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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Islamic||View Options:  |  |  | 

Islamic Coins

The first Islamic coins copied the coins of the Sassanians and Byzantines. The first changes were minor with only the addition of short phrases in Arabic and sometimes the addition of hijra dates. A reform by ʿAbd al-Malik changed the coinage drastically. The new coins, following the traditions of Islam had no images, only inscriptions in Arabic that assert the oneness of Allah and Muḥammad as His last Messenger. Nevertheless, there have been lots of coinages by Muslim rulers with images and inscriptions in other languages, and lots of coinages by non-Muslims that have Arabic inscriptions and no images.

Islamic, Ottoman Empire, Tripolitania, Mahmud II, 1808 - 1839

|Islamic|, |Islamic,| |Ottoman| |Empire,| |Tripolitania,| |Mahmud| |II,| |1808| |-| |1839||20| |para|
Tripoli fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1551 and remained in their hands until it was occupied by the Italians in 1911. Under Ottoman rule, Barbary pirates from North Africa demanded tribute, and if refused, captured ships and cargo, enslaved and ransomed crew members, and even raided cities across the Mediterranean Sea. In the first Barbary War, Thomas Jefferson sent a US Naval fleet which bombarded numerous fortified cities in present-day Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria, ultimately extracting concessions of safe conduct from the Barbary states. Encouraged by Great Britain, piracy resumed during the War of 1812. In 1815, James Madison dispatched military forces against the Barbary states. Lasting only 3 days, the Second Barbary War ended further tributes by the US and significantly reduced piracy in the region. This coin was struck under the local Pasha Yusuf Pasha Qaramanli (ruled Tripolitania, 1796 - 1833).
IS97944. Billon 20 para, SCWC Libya KM168 (type B, with flower, without stars), Jem Sultan -, aMS, near full silvering, some weakness in center, weight 5.133 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tarabulus Gharb (Tripoli, Libya) mint, third standard, 1822 A.D.; obverse Arabic tungra, straight based: Mahmud, Lord, son of Abdul Hamid, the Ever Victorious; flower upper right; Arabic inscription in three lines below: struck in / Tripoli of the West / 1223 (accession year), boarder of beads outside of a linear circle; reverse Arabic inscription in four lines: Sultan of the two lands and Lord of the two seas, the Sultan son of the sultan, 15 (regnal year) in the 3rd line on left; boarder of beads outside of a linear circle; very rare; $300.00 SALE PRICE $270.00


Lot of 3 Roman to Islamic Glass Weights or Jetons, 1st - 14th Century A.D.

|Glass| |Antiquities|, |Lot| |of| |3| |Roman| |to| |Islamic| |Glass| |Weights| |or| |Jetons,| |1st| |-| |14th| |Century| |A.D.||Lot|
From left to right:
1) Roman glass weight, c. 1st - 6th century A.D., 2.29g, blue glass, draped bust right / bearded head right.
2) Islamic glass weight or jeton, Egypt, c. 7th-14th century A.D., pale slightly yellow glass, 2.73g, Arabic inscription in three lines / plain
3) Roman glass weight, c. 1st - 6th century A.D., 1.34g, uncertain bust or head on both sides.
AS91061. Glass Lot, Lot of two Roman glass weights and one Islamic glass weight or jeton, ex Eric J. Engstrom Collection, the actual pieces in the photograph; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00


Islamic, Ottoman Empire, Ahmad III, 1703 - 1730, AH 1115 - 1143

|Islamic|, |Islamic,| |Ottoman| |Empire,| |Ahmad| |III,| |1703| |-| |1730,| |AH| |1115| |-| |1143||abbasi|
From 1722 to 1735 (1135 - 1148 AH), the Ottomans occupied parts of northwestern Iran, as well as Armenia, Georgia and Tabriz.

Sultan Ahmed III was curious and intellectual in nature, spending most of his time reading and practicing calligraphy. His poems manifest profound knowledge of poetry, history, Islamic theology and philosophy. After wars with Russia, Venice and Austria, his grand vizier, Ibrahim Pasha, determined limited finances necessitated avoiding war as much as possible. This suited Ahmed since he had no wish to lead military campaigns, and his interest in art and culture made him reluctant to leave Istanbul. Ahmed became unpopular due to the excessive pomp and costly luxury in which he and his principal officers indulged. On 20 September 1730, a riot of citizens and military, lead by Janissaries, swelled into an insurrection. Ahmed voluntarily led his nephew Mahmud I to the seat of sovereignty and paid allegiance to him as the new Sultan of the Empire. He then retired and died at Topkapi Palace after six years of confinement.
Ahmed_III
IS98733. Silver abbasi, Jem Sultan 1783 (R), Album 2708, Wilkes 3283, Nuri Pere 532, VF, marks, dark spots, reverse off center, weight 5.370 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 315o, Tiflis (Tbilisi, Georgia) mint, 1722 - 1730; obverse Toughra above Arabic inscription: Tiflis (mint) over 1115 (AH ascension year); reverse Arabic inscription in four lines: Sultan of the two lands and Lord of the two seas, the Sultan son of the Sultan, within a wire border within a dot border; ex Classical Numismatic Auction XX (25 Mar 1992), lot 1153; very rare; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00


The Coinage of the Ayyubids

|Medieval| |&| |Modern| |Books|, |The| |Coinage| |of| |the| |Ayyubids|
Please note that for orders shipped outside the USA, the shopping cart shipping charges may be too low if you order larger heavy books. We may ask for additional payment to cover the actual cost of postage. If the actual cost of postage is too high, we will understand if you cancel the order.
BK40234. The Coinage of the Ayyubids by Paul Balog, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication Number 12, London, 1980, 334 pages, 50 plates, hardcover, dust jacket, new; $32.00 SALE PRICE $28.80


Yapi ve Kredi Bankasi A.L, Nadir Osmanli Madeni Paralari, No. 1 1972 and No. 8 1975

|Auction| |Catalogs|, |Yapi| |ve| |Kredi| |Bankasi| |A.L,| |Nadir| |Osmanli| |Madeni| |Paralari,| |No.| |1| |1972| |and| |No.| |8| |1975|
Istanbul, Structure and Credit Bank A.L, Rare Ottoman Coins, No. 1 1972, No. 8 1975.
BL23644. Yapi ve Kredi Bankasi A.L, Nadir Osmanli Madeni Paralari, No. 1 1972 and No. 8 1975, in Turkish, small booklet style, 35 total items with plates, cover age and wear; $5.00 SALE PRICE $4.50


Iran, Lot of 1 Silver and 2 Gold Coins

|Medieval| |&| |Modern| |Bulk| |Lots|, |Iran,| |Lot| |of| |1| |Silver| |and| |2| |Gold| |Coins||Lot|
Lot includes the following three coins:
- Gold (AV) quarter toman of Ahmad Shah, dated AH 1335.
- Gold (AV) quarter phalavi of Muhammad Reza Shah, dated MS 2535, struck with clashed obverse die.
- Silver (AR) 5000 dinars of Muzzafar al-Din Shah, dated AH 1320, toned.
LT85379. Mixed Lot, Lot of one silver and two gold coins from Iran, the actual coins in the photograph, no tags or flips, bulk lot, as-is, no returns; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Akin, A. "An 'Abbasid Fals of Sijistan Struck On Chinese-Style Planchet" in ONS Newsletter 164 (2000).
Album, S. A Checklist of Islamic Coins. (Santa Rosa, CA, 2011).
Album, S & T. Goodwin. Sylloge of Islamic Coins in the Ashmolean Museum. (Oxford, 2002).
Artuk, I. & C. Istanbul Arkeoloji Mzeleri Teshirdeki Islm Sikkeler Katalogu. (Istanbul, 1971-1974).
Bacharach, J. Islamic History Through Coins: An Analysis and Catalogue of Tenth-Century Ikhshidid Coinage. (New York, 2006).
Balog, P. The Coinage of the Mamluk Sultans of Egypt and Syria. ANSNS 12. (New York, 1964).
Balog, P. The Coinage of the Ayyubids. RNSSP 12. (London, 1980).
Barag, D. "The Islamic Candlestick Coins of Jerusalem" in INJ 10 (1988-89).
Bates, M. & F. Kovacs. "A Hoard of Large Byzantine and Arab-Byzantine Coppers" in NC 156 (1996).
Bernardi, G. Arabic Gold Coins. (Trieste, 2010).
Broome, M. A Survey of the Coinage of the Seljuks of Rum. RNSSP 48. (London, 2011).
Butak, B. XI. XII. ve XIII. Yuzyillarda Resimli Turk Paralari. (Istanbul, 1947).
Deyell, J. Living Without Silver: The Monetary History of Early Medieval North India. (New Delhi, 1999).
Foss, C. Arab-Byzantine Coins: An Introduction, with a Catalogue of the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Cambridge, MA, 2008).
Friedberg, A. & I. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present. (Clifton, NJ, 2009).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Kazan, W. The Coinage of Islam (Catalogue of the Collection of William Kazan). (Beirut, 1983).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Goodwin, T. Arab-Byzantine Coinage. Studies in the Khalili Collection. (London, 2005).
Goron, S. & J. Goenka. The Coins of the Indian Sultanates. (New Delhi, 2001).
Heritage Auctions. The Sunrise Collection of Islamic Coins. Catalog of public sale, New York, 7 Jan 2013.
Izmirlier, Y. The Coins of The Anatolian Seljuqs. (Istanbul, 2009).
Lavoix, H. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1887-1896).
Leimus, I. Sylloge of Islamic coins, Estonian Public Collections. (Tallinn, 2007).
Lowick, N. "Seljuq Coins" in NC 1970.
Malek, H. The Dabuyid Ispahbads and early 'Abbasid governors of Tabaristan: History and Numismatics. (London, 2004).
Marsden, W. & S. Album. Numismata Orientalia Illustrata. (New York, 1977).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values, Vol. 1: The World of Islam. (London, 1977).
Pere, N. Osmanlilarda Madeni Paralar. (Istanbul, 1968).
Retowski, O. Die Munzen der Girei. (Moscow 1905).
Sagdeeva R. Silver coins of khans of Golden Horde. (Moscow, 2005).
Spengler, W. & W. Sayles. Turkoman Figural Bronze Coins and Their Iconography. (Lodi, 1992).
Sultan, J. (Holberton, W.). Coins of the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic: A Detailed Catalogue of the Jem Sultan Collection. (Thousand Oaks, CA, 1977).
Tye, R. & M. Jitals: a catalogue and account of the coin denomination of daily use in medieval Afghanistan and North West India. (Isle of South Uist, 1995).
Walker, J. A Catalogue of the Arab-Byzantine and Post-Reform Umaiyad Coins in The British Museum. (London, 1956).
Walker, J. A Catalogue of the Arab-Sassanian Coins in The British Museum. (London, 1941).
Wilkes, T. Islamic Coins and their Values, Volume 1: the Medieval Period. (London, 2015).
Wilkes, T. Islamic Coins and Their Values: Volume 2 - The Early Modern Period. (London, 2018).
Zeno.ru - Oriental Coins Database: www.zeno.ru.

See Islamic in NumisWiki for a complete list of Islamic Coin references used by Forum Ancient Coins.


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