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Rare Roman Coins
Pertinax, 31 December 192 - 28 March 193 A.D.

|Pertinax|, |Pertinax,| |31| |December| |192| |-| |28| |March| |193| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
SH99925. Silver denarius, RIC IV 10A (R2); BMCRE V p. 3, 10 (note); RSC III 40; Hunter III -; SRCV II -, gF, centered on a tight flan, light toning, scratches, small edge cracks, weight 2.739 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 1 Jan - 28 Mar 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right; reverse PROVID DEOR COS II (to the foresight of the gods, consul for the second time), Providentia standing left, raising both hands toward a star upper left; First example of this type handled by Forum.; very rare; $700.00 SALE PRICE $630.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||hemidrachm|NEW
The Lighthouse of Alexandria, also called the Pharos, built by the Ptolemaic Kingdom between 280 and 247 B.C., was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Between 393 and 450 feet (120 - 140 m) tall, it was one of the tallest man-made structures on Earth for many centuries. Damaged by three earthquakes between 956 and 1323, it then became an abandoned ruin. It was the third longest surviving ancient wonder (after the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus and the still extant Great Pyramid of Giza), until in 1480 the last of its remnant stones were used to build the Citadel of Qaitbay on the site. In 1994, French archaeologists discovered some remains of the lighthouse on the floor of Alexandria's eastern harbor.
SL110112. Bronze hemidrachm, RPC III 4557 (8 spec.), Geissen 561, SNG BnF 1117, Emmett 638/14 (R5), Savio 7235, Kampmann 27.352, Dattari -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Cop -, NGC Choice VF 4/5 - 2/5 (The Morris Collection, 4884196-004), weight 14.93 g, maximum diameter 28 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 110 - 28 Aug 111; obverse AVT TPAIAN C-EB ΓEPM ∆AKIK, laureate bust of Trajan right, aegis on left shoulder; reverse Pharos (lighthouse) of Alexandria, two tritons facing outward on platform, surmounted by statue with lowered right arm and scepter in left, L I-∆ (year 14) across fields; ex Forum Ancient Coins (2020); ex Heritage auction 61160, lot 97107; ex Morris Collection; NGC| Lookup; very rare; $500.00 SALE PRICE $450.00 ON RESERVE


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia

|Phoenicia|, |Valerian| |I,| |October| |253| |-| |c.| |June| |260| |A.D.,| |Tyre,| |Phoenicia||dichalkon|
Romans refounded Tyre as a colony in 64 B.C., when Pompey annexed Phoenicia to the Roman Empire. Tyre flourished under the Rome and remained a Roman port city, even under the Byzantine Empire, until the 7th century when it was taken by Muslim conquest.
RP96396. Bronze dichalkon, BMC Phoenicia p. 289, 465 var. (murex shell on right); Rouvier -; Baramki AUB -; SNG Hunt -; SNG Cop -, F, rough dark green patina, earthen deposits, weight 16.345 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate bust right; reverse COL TVRO METR, river-god (Adonis?) standing facing, head left, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, right hand dropping incense on flaming altar at her feet on left, long grounded reed vertical in left hand, murex shell on left; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection, 1971 Caesarea Maritima surface find; Coin Archives records only one specimen of the type at auction in the last two decades; extremely rare; $360.00 SALE PRICE $324.00


Roman Syria-Palestina, Jewish, Lead Bulla Seal, 7 Branched Menorah, c. 5th - 6th Century A.D.

|Seals|, |Roman| |Syria-Palestina,| |Jewish,| |Lead| |Bulla| |Seal,| |7| |Branched| |Menorah,| |c.| |5th| |-| |6th| |Century| |A.D.||bulla| |(tag| |seal)|
A bulla (plural, bullae) is a lump of clay or lead molded around a cord and stamped with a seal that identifies the sender. With a bulla in place, a container cannot be violated without visible damage to either the bulla or the cord, revealing the tampering. Bullae depicting a menorah are known but very rare and not well documented. Dattari-Savio p. 327, 3 is a 1901 rubbing of a very similar menorah sealing. Michael Still lists two menorah sealings in his thesis on Roman seals, 1696 with a Latin inscription reverse, 1765 with a Hebrew inscription reverse. The recently published catalogue of the Vossen collection by Gert Boersema and Bill Dalzell, has two Menorah seals, numbers 181 and 182, both with blank reverses. There are also a few examples known from auctions. A FORVM member posted a bulla of this exact type from his collection on the Classical Numismatic Discussion on the Forum Ancient Coins website. We received three examples of this type on consignment, all with the same fire damage, suggesting they were found together.
JD98656. Lead bulla (tag seal), VF/Fair, light earthen deposits, raised bumps from exposure to an ancient fire that heated and expanded air bubbles within the lead, c. 5th - 6th century A.D.; obverse seven branched menorah with tripod base; reverse lulav, uncertain Syriac inscription (obscure); very rare; $340.00 SALE PRICE $306.00


Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa, 222 - 235 A.D., Ninica-Claudiopolis, Cilicia

|Cilicia|, |Severus| |Alexander| |and| |Julia| |Maesa,| |222| |-| |235| |A.D.,| |Ninica-Claudiopolis,| |Cilicia||AE| |36|
Ammianus mentions Silifke and Claudiopolis as cities of Cilicia, or of the country drained by the Calycadnus; and Claudiopolis was a colony of Claudius Caesar. It is described by Theophanes of Byzantium as situated in a plain between the two Taurus Mountains, a description which exactly, corresponds to the position of the basin of the Calycadnus. Claudiopolis may therefore be represented by Mut, which is higher up the valley than Seleucia, and near the junction of the northern and western branches of the Calycadnus. It is also the place to which the pass over the northern Taurus leads from Laranda. The city received the Roman colony name Colonia Iulia Felix Augusta Ninica.
RB91011. Bronze AE 36, cf. asiaminorcoins.com 6551 (same obv. die & c/m), SNG Levante -, RPC Online -, SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, BMC Cilicia -, c/m: Howgego 262, F, weak legends, porosity, edge cracks, weight 17.901 g, maximum diameter 35.8 mm, die axis 180o, Ninica-Claudiopolis (Mut, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 222 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP C SEVERUS ALEXAN∆ER AVΓ (or similar), laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; c/m: Nike right in c. 5 x 8 mm oval punch (3 times); reverse IVL MAECA COL IVL FEL NINIO CLAU∆IOPOLI (or similar), draped bust of Julia Maesa right; huge 35.8 mm!; ex Forum (2015); extremely rare; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00


Pupienus, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D., Tarsus, Cilicia

|Pupienus|, |Pupienus,| |22| |April| |-| |29| |July| |238| |A.D.,| |Tarsus,| |Cilicia||hexassarion|NEW
The inscription A M K Γ Γ is a boast of this city, Πρωτη Mεγιστη Kαλλιστη, meaning First (A is the Greek number one), Greatest, and Most Beautiful of the three (Γ is the Greek number three) adjoining provinces (Cilicia, Isauria, Lycaonia). The final Γ (Γ is the Greek number three) indicates the city held three neokorie, temples dedicated to the imperial cult.

This coin was struck on an unstable and likely poorly mixed leaded bronze alloy. The pits, where the copper has corroded away, are filled with lead.
RP110025. Leaded bronze hexassarion, RPC Online VII-2 2982 (12 spec.); SNG BnF 1637; SNG Levante 1112; SNG Tahberer I 1560; BMC Lycaonia p. 210, 245; Waddington 4665, aF, centered on a broad flan, pitting, weight 22.945 g, maximum diameter 36.6 mm, die axis 180o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse AYT KAIC M KLW∆ ΠOYΠIHNON CEB, laureate, draped, cuirassed, bearded, bust right, Π - Π across field; reverse TAPCOY MHTPOΛEΩC, Perseus standing slightly, head left, nude but for boots and chlamys over shoulders and left arm, head of Medusa in right hand down at side, harpa in left hand, A/K-M/B/Γ in fields; budget specimen of this big 36.6mm rare emperor's bronze!; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00


Plotina, Augusta 105 - 129 A.D., Wife of Trajan, Ankyra in Abbaitis, Phrygia

|Other| |Phrygia|, |Plotina,| |Augusta| |105| |-| |129| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Trajan,| |Ankyra| |in| |Abbaitis,| |Phrygia||AE| |21|
Ankyra, the chief city of the district Abbaitis in western Phrygia, should not be confused with Ankyra in Galatia, the modern capital of Turkey.

The image on the reverse resembles sculptures of Artemis, the Lady of Ephesus, including one at the Ephesus Archaeological Museum and another at the Vatican. The Ionians worshiped Artemis as a mother goddess, akin to the Phrygian Cybele. Her cult image was adorned with multiple rounded breast like protuberances on her chest. They have been variously interpreted as accessory breasts, eggs, grapes, acorns, or even bull testes. Excavation at the site of the Artemision in 1987/8 found a multitude of tear-shaped amber beads that once adorned the ancient wooden xoanon.
Artemis
RP99610. Bronze AE 21, RPC Online III 2536 (6 spec.); BMC Phrygia p. 61, 21; Waddington 5638; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Munchen -; SNG Tb -; SNG Leypold -, aF, green patina, closed flan crack, reverse scratches, scattered small shallow pitting, off center, weight 5.108 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Ankyra in Abbaitis (Ankara, Turkey) mint, 112 - Aug 117 A.D.; obverse ΠΛΩTEINA CEBACTH (from upper right), draped bust right, hair in plait behind; reverse ANKYPANΩN EΠI ΛOVKIOY (Ankyra, struck under magistrate Loikios), cult statue of Artemis standing facing, kalathos on head, arms extended with supports, flanked by two stags; very rare; $225.00 SALE PRICE $203.00 ON RESERVE


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Apollonia Salbace, Caria

|Other| |Caria|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Apollonia| |Salbace,| |Caria||AE| |30|
This coin is an obverse die match to a coin struck by the neighboring city, Alabanda, Caria, SNG Mnchen 464, RPC Online VI T5384. Dies shared by more than one city in the region were first discovered by Konrad Kraft in 1972. Groups of smaller cities in Anatolia shared traveling mints, which would sometimes use the same obverse dies for more than one city.
RP92646. Bronze AE 30, Apparently unpublished; RPC Online -, SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, BMC Caria -, F, porous, turquoise and earthen adhesions, reverse flatly struck, weight 11.787 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, Apollonia Salbace (Edremit, Turkey) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse AYT K M AYP CEY AΛEΞAN∆PO-C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse CTPA AΓAΘEINOY TOY IH AΠOΛΛΩNIATΩN (strategos Agathinos, son of Hie.(?), Apollonia), Zeus standing slightly left, head left, wearing himation and chlamys, eagle in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; extremely rare, this is the only specimen of the type known to FORVM; $225.00 SALE PRICE $200.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Nacolea, Phrygia

|Other| |Phrygia|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Nacolea,| |Phrygia||diassarion|NEW
Nakoleia (also known as Nakolaion, Nacoleia, Nacolia or Nacolea) was an ancient and medieval city in Phrygia. It corresponds to present-day Seyitgazi, Eskisehir Province, Turkey. It was named for the nymph Nacole. The area was known for its fertility in late Roman times, thanks to the river Parthenios (Seyit Su), and was wooded in the late 4th century (now deforested). It was there that Valens defeated the usurper Procopius in 366 A.D. at the Battle of Thyatira. Under Arcadius it was occupied by a garrison of Goths under Tribigild who revolted against the emperor in 399 A.D. In the early 8th century, Nakoleia's bishop Constantine became a leading proponent of Byzantine Iconoclasm under Leo III the Isaurian (ruled 717- 741) and was later condemned as an heresiarch at the Second Council of Nicaea (787). In 782, Nakoleia was temporarily captured by the Abbasid Caliphate. Nakoleia was elevated to the rank of an archbishopric between 787 and 862, and eventually to a metropolitan see between 1035 and 1066, when its incumbent appears in the last place among the metropolitans attending a council.
RP110156. Bronze diassarion, RPC III 2659 (10 spec. incl. leg. var.), vA Phryg I 650, SNGvA 3896, SNG Mu 419 var. (obv. leg.), Imhoof KM 279/1 var. (same), Wadd 6350 var. (same), VF, near centered, well struck, dark patina, earthen deposits, cleaning scratches, weight 5.510 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Nakoleia (Seyitgazi, Turkey) mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse AV NE TPAIANOC KAICAP CE, laureate head right; reverse NAKOΛEΩN, Asclepius (god of medicine and healing) standing slightly left, head left, bare to the waist, himation around hips and legs and over left forearm, grounded snake entwined staff in right hand; this is the first coin of Nacoleia handled by FORVM; Coin Archives records only one specimen of the type at auction in the last two decades; very rare; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00


Paullus Fabius Maximus, Roman Proconsul of Asia, c. 10 - 9 B.C., Hierapolis, Phrygia

|Hierapolis|, |Paullus| |Fabius| |Maximus,| |Roman| |Proconsul| |of| |Asia,| |c.| |10| |-| |9| |B.C.,| |Hierapolis,| |Phrygia||AE| |15|NEW
Paullus Fabius Maximus was related to Augustus by marriage and was a descendant of Lucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus (220 - 160 B.C.), the conqueror of King Perseus of Macedon. As a quaestor, he accompanied Augustus on his trips to the East from 22 to 19 B.C. He was consul in 11 B.C. and subsequently proconsul (governor) of Asia. He apparently enjoyed poetry and was a correspondent of both Horace and Ovid (both mentioned him in their works). His portrait on coinage indicates Augustus' friendship and appreciation.
RP110018. Bronze AE 15, RPC I 2941 (4 spec.); AMC I 1386; Imhoof-Blumer KM p. 238, 14; Imhoof-Blumer GM 688; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; BMC Phrygia -, aVF, nice portrait, dark patina, rough, weight 3.335 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Hierapolis (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Dryas (grammateus of the demos), c. 10 - 9 B.C.; obverse ΦABIOΦ MAΞMOΣ, bare head of Fabius Maximus, proconsul of Asia, right; reverse IEPAΠO/ΛEITΩN / ∆PYAΣ in three lines within laurel wreath tied at the bottom; ; very rare; $150.00 (156.00) ON RESERVE




  



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REFERENCES|

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Giard, J., P. Besombes & S. Estiot. Monnaies de l'Empire romain. Bibliothque nationale de France. (Paris, 1998 - ).
Gbl, R., et al. Moneta Imperii Romani. (Vienna, 1984 - present).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham, et al. The Roman Imperial Coinage. (London, 1926 - 2020).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum. (London, 1923 - 1963).
Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276 (RIC V Online) http://www.ric.mom.fr
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow. (Oxford, 1962 - 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values. (London, 2000 - 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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