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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Isaurian Dynasty| ▸ |Leo III||View Options:  |  |  | 

Leo III the Isaurian, 25 March 717 - 18 June 741 A.D.

Joint rule with Constantine V (his son), 25 August 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.
Leo III and the dynasty he founded are probably misnamed because he was likely born not in Isauria, but in Syria. Of peasant origin, he worked his way up in the army until, as a general, he seized the throne from the weak emperor Theodosius III. Leo so successfully defeated the Arabs that they ceased to be a serious threat for a couple of centuries. Unfortunately his iconoclast policies (opposition to devotion to religious images) began a division of Christianity which resulted in the destruction of thousands of masterpieces of Roman art, split the Roman and Byzantine churches (fortunately the Pope refused his order to destroy the artworks of Rome), and resulted in violent struggles between iconoclasts and their opposition which would not end until 842 A.D.
Byzantine Empire 717 AD

Byzantine Empire, Constantine V and Leo IV, 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D.

|Constantine| |V|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constantine| |V| |and| |Leo| |IV,| |6| |June| |751| |-| |14| |September| |775| |A.D.||follis|
In 751, Pepin the Short was elected King of the Franks by the Frankish nobility, marking the end of the Merovingian and beginning of the Carolingian dynasty. In 752, Abd al-Rahman ibn Habib al-Fihri made the first Muslim assault on Sardinia, the beginning of Saracen occupation that lasts until 1005. He also attempted to invade Sicily.
BZ99100. Bronze follis, Anastasi 434, DOC III-1 19l, Wroth BMC 35, Tolstoi 53, Ratto 1757, SBCV 1569, Sommer 23.11, VF/F, well struck, dark patina, trace deposits, weight 1.676 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 757 - 14 Sep 775 A.D.; obverse K - ΛE/O/N, Constantine V and Leo IV, each stand facing wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia, cross between heads; reverse Λ/E/O/N - ∆/E/C/Π, Leo III standing facing, bearded, wearing crown and chlamys, cross potent in right hand; from the Robert Wachter Collection; $80.00 (76.00)


Byzantine Empire, Leo III the Isaurian and Constantine V, 25 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.

|Leo| |III|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Leo| |III| |the| |Isaurian| |and| |Constantine| |V,| |25| |March| |720| |-| |18| |June| |741| |A.D.||solidus|
 
SH08815. Gold solidus, DOC III-1 5; BMC Wroth 8; Tolstoi 54; Ratto 1734; SBCV 1504; Sommer 21.3, gVF, very nice centering, finder scrape on reverse, weight 4.46 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 725 - 732 A.D.; obverse D No LEON P A MuL S, facing crowned bust of Leon, wearing chlamys, globus cruciger in right hand, akakia in left hand; reverse D N CONSTANTINu Θ, facing crowned bust of Constantine V, wearing chlamys, globus cruciger in right hand, akakia in left hand; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Leo III the Isaurian and Constantine V, 25 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.

|Leo| |III|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Leo| |III| |the| |Isaurian| |and| |Constantine| |V,| |25| |March| |720| |-| |18| |June| |741| |A.D.||follis|
This type varies considerably in size and weight, ranging from c. 27mm and 6 grams down to 15 mm and 1 gram. -- Byzantine Coins and Their Values by David R. Sear
BZ72012. Bronze follis, Wroth BMC 11 (Leo V); DOC III-1 39; SBCV 1516; Sommer 21.11; Morrisson BnF - (p. 460); Tolstoi 15 (Leo V); Ratto -, VF, nice green patina, scrapes, weight 5.285 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 735 - 741 A.D.; obverse LEOn-S C-ONS, busts of Leo III bearded on left and Constantine V beardless facing, each wears crown with cross and chlamys, each holds akakia in right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, X/X/X left, N/N/N right, A below; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Anastasi, M. Monete Bizantine di Sicilia. (NP, 2009).
Berk, H. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Calciati, R. Monete Bizantine di Bronzo della Sicilia. (Cairo, 2000).
Feg, F. Corpus of the Nomismata from Anastasius II to John I in Constantinople, 713 - 976. (Lancaster, PA, 2007).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol III, Part 1: Leo III to Michael III, 717-867. (Washington D.C., 1973).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothque Nationale II, 711 - 1204. (Paris, 1970).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Spahr, R. Le monete siciliane, dai Bizantini a Carlo I d' Angio (582 - 1282). (Graz, 1976).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Trivero, A. La monetazione di rame dela Sicilia bizantina (testo e archivio fotografico allegato). (Achao, 2006).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

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