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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Aeolis||View Options:  |  |  | 

Aeolis

Aeolis was not originally a geographic term but a collective name for the cities in the region on the west coast of Asia Minor founded by the Aeolians, a branch of the Hellenic peoples. The twelve southern cities were grouped in the Aeolian League; these were Temnos, Smyrna, Pitane, Neonteichos, Aegirusa, Notium, Cilla or Killa, Cyme, Gryneum, Larissa, Myrina, and Aegae.

Myrina, Aeolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Myrina,| |Aeolis,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.|, |AE| |16|
Myrina is said to have been founded before the other Aeolian cities by either Myrinus or the Amazon Myrina. Artaxerxes gave Gryneium and Myrina to Gongylus, an Eretrian, who had been banished from his native city for favoring Persia. Myrina had a good harbor. Pliny the Elder mentions the fame of its oysters and that it bore the surname of Sebastopolis (venerable city). An inscription tells us that Myrina was within the Kingdom of Pergamon in the 3rd century B.C. For some time Myrina was occupied by Philip V of Macedon; but the Romans compelled him to evacuate, and declared the place free. It twice suffered severe earthquakes, in the reigns of Tiberius and Trajan. The town was restored each time, and continued to exist until a late period. It was the birthplace of Agathias, a Byzantine poet and historian of the 6th century.
GB93490. Bronze AE 16, SNG Cop 225; SNGvA 1666; SNG Munchen 571 - 573; BMC Troas p. 137, 27 ff., Choice VF, green patina with highlighting buff earthen deposits, weight 4.477 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Aiolis, Myrina (near Aliaga, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse amphora, lyre right, MY-PI flanking across lower field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Kyme, Aiolis, c. 480 - 450 B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Kyme,| |Aiolis,| |c.| |480| |-| |450| |B.C.|, |hemiobol|
Cyme, one of the oldest Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in Euboea, though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its large capable port was a valuable maritime asset to the Persian Empire, contributing ships to Dareios in 512 B.C. and to Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the Battle of Salamis, the remnants of Xerxes' fleet wintered at Cyme. After Persia, Aeolis was held successively by the Macedonians, Seleucids, Pergamenes, Romans, Byzantine, and Ottomans.
GS94116. Silver hemiobol, cf. SNG Kayhan 84; SNG Cop 31; SNGvA 1623; BMC Troas p. 105, 10 ff.; Klein 333; Rosen 538, aVF, etched surfaces, scratches, weight 0.280 g, maximum diameter 7.0 mm, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, c. 480 - 450 B.C.; obverse eagle head left, KY or no ethnic; reverse irregular square incuse; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Tisna, Aeolis, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Tisna,| |Aeolis,| |c.| |350| |-| |300| |B.C.|, |AE| |10|
 
GB68074. Bronze AE 10, Trait II 2074, pl. CLVII, 22; Klein 345 var. (head right); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, SNG Munchen -, BMC Troas -, Lindgren -, VF, weight 1.214 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 225o, Tisna mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse youthful head of river-god Tisnaios left; reverse sword in scabbard with strap, TIΣNA/ON (in two lines, one above, one below); very rare; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Elaia, Aeolis, c. 340 - 275 B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Elaia,| |Aeolis,| |c.| |340| |-| |275| |B.C.|, |AE| |11|
Herodotus describes the following story relevant to the olive wreath. Xerxes was interrogating some Arcadians after the Battle of Thermopylae. Asked why there were so few Greek men defending the Thermopylae, they answered, "All other men are participating in the Olympic Games." And when asked "What is the prize for the winner?", "An olive-wreath" came the answer. Then Tigranes, one of his generals uttered a most noble saying: "Good heavens! Mardonius, what kind of men are these against whom you have brought us to fight? Men who do not compete for possessions, but for honor."
GB92019. Bronze AE 11, SNG Cop 169; SNGvA 1605; SNG Munchen 386; SNG Tbingen 2685; BMC Troas p. 126, 11, VF, some porosity, light earthen deposits, weight 1.387 g, maximum diameter 11.2 mm, die axis 270o, Elaia (near Zeytindag, Turkey) mint, c. 340 - 275 B.C.; obverse head of Athena left in Corinthian helmet; reverse E − Λ either side of grain kernel, the whole within olive wreath; ex FORVM (2009), ex Mediterranean Coins; $65.00 SALE |PRICE| $58.50


Kyme, Aiolis, c. 350 - 320 B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Kyme,| |Aiolis,| |c.| |350| |-| |320| |B.C.|, |AE| |13|NEW
Cyme, one of the oldest Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in Euboea, though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its large capable port was a valuable maritime asset to the Persian Empire, contributing ships to Dareios in 512 B.C. and to Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the Battle of Salamis, the remnants of Xerxes' fleet wintered at Cyme. After Persia, Aeolis was held successively by the Macedonians, Seleucids, Pergamenes, Romans, Byzantine, and Ottomans.
GB93489. Bronze AE 13, BMC Troas p. 107, 35 ff. var.; SNG Cop 62 ff. var., SNG Mun 456 var.; Weber 5488 var. (all different magistrate), gF, well centered, scratches, light deposits, weight 1.977 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; obverse AΠOΛΛO∆AP (or similar), eagle standing right, head right, wings closed; reverse one-handled cup or vase, K-Y divided across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $38.00 SALE |PRICE| $34.00


Elaia, Aiolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Elaia,| |Aiolis,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.|, |AE| |15|
Elaea or Elaia was an ancient city of Aeolis, the port of Pergamum. The site is not precisely determined but is somewhere near the modern town of Zeytindag, Izmir Province, Turkey. According to Strabo, from Livy (xxxv. 13), travelers who would reach Pergamum from the sea, would land at Elaea. One of the passages of Livy shows that there was a small hill near Elaea, and that the town was on a plain and walled. Elaea was damaged by an earthquake in the reign of Trajan.
GB89013. Bronze AE 15, BMC Troas p. 127, 20; SNGvA 7685; SNG Cop 181; SNG Munchen 395; SGCV II 4206, F, dark patina, scratches, porosity, earthen deposits, weight 3.725 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 0o, Aiolis, Aigai (near Yuntdagi Koseler, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse head of Demeter right, wearing grain wreath; reverse lit torch, EΛ−AI/T−ΩN in two divided lines, all within grain wreath; ex Gerhard Rohde; $36.00 SALE |PRICE| $32.40


Aigai, Aiolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Aigai,| |Aiolis,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.|, |AE| |16|
Aegae (or Aigai) means place of goats and was the name of many cities of antiquity. Aigai, Aiolis was also an important sanctuary of Apollo. It was within the Lydian Empire, then the Achaemenid Persian Empire, but had its brightest period under the Attalid dynasty, which ruled from nearby Pergamon in the 3rd and 2nd centuries B.C. It changed hands from Pergamon to the Seleucid Empire, but was recaptured by Attalus I of Pergamon in 218 B.C. In the war between Bithynia and Pergamon, it was destroyed by Prusias II of Bithynia in 156 B.C. After a peace was brokered by the Romans, the city was compensated with 100 talents. In 129 B.C., the Kingdom of Pergamon became part of the Roman Empire. Aigai was destroyed by an earthquake in 17 A.D. and received aid for reconstruction from Tiberius. The ruins are near the village of Yuntdagi Koseler in Manisa Province, Turkey.
GB85812. Bronze AE 16, Gorny & Mosch auction 160, lot 1477 (otherwise apparently unpublished); SNG Cop 14 var. (monograms); SNGvA -; SNG Munchen -, BMC Troas -; Lindgren -, aVF, marks and scratches, encrustations, light corrosion, edge crack, weight 2.205 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 315o, Aiolis, Aigai (near Yuntdagi Koseler, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse draped bust of Hermes right, wearing petasos; reverse AIΓAEΩN, forepart of goat standing right, monograms (controls) above and right; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; extremely rare; $.99 (.91)







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REFERENCES|

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