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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Greek Domination||View Options:  |  |  | 

Greek Domination of Judaea and Palestine

From Alexander the Great's conquest until Roman domination, the city states and small nations of the region, including Judaea, were at various times either ruled or dominated by either the Seleukid Empire or Ptolemaic Kingdom.

Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VII Euergetes Sidetes, 138 - 129 B.C., Joppa(?), Judaea

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |VII| |Euergetes| |Sidetes,| |138| |-| |129| |B.C.,| |Joppa(?),| |Judaea||AE| |13|
In 138 B.C., Antiochus VII besieged the Seleukid usurper Tryphon at the fortress-city of Dor. Tryphon escaped, only to be defeated later. Some sources say he was captured and executed, others that he committed suicide. In 134, Antiochus VII laid siege to Jerusalem. According to Josephus, the Hasmonean king John Hyrcanus opened King David's sepulcher and removed three thousand talents, which he then paid Antiochus to spare the city.

This type has been traditionally attributed to Ascalon, however, no specimens have been found in the Maresha excavations east of that city. The type is acquired in Lower Galilee, Samaria, and Jerusalem. The types indicate it was likely a military coinage and the aphlaston points to a coastal mint. The evidence suggests it dates to Antiochus' campaign against Tryphon and may have been struck by a military mint attached to the army besieging Dor, perhaps in or around Joppa.
JD98121. Bronze AE 13, Houghton-Lorber II 2122; Brett Ascalon 10; Houghton CSE 818; SNG Spaer 2095; HGC 9 1111 (R1), VF, highlighting earthen deposits, edge splits, reverse edge beveled, weight 1.094 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 180o, perhaps Joppa (Jaffa, Israel) mint, 138 - 129 B.C.; obverse crested Boeotian helmet with cheek-guards right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY, upright galley aphlaston (ship's stern ornament, also known as an apluster); from an Israeli Collection; rare; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00
 


Judean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C.

|John| |Hyrcanus| |I|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |John| |Hyrcanus| |I| |(Yehohanan),| |134| |-| |104| |B.C.||prutah|
The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows: YHWHN/N (Yehohanan) H (the) KHN (Priest) [H] (the) / GDL (high) H (the) (HH)B/R (council) H (the) YHD/YM (Jews). See Reading Judean Coins in NumisWiki.
JD97667. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1133c, Meshorer TJC B, Meshorer AJC N, HGC 10 625, gVF, well centered full script on a tight flan, obverse edge beveled, flat area on edge where casting sprue was removed, weight 2.722 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 134 - 104 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehohanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns, A left; from an Israeli collection; rare full script arrangement; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00
 


Judaean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C., for the Seleukid King Antiochus VII

|John| |Hyrcanus| |I|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |John| |Hyrcanus| |I| |(Yehohanan),| |134| |-| |104| |B.C.,| |for| |the| |Seleukid| |King| |Antiochus| |VII||prutah|
Hendin lists four varieties of this type AΠP (year 181) below (Hendin 1131), AΠP (year 181) beside the anchor on left (Hendin 1131a), BΠP (year 182) below (Hendin 1131b), and BΠP (year 182) beside the anchor on left (Hendin 1131c). Houghton and Lorber list a variety without a date (Houghton-Lorber 2123), but the date is probably just off flan, as on this example.
JD97438. Bronze prutah, Houghton-Lorber II 2123, Hendin 1131, SGCV II 7101, HGC 9 1103, Meshorer TJC p. 30, VF, green patina, porosity/corrosion, earthen encrustations, obverse edge beveled, weight 2.871 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 132 - 130 B.C.; obverse lily on stem with two leaves, dot border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY EYEPΓETOY (Greek: of King Antiochus, Benefactor), anchor, upside down, AΠP or BΠP (Greek: year 181 or 182 of the Seleucid Era) below; from an Israeli collection; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00
 


Judaean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C., for the Seleukid King Antiochus VII

|John| |Hyrcanus| |I|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |John| |Hyrcanus| |I| |(Yehohanan),| |134| |-| |104| |B.C.,| |for| |the| |Seleukid| |King| |Antiochus| |VII||prutah|
Hendin lists four varieties of this type AΠP (year 181) below (Hendin 1131), AΠP (year 181) beside the anchor on left (Hendin 1131a), BΠP (year 182) below (Hendin 1131b), and BΠP (year 182) beside the anchor on left (Hendin 1131c). Houghton and Lorber list a variety without a date (Houghton-Lorber 2123), but the date is probably just off flan.
JD98143. Bronze prutah, Houghton-Lorber II 2123(2), Hendin 1131, HGC 9 1103, Meshorer TJC p. 30 - 31, VF, tight flan, obverse off center, highlighting earthen deposits, reverse edge beveled, weight 2.830 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 45o, Jerusalem mint, 132 - 131 B.C.; obverse lily on stem with two leaves, dot border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY EYEPΓETOY (Greek: of King Antiochus, Benefactor), anchor, upside down, AΠP (Greek: year 181 of the Seleucid Era) below; from an Israeli collection; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00
 


Judaean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C., for the Seleukid King Antiochus VII

|John| |Hyrcanus| |I|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |John| |Hyrcanus| |I| |(Yehohanan),| |134| |-| |104| |B.C.,| |for| |the| |Seleukid| |King| |Antiochus| |VII||prutah|
Hendin lists four varieties of this type AΠP (year 181) below (Hendin 1131), AΠP (year 181) beside the anchor on left (Hendin 1131a), BΠP (year 182) below (Hendin 1131b), and BΠP (year 182) beside the anchor on left (Hendin 1131c). Houghton and Lorber list a variety without a date (Houghton-Lorber 2123).
JD97430. Bronze prutah, cf. Houghton-Lorber II 2123, Hendin 1131, SGCV II 7101, Meshorer TJC p. 30, HGC 9 1103, aF, porous, earthen deposits, reverse off center, weight 3.261 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 132 - 130 B.C.; obverse lily on stem with two leaves, dot border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY EYEPΓETOY (Greek: of King Antiochus, Benefactor), anchor, upside down, AΠP or BΠP (Greek: year 181 or 182 of the Seleucid Era) below; from an Israeli collection; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
 







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REFERENCES

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