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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Aeolis||View Options:  |  |  |   

Aeolis

Aeolis was not originally a geographic term but a collective name for the cities in the region on the west coast of Asia Minor founded by the Aeolians, a branch of the Hellenic peoples. The twelve southern cities were grouped in the Aeolian League; these were Temnos, Smyrna, Pitane, Neonteichos, Aegirusa, Notium, Cilla or Killa, Cyme, Gryneum, Larissa, Myrina, and Aegae.


Kyme, Aiolis, 350 - 250 B.C.

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Cyme, one of the oldest Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in Euboea, though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its large capable port was a valuable maritime asset to the Persian Empire, contributing ships to Dareios in 512 B.C. and to Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the Battle of Salamis, the remnants of Xerxes' fleet wintered at Cyme. After Persia, Aeolis was held successively by the Macedonians, Seleucids, Pergamenes, Romans, Byzantine, and Ottomans.
GB27535. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 46 - 68 var., SGCV II 4187 var., Weber 5485 ff. var., BMC Troas p. 107, 27 ff. var. (all var. magistrate), aVF, weight 4.017 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse [...]EΣTΩP, eagle standing right; reverse one-handled vase, K-Y across field; rare variety; SOLD


Myrina, Aeolis, mid 2nd Century B.C.

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At the time this coin was issued, Myrina was a thriving town popular with tourists and known for its terracotta, glassware, and oysters. The site of Myrina was discovered at the mouth of the river that was the ancient Pythicos, whose alluvia have covered what was the city's harbor. Excavations (1880-1882) brought to light about four thousand tombs, dating from the last two centuries B.C., in which were found numerous objects representing the divinities of the Greek pantheon; children's toys, reproductions of famous works, etc. Most of these may be seen today in the Museum of the Louvre.
SH20288. Silver stephanophoric tetradrachm, Sacks 20, SNG Cop 223, SNG Lockett 2222, Pozzi 2306, SNGvA -, SNG Ash -, SNG Mün -, BMC Troas -, EF, weight 16.914 g, maximum diameter 31.1 mm, die axis 0o, Aiolis, Myrina (near Aliaga, Turkey) mint, obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair braided, ribbons flowing behind; reverse MYPINAIΩN, Apollo Grynios advancing right holding patera and laurel branch with fillets; omphalos and amphora at feet; (ΠA monogram) left, all within laurel wreath; superb style, a gem!; SOLD


Myrina, Aeolis, mid 2nd Century B.C.

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At the time this coin was issued, Myrina was a thriving town popular with tourists and known for its terracotta, glassware, and oysters. Today it is perhaps best known for these beautiful tetradrachms!
SH26471. Silver stephanophoric tetradrachm, Sacks 20, SNG Cop 223, SNG Lockett 2222, Pozzi 2306, SNGvA -, SNG Ash -, SNG Mün -, BMC Troas -, EF, weight 16.653 g, maximum diameter 33.1 mm, die axis 0o, Aiolis, Myrina (near Aliaga, Turkey) mint, obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair braided, ribbons flowing behind; reverse MYPINAIΩN, Apollo Grynios advancing right holding patera and laurel branch with fillets; omphalos and amphora at feet; (ΠA monogram) left, all within laurel wreath; SOLD


Myrina, Aeolis, mid 2nd Century B.C.

Click for a larger photo
At the time this coin was issued, Myrina was a thriving town popular with tourists and known for its terracotta, glassware, and oysters. The site of Myrina was discovered at the mouth of the river that was the ancient Pythicos, whose alluvia have covered what was the city's harbor. Excavations (1880-1882) brought to light about four thousand tombs, dating from the last two centuries B.C., in which were found numerous objects representing the divinities of the Greek pantheon; children's toys, reproductions of famous works, etc. Most of these may be seen today in the Museum of the Louvre.
SH26472. Silver stephanophoric tetradrachm, Sacks 20, SNG Cop 223, SNG Lockett 2222, Pozzi 2306, SNGvA -, SNG Ash -, SNG Mün -, BMC Troas -, EF, weight 17.030 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Aiolis, Myrina (near Aliaga, Turkey) mint, obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair braided, ribbons flowing behind; reverse MYPINAIΩN, Apollo Grynios advancing right holding patera and laurel branch with fillets; omphalos and amphora at feet; (ΠA monogram) left, all within laurel wreath; SOLD


Myrina, Aeolis, mid 2nd Century B.C.

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Myrina is said to have been founded before the other Aeolian cities by either Myrinus or the Amazon Myrina. Artaxerxes gave Gryneium and Myrina to Gongylus, an Eretrian, who had been banished from his native city for favoring Persia. Myrina had a good harbor. Pliny the Elder mentions the fame of its oysters and that it bore the surname of Sebastopolis (venerable city). An inscription tells us that Myrina was within the Kingdom of Pergamon in the 3rd century B.C. For some time Myrina was occupied by Philip V of Macedon; but the Romans compelled him to evacuate, and declared the place free. It twice suffered severe earthquakes, in the reigns of Tiberius and Trajan. The town was restored each time, and continued to exist until a late period. It was the birthplace of Agathias, a Byzantine poet and historian of the 6th century.
GS38437. Silver stephanophoric tetradrachm, Sacks 20, SNG Cop 223, SNG Lockett 2222, Pozzi 2306, SNGvA -, SNG Ash -, SNG Mün -, BMC Troas -, EF, weight 16.589 g, maximum diameter 32.4 mm, die axis 0o, Aiolis, Myrina (near Aliaga, Turkey) mint, obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair braided, ribbons flowing behind; reverse MYPINAIΩN, Apollo Grynios advancing right holding patera and laurel branch with fillets; omphalos and amphora at feet; (ΠA monogram) left, all within laurel wreath; SOLD


Kyme, Aeolis, 165 - 140 B.C.

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In Greek mythology, the Amazons were a nation of all-female warriors Herodotus placed them in a region bordering Scythia in Sarmatia (modern territory of Ukraine). Other historiographers place them in Asia Minor or Libya.
SH35556. Silver stephanophoric tetradrachm, SNGvA 1636; SNG Cop 103; BMC Troas p. 111, 73; Weber 5502, superb EF, light toning with golden hues, weight 16.845 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, 165 - 140 B.C.; obverse head of Amazon Kyme right, wearing taenia; reverse horse walking right, oinochoe below raised left foreleg, KYMAIΩN downward on right, KAΛΛIAΣ (magistrate) in exergue, all in laurel wreath tied at the bottom; SOLD


Kyme, Aeolis, 165 - 140 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
In Greek mythology, the Amazons were a nation of all-female warriors Herodotus placed them in a region bordering Scythia in Sarmatia (modern territory of Ukraine). Other historiographers place them in Asia Minor or Libya.
SH48912. Silver stephanophoric tetradrachm, Oakley 55; BMC Troas p. 112, 77; SNG Cop -; SNGvA; SNG Delepierre -, Choice aEF, weight 16.682 g, maximum diameter 30.4 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Amazon Kyme right, wearing taenia; reverse horse walking right, oinochoe below raised left foreleg, KYMAIΩN downward on right, EYKTHMΩN (magistrate) in exergue, all in laurel wreath tied at the bottom; SOLD


Kyme, Aeolis, 155 - 145 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
In Greek mythology, the Amazons were a nation of all-female warriors Herodotus placed them in a region bordering Scythia in Sarmatia (modern territory of Ukraine). Other historiographers place them in Asia Minor or Libya.
SH35576. Silver stephanophoric tetradrachm, Oakley 39, pl. 7, 39b (same obverse die); SNGvA 1638; BMC Troas p. 111, 73 ff.; SNG Cop 103 - 105 var. (same), aEF, light toning, weight 16.797 g, maximum diameter 33.0 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, 165 - 140 B.C.; obverse head of Amazon Kyme right, wearing taenia; reverse horse walking right, oinochoe below raised left foreleg, KYMAIΩN downward on right, ΣTPATΩN (magistrate) in exergue, all in laurel wreath tied at the bottom; ex Freeman and Sear; SOLD


Kyme, Aeolis, 165 - 140 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
In Greek mythology, the Amazons were a nation of all-female warriors. Herodotus placed them in a region bordering Scythia in Sarmatia (in modern Ukraine). Other historiographers placed them in Anatolia or in Libya.
SH35588. Silver stephanophoric tetradrachm, Oakley, ANSMN 27, 2, pl. 1 2.q (same obverse die); BMC Troas, p. 111, 74; SNG Cop 104, EF, weight 17.041 g, maximum diameter 32.3 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Amazon Kyme right, wearing taenia; reverse horse walking right, oinochoe below raised left foreleg, KYMAIΩN downward on right, MHTPOΦANHΣ (magistrate) in exergue, all in laurel wreath tied at the bottom; light toning, ex Freeman and Sear; SOLD


Myrina, Aeolis, mid 2nd Century B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Myrina is said to have been founded before the other Aeolian cities by Myrinus or by the Amazon Myrina. Artaxerxes gave Gryneium and Myrina to Gongylus, an Eretrian, who had been banished from his native city for favoring Persia. Myrina had a good harbor. Pliny the Elder mentions the fame of its oysters and that it bore the surname of Sebastopolis (venerable city). An inscription tells us that Myrina was within the Kingdom of Pergamon in the 3rd century B.C. For some time Myrina was occupied by Philip V of Macedon; but the Romans compelled him to evacuate, and declared the place free. It twice suffered severe earthquakes, in the reigns of Tiberius and Trajan. The town was restored each time, and continued to exist until a late period. It was the birthplace of Agathias, a Byzantine poet and historian of the 6th century.
SH35589. Silver stephanophoric tetradrachm, Sacks 29; SNGvA 1665; SNG Cop 222; BMC Troas p. 136, 7; Weber 5565, EF, light graffiti on reverse, weight 17.002 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 0o, Aiolis, Myrina (near Aliaga, Turkey) mint, obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair braided, ribbons flowing behind; reverse MYPINAIΩN, Apollo Grynios advancing right holding patera and laurel branch with fillets; omphalos and amphora at feet; BTN monogram left, all within laurel wreath; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Thursday, October 17, 2019.
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Aeolis Coins