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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Herodian Dynasty| ▸ |Agrippa II||View Options:  |  |  | 

Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D.

Marcus Julius Agrippa (Herod Agrippa II) was the eighth and last Herodian dynasty ruler. He was educated in Rome at the court of Claudius. When his father died he was only seventeen, so Claudius kept him at Rome, and sent a procurator to govern Judaea. On the death of King Herod of Chalcis, his uncle's small Syrian kingdom was given to Agrippa as a tetrarchy, with the right of superintending the Temple in Jerusalem and appointing its high priest. In 53, Claudius made him king of the territories previously ruled by Philip: Batanea, Trachonitis and Gaulonitis, and the kingdom of Lysanias in Abila. In 55, Nero added the cities Tiberias and Taricheae in Galilee, and Iulias in Peraea. In 57, Chalkis was given to his cousin, Aristobulus. Paul the Apostle pleaded his case before Agrippa and his sister Berenice at Caesarea Maritima, probably in 59 or 60 (Acts 26). Agrippa expended large sums beautifying Jerusalem and other cities, especially Berytus (ancient Beirut). His partiality for the latter, and the capricious manner in which he appointed and deposed high priests made unpopular with his Jewish subjects. During the First Jewish Revolt against Rome, 66 - 73, Agrippa II sent 2,000 men, archers and cavalry, to support Vespasian, showing that, although a Jew in religion, he was entirely devoted to the Roman Empire. He accompanied Titus on campaigns, and was wounded at the siege of Gamla. After the capture of Jerusalem, he went with his sister Berenice to Rome, where he was invested with the dignity of praetor and rewarded with additional territory. Flavius Josephus, the Jewish historian, repeats the gossip that Agrippa lived in an incestuous relationship with his sister, Berenice.

Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D., Judaea Capta for Titus

|Agrippa| |II|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |Agrippa| |II,| |c.| |49| |-| |95| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta| |for| |Titus||half| |unit|
Th reverse variant with a star upper right usually has Titus' head right without drapery or a cuirass on the obverse. There is another variant with a crescent above right, Hendin 6314b; BMC Palestine p. 242, 21.
SH09634. Bronze half unit, RPC Online II 2276.11 (1 spec. w/star); Hendin 6314a (S) var. (head only), Meshorer TJC 160a var. (same); BMC Palestine p. 242, 24 var. (same), aVF, green patina, weight 14.74 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas (Banias, Golan Heights) mint, 74 - 75 A.D.; obverse KAICAP CEBAC - AVTOKP TITOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Titus right, gorgoneion (head of Medusa) on breastplate; reverse Nike advancing right, raising wreath in extended right hand, palm frond over left shoulder in left hand, ETO - Kς BA / AΓPI-ΠΠA (year 26, King Agrippa) in two divided lines across field, star of six points right above inscription; extremely rare variety; SOLD


Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D., Judaea Capta for Domitian

|Agrippa| |II|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |Agrippa| |II,| |c.| |49| |-| |95| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta| |for| |Domitian||quarter| |unit|
A Judaea Capta issue minted by a Jewish king! Agrippa was a devout Jew and a loyal vassal of Rome. It may seem strange he would commemorate the defeat of his people but he believed the Jews could flourish under Rome and sided with Rome during the rebellion. Agrippa II sent 2,000 men, archers, and cavalry to support Vespasian. He accompanied Titus on campaigns and was wounded at the siege of Gamla. He ruled until at least 95 A.D., but his territories were in Syria, Northern Palestine, and Galilee and excluded Jerusalem and Judaea.
SH09657. Bronze quarter unit, RPC Online II 2264; Hendin 6347 (S); Meshorer TJC 152; Sofaer 212; SNG ANS 298; SNG Cop 76; BMC Palestine p. 244, 34, Choice VF, weight 4.81 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas (Banias, Golan Heights) mint, 83 - 84 A.D.; obverse ΔOMIT KAI ΓEPMAN, laureate head of Domitian right; reverse ETO KΔ BA AΓPIΠΠ (year 24 King Agrippa), Nike inscribing shield, foot on crested helmet; scarce; SOLD


Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D., Judaea Capta for Titus

|Agrippa| |II|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |Agrippa| |II,| |c.| |49| |-| |95| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta| |for| |Titus||half| |unit|
A Judaea Capta issue minted by a Jewish king! Agrippa was a devout Jew and a loyal vassal of Rome. It may seem strange he would commemorate the defeat of his people but he believed the Jews could flourish under Rome and sided with Rome during the rebellion. Agrippa II sent 2,000 men, archers, and cavalry to support Vespasian. He accompanied Titus on campaigns and was wounded at the siege of Gamla. He ruled until at least 95 A.D., but his territories were in Syria, Northern Palestine, and Galilee and excluded Jerusalem and Judaea.
JD97398. Bronze half unit, Hendin 6314a; Meshorer TJC 160a; RPC II 2277; Sofaer 229; SNG ANS 289; BMC Palestine p. 242, 22, Nice F, attractive portrait, nice green patina with light earthen deposits, tight flan, weight 11.542 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas (Banias, Golan Heights) mint, 85 - 86 A.D.; obverse KAICAP CEBAC - AVTOKP TITOC, laureate head of Titus right; reverse Nike advancing right, raising wreath in extended right hand, palm frond over left shoulder in left hand, star in upper right field, ETO - KS (year 26) BA / AΓPI-ΠΠA in two divided lines across field below center; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. RipollŤs. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 & supplements).
Burnett, A. & M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999 & supplements).
Fontanille, J. Menorah Coin Project, website: http://menorahcoinproject.com/
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 6th Edition. (Amphora, 2021).
Hill, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Palestine. (London, 1914).
Kadman, L. The Coinage of Caesarea Maritima. Corpus Nummorum Palaestinensium 2. (Jerusalem, 1957).
Maltiel-Gerstenfeld, J. 260 Years of Ancient Jewish Coinage. (Tel Aviv, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Meshorer, Y., et al. Coins of the Holy Land: The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection at the American Numismatic Society and The Israel Museum. (New York, 2013).
Meshorer, Y. "The Coins of Caesarea Paneas" in INJ 8 (1984-5), pp. 37-58
Roman Provincial Coins (RPC) Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/.
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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