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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Troas||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Greek Coins of Troas

The Troad or Troas is the historical name of the Biga Yarimadasi peninsula in the northwestern Turkey. Bounded by the Dardanelles to the northwest, by the Aegean Sea to the west and separated from the rest of Anatolia by the massif that forms Mount Ida, the Troad is drained by two main rivers, the Scamander (Karamenderes) and the Simois, which join near the ruins of Troy. The Kingdom of Pergamum ceded the territory to the Roman Republic.


Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D., Alexandria Troas, Troas

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The representation of the decurions of Alexandria depicted on the reverse of this type is unique within the Roman provincial series. The decurions were members of municipal senates responsible for procuring funds for new public works, festivities and games, as well as for welfare networks. Their fiscal responsibilities also extended to the collecting of imperial taxes, for which they were expected to cover any shortfalls.
RP87204. Bronze AE 22, RPC IX 432 (12 spec.); Bellinger A409; SNG Çanakkale 376; BMC Troas p. 27, 145; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, aVF, dark green patina, reverse slightly off center, tiny encrustations, some legend weak, edge cracks, weight 4.586 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Alexandria Troas (Eski Stambul, Turkey) mint, Jun/Jul 251 - Jul/Aug 253 A.D.; obverse IMP C VIBI TRIBO GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse The curia decurionum of Alexandria in session: nine men wearing togas seated in a semicircle, two outer men seated on curule chairs, two in center holding short staffs, AVG above, two steps below, ALEXAND on upper step, decorative pattern on lower step, TROADA in exergue; ex Roma Numismatics, e-sale 40 (28 Oct 2017), lot 429; very rare; $1300.00 (€1144.00)
 


Lamponeia, Troas, c. 5th - Early 4th Century B.C.

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Lamponeia was on the southern coast of Troas, on the long crest of a mountain, above the modern village of Kozlu in Canakkale Province, Turkey. From this site, the city could monitor sea traffic on the coast and control a narrow valley which connected Assos to the cities of the middle Skamander valley. The settlement was 800 m long and protected by a 7 m thick circuit wall of rough masonry and boulders, dated to the 6th century B.C. In the 5th century B.C. the city was a member of the Delian League and paid Athens a modest tribute of 1,000 drachms (on one occasion in 430/429 1,400 drachms). In the late 5th and early 4th century B.C. the city minted bronze coinage, but thereafter disappears from the historical record. It is possible that soon after the site was abandoned and its citizens moved to Assos. Late Roman and Byzantine period finds suggest that the site was reoccupied in this period, perhaps as a defensive measure against piracy and brigandage.
GS89698. Silver hemiobol, cf. SNG Cop 444 (obol); SNG Tübingen 2649 (triobol); Traité 2295; BMC Troas p. 72, 12 (hemidrachm); SNG München –; SNG Kayhan -; Klein -, VF, well centered, toned, porous, oval flan, weight 0.270 g, maximum diameter 8.1 mm, die axis 0o, Lamponeia (near Kozlu, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, c. 5th - early 4th century B.C.; obverse bearded head of Dionysos right, hair bound in taenia; reverse facing head of bull, ΛAM around clockwise from lower left, all within a shallow incuse square; ex Beast Coins, this type is apparently unpublished in references as a hemidrachm, but larger denominations with the same types are published, and five hemiobol specimens are known from auctions over the last two decades; extremely rare; $250.00 (€220.00)
 


Assos, Troas, c. 400 - 241 B.C.

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Assos was a harbor city on the Gulf of Adramytteion, just north of the island of Lesbos. Hermias, a student of Plato, ruled Assos for a time during the 4th century B.C. He invited Plato's most famous student, Aristotle, who lived and taught in Assos for more than three years. When the Persians took the city, they executed Hermias and Aristotle fled to Lesbos. After visiting Alexandria Troas, Paul walked to Assos and visited the Christians there (Acts 20:13).
GB91517. Bronze AE 21, SNG München 163; BMC Troas p. 38, 23; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Tübingen -, F, rough, obscure counter-mark on obverse, weight 6.632 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Assos mint, c. 400 - 241 B.C.; obverse head of Athena facing slightly right, wearing triple crested helmet, obscure counter-mark; reverse griffin standing left, AΣΣI above, star under raised right foreleg, helmeted head left below; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; very rare; $140.00 (€123.20)
 


Abydos, Troas, 4th Century B.C.

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Abydos is located on the Asiatic shore of the Hellespont (Dardanelles), at the shortest crossing point, scarcely a mile across from Sestus on the European side. In the Iliad, Abydos was an ally of the Trojans (Iliad ii.836) and it is the mythical home of Leander. Persians occupied it in 514 B.C. and Darius burned it in 512. When he invaded Greece in 480 B.C., Xerxes built his two bridges of boats across the strait from Abydos. Abydos became a member of the Delian League, but revolted against Athens in 411 B.C. It allied itself to Sparta, until 394 B.C. Then it passed under Achaemenid rule until 334. Alexander the Great threw a spear to Abydos while crossing the strait and claimed Asia as his own. Abydos is celebrated for the vigorous resistance it made against Philip V of Macedon in 200 B.C. The city minted coins from the early fifth century B.C. to the mid-third century A.D.
GS91349. Silver hemidrachm, SNG Berry 979; SNG Cop 9; BMC Troas p. 3, 17; SNG München 12 (club in exergue); SNGvA -, gF, well centered on a tight flan, toned, minor deposits, weight 2.519 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 0o, Abydos mint, magistrate Efaistoleos, 4th century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ABY, eagle standing right, Nike holding wreath flying left (control symbol) lower left, HΦAIΣTOΛEΩΣ (magistrate name) downward on right, club(?) left below; $120.00 (€105.60)
 


Larissa-Ptolemais, Troas, 3rd Century B.C.

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Imhoof-Blumer attributed this type to Ptolemais in Pamphylia, but in Hill convincingly argued against that city. Waddington was of the opinion that these coins might belong to Lebedos under the name Ptolemais. L. Robert in Monnaies antiques en Troade (Paris, 1966), p. 56, suggests Larissa-Ptolemais in Troas. Most recent auction listings accept Robert's attribution but the identity of the city is by no means certain.
GB88082. Bronze AE 13, SNGvA 2026 (Lebedos-Ptolemais, Ionia), BMC Troas -, SNG Cop -, SNG Tübingen -, SNG München -, Winterthur -, Klein -, VF, nice dark patina, some porosity, earthen deposits, weight 1.988 g, maximum diameter 13.1 mm, die axis 0o, Larissa-Ptolemais mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIEΩ, amphora; very rare; $95.00 (€83.60)
 


Tenedos, Islands off Troas, c. 450 - 387 B.C.

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Tenedos is mentioned in both the Iliad and the Aeneid, in the latter as the island where the Greeks hid their fleet near the end of the Trojan War in order to trick the Trojans into believing the war was over and into taking the Trojan Horse within their city walls. The island was important throughout classical antiquity despite its small size due to its strategic location at the entrance of the Dardanelles. In the following centuries, the island came under the control of a succession of regional powers, including the Persian Empire, the Delian League, Alexander the Great, the Kingdom of Pergamon, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, and the Republic of Venice. As a result of the War of Chioggia (1381) between Genoa and Venice the entire population was evacuated and the town was demolished. The Ottoman Empire established control over the deserted island in 1455. During Ottoman rule, it was resettled by both Greeks and Turks. In 1807, the island was temporarily invaded by the Russians. During this invasion, the town was burnt down and many Turkish residents left the island.Map of Troas
GS91378. Silver hemidrachm, SNG Cop 508; SNGvA 7665; BMC Troas p. 92, 9; SNG München -; HGC 6 -, aF, toned, tight flan, weight 1.622 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, die axis 180o, Tenedos (Bozcaada, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 387 B.C.; obverse archaic janiform head, female on left, male on right (Hera and Zeus?); reverse labrys (double axe), T-E/N-E in two lines divided by ax handle, all within a shallow incuse square; scarce; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Larissa-Ptolemais, Troas, 3rd Century B.C.

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Imhoof-Blumer attributed this type to Ptolemais in Pamphylia, but in Hill convincingly argued against that city. Waddington was of the opinion that these coins might belong to Lebedos under the name Ptolemais. L. Robert in Monnaies antiques en Troade (Paris, 1966), p. 56, suggests Larissa-Ptolemais in Troas. Most recent auction listings accept Robert's attribution but the identity of the city is by no means certain.
GB93075. Bronze AE 13, SNGvA 2026 (Lebedos-Ptolemais, Ionia), BMC Troas -, SNG Cop -, SNG Tübingen -, SNG München -, Winterthur -, Klein -, F, dark patina with light earthen highlighting, scrapes, tight flan, weight 1.981 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 0o, Larissa-Ptolemais mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIEΩ, amphora; ex Triskeles auction 28 (11 Jun 2019), lot 59; very rare; $85.00 (€74.80)
 


Dardanos, Troas, 4th Century B.C.

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In mythology, Dardanos was founded by Dardanus, from whom the city, the region and the people took their name. It lay on the Hellespont, and is the source of the strait's modern name, the Dardanelles. From Dardanus' grandson Tros the people gained the additional name of Trojans and the region gained the additional name Troad. Tros' son Ilus subsequently founded a city called Ilion (in Latin Ilium) down on the plain, the city now commonly called Troy, and the kingdom was split between Ilium and Dardania. The Dardani people appear in the Trojan War under Aeneas, in close alliance with the Trojans, with whose name their own is often interchanged, especially by the Roman poets.The Troad
GB87737. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 303; BMC Troas p. 50, 18; SNGvA -; SNG München -; SNG Tüb -, F, porous, corrosion, weight 6.069 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 270o, Dardanos mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse horseman galloping right, raising right hand, wearing petasos, chlamys flying behind; reverse cock right, standing erect, ∆AP above, grain ear right below; scarce; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Dardanos, Troas, 4th Century B.C.

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In mythology, Dardanos was founded by Dardanus, from whom the city, the region and the people took their name. It lay on the Hellespont, and is the source of the strait's modern name, the Dardanelles. From Dardanus' grandson Tros the people gained the additional name of Trojans and the region gained the additional name Troad. Tros' son Ilus subsequently founded a city called Ilion (in Latin Ilium) down on the plain, the city now commonly called Troy, and the kingdom was split between Ilium and Dardania. The Dardani people appear in the Trojan War under Aeneas, in close alliance with the Trojans, with whose name their own is often interchanged, especially by the Roman poets.The Troad
GB87738. Bronze AE 15, BMC Troas p. 48, 6; SNG Cop 287; SNGvA -; SNG Tübingen -; SNG München -, F, centered on a tight flan, corrosion, weight 3.964 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Dardanos mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse horseman galloping right, wearing petasos and chlamys flying behind, ΦIΛO KPA and owl below horse; reverse cock right, standing erect, ∆AP above, star over Athena Promachos in right field; rare; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Dardanos, Troas, c. 4th Century B.C.

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In mythology, Dardanos was founded by Dardanus, from whom the city, the region and the people took their name. It lay on the Hellespont, and is the source of the strait's modern name, the Dardanelles. From Dardanus' grandson Tros the people gained the additional name of Trojans and the region gained the additional name Troad. Tros' son Ilus subsequently founded a city called Ilion (in Latin Ilium) down on the plain, the city now commonly called Troy, and the kingdom was split between Ilium and Dardania. The Dardani people appear in the Trojan War under Aeneas, in close alliance with the Trojans, with whose name their own is often interchanged, especially by the Roman poets.The Troad
GB89025. Bronze AE 11, SNG Cop 290; SNG Ashmolean 1126; BMC Troas p. 49, 10; SNGvA -; SNG München -; SNG Tübingen -, gF, dark patina with buff earthen highlighting, obverse off center, marks, weight 1.207 g, maximum diameter 10.5 mm, die axis 180o, Dardanos mint, c. 4th Century B.C.; obverse horseman galloping right, wearing chiton, chlamys (flying behind) and petasos, raising right hand; reverse cock standing right, race torch (control symbol) upper left, ∆APdownward on right; ex Numismatik Lanz; rare; $80.00 (€70.40)
 




  



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REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Friday, September 20, 2019.
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Troas