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Boiotia, Greece

Boiotia, also spelled Boeotia, was a region of Greece north of Attica and the Gulf of Corinth. The cities formed the Boeotian League in the sixth century B.C. but were usually under the dominance of Thebes. It was the constant ambition of the Thebans to absorb the other towns into a single state, just as Athens had annexed the Attic communities. But the cities successfully resisted, and only allowed a loose federation. Resistance to Thebes led to repeated interference by Athens and Sparta. After Thebes was destroyed by Alexander the Great in 335 B.C., the Boeotians never again pursued independence. About 245 B.C., Boeotia was for a short time a member of the Aetolian League, but it was generally loyal to Macedonia and supported Macedonia against Rome. Rome dissolved the league, but it was revived under Augustus and merged with the other central Greek federations in the Achaean synod. The death-blow to the country's prosperity was devastation during the First Mithridatic War.Central Greece

Thebes, Boiotia, Greece, 425 - 395 B.C.

|Boiotia|, |Thebes,| |Boiotia,| |Greece,| |425| |-| |395| |B.C.||stater|
The largest city in Boeotia, leader of the Boeotian confederacy, and rival of Athens, Thebes sided with Persia during Xerxes' invasion in 480 B.C. Thebes ended Sparta's power at the Battle of Leuctra in 371. The Sacred Band of Thebes famously fell to Philip II at Chaeronea in 338. After a revolt in 335, Alexander the Great destroyed the city, except, according to tradition, the house of the poet Pindar.
SH57288. Silver stater, BCD Boiotia 438, SNG Cop 284, BMC Central Greece p. 74, 58, Winterthur 1906, VF, from early style dies of artistic merit, toned, small edge chip, weight 11.824 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, Thebes mint, 425 - 395 B.C.; obverse Boiotian shield; reverse Θ−E, bearded head of Dionysos right, wreathed in ivy; SOLD


Thebes, Boiotia, Greece, 480 - 460 B.C.

|Boiotia|, |Thebes,| |Boiotia,| |Greece,| |480| |-| |460| |B.C.||stater|
The largest city in Boeotia, leader of the Boeotian confederacy, and rival of Athens, Thebes sided with Persia during Xerxes' invasion in 480 B.C. Thebes ended Sparta's power at the Battle of Leuctra in 371. The Sacred Band of Thebes famously fell to Philip II at Chaeronea in 338. After a revolt in 335, Alexander the Great destroyed the city, except, according to tradition, the house of the poet Pindar.
SH34912. Silver stater, BCD Boiotia 348; Winterthur 1899, gVF, weight 12.170 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, Thebes mint, 480 - 460 B.C.; obverse Boeotian shield with rim divided into 12 segments; reverse incuse square of mill-sail pattern with Theta (cross in circle) at the center; ex BCD collection; ex Sotheby auction 21 Nov 1985, lot 100; SOLD


Thebes, Boiotia, Greece, 425 - 395 B.C.

|Boiotia|, |Thebes,| |Boiotia,| |Greece,| |425| |-| |395| |B.C.||stater|
The largest city in Boeotia, leader of the Boeotian confederacy, and rival of Athens, Thebes sided with Persia during Xerxes' invasion in 480 B.C. Thebes ended Sparta's power at the Battle of Leuctra in 371. The Sacred Band of Thebes famously fell to Philip II at Chaeronea in 338. After a revolt in 335, Alexander the Great destroyed the city, except, according to tradition, the house of the poet Pindar.
SH69940. Silver stater, BCD Boiotia 437 - 438, SNG Cop 284, BMC Central p. 74, 58, Winterthur 1906; see CNG Sale 63, lot 316 for a similar countermark on an archaic stater, gVF, toned, porosity, weight 11.674 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Thebes mint, 425 - 395 B.C.; obverse Boiotian shield, countermark: ivy leaf in round punch; reverse Θ−E, bearded head of Dionysos right, wreathed in ivy; ex Heritage Auctions, auction 3031, lot 27032; SOLD










REFERENCES|

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