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Counterfeit, Unofficial, Imitative and Barbaric Roman Coins
Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, c. 429 - 534 A.D., Imitative of Valentinian III
In spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. Under the influence of his rival general Aëtius, Valentinian III's mother, Galla Placidia, had the Roman governor and general Bonifacius convicted of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and sought support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.ME79994. Bronze nummus, cf. Wroth BMCV p. 27, 80 & pl. iii, 38, VF, crowded flan typical for the type, weight 1.460 g, maximum diameter 11.8 mm, die axis 180o, North African mint, c. 429 - 534 A.D.; obverse diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust of Valentinian III right, blundered legend; reverse camp gate with two turrets, star between turrets, blundered legend; ex Forum (2016); rare; SOLD
Lot of 6 Tiberius Tribute Pennies of Matthew 22:20-21, Silver Plated Unofficial Fourres
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denarius type is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the BibleLT89430. Fouree silver plated Lot, Lot of six Tiberius fourrée denarii; cf. RIC I 26; BMCRE I 34; SRCV I 1762; RSC II 16; SRCV I 1763 (official prototype, silver, Rome mint), Fair to aF, one holed, all with plating breaks but for the worst which probably isn't plated, unofficial counterfeiter mint, c. 15 - 40 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand; SOLD
Roman Republic, Dictatorship of Julius Caesar, L. Plautius Plancus, 47 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit
This coin is a plated ancient counterfeit with a base metal core. The style is excellent, truly identical to the Rome mint; however, based on the many test cuts, despite the excellent style, one or more people were suspicious in ancient times. Click to see a larger image.RR94470. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. Crawford 453/1a, Sydenham 959, RSC I Plautia 15, Sear Imperators 29, Russo RBW 1583, SRCV I 429 (official, solid silver, Rome mint, 47 B.C.), gVF, uneven toning, obverse a little off center, many little test cuts in the edge, and others in the obverse, weight 3.124 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial mint, c. 47 - 40 B.C.; obverse facing head (mask?) of Medusa with disheveled hair, snakes for hoop earrings, LˇPLAVTIVS below; reverse winged Aurora flying right, head turned facing, holding reins and conducting the four horses of the sun, wreath on palm frond in left hand, PLANCVS below; from an Israeli collection, ex Noble Numismatics (UK); SOLD
Octavian (Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.), Ancient Counterfeit
The official coin of this type type may have been issued in conjunction with Octavian's visit to Greece in 21 B.C.SH24813. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. SRCV I 1614, RIC I 472 and RSC I 182 (official, Northern Peloponnese mint?, c. 21 B.C.), VF, weight 3.63 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, obverse AVGVSTVS, bare head right; reverse IOVI - OLV (Jovi Olympico), the hexastyle temple of Zeus at Olympia; SOLD
Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, c. 390 - 420 A.D.
Part of a very interesting barbarous issue that combined the GLORIA ROMANORVM (Emperor dragging captive) and REPARATIO REIPVB (Emperor raising kneeling woman) reverses into a single one. The style of our coin is remarkable for the issue. Although these were probably minted in the Rhine region, our coin was found in the Middle East!RL12042. Bronze imitative AE 3, DOCLR 733; for prototype cf. RIC X Honorius 1355 (official, Rome mint), VF, attractive style and nice desert patina, weight 2.71 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rhine frontier Germanic mint, c. 390 - 420 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Emperor standing right, head left, right hand on head of woman, with left dragging captive; rare; SOLD
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Indian Imitative
An exceptionally heavy coin, from the same dies and type of flan as a specimen sold in CNG Auction 60, in 2002.
The symbols depicted on this coin have been awarded to Octavian by the Senate along the title of Augustus. The laurels were decorating his house door and the shield was displayed in the Curia.RS39137. Silver imitative denarius, CNG 60, 1483 (same dies); cf. RIC I 36a and RSC I 51 (official, Spanish mint, c. 19 - 18 B.C.), gVF, weight 8.147 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 15 - 13 B.C.; obverse laureate head right; reverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS, shield inscribed CEV flanked by laurel branches, S P Q R below; SOLD
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Unpublished in the major references.RS43305. Silver denarius, unpublished in major references, RIC IV -, BMCRE V -, Cohen IV -, RSC III -, SRCV -, VF, flat centers, scratches, weight 2.801 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome? or unofficial? mint, 207 - 211 A.D.; obverse IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse VENVS VICTRIX (victorious Venus), Venus standing left, helmet in right, palm frond in left, resting elbow on column, cuirass right, Cupid holding shield at feet left; very rare; SOLD
Legionary Token Coinage, Caesarea Maritima, Syria Palestina, c. 70 - 150 A.D., Imitative of First Jewish Revolt
The minima of Caesarea copy the bronze coins of Tyre, Sidon, the Herodian kings, the procurators, the First Jewish War, and the Roman Empire. Minimas are also found in other areas of what was Roman Palaestina and Syria, especially around the sites of the legionary encampments. They probably served as a token currency in the camps and their associated settlements. In his 1895, Account of Palmyra and Zenobia, W. Write wrote, "The sands of Palmyra are full of little copper coins. After strong winds the people of Palmyra gather them by the handful." This minima type is apparently unpublished. GB59876. Bronze minima, apparently unpublished; Hamburger -, Meshorer TJC -, VF, weight 1.057 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 270o, Caesarea Maritima (Keisaria, Israel) mint, 1st - 2nd century A.D.; obverse amphora copying the obverse of bronze prutot of year 3 of the first Jewish revolt; reverse squat tripod altar, wreath above, blundered illiterate inscription left, branch right; perhaps unique(?); SOLD
Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect Under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Extremely crude barbaric variety! Obverse inscription letters "A" seems like upside down "Y" and "P" is retrograde. The reverse date is also blundered. Examples from these dies have been listed in at $300 on other dealer's websites and one example sold for $495 at auction. JD40051. Bronze prutah, Fontanille Menorah Coin Project PIL-02 (O7/R12), Meshorer TJC 333 var. (blundered inscriptions), RPC I 4968 var. (same), SGICV 5623 var. (same), aVF, weight 2.334 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse SLI (blundered LIZ, year 17) within wreath; rare; SOLD
Geto-Dacian, Roman Republic Imitative, 91 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.
In ancient Greek and Roman writing Dacus (plural Daci) and Geta (plural Getae) were interchangeable names for tribes of the Dacia region, distinct from but influenced by and possibly related the Thracians and Celts. Modern historians prefer to use the name Geto-Dacians. RR58521. Silver denarius, obverse imitative of L. Flaminius Chilo, 109 - 108 B.C., Crawford 302/1; reverse imitative of D. Junius L.f. Silanus, 91 B.C., Crawford 337/3, VF, toned, weight 4.0661 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Geto-Dacian tribal mint, 91 B.C. - 1st century A.D.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, ROMA behind, X below chin; reverse Victory in galloping biga right, XI above, D.PLAN (or similar, blundered) in exergue; rare; SOLD
Cahn, H. "EIDibus MARtiis" in QT 18 (1989), pp. 229-231, 9a, 20a, and 25b.
Campbell, W. Greek and Roman Plated Coins. ANSNNM 75. (New York, 1933).
Crawford, M. "Plated Coins - False Coins" in NC 1968, pp. 55-59, pl. xiv.
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974), vol I., pp. 560-565, vol II, p. 570.
Davis, P. "Dacian and Celtic Imitations of Republican Denarii" in The Celator 18-4, April 2004, pp. 6-16.
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006).
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info/.
Davis, P. & E. Paunov. "Imitations of Republican Denarii from Moesia and Thrace" in Studies Prokopov. (2012).
Lawrence, L. "On a Hoard of Plated Roman Denarii" in NC 1940, pp. 185-189.
Popović, Petar. "Hoard of imitations of the Roman Republican denars from the Belgrade National Museum" in Numizmatikai Közlöny 1974, pp. 7-13 & pl. 1.
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Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1927 1952). pl. xliii-xliv.
Vasic, M. "A IVth and Vth Centuries Hoard of Roman coins and imitations in the collection of the National Museum in Belgrade" in Sirmium VIII, p. 128-129, 6-19.
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