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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Herodian Dynasty||View Options:  |  |  | 

Herodian Dynasty

Please select one of the Herodian kings using the left side menu.

Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

|Herod| |the| |Great|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |the| |Great,| |37| |-| |4| |B.C.||prutah|NEW
Josephus writes that Herod the Great (father of Archelaus) was in Jericho at the time of his death. Just prior to this final trip to Jericho, Herod had placed a golden eagle over the Temple entrance. Perceived as blasphemous, protesters chopped down the eagle with axes. Two teachers and approximately 40 youths were arrested for this act and immolated.
JD97696. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1185; Meshorer TJC 55; Sofaer p. 259, 50; HGC 10 666 (S), VF, tight ragged flan, uneven strike, enhanced desert patina, weight 0.834 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, Jerusalem mint, c. 27 - 24 B.C.; obverse HPΩ∆OY BACIΛEΩΣ (Greek: of King Herod), tripod table with curved legs, shallow bowl or plate upon it; reverse crossed palm fronds in a circle; very scarce; $350.00 (287.00)


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

|Herod| |the| |Great|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |the| |Great,| |37| |-| |4| |B.C.||2| |prutot|
Two prutot was equal to a Roman quadrans. -- Talmud Jerus., Kedushin 58d, written c. 200 A.D.
JD97694. Bronze 2 prutot, Meshorer TJC 48a; Hendin 1178; Sofaer Collection 20; BMC Palestine p. 222, 20; RPC Online I 4905; HGC 10 654, gF, dark patina, porosity, highlighting earthen deposits, reverse off center, remnants of pre-strike casting sprues, weight 3.280 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 210o, Jerusalem mint, c. 30 B.C.; obverse HPΩ∆OY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (Greek: of King Herod), cross surrounded by closed diadem; reverse dish on tripod table, flanked by two upright palm branches; $200.00 (164.00)


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

|Herod| |the| |Great|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |the| |Great,| |37| |-| |4| |B.C.||eight| |prutot|NEW
Matthew (2:1-23) describes the Massacre of the Innocents. Wise men from the East visited Herod to inquire the whereabouts of "the one having been born king of the Jews," because they had seen his star. Herod, as King of the Jews, was alarmed. The chief priests, citing Micah 5:2, told Herod the anointed one would be born in Bethlehem. Herod sent the "wise men" to Bethlehem, instructing them to "report to me, so that I too may go and worship him." However, the Magi were warned in a dream not to report back to Herod. Joseph was warned in a dream that Herod intended to kill Jesus, so he and his family fled to Egypt. When Herod realized he had been outwitted, he gave orders to kill all boys of the age of two and under in Bethlehem and its vicinity. Joseph and his family stayed in Egypt until Herod's death, then moved to Nazareth. Herod was guilty of many brutal acts, including killing his wife and two sons, but no other source from the period refers to the massacre. Bethlehem was a small village, the number of male children under the age of two might not have exceed 20, and this may be the reason for the lack of other sources for this history.
JD98150. Copper eight prutot, Hendin 1169, Meshorer TJC 44, Meshorer AJC II 1, RPC I 4901, HGC 10 651, F, off center, uneven weak strike, pre-strike casting sprues, beveled obverse edge, weight 6.332 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 0o, Samaria mint, c. 40 - 37 B.C.; obverse HPΩ∆OY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (Greek: of King Herod), tripod, ceremonial bowl (lebes) above, LΓ - P (year 3 of the tetrarchy = 40 B.C.) across fields; reverse military helmet facing, with cheek pieces and straps, wreathed with acanthus leaves, star above, flanked by two palm-branches; scarce; $160.00 (131.20)


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

|Herod| |the| |Great|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |the| |Great,| |37| |-| |4| |B.C.||prutah|
Herod's most famous and ambitious project was his magnificent expansion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 20 - 19 B.C. Although work on out-buildings continued another eighty years, the new Temple was finished in a year and a half. To comply with religious law, Herod employed 1,000 priests as masons and carpenters. The temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. Today, only the four retaining walls of the Temple Mount remain standing, including the Western Wall.
JD97425. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC 59c, Hendin 1188, Sofaer 28, HGC 10 661, F, irregular flan shape, edge crack, obverse edge beveled, weight 1.730 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 315o, Jerusalem mint, 21 - 12 B.C.; obverse HPW BACI (Greek abbreviation: of King Herod), anchor; reverse double cornucopia, caduceus between horns, pellets above; from an Israeli collection; $140.00 (114.80)


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||2| |prutot|NEW
Son of Herod the Great, Archelaus inherited Judaea, Samaria and Idumaea. Jerusalem was his capital. Augustus denied him the title king and gave him the title ethnarch, with a promise to name him king if he governed well. He was so unpopular with his subjects that Augustus deposed him, banished him to Gaul and annexed his territory.
JD97739. Bronze 2 prutot, cf. BMC Palestine p. 231, 3; RPC Online I 4914; Meshorer TJC p. 224, 70; Sofaer p. 260, 70; Hendin 1194 (none with these blundered inscriptions), aVF, smoothing, edge crack, obverse edge beveled, weight 2.911 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPωX (or similar, blundered, of Herod), double cornucopia, horns parallel curved to the left, adorned with grapes; reverse EΘNA/HX/CM (or similar, blundered, Ethnarch), war galley left with aphlaston, oars, cabin, and ram; ex Savoca Numismatik auction 3 (15 Sep 2019), lot 69; $135.00 (110.70)


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

|Herod| |the| |Great|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |the| |Great,| |37| |-| |4| |B.C.||prutah|NEW
Herod's most famous and ambitious project was his magnificent expansion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 20 - 19 B.C. Although work on out-buildings continued another eighty years, the new Temple was finished in a year and a half. To comply with religious law, Herod employed 1,000 priests as masons and carpenters. The temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. Today, only the four retaining walls of the Temple Mount remain standing, including the Western Wall.
JD97698. Bronze prutah, cf. Hendin 1183, Meshorer TJC 52 - 53, HGC 10 657 (S-R1), F, obverse off center, highlighting earthen deposits, porosity/light corrosion, reverse edge beveled, remnants of pre-strike casting sprues, weight 1.712 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 90o, Jerusalem mint, c. 27 B.C.; obverse HPΩ∆ BACIΛ (or similar, Greek: of King Herod, C squared), diadem (X within or below?); reverse tripod table with curved legs, no palm fronds, dot border; scarce; $100.00 (82.00)


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
Grapes, the vine and wine were an important part of the ancient economy and ritual. Grapes were brought to the Temple as offerings of the first-fruits and wine was offered upon the altar. The vine and grapes decorated the sacred vessels in the sanctuary and a golden vine with clusters of grapes stood at its entrance.
JD97701. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1196; Meshorer TJC 73; BMC Palestine p. 232, 10; SGICV 5539; RPC I 4917, aVF, rough, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 1.930 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPω∆OY (of Herod), bunch of grapes, with leaf on left; reverse EΘNOPXOY (Ethnarch), tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small caduceus in lower left field; $90.00 (73.80)


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
Grapes, the vine and wine were an important part of the ancient economy and ritual. Grapes were brought to the Temple as offerings of the first-fruits and wine was offered upon the altar. The vine and grapes decorated the sacred vessels in the sanctuary and a golden vine with clusters of grapes stood at its entrance.
JD97702. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1196; Meshorer TJC 73; BMC Palestine p. 232, 10; SGICV 5539; RPC I 4917, aVF, porous, squared flan, weight 2.072 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 90o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPω∆OY (of Herod), bunch of grapes, with leaf on left; reverse EΘNOPXOY (Ethnarch), tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small caduceus in lower left field; $90.00 (73.80)


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
The galley refers to Archelaus' voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus' younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus appealed to Rome and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome. -- Ancient Jewish Coinage by Ya'akov Meshore
JD97703. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1197; Meshorer TJC 72; RPC I 4916; BMC Palestine p. 233, 27, aVF, obverse off center, pre-strike casting sprue remnants, weight 1.524 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse H P W, prow of war galley left; reverse EΘN (Ethnarch), surrounded by wreath; $70.00 (57.40)


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
The galley refers to Archelaus' voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus' younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus appealed to Rome and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome. -- Ancient Jewish Coinage by Ya'akov Meshore
JD97704. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1197; Meshorer TJC 72; RPC I 4916; BMC Palestine p. 233, 27, aVF, oval flan, obverse off center, weight 1.318 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 90o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse H P W, prow of war galley left; reverse EΘN (Ethnarch), surrounded by wreath; $60.00 (49.20)











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