beautiful dies, mint luster!, weight 8.50 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Ephesus mint, posthumous, 305 - 297 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great right wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse Athena Nikephoros enthroned left, Nike crowning name in extended right hand, left arm rests on grounded round shield decorated with Gorgoneion, transverse spear against right side, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ΛYΣIMAXOY (Lysimachos) downward on left, bee and E-Φ in left field; SOLD
Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III and Alexander IV, 323 - 315 B.C., Types of Philip II
Philip II coin types remained prominent in the northern regions of the Macedonian Kingdom long after his death. This coin was struck at Pella under Antipater or Polyperchon after Alexander's death when the kingdom was nominally ruled by Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother Philip III Arrhidaeus, son of Philip II and Philinna, and Alexander IV, the great conqueror's young son. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only used them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.SH84818. Gold 1/4 stater, CNG auction 88 (14 Sep 2011), lot 149 (same dies, gVF, $5,055 plus fees); Le Rider 131 var. (club left); SNG ANS 237 var. (same), aEF, light marks, weight 2.124 g, maximum diameter 11.4 mm, die axis 180o, Macedonia, Pella mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress knotted at neck; reverse bow with string downward above club right, bee right above bow, ΦIΛIΠΠOY over A below club; extremely rare variant; SOLD
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Lifetime Issue
Lifetime issue. This coin was issued during the lifetime and rule of Alexander the Great. Most Alexander coins were issued after his death. In 333 BC Alexander the Great intended to lay an ambush of Darius III at Myriandrus but the battle took place near Issus.SH26702. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3217, Newell Myriandros 17, Müller -, aEF, weight 17.166 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, Myriandros (near Iskenderun, Turkey) mint, c. 330 - 325 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg forward (archaic lifetime style), eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, scorpion on left, ME monogram under throne; fine style, choice obverse, and unusual symbol, ex G & M 160 lot 1318 (misattributed as Price 3218); very rare; SOLD
Ionia, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
Unpublished in the standard references but we have handled a few and more are known from auction listings.SH82715. Electrum hemihekte, Lydo-Milesian standard; cf. CNG auction (9 Mar 2016), lot 156; Elektron I 9; Weidauer -; Traité I -; SNG Kayhan -; Rosen -; Boston MFA -, VF, irregular flan, scratches, weight 1.151 g, maximum diameter 8.0 mm, uncertain Ionian mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; obverse crude scarab beetle(?); reverse incuse punch; very rare; SOLD
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Hadrian traveled to nearly every province of the Empire and spent more than half his reign outside Italy. Nero had been criticized as self-indulgent for his trip to Greece, but Hadrian proudly advertised his travels with his coinage series. Unlike Nero, the pleasure-seeking tourist, Hadrian inspected and corrected the legions and made grants for the construction of new public buildings, projects, and settlements. Hadrian travels were intended to transform conquered lands into a unified Roman Empire.SH51678. Silver denarius, RSC II 138, BMCRE III 816, RIC II 299, gVF, weight 3.219 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 134 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse AFRICA, Africa reclining left, wearing elephant scalp headdress, scorpion in right hand, scepter in left hand, basket grain and poppies at her feet on far side; ex CNG auction 240, lot 383 (sold for $310 plus buyer's fee); SOLD
Athens, Attica, Greece, c. 340 - 335 B.C., Eleusinian Festival Coinage
Triptolemus was a demigod of the Eleusinian mysteries who presided over the sowing of grain-seed and the milling of wheat. His name means He who Pounds the Husks. In myth, Triptolemos was one of the Eleusinian princes who kindly received Demeter when she came mourning the loss of her daughter Persephone. The young goddess was eventually returned to her from the Underworld. Demeter, in her munificence, instructed Triptolemos in the art of agriculture and gave him a winged chariot drawn by serpents so that he might travel the world spreading her gift. SH49956. Bronze AE 16, BMC Attica p. 113, 20; Kroll 38 var. (control mark); SNG Cop 414 (control mark), F, weight 4.006 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, Athens mint, obverse Triptolemos seated left in winged chariot drawn by two serpents, stalk of grain in his right hand; reverse EΛEYΣI, piglet standing right on mystic staff, bee (control symbol) below; ex BCD with his hand-written round tag; SOLD
Priapus, Mysia, 3rd Century B.C.
Palinurus Elephas is a spiny lobster, which is commonly caught in the Mediterranean Sea. Its common names include European spiny lobster, crayfish or cray (in Ireland), common spiny lobster, Mediterranean lobster and red lobster. Claws are much smaller than those of the American lobsters.SH57747. Brass AE 19, BMC Mysia p. 176, 3 - 5 var. (symbol); cf. SNG Cop 548, SNGvA 1435, SNG Tüb 2499, SNG BnF 2401 - 2402 (all symbol obscure or of flan), VF, some roughness, weight 3.591 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Priapus (Karabiga, Turkey) mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠPIAΠHNΩN, lobster or crayfish right, cicada below; rare; SOLD