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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Isaurian Dynasty| ▸ |Constantine V||View Options:  |  |  | 

Constantine V Copronymus, 25 March 720 - 14 September 775 A.D.

Joint rule as junior emperor with Leo III (his father), 25 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.
Joint rule with Leo IV (his son), 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D.
Constantine V was a successful military commander, defeating Bulgarians and Umayyad Muslims. Unfortunately, his iconoclast policies diminished Byzantine influence in the West and he lost Ravenna to the Lombards in 751 A.D.

Byzantine Empire, Leo III the Isaurian and Constantine V, 31 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.

|Leo| |III|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Leo| |III| |the| |Isaurian| |and| |Constantine| |V,| |31| |March| |720| |-| |18| |June| |741| |A.D.||follis|
"Specimens of this type vary considerabley in size and weight." -- Byzantine Coins and Their Values, by David R. Sear.
BZ111216. Bronze follis, DOC III-1 54a (larger var.), Anastasi 399a, Trivero 092, Sommer 21.18, Spahr 318, Calciati MBBS 74, SBCV 1530, VF, earthen deposits, weight 3.938 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 721 - 730 A.D.; obverse legend normally illegible (Sear), crowned bust of Leo III facing, short beard, wearing crown and chlamys, akakia in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; reverse bust of Constantine V facing, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, akakia in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, below line under bust, large M (40 nummi) dividing SC-L; ex CNG auction 528 (30 Nov 2022), lot 482; ex CNG auction 25 (24 Mar 1993), lot 967; scarce; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00


Byzantine Empire, Leo III the Isaurian and Constantine V, 31 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.

|Leo| |III|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Leo| |III| |the| |Isaurian| |and| |Constantine| |V,| |31| |March| |720| |-| |18| |June| |741| |A.D.||follis|
This type varies considerably in size and weight, ranging from c. 27mm and 6 grams down to 15 mm and 1 gram. -- Byzantine Coins and Their Values by David R. Sear
BZ111691. Bronze follis, DOC III-1 39a, Wroth BMC 11 (Leo V), Tolstoi 15 (Leo V), Sommer 21.11, SBCV 1516, Morrisson BnF - (p. 460), Ratto -, F, rough, ragged flan, weight 4.819 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 735 - 741 A.D.; obverse LEOn-S C-ONSt, busts of Leo III bearded on left and Constantine V beardless facing, each wears crown with cross and chlamys, each holds akakia in right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, X/X/X left, N/N/N right, A below; scarce; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00


Byzantine Empire, Constantine V and Leo IV, joint reign 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D.

|Constantine| |V|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constantine| |V| |and| |Leo| |IV,| |joint| |reign| |6| |June| |751| |-| |14| |September| |775| |A.D.||solidus|
In 772, the Frankish king Charlemagne began fighting the Saxons and the Frisians. In 774, he conquered the Lombards, and took the title, King of the Lombards.
SH94410. Gold solidus, DOC III-1 2f; Tolstoi 36; Wroth BMC 9; Sommer 23.2; SBCV 1551; Morrisson BnF -; Ratto -, gVF, well centered, clipped, marks, weight 3.638 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 757 - 14 Sep 775 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOS S LEONONEOS, facing busts of Constantine with short beard (on left) and Leo IV beardless (on right), pellet and cross between them; reverse G LEON P A MYL B, facing bust of Leo III, with short beard, wearing crown and loros, cross potent in right hand; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine V and Leo IV, 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D., Struck by Pope Adriano

|Constantine| |V|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constantine| |V| |and| |Leo| |IV,| |6| |June| |751| |-| |14| |September| |775| |A.D.,| |Struck| |by| |Pope| |Adriano||tremissis|
The trefoil ornaments and general stylistic considerations link this type with earlier electrum "solidii" and "tremisses." Tolstoi described his specimen of this type as silver, but Wroth identified the two in the British Museum as potin. Philip Grierson (DOC III-1 p. 297) says, the "earliest coins are of poor quality electrum, perhaps about eight carats fine. The later ones are of base silver, copper or potin, apparently with no gold content at all. Even if they were once gilded or plated it is difficult to see how they could have ever served an economic purpose."

In April 774 A.D., Pope Adrian I received Charlemagne in Rome. He did so as the effective ruler, if not yet the legal sovereign, of the city.
BZ93539. Billon or bronze tremissis, DOC III-1 p. 321 & pl. XI, 40 (not in the collection); Wroth BMC p. 388, 61 (Leo III & Constantine V); Tolstoi 108 (same); SBCV -; Sommer -, gVF, blue-green on black patina, coppery high points, small edge crack, small encrustations, weight 1.318 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, struck under Pope Adriano, c. 772 - 775 A.D.; obverse DNO CONSTANT (Domino Constantine), facing bust of Constantine V, bearded, wearing crown with trefoil ornament, blundered combined chlamys and loros, and fibula with three pendants, globus cruciger in right hand, mappa in left hand; reverse DNO LEO P A MYL (Domino Leon Perpetuo Augusto Multos Annos [carried over from Leo III]), facing bust of Leo IV, beardless, wearing crown with trefoil ornament, blundered combined chlamys and loros, and fibula with three pendants, globus cruciger in right hand, mappa in left hand, I- (11, meaning uncertain) across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection.; rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Leo III and Constantine V, 31 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D., Senate of the City of Rome

|Constantine| |V|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Leo| |III| |and| |Constantine| |V,| |31| |March| |720| |-| |18| |June| |741| |A.D.,| |Senate| |of| |the| |City| |of| |Rome||30| |nummi|
The most current references identify these squared types as struck by the Senate of the City of Rome during the final stage of Byzantine rule, from the reign of Justinian II to Constantine V, c. 690 - 720. Portraits vary and are attributed to specific emperors during this period. Grierson specifically identifies this portrait as the young Constantine V, at the beginning of his joint rule with his father Leo III, c. 720 A.D. Grierson has commented, in view of the specimens found in the Byzantine-Papal hoard, that the low weight combined with a relatively high value suggests that the they may have been intended as a billon rather than a copper coinage. Murari confirmed this, noting traces of silver exist on many of the three-quarter folles he handled. Still this theory is very uncertain.
BZ98048. Billon 30 nummi, Murari 25a; DOC III p. 278 & pl. VI, 93 (not in the collection refs CNI); CNI XV, p. 60, 13; MIB III 31; SBCV 1534D; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, gVF, a little rough, struck on a square flan and globus cruciger not visible as typical for this type, weight 0.469 g, maximum diameter 9.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 720 A.D.; obverse facing beardless bust of very young Constantine V, wearing chlamys and crown decorated with a rows of pellets and cross; reverse XXX, ROm in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Leo III the Isaurian and Constantine V, 31 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.

|Leo| |III|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Leo| |III| |the| |Isaurian| |and| |Constantine| |V,| |31| |March| |720| |-| |18| |June| |741| |A.D.||follis|
This type varies considerably in size and weight, ranging from c. 27mm and 6 grams down to 15 mm and 1 gram. -- Byzantine Coins and Their Values by David R. Sear
BZ72012. Bronze follis, Wroth BMC 11 (Leo V); DOC III-1 39; SBCV 1516; Sommer 21.11; Morrisson BnF - (p. 460); Tolstoi 15 (Leo V); Ratto -, VF, nice green patina, scrapes, weight 5.285 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 735 - 741 A.D.; obverse LEOn-S C-ONS, busts of Leo III bearded on left and Constantine V beardless facing, each wears crown with cross and chlamys, each holds akakia in right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, X/X/X left, N/N/N right, A below; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Leo III the Isaurian and Constantine V, 31 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.

|Leo| |III|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Leo| |III| |the| |Isaurian| |and| |Constantine| |V,| |31| |March| |720| |-| |18| |June| |741| |A.D.||follis|
"Specimens of this type vary considerably in size and weight." -- Byzantine Coins and Their Values, by David R. Sear.
BZ65614. Bronze follis, DOC III-1 54b (smaller var.), Trivero 092, Anastasi 399, Sommer 21.18, Spahr 318, Calciati MBBS 74, SBCV 1530, aVF, weight 1.941 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 722 - 730 A.D.; obverse legend normally illegible (Sear), crowned bust of Leo III facing, short beard, wearing crown and chlamys, akakia in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; reverse bust of Constantine V facing, beardless, wearing crown and chlamys, akakia in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, below line under bust, large M (40 nummi) dividing SC-L; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Leo IV and Constantine VI, 24 April 776 - 8 September 780 A.D.

|Leo| |IV|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Leo| |IV| |and| |Constantine| |VI,| |24| |April| |776| |-| |8| |September| |780| |A.D.||follis|
The emperors on the obverse were the current rulers of the empire. Constantine VI was the only child of Emperor Leo IV. He was elevated to co-emperor in 751, while still an infant. He would succeed his father. The emperors on the reverse were deceased. Constantine V was Leo IV's father, and Leo III was his grandfather. When this coin was struck the letter M was on both follis and half follis. It no longer represented 40 nummi. The letters BA are found only on the folles, not the half folles. It likely abbreviates BAΣIΛΕIΣ (kings).
BZ95680. Bronze follis, DOC III-1 4, Morrisson BnF 25/Cp/AE/01, Wroth BMC 11, Tolstoi 11, Ratto 1772, SBCV 1586, Sommer 24.4, gF, well centered, light corrosion, weight 4.922 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 776 - 778 A.D.; obverse facing busts Leo IV (on left) bearded, and Constantine VI (on right) beardless, each wears crown and chlamys, cross above, no inscription; reverse facing bust of Leo III and Constantine V, each with short beard, each wears crown, loros and holds cross potent, B left, A right, all above horizontal line; below line large M (40 nummi) between X and N, A below; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
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Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothque Nationale II, 711 - 1204. (Paris, 1970).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Spahr, R. Le monete siciliane, dai Bizantini a Carlo I d' Angio (582 - 1282). (Graz, 1976).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Trivero, A. La monetazione di rame dela Sicilia bizantina (testo e archivio fotografico allegato). (Achao, 2006).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Friday, September 29, 2023.
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