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Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt

After Alexander the Great's death, Egypt was administered by Ptolemy, one of his friends and generals. In 305 B.C., Ptolemy crowned himself king, establishing one of the most important and flourishing Hellenistic monarchies. Ptolemaic rule lasted for 275 years, until 30 B.C. The culture was a complex mixture of Egyptian and Greek traditions, best represented by the famous city of Alexandria. All the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy, while queens regnant were all called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice. The most famous member of the line was the last queen, Cleopatra VII, known for her role in the Roman political battles between Julius Caesar and Pompey, and later between Octavian and Mark Antony. Her suicide at the conquest by Rome marked the end of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt.

Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 204 - 180 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |V| |Epiphanes,| |204| |-| |180| |B.C.||hemidrachm|NEW
Svoronos attributed this type to Ptolemais due to the monogram, but symbols between the eagle's legs are usually control marks, not mint marks, and the club in the left field is typical of Tyre. We believe this rare type was the last struck under Ptolemy V at Tyre, before the Seleucids under Antiochus III invaded Phoenicia and took the city in 198 B.C.
GP94517. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 1058 (2 spec., Ptolemy III, Ptolemais mint), Malter 144 (same), Weiser -, Noeske -, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, aVF, attractive depiction of Zeus, well centered, some flatness of strike, light marks, small edge cracks, beveled obverse edge, central depressions, weight 35.503 g, maximum diameter 36.5 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, c. 204 - 198 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, filleted cornucopia on shoulder, club left, ΠTo monogram between legs; from The Ray Nouri Collection, Coin Archives records only two sales of this type in the past two decades, all known specimens apparently share the same obverse die; very rare; $800.00 (€656.00)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Kyrenaica, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Physcon), 163 - 145 B.C.

|Kyrenaica|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Kyrenaica,| |Ptolemy| |VIII| |Euergetes| |II| |(Physcon),| |163| |-| |145| |B.C.||hemidrachm|NEW
Ptolemy VIII was made co-ruler of Egypt with his older siblings in 170 B.C. Soon after, Ptolemy VI was captured in the Sixth Syrian War and Ptolemy VIII became sole king. When the war ended in 168 B.C. Ptolemy VI was restored to joint rule. The brothers quarreled and in 164 B.C. Ptolemy VIII drove out his brother out and became sole king, but he was in turn expelled in 163 B.C. As a result of Roman intervention, Ptolemy VIII was awarded rule of Kyrenaica. After Ptolemy VI's death in 145 B.C., Ptolemy VIII returned to Egypt as co-ruler with his sister.
GP95307. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 1641, pl. LVI, 14; Asolati 84; SNG Cop 651; BMC Ptolemies p. 94, 78; Malter 242; Weiser -; Noeske -, EF, some areas of weakness, reverse with some doubling, obverse edge beveled, central depressions, weight 36.92 g, maximum diameter 44.0 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, c. 150 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus Ammon right, taenia with basileion above forehead; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY EYEPΓETOY, eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head right, wings open, Φ right; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 10 (7 Dec 2019), lot 619; rare; $800.00 (€656.00)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Kyrenaica, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Physcon), 163 - 145 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Kyrenaica,| |Ptolemy| |VIII| |Euergetes| |II| |(Physcon),| |163| |-| |145| |B.C.||hemidrachm|NEW
Ptolemy VIII was made co-ruler of Egypt with his older siblings in 170 B.C. Soon after, Ptolemy VI was captured in the Sixth Syrian War and Ptolemy VIII became sole king. When the war ended in 168 B.C. Ptolemy VI was restored to joint rule. The brothers quarreled and in 164 B.C. Ptolemy VIII drove out his brother out and became sole king, but he was in turn expelled in 163 B.C. As a result of Roman intervention, Ptolemy VIII was awarded rule of Kyrenaica. After Ptolemy VI's death in 145 B.C., Ptolemy VIII returned to Egypt as co-ruler with his sister.
GP95308. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 1641, pl. LVI, 14; Asolati 84; SNG Cop 651; BMC Ptolemies p. 94, 78; Malter 242; Weiser -; Noeske -, EF, areas of weak strike, obverse edge beveled, edge crack, weight 36.82 g, maximum diameter 43.0 mm, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, c. 150 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus Ammon right, taenia with basileion above forehead; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY EYEPΓETOY, eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head right, wings open, Φ right; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 10 (7 Dec 2019), lot 618; rare; $800.00 (€656.00)
 


The Triumvirs, Mark Antony and Cleopatra, c. Autumn 34 B.C.

|Cleopatra| |VII|, |The| |Triumvirs,| |Mark| |Antony| |and| |Cleopatra,| |c.| |Autumn| |34| |B.C.||tessera|
This lead seal clearly copies the portrait of Cleopatra VII as represented on the denarius type RRC 543/1 - everything from the countenance of the face, the hairstyle, and the drapery matches closely. The seal is made to a much higher standard than is usual with lead tesserae - it may have been struck from an unknown coin die - and the presence of the caduceus may relate to the cult of Isis. -- Andrew McCabe
SH95312. Lead tessera, apparently unpublished, but cf. Crawford 543/1 for a similar portrait, VF, brown patina with touches of red, weight 6.491 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, c. autumn 34 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped female bust right (Cleopatra?), winged caduceus before; reverse blank; ex CNG e-sale 458 (18 Dec 2019), lot 305; ex Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Marc de Cock (Belgium); $800.00 (€656.00)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C.

|Cleopatra| |VII|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Cleopatra| |VII| |Thea| |Philopator,| |51| |-| |30| |B.C.||tetradrachm|NEW
Octavian decisively defeated Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium in September 31 B.C. He chased them to Egypt in 30 B.C., where Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide. Octavian became master of the Roman world. Her reign marks the end of the Hellenistic Era and the beginning of the Roman Era in the eastern Mediterranean. She was the last Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
GP97974. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1835, SNG Cop 417, Hosking 164, Noeske 379, Weiser -, SNG Milan -, Malter -, gVF, toned, minor surface flaws, area of weak strike, weight 13.832 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 31 - 30 B.C.; obverse diademed head right, wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, LKB (year 22) over crown of Isis left, ΠA right; from a New England collector; rare final year; $500.00 (€410.00)
 


Roman Provincial Egypt, c. 81 - 249 A.D., Lot of 25 Bronze Drachms

|Greek| |Bulk| |Lots|, |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt,| |c.| |81| |-| |249| |A.D.,| |Lot| |of| |25| |Bronze| |Drachms||Lot|
The following list was provided by the consignor and has not been verified by FORVM:
1) Domitian, arch, RPC II 2728
2) Domitian, quadriga of elephants right, Milne 528
3) Trajan, Emperor in biga of Centaurs, Year 13
4) Trajan, Eleutheria reclining
5) Hadrian, Nilus reclining, crocodile before
6) Hadrian, bust of Sarapis
7) Hadrian, two standing figures
8) Antoninus Pius, Nilus reclining, Nilometer before, aF, obverse pitted, scarce
9) Antoninus Pius, Nilus reclining
10) Lucius Verus, Year 5, Nilus reclining right on river bank, Emmett 2153.5, aF
11) Philip I, Year 5, Homonoia standing left, aF, porous
12-18) Hadrian
19-22) Antoninus Pius
23-25) Uncertain
LT96185. Bronze Lot, Lot of 25 Roman provincial Egypt drachms, c. 30mm, c. 22g, Fair to aF, Alexandria mint, c. 81 - 249 A.D.; unattributed to type, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $440.00 (€360.80)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Physcon), Second Reign, 145 - 116 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |VIII| |Euergetes| |II| |(Physcon),| |Second| |Reign,| |145| |-| |116| |B.C.||tetradrachm|NEW
Ptolemy VIII and his older brother Ptolemy VI ruled jointly from 170 to 164 B.C. 145 B.C. began as year 36 of Ptolemy VI Philometor. When Ptolemy VI died in July, it became year 25 of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II. Ptolemy VIII counted his years from the beginning of his joint reign in 170 B.C.
GP97749. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1437; Noeske 22; SNG Cop 323; Cohen DCA 54/25; Paphos I Alexandria pl. XVIII, 10; SNG Cop -; Weiser -, gVF, flow lines, scratches on reverse, mild porosity, remnants of dark tone in recesses, weight 12.985 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, Jul - Aug 145 B.C.; obverse diademed bust of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), smallish eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, LKE (year 25) left, ΠA right; from a New England collector; scarce; $440.00 (€360.80)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Lot of 14 Bronze Coins, c. 285 - 50 B.C.

|Multiple| |Coin| |Lots|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Lot| |of| |14| || |Bronze| |Coins,| |c.| |285| |-| |50| |B.C.||Lot|
Each coin is in a flip with a tag from Moneta Numismatic Services with prices totaling $705 (attributions and grades not verified by Forum):
1) Ptolemy II, AE29 (16.92g), Svoronos 381. aF.
2) Ptolemy III, AE15 (2.32g), Svoronos 819.
3) Ptolemy IV, AE38 (42.67g) Svoronos 974. F.
4) Ptolemy IV, AE38, (34.75) Svoronos 974. F.
5) Ptolemy II, AE20 (6.92g) F.
6) Berenike II, AE16 (4.13g), Svoronos 1056, F.
7) Ptolemy V, AE21 (7.28g) Svoronos 871, F.
8) Ptolemy V, AE16 (2.19g) Svor. 873.
9) Ptolemy VI, AE12 (1.91g) Svoronos 1408, F.
10) Ptolemy VI, AE27 (14.87g) Svor. 1425, VF.
11) Ptolemy VIII, AE17 (2.81g) Svoronos 1651, Good F.
12) Ptolemy IX, AE18 (5.77g), Svoronos 1698. F.
13) Ptolemy XII, AE15 (2.48g) Svoronos 1845 VF.
14) Ptolemy XII, AE15 (1.93g) Svoronos 1845 VF.
LT96244. Bronze Lot, Lot of 14 Ptolemaic bronze coins, 42.67 - 1.91g, 38 - 12mm, aF - VF, Alexandria mint, c. 285 - 50 B.C.; the actual coins in the photographs, all in flips with tags from Moneta Numismatic Services; $355.00 (€291.10)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |II| |Philadelphos,| |285| |-| |246| |B.C.||drachm|
This is one of the first Ptolemaic coin types with the two eagles on a thunderbolt. Matt Kreuzer believes this symbolized two co-rulers in harmony. Ptolemy Nios was the nephew and step-son of Ptolemy II. Nios was co-regent with his father from c. 267 B.C. until 259 B.C. After he was removed as co-regent, he probably became ruler of Telmessos in Lycia.

Drachms of this period have a weight peak of c. 72 grams.
GP94521. Bronze drachm, Lorber CPE B235; Svoronos 463, pl. xvii, 5 (12 spec.); BMC Ptolemies p. 49, 29 - 30, pl. x, 2; SNG Cop 145; Weiser -; Hosking -; Noeske -, aVF, some porosity, spots of corrosion, central depression, obverse edge beveled, weight 63.047 g, maximum diameter 41.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, c. 265 - 259 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), two eagles standing left with closed wings on two thunderbolts, Θ between the legs of the eagle on the left; from The Ray Nouri Collection, Huge coin! 63 grams! 41 mm!; $330.00 (€270.60)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |IV| |Philopator,| |221| |-| |204| |B.C.||drachm|NEW
Ptolemy IV's surname Philopator means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
GP94519. Bronze drachm, Lorber CPE B542, Svoronos 1129, BMC Ptolemies 64 (Ptolemy III), Weiser 48 (Ptolemy II), Hazzard C1069, Wolf GAE584, SNG Cop -, F, well centered, scratches, light corrosion, light encrustations, tiny edge chip on reverse, beveled obverse edge, central depressions, weight 67.334 g, maximum diameter 42.2 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, Jul 217 - 205/204 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, club left, ∆I between legs, dot border; HUGE! 67 grams! 42 mm!, from The Ray Nouri Collection; $300.00 (€246.00)
 




  






REFERENCES|

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