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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins of the 12 Caesars
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

|Nero|, |Nero,| |13| |October| |54| |-| |9| |June| |68| |A.D.||sestertius|
A decursio was a military exercise, by which Roman soldiers were taught to make long marches in a given time, under arms and without quitting their ranks. They sometimes consisted of a mock fight between two divisions. Augustus and subsequently Hadrian ordered that the infantry and cavalry were to march out three times a month ten miles from the camp and ten miles back, fully armed and equipped. Decursio on this coin probably refers Nero's participation in mock military maneuvers in the circus.
SH96390. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I 508, Mac Dowall WCN 448, BMCRE I 316, BnF II 135, Cohen I 88, SRCV I -, Choice aEF/VF, superb portrait, well centered and struck, scratches, marks, porosity more on the reverse, weight 23.971 g, maximum diameter 35.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 66 A.D.; obverse IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT MAX TR POT P P, laureate head left, small globe at point; reverse DECVRSIO (in exergue), Nero and a companion on horseback prancing right, Nero holds spear in right hand, companion holds vexillum in right over shoulder, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; $1860.00 (€1525.20)


Nero and Poppaea, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Nero| |and| |Poppaea,| |13| |October| |54| |-| |9| |June| |68| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
RPC Online I notes, "The date does look like L IB, but the coin is very battered." and "Confirmation required. Poppaea died in AD 65, so it seems unlikely that coins should have been made for her in year 12." This is the Dattari Collection plate coin and Dattari identified it as year 12. In Alexandria, Nero's year 12 began on 29 August 65 A.D. According to Suetonius, one day in the summer of 65, Poppaea quarreled fiercely with Nero over his spending too much time at the races. She was pregnant with her second child. In a fit of rage, Nero kicked her in the abdomen, killing her. This coin suggests her death was likely on or after the 19th of August. It would have taken 9 days or more for the news of her death to reach Alexandria. This coin may have been a trial strike or perhaps one of very few struck during the first days of the new year.
RX93590. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari-Savio pl. 7, 199 (this coin!); RPC Online I 5289A (this coin!, the only spec.), aVF, brown tone, corrosion, scratches, rough, weight 7.834 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, c. 29 Aug 65 A.D.; obverse NEPΩ KΛAV KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP AYTO, radiate bust of Nero right; reverse ΠOΠΠAIA ΣEBAΣTH, draped bust of Poppaea right, L IB (year 12) lower right; from the Kreuzer Collection, ex Naville Numismatics auction 51 (21 Jul 2019), lot 301; ex Dattari Collection; this is the only known example of this type dated year 12!; unique!?; $540.00 (€442.80)


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Dora, Phoenicia

|Roman| |Phoenicia|, |Titus,| |24| |June| |79| |-| |13| |September| |81| |A.D.,| |Dora,| |Phoenicia||AE| |22|NEW
Dora, on the coast eight miles north of Caesarea, was a Canaanite city. It fell to the Philistines early in the 12th century B.C. Solomon appointed the son of Abinadab as overseer of Dor (I Kings 4:11). In the Persian period Dor was a Sidonian colony. In Hellenistic times it was a Ptolemaic seaport and royal fortress, once besieged by Antiochus VII, (1 Macc. 15. 11-14). Under the Romans, Dora was a free city. See also Josh 11:2, 17:11; and Judg 1:27.
RP98117. Bronze AE 22, RPC Online II 2089 (15 spec.); Sofaer 25 (same obv. die); Meshorer Dora 32; BMC Phoenicia p. 116, 27; Rosenberger II 24 corr. (wrong obv. photo), nice gVF, excellent portrait, attractive patina, tight flan, rev. off center, light marks, light earthen deposits, scattered porosity, weight 9.551 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Dora (Tel Dor, Israel) mint, as caesar, c. 69 - 70 A.D; obverse T ΦΛAYI OYEΣΠ KAIC ETOY IEP, laureate head right; reverse ∆WPITWN (Dora), Tyche-Astarte standing facing, head right, wearing turreted crown, standard in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, BΛP ([year] 132) in outer left field; very attractive in hand; scarce; $450.00 (€369.00)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain Mint, Anatolia or Syria

|Roman| |Asia|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.,| |Uncertain| |Mint,| |Anatolia| |or| |Syria||AE| |27|
The mint, the quaestor who struck this type, and even the identity of the person in the portrait remain uncertain. The type has previously been attributed to Macedonia and the portrait identified as Brutus (Friedlander) or Caesar (Grant). David Sear notes the type has never been found in Macedonia. Finds point to Syria or Anatolia. It is possible that the type was issued, with his own portrait, by Sosius, a general under Marc Antony who was quaestor in 39 B.C. Much more likely, however, the portrait is of Augustus.
RP96854. Bronze AE 27, RPC I 5409; Sear CRI 957 (Syria); AMNG II 29 (Pella), gF, dark green patina, flan adjustment marks, strike a little weak, edge crack, weight 14.989 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Anatolian or Syrian mint, c. 39 B.C.(?); obverse bare head right; reverse hasta (spear), sella quaestoria (quaestor's seat of office), and fiscus (imperial treasury), Q (quaestor) below; previously a rare type but recent finds have made it easier to acquire; from a Florida collector, ex Trusted Coins; $400.00 (€328.00)


Domitia, Augusta, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Wife of Domitian, Sala, Lydia

|Other| |Lydia|, |Domitia,| |Augusta,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Domitian,| |Sala,| |Lydia||AE| |21|NEW
Domitia Longina married Domitian in 70 A.D. She became Augusta upon Domitian's accession in 81, and remained so until his assassination in 96 A.D. She was the youngest daughter of the general and consul Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo. Domitia divorced her first husband, Lucius Aelius Lamia Plautius Aelianus in order to marry Domitian in 71 A.D. The marriage produced only one son, whose early death is believed to have been the cause of a temporary rift between Domitia and her husband in 83. She is believed to have died sometime between 126 and 130 A.D.
RP97905. Brass AE 21, GRPC Lydia 3 pl. 267, 44; RPC Online II 1343; SNG Cop 436; SNG Mun 457; Mionnet IV 934; Waddington 6444; Imhoof LS 1; BMC Lydia p. 231, 29, Choice VF/F, near black patina with highlighting earthen deposits, well centered, nice portrait, scratches, weight 4.654 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, Sala (Tepecik, Turkey) mint, 13 Sep 81 - 18 Sep 96 A.D.; obverse CEBACTH ∆OMITIA, draped bust right, hair in elaborate plait; reverse CAΛHNΩN ∆OMITIANOΠO, Kybele seated left on throne, patera in right hand, resting left arm on tympanum (drum) on seat behind, lion at feet on far side; we think this coin nicer than any of the RPC online plate coins, this is the first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; scarce; $400.00 (€328.00)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Sebaste, Samaria, Judaea

|Roman| |Judea| |&| |Palestina|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Sebaste,| |Samaria,| |Judaea||AE| |23|NEW
Sebaste was in the heart of the mountains of Samaria, a few miles northwest of Shechem. The city was called Samaria when it was a capital of the northern Kingdom of Israel in the 9th and 8th centuries B.C. According to Josephus, King Herod the Great renamed Sebastia in honor of emperor Augustus.
RP98118. Bronze AE 23, Sofaer p. 64, 8; RPC II 2227 (9 spec); SNG ANS 1072; BMC Palestine p. 78, 5; Rosenberger III 30, Choice aVF, nice style, attractive blue-green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, scratches, weight 9.992 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, Sebaste (Sebastia, Israel) mint, Sep 81 - 82 A.D.; obverse IMP DOMITIANVS CAESAR, laureate head right; reverse CEBACTHNWN L ΘP (Sebaste, year 109), Zeus standing half right, nude to the waist, himation over arm and around legs, long scepter vertical in left hand, small Nike presenting a wreath in right hand; only one sale of this type recorded on Coin Archives for the last two decades; very rare; $350.00 (€287.00)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Sebaste, Phrygia

|Other| |Phrygia|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.,| |Sebaste,| |Phrygia||AE| |14|NEW
Sebaste was a town of Phrygia Pacatiana in ancient Phrygia, inhabited in Roman and Byzantine times. It was located between Alydda and Eumenia. It was the seat of a Christian bishop, mentioned by Hierocles, and in the Acts of the Council of Constantinople, which its bishop attended. Its site is located at Selηikler in Asiatic Turkey.
RP97258. Bronze AE 14, RPC Online I 3154 (8 spec.); Waddington 6480; Imhoof-Blumer MG p. 411, 148 corr. (inscription magistrate's name); SNGvA -; SNG Cop -; BMC Phrygia -, F, porous, weight 2.264 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 0o, Sebaste (Selcikler, Turkey) mint, magistrate Sosthenes; obverse ΣEBAΣTOΣ, bare head right, lituus right before neck; reverse nude male figure (Zeus?) standing left, scepter in right hand, ΣΩΣΘENHΣ downward on left, ΣEBAΣTHNΩN downward on right; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 78 (2 Jun 2019), lot 604; this coin is one of only three specimens of this type listed in Coin Archives auction records spanning the last two decades; very rare; $200.00 (€164.00)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

|Cappadocia|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia||AE| |17|
Mount Erciyes (Argaios to the Greeks, Argaeus to the Romans) is a massive stratovolcano 25 km to the south of Kayseri (ancient Caesarea) in Turkey. The highest mountain in central Anatolia, with its summit reaching 3,916 meters (12,848 ft). It may have erupted as recently as 253 B.C., as may be depicted on Roman era coins. Strabo wrote that the summit was never free from snow and that those few who ascended it reported seeing both the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south in days with a clear sky.
RP97898. Bronze AE 17, RPC II 1686A (1 spec.), Sydenham -, Ganschow -, BMC Galatia -, gVF, green patina, earthen deposits, light corrosion, some light scratches, weight 4.096 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 95 - 96 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ∆OMITIANOC CEBACTOC ΓEPMA, laureate head right; reverse KAICAPEIAC (counterclockwise), Mount Argaeus topped with wreath; ET IE (year 15) in exergue; extremely rare, only the second known, from a Norwegian collection; $180.00 (€147.60)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Parion, Mysia(?)

|Parium|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Parion,| |Mysia(?)||AE| |15|
The attribution of this very rare type to Parium is uncertain. See RPC II p. 137.

The ceremonial founding of a new Roman colony included plowing a furrow, the pomerium, a sacred boundary, around the site of the new city.
RP94451. Bronze AE 15, RPC II Online 889 (12 spec.), SNGvA 6202, F, dark brown patina, light corrosion, tight flan, weight 3.575 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Parion, Mysia(?) mint, 13 Sep 81 - 18 Sep 96 A.D.; obverse DO-MIT AVG (clockwise from the upper right), laureate head left; reverse priest plowing right with two oxen, marking the pomerium (sacred boundary marked for the foundation of a new Roman colony), GERM in exergue; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $130.00 (€106.60)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Struck by Herod Agrippa II, Caesarea Paneas, Judaea, Syria

|Agrippa| |II|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Struck| |by| |Herod| |Agrippa| |II,| |Caesarea| |Paneas,| |Judaea,| |Syria||AE| |14|NEW
Agrippa was studying in Rome when his father died. Too young to rule, his father's kingdom was made a Roman province. Later he was given the kingdom of his uncle, Herod of Chalcis. Agrippa tried Saint Paul. He sided with Rome during the rebellion. Though he ruled until at least 95 A.D., his territories were in Syria, not Judaea.
JD98129. Bronze AE 14, RPC Online II 2299 (11 spec.); Sofaer p. 269, 264; Hendin 1300; Meshorer TJC 182; SNG ANS 316, aVF, sandy patina, off center, weight 2.65 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 180o, Caesarea Paneas (Banias, Golan Heights) mint, 94 - 95 A.D.; obverse AYTO ∆OMIT, laureate head of Domitian right; reverse BA - AΓP / ET - EΛ (King Agrippa / year 35) in two lines within laurel wreath; scarce; $130.00 (€106.60)











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