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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Isaurian Dynasty| ▸ |Constantine V||View Options:  |  |  | 

Constantine V Copronymus, 25 March 720 - 14 September 775 A.D.

Joint rule as junior emperor with Leo III (his father), 25 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.
Joint rule with Leo IV (his son), 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D.
Constantine V was a successful military commander, defeating Bulgarians and Umayyad Muslims. Unfortunately, his iconoclast policies diminished Byzantine influence in the West and he lost Ravenna to the Lombards in 751 A.D.

Byzantine Empire, Constantine V and Leo IV, joint reign 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D.

|Constantine| |V|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constantine| |V| |and| |Leo| |IV,| |joint| |reign| |6| |June| |751| |-| |14| |September| |775| |A.D.||solidus|
In 772, the Frankish king Charlemagne began fighting the Saxons and the Frisians. In 774, he conquered the Lombards, and took the title, King of the Lombards.
SH94410. Gold solidus, DOC III-1 2f; Tolstoi 36; Wroth BMC 9; Sommer 23.2; SBCV 1551; Morrisson BnF -; Ratto -, gVF, well centered, clipped, marks, weight 3.638 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 757 - 14 Sep 775 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOS S LEONONEOS, facing busts of Constantine with short beard (on left) and Leo IV beardless (on right), pellet and cross between them; reverse G LEON P A MYL B, facing bust of Leo III, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, cross potent in right hand; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Constantine V and Leo IV, 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D., Struck by Pope Adriano

|Constantine| |V|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constantine| |V| |and| |Leo| |IV,| |6| |June| |751| |-| |14| |September| |775| |A.D.,| |Struck| |by| |Pope| |Adriano||tremissis|
The trefoil ornaments and general stylistic considerations link this type with earlier electrum "solidii" and "tremisses." Tolstoi described his specimen of this type as silver, but Wroth identified the two in the British Museum as potin. Philip Grierson (DOC III-1 p. 297) says, the "earliest coins are of poor quality electrum, perhaps about eight carats fine. The later ones are of base silver, copper or potin, apparently with no gold content at all. Even if they were once gilded or plated it is difficult to see how they could have ever served an economic purpose."

In April 774 A.D., Pope Adrian I received Charlemagne in Rome. He did so as the effective ruler, if not yet the legal sovereign, of the city.
BZ93539. Billon or bronze tremissis, DOC III-1 p. 321 & pl. XI, 40 (not in the collection); Wroth BMC p. 388, 61 (Leo III & Constantine V); Tolstoi 108 (same); SBCV -; Sommer -, gVF, blue-green on black patina, coppery high points, small edge crack, small encrustations, weight 1.318 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, struck under Pope Adriano, c. 772 - 775 A.D.; obverse DNO CONSTANT (Domino Constantine), facing bust of Constantine V, bearded, wearing crown with trefoil ornament, blundered combined chlamys and loros, and fibula with three pendants, globus cruciger in right hand, mappa in left hand; reverse DNO LEO P A MYL (Domino Leon Perpetuo Augusto Multos Annos [carried over from Leo III]), facing bust of Leo IV, beardless, wearing crown with trefoil ornament, blundered combined chlamys and loros, and fibula with three pendants, globus cruciger in right hand, mappa in left hand, I- (11, meaning uncertain) across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection.; rare; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Leo III and Constantine V, 31 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D., Senate of the City of Rome

|Constantine| |V|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Leo| |III| |and| |Constantine| |V,| |31| |March| |720| |-| |18| |June| |741| |A.D.,| |Senate| |of| |the| |City| |of| |Rome||30| |nummi|
The most current references identify these squared types as struck by the Senate of the City of Rome during the final stage of Byzantine rule, from the reign of Justinian II to Constantine V, c. 690 - 720. Portraits vary and are attributed to specific emperors during this period. Grierson specifically identifies this portrait as the young Constantine V, at the beginning of his joint rule with his father Leo III, c. 720 A.D. Grierson has commented, in view of the specimens found in the Byzantine-Papal hoard, that the low weight combined with a relatively high value suggests that the they may have been intended as a billon rather than a copper coinage. Murari confirmed this, noting traces of silver exist on many of the three-quarter folles he handled. Still this theory is very uncertain.
BZ98048. Billon 30 nummi, Murari 25a; DOC III p. 278 & pl. VI, 93 (not in the collection refs CNI); CNI XV, p. 60, 13; MIB III 31; SBCV 1534D; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, gVF, a little rough, struck on a square flan and globus cruciger not visible as typical for this type, weight 0.469 g, maximum diameter 9.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 720 A.D.; obverse facing beardless bust of very young Constantine V, wearing chlamys and crown decorated with a rows of pellets and cross; reverse XXX, ROm in exergue; very rare; SOLD



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Catalog current as of Saturday, March 25, 2023.
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