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Counterfeit, Unofficial, Imitative and Barbaric Roman Coins
Decentius, Caesar, July or August 350 - 18 August 353 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit or Barbaric Imitative
NEW This interesting ancient counterfeit or imitative specimen combines the mintmark of the mint at Ambianum, and the reverse field control letters S-V which are only found on issues of Lugdunum. Also, Ambianum did not use this mintmark with AMB flanked on both sides with a palm. The Bastien MM specimen was found near Lyon. We know of about a half dozen specimens of this imitative, all from the same dies. RL98410. Bronze maiorina, Bastien MM pl. XVII, 32 (same dies); RIC VIII -; LRBC II -; Cohen VIII -; SRCV V -, gVF, good centering, very sharp detail, areas of porosity, ragged edge, A's appearing as H (as normal on official issues of the era), weight 3.158 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, barbarous imitation of Ambianum (Amiens) mint, c. 351 - 353 A.D.; obverse D N DECENTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG E CAE (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victory's standing facing each other, between them holding a shield resting on a short column, shield inscribed VOT / V / MVLT / + in four lines, S - V flanking column, palm AMB palm in exergue; very rare; $220.00 (€180.40)
Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, 429 - 534 A.D.
In spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. Convicted of treason, rather than surrender for execution, the Roman general Bonifacius revolted and sought support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals ruled North Africa until the Byzantine Romans recaptured it in 534.ME93386. Bronze AE 9, cf. Wroth BMCV 188, pl. iv, 39, F, earthen encrusted, weight 0.805 g, maximum diameter 8.5 mm, Carthage mint, 429 - 534 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust right; reverse cross (in wreath?); $90.00 (€73.80)
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit
Isis was the goddess of motherhood and fertility in Ancient Egyptian religious beliefs, whose worship spread throughout the Greco-Roman world. In later myths about Isis, she had a brother, Osiris, who became her husband, and she then was said to have conceived Horus.MA96710. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. RSC III 174, RIC IV S577, SRCV II 6606 (official, silver, Rome mint), VF, unusual style, about 1/4 of the bronze core is exposed, weight 2.450 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial criminal mint, c. 196 - 211 A.D.; obverse IVLIE AVGVSTA (sic), draped bust right; reverse SAECVLI FELICITAS (retrograde), Isis nursing the infant Horus, standing left with right foot on prow, anchor rests against altar behind (the entire reverse, not just the legend, is a reverse of the official type); $80.00 (€65.60)
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., "Limes" Denarius
The origin and purpose of the bronze "limes" denarii is uncertain. They may have been a token currency used only along the borders of the Empire. They may have been illegal counterfeits with a now long gone thin silver wash.
Fortuna distributed good and evil among mankind according to her caprice and without any regard to merit.MA96711. Bronze limes denarius, RSC III 55, RIC IV S552, BMCRE V S24, SRCV II 6583 (silver, official, Rome mint, 210 A.D.), Choice VF, well centered, dark patina, mild porosity, weight 3.031 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint mint, c. 210 A.D.; obverse IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse FORTVNAE FELICI, Fortuna standing slightly left, head left, out-turned cornucopia in right, left elbow rests on reversed rudder; $70.00 (€57.40)
Cahn, H. "EIDibus MARtiis" in QT 18 (1989), pp. 229-231, 9a, 20a, and 25b.
Campbell, W. Greek and Roman Plated Coins. ANSNNM 75. (New York, 1933).
Crawford, M. "Plated Coins - False Coins" in NC 1968, pp. 55-59, pl. xiv.
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974), vol I., pp. 560-565, vol II, p. 570.
Davis, P. "Dacian and Celtic Imitations of Republican Denarii" in The Celator 18-4, April 2004, pp. 6-16.
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006).
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info/.
Davis, P. & E. Paunov. "Imitations of Republican Denarii from Moesia and Thrace" in Studies Prokopov. (2012).
Lawrence, L. "On a Hoard of Plated Roman Denarii" in NC 1940, pp. 185-189.
Popović, Petar. "Hoard of imitations of the Roman Republican denars from the Belgrade National Museum" in Numizmatikai Közlöny 1974, pp. 7-13 & pl. 1.
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Southerland, C. "'Carausius II', 'Censeris', and the Barbarous Fel. Temp. Reparatio Overstrikes" in NC 1945.
Sydenham, E. "On Roman Plated Coins" in NC 1940, pp. 190-202.
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1927 1952). pl. xliii-xliv.
Vasic, M. "A IVth and Vth Centuries Hoard of Roman coins and imitations in the collection of the National Museum in Belgrade" in Sirmium VIII, p. 128-129, 6-19.
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