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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis & Decline| ▸ |Tranquillina||View Options:  |  |  | 

Tranquillina, Augusta, May 241 - 25 February 244 A.D.

Tranquillina was the beautiful daughter of the faithful Praetorian Prefect Timisitheus and was married to Gordian III in May 241 A.D. Greatly loved by her husband, she survived his assassination, possibly due to her immense popularity with both the general population and the soldiery. The imperial coinage of Tranquillina is very rare. Provincial coinage of Tranquillina is not as scarce.

Tranquillina, Augusta, Wife of Gordian III, May 241 - 25 February 244 A.D., Tarsus, Cilicia

|Cilicia|, |Tranquillina,| |Augusta,| |Wife| |of| |Gordian| |III,| |May| |241| |-| |25| |February| |244| |A.D.,| |Tarsus,| |Cilicia||AE| |29|
Tranquillina was the beautiful daughter of the faithful praetorian prefect Timisitheus. Greatly loved by her husband, she survived his assassination, possibly due to her popularity with the general population and the soldiers.

Sandan was a Hittite-Babylonian sun, storm, or warrior god, also perhaps associated with agriculture. The Greeks equated Sandan with Herakles (Hercules). At Tarsus an annual festival honored Sandan-Herakles, which climaxed when an image of the god was burned on a funeral pyre.

The inscription A M K Γ B is a boast of Tarsos meaning, "First (A is the Greek 1), Greatest (Mεγιστη), and Most Beautiful (Kαλλιστη) city of the three (Γ is the Greek 3) adjoining provinces (Cilicia, Isauria, Lycaonia), and holder of two (B is the Greek 2) neokorie (temples dedicated to the imperial cult)." On this obverse die, the A was omitted.
RP97263. Bronze AE 29, RPC Online VII.2 U3452; BMC Lycaonia p. 221, 293; SNG BnF 1727; SNGvA 6057; SNG Leypold 2691; SNG Pfalz 1422; SNG Delepierre 1728; SNG Hunt 2346, Fair, brown tone, porous, weight 11.760 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, May 241 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse CABEINIAN TPANKVIΛΛEINAN CEB, draped bust right, wearing stephane; reverse TAPCOV MH TPOΠOΛEΩC, pyramidal pyre of Sandan, Sandan within standing left on the back of a horned lion standing left, pyre surmounted by an eagle, M / K inner left, B / Γ inner right, the pyre and inscriptions covered by an arching canopy supported by two figures wearing Phrygian caps; ex Zeus Numismatics auction 11 (1 Aug 2020), lot 421; $60.00 (€49.20)
 


Tranquillina, Augusta, May 241 - 25 February 244 A.D., Alliance of Perga and Side, Pamphilia

|Perga|, |Tranquillina,| |Augusta,| |May| |241| |-| |25| |February| |244| |A.D.,| |Alliance| |of| |Perga| |and| |Side,| |Pamphilia||AE| |26|
Perga was renowned for the worship of Artemis, whose temple stood on a hill outside the town, and in whose honor annual festivals were celebrated. Side's Temple of Apollo was located at the end of the city's peninsula site, overlooking the sea.
RP73194. Bronze AE 26, SNG BnF 500 (same dies), Franke-Nolle 1669 (same dies); BMC Lycia p. 142, 107, aVF, well centered, nice jade green patina, weight 11.610 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, Perga (near Antalya, Turkey) mint, consular legate Tertullianus, May 241 - 25 Feb 244; obverse CΑΒΕΙ ΤΡΑΝΚVΛΛΕΙΝΑΝ CΕΒ, draped bust of Tranquillina right, crescent behind shoulders; reverse ΠΕΡΓΑΙΩΝ CΙ∆ΗΤΩΝ ΟΜΟΝΟΙΑ, Artemis of Perga on left, standing right, quiver over shoulder, long torch in left hand, clasping right hands with Apollo of Side, he is turning right, looking back left, long scepter in his left; SOLD


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Anchialos, Thrace

|Anchialus|, |Gordian| |III,| |29| |July| |238| |-| |25| |February| |244| |A.D.,| |Anchialos,| |Thrace||AE| |26|
Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) was possibly founded in the 5th or 4th century B.C. as a colony of Apollonia. It is mentioned in Strabo's Geographica as a small town. It was briefly captured by Messembria in the 2nd century B.C., but retaken by Apollonia and its fortified walls destroyed. The western Black Sea coast was conquered by the Romans under Marcus Licinius Crassus in 29 - 28 B.C. after continuous campaigns in the area since 72 - 71. The city became part of the Roman province of Thrace and was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos prospered as the most important import and export location in Thrace during the 2nd and 3rd centuries and acquired the appearance of a Roman city during the Severan Dynasty.
SH57019. Bronze AE 26, Varbanov 728, AMNG II 680, cf. Moushmov 2965, Price-Trell -, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, VF, weight 12.117 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, May 241 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AYΓ TPANKYΛ/ΛINA, confronted busts of Gordian on left, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, and Tranquillina on right, draped and wearing stephane; reverse OYΛΠIANΩN AΓXI/AΛEΩN, tetrastyle temple containing statue of Apollo standing facing, right arm raised over head, holding lyre in left and resting elbow on tripod, pellet in pediment; ex Stack's Coin Galleries auction April 2010, lot 218, ex Cornelius C. Vermeule collection; very rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

SABINIA TRANQVILLINA AVG

REFERENCES|

Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H.B., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).

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