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After Alexander the Great's death, Egypt was administered by Ptolemy, one of his friends and generals. In 305 B.C. Ptolemy crowned himself king, establishing one of the most important and flourishing Hellenistic monarchies. The culture was a complex mixture of Egyptian and Greek traditions, best represented by the famous city of Alexandria. As all other Hellenistic kingdoms, Egypt suffered a slow decline in parallel with the mighty rising of Rome, and it's end witnessed the great story of Queen Cleopatra, Julius Caesar, and Marc Antony.
|This bronze ring fragment is very similar to the referenced ring fragment in the British Museum, seen to the right. It is clearly the same woman depicted and they are very likely from the same engraver and workshop. The British Museum piece is similarly broken and missing almost the entire hoop. In fact, all known examples of this ring type are broken in this same manner. Perhaps wearing the ring indicated the wearer had the authority of the queen and these rings were officially recalled and made unwearable when this authority expired.|