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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |The Restored Empire| ▸ |Andronicus III||View Options:  |  |  | 

Andronicus III Palaeologus, 2 February 1325 - 15 June 1341 A.D.

Joint rule with Andronicus II (his grandfather), 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.
Andronicus III, rebelled after his grandfather did not select him as heir. He gained joint rule but they were soon again at war. In 1328, the grandson took the city by surprise and forced his grandfather to abdicate. Andronicus III was at war his entire reign, chiefly with the Ottoman Turks, who had taken almost all of Asia Minor even before his rule.
1328 AD Europe and the Mediterranean

Byzantine Empire, Andronicus III Palaeologus, 24 May 1328 - 15 June 1341 A.D.

|Andronicus| |III|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Andronicus| |III| |Palaeologus,| |24| |May| |1328| |-| |15| |June| |1341| |A.D.||reduced| |basilikon|
His grandfather disinherited him, so Andronicus III revolted, gaining joint rule. They fought again and in 1328 he took the city. Later Andronicus II was sent to a monastery to die old and blind. Andronicus III was at war his whole reign, chiefly with the Ottomans, who held almost all of Asia Minor even before his rule.
ME92835. Silver reduced basilikon, DOC V 874 var. (B sigla without pellets, Γ / O / A reverse center), Bendall PCPC -, B-D LPC -, SBCV -, Sommer -, Lianta -, aVF, well centered, nice toning, weight 1.591 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 24 May 1328 - 15 Jun 1341 A.D.; obverse The Virgin orans standing facing, veiled, nimbate, MH - ΘV (Greek abbreviation: Mητηρ Θεου - Mother of God) flanking above hands, B• - •B (sigla, B on right reversed) divided across field; reverse ITHMH∆ AN∆PIK, St. Demetrius on left, standing facing, nimbate, holding cross to chest, and Andronicus on right, standing facing, crowned, placing hand on chest, Γ / P / ∆ downward between; this is an unpublished variety of an extremely rare type, from Coin Archives we know of two other specimens; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Andronicus III, 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.

|Andronicus| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Andronicus| |II| |Palaeologus| |and| |Andronicus| |III,| |2| |February| |1325| |-| |24| |May| |1328| |A.D.||hyperpyron|
The faces of Christ and the emperors are well struck and clear on the reverse, which is rare on this very crudely struck type.
SH38638. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 502, Bendall PCPC 185.3 (sigla 14), Grierson 1294, SBCV 2461, VF, scyphate, irregular and cracked flan, weight 3.089 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2 Feb 1325 - 1328 or possibly to 1330 A.D.; obverse Nimbate half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary orans within city walls, four castles forming walls, 3 pellets over K left, 3 pellets over X right; reverse Andronicus II on left and Andronicus III on right, both bearded and kneeling facing, nimbate Christ stands in center behind with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) flanking nimbus; clear faces of Christ and the emperors on the reverse which is rare on this crudely struck type; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Andronicus III, 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.

|Andronicus| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Andronicus| |II| |Palaeologus| |and| |Andronicus| |III,| |2| |February| |1325| |-| |24| |May| |1328| |A.D.||hyperpyron|
After Andronicus II did not select his popular grandson and namesake as heir, Andronicus III rose in revolt. Even after they agreed to reign jointly, grandfather and grandson were at war. In 1328 the grandson took the city by surprise and forced his grandfather to abdicate. Although at first he retained his titles and his home in the palace, in 1330 he was forced into a monastery. Old and blind, Andronicus II died on 13 February 1332.
SH15429. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 503; Sommer 81.1.8; Bendall PCPC 185 (sigla 15); Grierson 1294; B-D LPC p.108, 1; SBCV 2461, VF, scyphate, clipped, weight 2.352 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2 Feb 1325 - 1328 or possibly to 1330 A.D.; obverse half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary, nimbate, orans, within city walls with four towers, N lower left, X lower right; reverse Andronicus II on left and Andronicus III on right, both bearded and kneeling facing, nimbate Christ stands in center behind with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) flanking nimbus; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. V: Michael VII to Constantine XI, 1258-1453. (Washington D.C., 1999).
Bendall, S. A Private Collection of Palaeologan Coins. (Wolverhampton, 1988).
Bendall, S. & P. Donald. Later Palaeologan Coinage, 1282-1453. (London, 1979).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Lianta, E. Late Byzantine Coins, 1204 - 1453, in the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. (London, 2009).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, October 27, 2020.
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