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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Islamic||View Options:  |  |  | 

Islamic Coins

The first Islamic coins copied the coins of the Sassanians and Byzantines. The first changes were minor with only the addition of short phrases in Arabic and sometimes the addition of hijra dates. A reform by ʿAbd al-Malik changed the coinage drastically. The new coins, following the traditions of Islam had no images, only inscriptions in Arabic that assert the oneness of Allah and Muḥammad as His last Messenger. Nevertheless, there have been lots of coinages by Muslim rulers with images and inscriptions in other languages, and lots of coinages by non-Muslims that have Arabic inscriptions and no images.

Islamic, Ottoman Empire, Mustafa IV, 29 May 1807 - 28 July 1808

|Turkey|, |Islamic,| |Ottoman| |Empire,| |Mustafa| |IV,| |29| |May| |1807| |-| |28| |July| |1808||Kurush| |(Piastre)|
Mustafa ascended to the throne after his cousin Selim was deposed for introducing the manners of the infidels and intending to suppress the Janissaries. Selim swore fealty to his cousin as the new sultan, and attempted to commit suicide. Mustafa spared his life by smashing the cup of poison that his cousin attempted to drink. A year later, however, facing rebellion, to secure his position as the only possible ruler, Mustafa ordered both Selim and his younger brother Mahmud murdered. Selim's was killed but Mahmud hid in the furnace of a bath and survived. Mustafa was deposed by the rebels and his brother ascended to the throne. Three months later, Mustafa was killed on Mahmud's orders.
IS97943. Billon Kurush (Piastre), Jem Sultan 2666, Artuk 1929, Nuri Pere 733, SCWC KM 539 (notes 0.465 silver), VF, brassy tone with darker fields, centers a little weak, weight 12.126 g, maximum diameter 33.2 mm, die axis 0o, Qustantiniyah (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, regnal year 1, AH 1222; obverse Tugra, curve based: Mustafa, Lord, son of Abdul Hamid, the Ever Victorious; Arabic inscription below: struck in Constantinople / 1222; reverse Arabic inscription: Sultan of the two lands, and Lord of the two seas, the Sultan son of the sultan, 1 (regnal year) 3rd line on left; very rare; $1100.00 SALE |PRICE| $990.00
 


Byzantine Empire, Theme of Chaldia (Trebizond), Theodore Gabras, c. 1075 - 1126 A.D., In the Name of Alexius I

|Empire| |of| |Trebizond|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Theme| |of| |Chaldia| |(Trebizond),| |Theodore| |Gabras,| |c.| |1075| |-| |1126| |A.D.,| |In| |the| |Name| |of| |Alexius| |I||follis|
The general Theodore Gabras captured Trebizond and ruled it and the theme of Chaldia as a virtually autonomous state (c. 1081 - 1098). He was celebrated for his martial exploits, and was later venerated as a saint in the region. Following the dissolution of the Byzantine Empire by the Fourth Crusade in 1204, the region became the center of the new Empire of Trebizond which survived until falling to the Ottomans in 1461.
BZ95867. Bronze follis, Bendall Trebizond (NC 77), p. 133, issue 13B & pl. 7, 18; DOC IV p. 433, 13b; Schlumberger pl. ii, 5; Hendy -; Wroth BMC -; Ratto -, gF, overstruck on Michael IV follis, dark brown patina, obverse off center, light marks, weight 6.735 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 180o, Trebizond (Trabzon, Turkey) mint, c. 1092 - 1098 A.D.; obverse facing bust of Christ, bearded and nimbate, wearing tunic and himation, Gospels in right hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) across field; reverse Latin cross on three steps, a globule at the end of each arm, AΛBP (Greek: AΛεξιω Bασιλευϖ Pωμαιων - Alexius king of the Romans) in angles, Arab countermark 'Lillah" (For Allah); rare; $720.00 SALE |PRICE| $648.00
 


Islamic, Ottoman Empire, Tripolitania, Mahmud II, 1808 - 1839

|Islamic|, |Islamic,| |Ottoman| |Empire,| |Tripolitania,| |Mahmud| |II,| |1808| |-| |1839||20| |para|NEW
Tripoli fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1551 and remained in their hands until it was occupied by the Italians in 1911. Under Ottoman rule, Barbary pirates from North Africa demanded tribute, and if refused, captured ships and cargo, enslaved and ransomed crew members, and even raided cities across the Mediterranean Sea. In the first Barbary War, Thomas Jefferson sent a US Naval fleet which bombarded numerous fortified cities in present-day Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria, ultimately extracting concessions of safe conduct from the Barbary states. Encouraged by Great Britain, piracy resumed during the War of 1812. In 1815, James Madison dispatched military forces against the Barbary states. Lasting only 3 days, the Second Barbary War ended further tributes by the US and significantly reduced piracy in the region. This coin was struck under the local Pasha Yusuf Pasha Qaramanli (ruled Tripolitania, 1796 - 1833).
IS97944. Billon 20 para, SCWC Libya KM168 (type B, with flower, without stars), Jem Sultan -, aMS, near full silvering, some weakness in center, weight 5.133 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tarabulus Gharb (Tripoli, Libya) mint, third standard, 1822 A.D.; obverse Arabic tungra, straight based: Mahmud, Lord, son of Abdul Hamid, the Ever Victorious; flower upper right; Arabic inscription in three lines below: struck in / Tripoli of the West / 1223 (accession year), boarder of beads outside of a linear circle; reverse Arabic inscription in four lines: Sultan of the two lands and Lord of the two seas, the Sultan son of the sultan, 15 (regnal year) in the 3rd line on left; boarder of beads outside of a linear circle; very rare; $600.00 SALE |PRICE| $540.00
 


Lot of 15 Islamic Silver Coins, Mongols, Golden Horde, Various Khans, c. 14th - 15th Century A.D.

|Islamic|, |Lot| |of| |15| |Islamic| |Silver| |Coins,| |Mongols,| |Golden| |Horde,| |Various| |Khans,| |c.| |14th| |-| |15th| |Century| |A.D.||Lot|
The Golden Horde, self-designated as Ulug Ulus, lit. 'Great State' in Turkic, was originally a Mongol and later Turkicized khanate (political entity ruled by a khan, khagan, etc.) established in the 13th century and originating as the northwestern sector of the Mongol Empire. With the fragmentation of the Mongol Empire after 1259 it became a functionally separate khanate.
ME97092. Silver Lot, Unattributed to ruler, c. 1.5g, c. 16mm diameter, VF, the actual coins in the photograph, no flips or tags, as-is, no returns; $260.00 SALE |PRICE| $234.00
 


The Coinage of the Ayyubids

|Medieval| |&| |Modern| |Books|, |The| |Coinage| |of| |the| |Ayyubids|
Please note that for orders shipped outside the USA, the shopping cart shipping charges may be too low if you order larger heavy books. We may ask for additional payment to cover the actual cost of postage. If the actual cost of postage is too high, we will understand if you cancel the order.
BK40234. The Coinage of the Ayyubids by Paul Balog, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication Number 12, London, 1980, 334 pages, 50 plates, hardcover, dust jacket, new; $32.00 SALE |PRICE| $28.80
 


Yapi ve Kredi Bankasi A.L, Nadir Osmanli Madeni Paralari, No. 1 1972 and No. 8 1975

|Auction| |Catalogs|, |Yapi| |ve| |Kredi| |Bankasi| |A.L,| |Nadir| |Osmanli| |Madeni| |Paralari,| |No.| |1| |1972| |and| |No.| |8| |1975|
Istanbul, Structure and Credit Bank A.L, Rare Ottoman Coins, No. 1 1972, No. 8 1975.
BL23644. Yapi ve Kredi Bankasi A.L, Nadir Osmanli Madeni Paralari, No. 1 1972 and No. 8 1975, in Turkish, small booklet style, 35 total items with plates, cover age and wear; $5.00 SALE |PRICE| $4.50
 







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REFERENCES|

Akin, A. "An 'Abbasid Fals of Sijistan Struck On Chinese-Style Planchet" in ONS Newsletter 164 (2000).
Album, S. A Checklist of Islamic Coins. (Santa Rosa, CA, 2011).
Album, S & T. Goodwin. Sylloge of Islamic Coins in the Ashmolean Museum. (Oxford, 2002).
Artuk, I. & C. Istanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri Teshirdeki Islâmî Sikkeler Katalogu. (Istanbul, 1971-1974).
Bacharach, J. Islamic History Through Coins: An Analysis and Catalogue of Tenth-Century Ikhshidid Coinage. (New York, 2006).
Balog, P. The Coinage of the Mamluk Sultans of Egypt and Syria. ANSNS 12. (New York, 1964).
Balog, P. The Coinage of the Ayyubids. RNSSP 12. (London, 1980).
Barag, D. "The Islamic Candlestick Coins of Jerusalem" in INJ 10 (1988-89).
Bates, M. & F. Kovacs. "A Hoard of Large Byzantine and Arab-Byzantine Coppers" in NC 156 (1996).
Bernardi, G. Arabic Gold Coins. (Trieste, 2010).
Broome, M. A Survey of the Coinage of the Seljuks of Rum. RNSSP 48. (London, 2011).
Butak, B. XI. XII. ve XIII. Yuzyillarda Resimli Turk Paralari. (Istanbul, 1947).
Deyell, J. Living Without Silver: The Monetary History of Early Medieval North India. (New Delhi, 1999).
Foss, C. Arab-Byzantine Coins: An Introduction, with a Catalogue of the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Cambridge, MA, 2008).
Friedberg, A. & I. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present. (Clifton, NJ, 2009).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Kazan, W. The Coinage of Islam (Catalogue of the Collection of William Kazan). (Beirut, 1983).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Goodwin, T. Arab-Byzantine Coinage. Studies in the Khalili Collection. (London, 2005).
Goron, S. & J. Goenka. The Coins of the Indian Sultanates. (New Delhi, 2001).
Heritage Auctions. The Sunrise Collection of Islamic Coins. Catalog of public sale, New York, 7 Jan 2013.
Izmirlier, Y. The Coins of The Anatolian Seljuqs. (Istanbul, 2009).
Lavoix, H. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1887-1896).
Leimus, I. Sylloge of Islamic coins, Estonian Public Collections. (Tallinn, 2007).
Lowick, N. "Seljuq Coins" in NC 1970.
Malek, H. The Dabuyid Ispahbads and early 'Abbasid governors of Tabaristan: History and Numismatics. (London, 2004).
Marsden, W. & S. Album. Numismata Orientalia Illustrata. (New York, 1977).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values, Vol. 1: The World of Islam. (London, 1977).
Pere, N. Osmanlilarda Madeni Paralar. (Istanbul, 1968).
Retowski, O. Die Munzen der Girei. (Moscow 1905).
Sagdeeva R. Silver coins of khans of Golden Horde. (Moscow, 2005).
Spengler, W. & W. Sayles. Turkoman Figural Bronze Coins and Their Iconography. (Lodi, 1992).
Sultan, J. (Holberton, W.). Coins of the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic: A Detailed Catalogue of the Jem Sultan Collection. (Thousand Oaks, CA, 1977).
Tye, R. & M. Jitals: a catalogue and account of the coin denomination of daily use in medieval Afghanistan and North West India. (Isle of South Uist, 1995).
Walker, J. A Catalogue of the Arab-Byzantine and Post-Reform Umaiyad Coins in The British Museum. (London, 1956).
Walker, J. A Catalogue of the Arab-Sassanian Coins in The British Museum. (London, 1941).
Zeno.ru - Oriental Coins Database: www.zeno.ru.

See Islamic in NumisWiki for a complete list of Islamic Coin references used by Forum Ancient Coins.


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