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Counterfeit, Unofficial, Imitative and Barbaric Roman Coins
Lot of 6 Tiberius Tribute Pennies of Matthew 22:20-21, Silver Plated Unofficial Fourres
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denariustype is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible LT89430. Fouree silver plated Lot, Lot of six Tiberiusfourréedenarii; cf. RIC I 26; BMCRE I 34; SRCV I 1762; RSC II 16; SRCV I 1763 (official prototype, silver, Rome mint), Fair to aF, one holed, all with plating breaks but for the worst which probably isn?t plated, unofficial counterfeiter mint, c. 15 - 40 A.D.; obverseTI CAESARDIVI FAVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reversePONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand; $200.00 (€170.00)
Agrippa, Military Commander, Friend of Augustus, Grandfather of Caligula, Ancient Unofficial Cast
This coin is clearly cast and not an official struck mint issue. Many unofficial counterfeits or perhaps semi-offical local imitations were struck and cast in Gaul, especially during the reign of Claudius (up to 50% of the bronze Claudius coins found in some areas), apparently due to shortages of official coinage. This coin was probably cast at that time.RB88887. Cast bronze as, cf. RIC I Gaius 58; BMCRE IITiberius 161 - 168; Cohen I 3, BnF IICaligula 77 - 97, SRCV I 1812 (official, Rome mint, struck under Caligula), F, green patina, corrosion, casting seams and sprues, weight 15.775 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial mint, 38 - c. 60 A.D.; obverse M AGRIPPA L F COS III, head left wearing a rostral crown; reverse Neptune standing facing, head left, nude but for cloak draped over arms, dolphin in right hand, trident vertical in left hand, large S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; $150.00 (€127.50)
Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
The S - Preverse marks were used in 293. This obverselegend was used only until 291 and the portrait style is only correct for coins up to 292. The reverselegend should read COMES AVG. Although the style is equivalent to official issues, this coin is probably an unofficial imitative.RA73280. Billonantoninianus, RIC V-2 447 (R), Webb Carausius 496, Hunter IV -, SRCV IV -, Bourne Carausius -, Linchmere -, Burton Latimer -, Bicester -, Carausian Hoard -, aVF, centered, corrosion, most of the reverselegend unstruck or obliterated, weight 5.637 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, unmarked or unofficial mint, c. 293 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse COMIS AVG (companion of the Emperor), Victory standing left, raising wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, S - P flanking across field (just a trace of the P remaining), nothing (or pellet?) in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $125.00 (€106.25)
Roman Republic, Unofficial, c. 169 - 91 B.C.
Crawford notes, "The very common quadrantes with M • and N• (as Milan 351) are clearly unofficial."RR79715. Copper quadrans, cf. Milan 351 (from Crawford appendix p. 309 unofficial issues of bronze coins), Sydenham -, VF, centered on a tight flan, light marks,, weight 4.182 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 135o, unofficial mint, c. 169 - 91 B.C.; obversehead of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow right, ROMA below, three pellets before, M• above; ex FORVM (2006), ex Goodman collection; $125.00 (€106.25)
Roman Republic, Anonymous (Unofficial?), c. 91 B.C.
Russo suspects this type may be unofficial because, despite the attractive style, the prow does not include the usual features found on most coins of the period.RR88352. Copper quadrans, RBW Collection 1244 (unofficial?), Crawford 339/4a, Sydenham 679c, BMCRRRome 2208, SRCV I 1195, VF, porous, rough, edge splits, weight 2.114 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial(?) mint, c. 169 - 91 B.C.; obversehead of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow right, apotropaic on side, ROMA above, three pellets below; $95.00 (€80.75)
Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, c. 425 - 450 A.D.
This type was minted by and used as currency by Germanic tribes outside the Roman Empire. It copied Roman type issued under Theodosius I. While official late Roman imperial bronze coinage was sometimes a bit crude, the emperor's hairstyle was never quite like this.RL89160. Bronze barbarous imitative, for the Roman prototype see: RIC XTheodosius II 440 ff., SRCV V 21231 ff. (official, half centenionalis, various mints, 425 - 435 A.D.), EF, small flan, crude and imitative style, weight 0.807 g, maximum diameter 10.9 mm, die axis 180o, tribal mint, c. 425 - 450 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG (or similar, almost entirely off flan), diademed, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reversecross in wreath, wreath closed at the bottom with IIXII over exergue line; $90.00 (€76.50)
Roman Republic, Unofficial, c. 91 B.C.
In 91 B.C., the tribune Marcus Livius Drusus proposed extending Roman citizenship to allied Italian cities, but was assassinated, leading to the Social War.RR88243. Copper quadrans, cf. Crawford 339/4c (official), Sydenham 679c (official), SRCV I 1194 (official), RBW Collection -, VF, obverse off center, porous/corrosion, weight 3.181 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 45o, unofficial mint, c. 91 B.C.; obversehead of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, three pellets right, ROMA below; $80.00 (€68.00)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Iberian(?) Barbaric Imitative
RB70583. Copper as, cf. SRCV I 1685, RIC I 431, BMCRE 226, Cohen I 515, BnF I 687 (official, Rome mint, 7 B.C.), F, interesting crude style, nice green patina, edge cracks, scratches, pits on reverses, weight 10.390 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 225o, Iberian(?) unofficial mint, obversebare head right; reverse large S C; $70.00 (€59.50)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.RS85049. Fouree silver plateddenarius, cf. RIC III 19, RSC II 804, BMCRE IV 66, Hunter II -, SRCV II - (official, Rome mint, 10 Dec 180 - 10 Dec 181 A.D.), aVF, well centered, toned, bumps and scratches, edge cracks, copper core exposed in a few spots, weight 2.713 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial counterfeiter's mint, c. 181 - 182 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P, Providentia standing half left, head left, wand in right hand over globe at feet, long grounded scepter in left hand; $55.00 (€46.75)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, 211 - 206 B.C.
In 211 B.C., Hannibal marched northwards on the city of Rome in a belated and unsuccessful effort to capture the city. Rome faced the danger of famine, caused by Hannibal's forces and the withdrawal of so many men from farming. The situation was only relieved by an urgent appeal by the Romans to the King of Egypt, Ptolemy IV, from whom grain was purchased at three times the usual price. RR88016. Bronze quadrans, cf. RBW Collection 228, Crawford 58/6, Sydenham 218c, F, obverse rough, earthen deposits, weight 4.318 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 270o, unofficial(?) mint, c. 211 - 206 B.C.; obversehead of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse galley prow right, ROMA above, three pellets below, cornucopia(?) before; $50.00 (€42.50)
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Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974), vol I., pp. 560-565, vol II, p. 570.
Davis, P. "Dacian and Celtic Imitations of Republican Denarii" in The Celator 18-4, April 2004, pp. 6-16.
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Lawrence, L. "On a Hoard of Plated Roman Denarii" in NC 1940, pp. 185-189.
Popović, Petar. "Hoard of imitations of the Roman Republican denars from the Belgrade National Museum" in Numizmatikai Közlöny 1974, pp. 7-13 & pl. 1.
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