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Celtic Coins and Ancient Tribal Coinage

This page offers coins of the Celtic tribes, as well as coins of Iberian, German, Thracian, Paenonian, Illyrian, Dacian, Gaete, and other European tribes. These tribes struck coins from the late 4th century B.C. until the late 1st century B.C. They were introduced to coinage by the Greeks, with whom the traded, and for whom they sometimes worked as mercenaries. Tribal coins often copied Greek designs, especially Macedonian coins from the time of Philip II of Macedon and his son, Alexander the Great. Some became increasingly abstract over time. Map of Celtic Territiory

Iberia, Hackgold and Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberia,| |Hackgold| |and| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||Lot|
 
CE96076. Mixed Lot, See Maria Paz Garcia-Bellido (2011), "Hackgold and Hacksilber in protomonetary Iberia", one piece of gold hackgold (2.28g) and two pieces of hacksilver (2.27 and 1.23g), all found in Spain, three pieces in lot; $550.00 SALE |PRICE| $495.00
 


Eastern Celts, Imitative of Philip II of Macedonia, "Dachreiter" Type, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Eastern| |Celts,| |Imitative| |of| |Philip| |II| |of| |Macedonia,| |"Dachreiter"| |Type,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Although the body and head of the horseman on the prototype drachm of Philip III of Macedonia have been replaced by an S-shaped line over three pellets, the horseman's leg can still be found on the side of the horse!
SH89462. Silver tetradrachm, Göbl OTA tf. 15, 170/4; Lanz 448, aVF, light toning, reverse slightly off center, light marks, weight 11.953 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Zeus right; reverse stylized horseman prancing left, rider's head and body reduced to an S-shaped line over three pellets, leg of horseman on side of the horse; $400.00 SALE |PRICE| $360.00
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||fragment|
 
CE96111. Hacksilver fragment, perhaps from a disk ingot; cf. Kim and Kroll 59; Van Alfen Hacksilber 53 ff., 20.883g, 21.1mm long, c. 300 - 150 B.C.; $220.00 SALE |PRICE| $198.00
 


Gallic Celts, Carnutes, Beauce Area, c. 41 - 30 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Gallic| |Celts,| |Carnutes,| |Beauce| |Area,| |c.| |41| |-| |30| |B.C.||piastre|
The helmeted bust on the obverse is derived from that of Minerva on the Roman Republic denarius of C. Vibius Varus, 42 B.C. (Crawford 494/38, Sydenham 1140).
CE89589. Bronze piastre, CCBM III 119, De la Tour 7105, Delestrée-Tache 2473, Scheers S-M 324 ff., Blanchet 274, aVF, green patina with darker fields, some bumps and scratches, light corrosion, weight 2.923 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 270o, c. 41 - 30 B.C.; obverse PIXTILOS, helmeted head left, the neck adorned with a torque, branch left, ornaments above; reverse PIXTILOS, lion running left, tail curled above the back, two ringed pellets above, stylized bird right below; ex CGB Numismatique Paris; scarce; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $180.00
 


Gallic Celts, Uncertain (Lemovices?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Gallic| |Celts,| |Uncertain| |(Lemovices?),| |c.| |100| |-| |50| |B.C.||obol|
The tribe and mint that issued this obol type are unknown, but the Lemovices struck quinarii with similar types, including a human head above the horse on the reverse. It is possible the Lemovices also issued this rare type.
CE89067. Silver obol, Delestrée-Tache 3699; cf. CCBM II S404 ff., De la Tour 4561 (Lemovices, severed head series quinarii), F, well centered, toned, etched surfaces, weight 0.633 g, maximum diameter 10.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, c. 100 - 50 B.C.; obverse female head right in classic style; reverse horse galloping right, small human head right above; ex CGB Numismatique Paris; rare; $175.00 SALE |PRICE| $158.00
 


Iberian Celts, Silver Ingot, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Silver| |Ingot,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||ingot|
 
AS86897. Silver ingot, Alvarez-Burgos P.9, Kim and Kroll -, Van Alfen Hacksilber-, Garcia-Bellido -, dark toning, earthen encrustations, weight 15.636 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, obverse convex, flattened dome form; reverse flat plain; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||fragment|
 
CE95745. Hacksilver fragment, cf. Kim and Kroll 70; Van Alfen Hacksilber 50, cut on three sides from an ingot; 11.75g, 24.1mm long, weight 11.752 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00
 


Thracian Kings, Kavaros, c. 230 - 218B.C.

|Thracian| |Tribes|, |Thracian| |Kings,| |Kavaros,| |c.| |230| |-| |218B.C.||AE| |18|NEW
Kavaros was a Gallic King of Thrace, the last Gaul to rule Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins.
GB96886. Bronze AE 18, SNG Black Sea 195; BMC Thrace p. 207, 1; SNG Stancomb 304 var. (slightly different monogram); SNG Cop 1175 var. (same); HGC 3.2 1357 (S), VF, green patina, some light corrosion, reverse off center, weight 6.104 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kabyle (Kabile, Bulgaria) mint, c. 240/230 - 218/213 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse Nike standing left, crowning name wreath in right hand, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right KAYAPOY downward on left, KTI monogram inner left; ex Trusted Coins; scarce; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00
 


Pannonian Celts, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Pannonian| |Celts,| |Syrmia| |Region,| |Kugelwange| |(Ball| |Cheek)| |Type,| |c.| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.||drachm|
Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west.
CE89000. Billon drachm, cf. Göbl OTA 204, Pink 204, Lanz 503, CCCBM I S134; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom drachms of Philip II, Choice VF, centered, very broad flan for the type, toned, porosity, small edge split, weight 2.493 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 90o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate head of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath; reverse devolved horse trotting left, pellet in circle above; ex Klassische Munzen (Tübingen); $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00
 


Thracian Kings, Kavaros, c. 230 - 218 B.C.

|Thracian| |Tribes|, |Thracian| |Kings,| |Kavaros,| |c.| |230| |-| |218| |B.C.||AE| |20|NEW
Kavaros was a Gallic King of Thrace, the last Gaul to rule Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins.
GB96852. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 1176, SNG Black Sear 194 - 195 var. (monogram different), SNG Stancomb 304 var. (same), BMC Thrace p. 207, 1 var. (same), HGC 3.2 1357 (S), aVF, bumps and marks, reverse off center, obverse edge beveled, weight 5.735 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Kabyle (Kabile, Bulgaria) mint, c. 240/230 - 218/213 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse Nike standing left, crowning name wreath in right hand, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right KAYAPOY downward on left, KTI monogram inner left; ex Trusted Coins; scarce; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00
 




  






REFERENCES|

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