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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Herodian Dynasty| ▸ |Herod Archelaus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

Son of Herod the Great, he inherited the southern part of his father's kingdom ? Judaea, Samaria and Idumaea. Jerusalem was his capital. Augustus denied him the title king and gave him the title ethnarch, with a promise to name him king if he governed well. He was so unpopular with his subjects that Augustus deposed him, banished him to Gaul and annexed his territory.


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The galley refers to Archelaus voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.
JD91956. Bronze lepton, Hendin 1197, Meshorer TJC 72, RPC I 4916, BMC Palestine p. 233, 27, F, earthen highlighting, weight 1.546 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 270o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse H-P-W (counterclockwise), prow of war galley facing left; reverse EΘN (ethnarch), surrounded by wreath; ex Better Auction Co. Ltd. Haifa, Israel, (Aug 1973), lot 62; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The galley refers to Archelaus' voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus' younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus appealed to Rome and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome. -- Ancient Jewish Coinage by Ya'akov Meshore
JD91955. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1195, RPC I 4915, Meshorer TJC p. 79, aF, ragged flan, weight 0.891 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse EΘNAPXH, double cornucopia; reverse HPW, war galley left; ex Better Auction Co. Ltd. Haifa, Israel, (12 March 1974), lot 54; scarce; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Based on the fabric and style, we know that Herod used the same mint in Jerusalem as his father, Herod the Great.
JD43519. Bronze 2 prutot, Hendin 1194, Meshorer TJC 70, RPC I 4914, F, weight 2.834 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 45o, Jerusalem mint, obverse HPω∆ (of Herod) HC, double cornucopia; reverse EΘN/XPA/CH (Ethnarch), galley left; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); scarce; SOLD










REFERENCES|

Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 & supplements).
Fontanille, J. Menorah Coin Project, website: http://menorahcoinproject.org/
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Palestine. (London, 1914).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Meshorer, Y., et al. Coins of the Holy Land: The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection at the American Numismatic Society and The Israel Museum. ACNAC 8. (New York, 2013).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

Catalog current as of Sunday, January 19, 2020.
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Herod Archeleus