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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Latin Crusader Rule||View Options:  |  |  |   

Latin Rule, 12 April 1204 - 25 July 1261 A.D.

The Empire of Romania, more commonly known as the Latin Empire or Latin Empire of Constantinople, and known to the Byzantines as the Frankokratia or the Latin Occupation, was a feudal Crusader state founded by the leaders of the Fourth Crusade on lands captured from the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire. It was established after the capture of Constantinople in 1204 and lasted until 1261. The Latin Empire was intended to supplant the Byzantine Empire as the titular Roman Empire in the east, with a Western Roman Catholic emperor enthroned in place of the Eastern Orthodox Roman emperors. Baldwin IX, Count of Flanders, was crowned the first Latin emperor as Baldwin I on 16 May 1204. The Latin Empire failed to attain political or economic dominance over the other Latin powers, especially Venice, and after a short initial period of military successes it went into a steady decline. Weakened by constant warfare with the Bulgarians and the unconquered sections of the empire, it eventually fell when Byzantines recaptured Constantinople under Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos in 1261. The last Latin emperor, Baldwin II, went into exile, but the imperial title survived, with several pretenders to it, until the 14th century.Latin Empire Map


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For 57 years after the crusader armies sacked the city, Constantinople was ruled by Latin princes.
BZ68060. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, DOC IV-1 31; SBCV 2024 var. (clipped to small module); imitative of Manuel I Comnenus; CLBC I 11.4.1, gVF, weight 1.732 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 1220 - 1230; obverse [IC] - XC, nimbate Christ, seated on throne without back, wearing tunic and kolobion, Gospels in left; reverse [MANOV]HΛ [∆ECΠOTHC], emperor standing facing, wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys, sword in right, globus cruciger in left; SOLD


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Interesting Latin imitation of a type struck by the Byzantines of Nikaea.
BZ17887. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, SBCV 2050; DOC IV, pt. 2, 36b; Hendy, type G, pl. 29, 19 - 20; Sommer 68.27; Wolkow 369 ff., gVF, weight 1.130 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse MP − ΘY, Nimbate Virgin enthroned facing, holding nimbate bust of Christ in her crossed arms; reverse Emperor Theodore, holding labarum, and St. Theodore, holding spear, together holding long scepter topped with a Patriarchal Cross; scarce with this quality of strike and preservation; SOLD


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BZ18732. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, Metcalf Latin Imitative pl. 9, 39 (obv) / 40 (rev); SBCV 2054; CLBC I 11.22.3; DOC IV -; Hendy -; Sommer -, VF, nice green patina, weight 1.337 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1235 - 1245; obverse X - C / N - I, Cross potent on steps; reverse emperor standing facing, lance in right, globus cruciger in left; rare; SOLD


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BZ19344. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, Metcalf Latin Imitative pl. 9, 39 - 40; SBCV 2054; CLBC I 11.22.3; DOC IV -; Hendy -; Sommer -, VF, weight 1.176 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1235 - 1245; obverse X - C / N - I, Cross potent on steps; reverse emperor standing facing, lance in right, globus cruciger in left; rare; SOLD


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BZ36613. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, SBCV 2057; Malloy Crusaders 37; Hendy Thessalonica Type C small module, pl. 29, 16 - 18; Sommer 68.32, VF, weight 0.918 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 1215 - 1225; obverse Christ, nimbate, seated on throne with back, right raised, Gospels in left, cross right, IC - XC flanking Christ's head; reverse HΛΓIΛEΛENE ΘKOTΛNT (none visible), St. Helena (on left) and St. Constantine (on right) standing facing holding patriarchal cross on step between them, she holds jeweled scepter, he holds cruciform scepter; SOLD


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BZ36569. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, Lianta 107; SBCV 2055; DOC IV, pt. 2, 24; Hendy, type A, pl. 28, 1 - 4; Sommer 68.30; CLBC I 11.23.1; Grierson 1262, gVF, double struck, weight 2.716 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 1210 - 1220; obverse IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ), Christ seated facing on throne, nimbate, wearing tunic and kolobion, Gospels in left, stars above arms of throne; reverse half-length figure of the emperor, wearing stemma, divitsion, collar-piece, paneled loros and crown with pendilia, scepter cruciger in right, globus cruciger in left; SOLD


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For 57 years after the crusader armies sacked the city, Constantinople was ruled by Latin princes.
BZ79711. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, SBCV 2048; DOC IV, pt. 2, 34; Hendy, type E, pl 29, 13 - 15; Sommer 68.25; CLBC I 11.24.3, gVF, excellent bust of Jesus for the type, weight 1.667 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1210 - 1220; obverse facing bust of Christ Emmanuel, bearded and nimbate, in tunic and kolobion, scroll in left; reverse emperor standing facing, wearing stemma, divitsion, and chlamys, labarum-headed scepter in right, globus cruciger in left; ex Forum (2008); SOLD


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For 57 years after the crusader armies sacked the city, Constantinople was ruled by Latin princes. This interesting Latin imitation copies a rare type struck by the Byzantines of Nikaea.
BZ19643. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, SBCV 2050; DOC IV, pt. 2, 36b; Hendy, type G, pl. 29, 19 - 20; Sommer 68.27; Wolkow 369 ff., VF, weight 1.721 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse MP − ΘY, nimbate Virgin enthroned facing, holding nimbate bust of Christ in her crossed arms; reverse Emperor Theodore, holding labarum, and St. Theodore, holding spear, together holding long scepter topped with a Patriarchal Cross; scarce with this quality of strike and preservation; SOLD


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BZ36603. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, DOC IV-1 4; SBCV 2024 (clipped to small module); Hendy, type D, pl. 25, 14 - 15; CLBC I 11.4.1; Sommer 68.6, VF, weight 1.404 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, c. 1220 - 1230; obverse nimbate bust of Christ facing, scroll in left, IC - XC flanking nimubus; reverse MANOVHΛ ∆ECΠOTHC, emperor standing facing, wearing stemma, divitision, loros and sagion, long cruciform scepter in right, globus cruciger in left; SOLD


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For 57 years after the crusader armies sacked the city, Constantinople was ruled by Latin princes.
BZ19639. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, SBCV 2044; DOC IV, pt. 2, 30; CLBC I 11.1.3, Lianta 12; Sommer 68.21; Hendy type A (small module), pl. 29, 1, VF, weight 1.998 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1215 - 1240; obverse MP − ΘY, the Virgin facing, nimbate, holds nimbate head of Christ on breast; reverse emperor standing facing, labarum in right, akakia in left; SOLD




  




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EMPERORS OF THE LATIN EMPIRE OF CONSTANTINOPLE

1204 - 1205..... BALDWIN I
1206 - 1216..... HENRY
1216 - 1217..... PETER
1217 - 1219..... YOLANDA (REGENT)
1219 - 1228..... ROBERT I
1228 - 1237..... JOHN OF BRIENNE (REGENT)
1237 - 1261..... BALDWIN II


REFERENCES|

Bellinger, A. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. IV, Part 2: The Emperors of Nicaea and Their Contemporaries (1204 - 1261). (Washington D.C., 1966).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Lianta, E. Late Byzantine Coins, 1204 - 1453, in the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. (London, 2009).
Marchev, V. & R. Wachter. Catalogue of the Late Byzantine Coins, Vol. I, 1082 - 1261 AD. (Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria, 2011).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wolkow, C. Un Trésor Balkanique de Monnaies Byzantines Et Latines Du XIIIème Siècle. (Bruxelles, 2016).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Sunday, October 13, 2019.
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Latin Rule