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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis & Decline| ▸ |Otacilia Severa||View Options:  |  |  | 

Otacilia Severa, Augusta February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D.

Severa and Philip may have been the first Christian imperial couple. They were certainly tolerant towards Christianity and ended the persecution. It may have been through her intervention, for instance, that Saint Babylas the Bishop of Antioch was saved from persecution. Their beliefs are, however, unproven. Severa was in Rome at that time and when the news of her husband's death arrived. Their son was murdered in her arms by the Praetorian Guard. Severa survived and lived on in obscurity.

|Otacilia| |Severa|, |Otacilia| |Severa,| |Augusta| |February| |or| |March| |244| |-| |September| |or| |October| |249| |A.D.||as|
In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB92926. Bronze as, RIC IV 203b, Cohen V 11, Hunter III 17, SRCV III 9178, VF, well centered, blue-green patina, edge split, scattered pitting, minor encrustations, weight 9.535 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 249 A.D.; obverse MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; ex Marc R Breitsprecher, ex Flavian Logic; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00
 


Otacilia Severa, Augusta February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D., Roman Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Otacilia| |Severa,| |Augusta| |February| |or| |March| |244| |-| |September| |or| |October| |249| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Egypt||tetradrachm|NEW
Otacilia Severa and Philip are sometimes identified as the first Christian imperial couple. They were tolerant of Christianity and ended persecution of Christians. Otacilia's personal intervention saved Saint Babylas and the Bishop of Antioch. Christian beliefs of the the Emperor and Empress have not, however, been proven.
RX92530. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari-Savio 10420; Milne 3654; RPC Online VIII U2831; BMC Alexandria p. 261, 2014 var. (obv. leg.); SNG Milan 1667 var. (same); Emmett 3549/4 (R1), VF, well centered, areas of corrosion and encrustation, small edge splits/cracks, weight 12.305 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 28 Aug 246 - 29 Aug 247 A.D.; obverse M WT CEOVHPA CE M CTPA, diademed and draped bust right; reverse Eusebeia (Pietas) standing slightly left, head left, dropping incense from right hand on lit altar to left, incense box in left hand, L ∆ (year 4) upper left; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
 


|Otacilia| |Severa|, |Otacilia| |Severa,| |Augusta| |February| |or| |March| |244| |-| |September| |or| |October| |249| |A.D.||antoninianus|
From the issue celebrating the 1000th anniversary of the founding of Rome. Celebrations included display of many exotic animals including, it seems, a hippopotamus.
RS76152. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV P116b, RSC IV 63, Hunter III 10, SRCV III 9160, Choice EF, near perfect centering and strike, much luster, excellent portrait, weight 4.040 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 248 A.D.; obverse OTACIL SEVERA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in horizontal ridges, plait up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders; reverse SAECVLARES AVGG (Secular games [provided by] the Emperors), hippopotamus standing right, IIII (4th officina) in exergue; SOLD










OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

MARCIAOTACILIASEVERAAVG
MARCIAOTACILSEVERAAVG
MARCOTACILSEVERA
MARCOTACILSEVERAAVG
MOTACILSEVERAAVG
OTACILSEVERAAV


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bland, R. "Dr. Bland's List for Philip I and Family" - http://ettuantiquities.com/Philip_1/Philip1-Bland-list.htm
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, vol. 2: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Muona, J. "The Imperial mints of Philip the Arab" - https://www.forumancientcoins.com/Articles/Philip_Arab/index.html
Óvári, F. "Philippus antiochiai veretu antoninianusairól" in Numizmatikai Közlöny 88/89 (1989/90), pp. 41 - 48.
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Thibaut, M. Antoniniani from the Mint of Antioch Under the Reign of Philip the Arab (244-249 AD) - http://marchal.thibaut.free.fr/e_index.htm
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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