Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  10% Off Store-Wide Sale Until 2 October!!! All Items Purchased From Forum Ancient Coins Are Guaranteed Authentic For Eternity!!! Please Call Us If You Have Questions 252-646-1958 Expert Authentication - Accurate Descriptions - Reasonable Prices - Coins From Under $10 To Museum Quality Rarities 10% Off Store-Wide Sale Until 2 October!!! All Items Purchased From Forum Ancient Coins Are Guaranteed Authentic For Eternity!!! Internet Challenged? We Are Happy To Take Your Order Over The Phone 252-646-1958 Explore Our Website And Find Joy In The History, Numismatics, Art, Mythology, And Geography Of Coins!!!

× Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
New & Reduced

Sep 28, 2023
Themes & Provenance

Sep 27, 2023

Sep 26, 2023

Sep 25, 2023

Sep 24, 2023

Sep 22, 2023

Sep 21, 2023

Sep 19, 2023

Sep 18, 2023

Sep 17, 2023

Sep 14, 2023

Sep 13, 2023

Sep 12, 2023

Sep 11, 2023

Sep 10, 2023

Sep 09, 2023
Medieval & Modern Coins

Sep 08, 2023
Asian Coins

Jul 09, 2023

Jul 02, 2023
Judean & Biblical Coins

Jun 21, 2023
Medieval & Modern Coins

Jun 15, 2023

May 04, 2023
Medieval & Modern Coins

May 03, 2023
Medieval & Modern Coins

May 02, 2023
Medieval & Modern Coins

May 01, 2023
Medieval & Modern Coins

Apr 23, 2023

Apr 22, 2023

Apr 12, 2023

Apr 07, 2023
Judean & Biblical Coins

Apr 06, 2023

Apr 01, 2023
Judean & Biblical Coins
Medieval & Modern Coins

Mar 28, 2023

Mar 27, 2023

Mar 26, 2023

Mar 25, 2023
Judean & Biblical Coins

Mar 24, 2023
Medieval & Modern Coins

Mar 22, 2023

Mar 21, 2023

Mar 18, 2023

Mar 17, 2023

Mar 16, 2023

Mar 14, 2023

Mar 13, 2023

Mar 09, 2023
Medieval & Modern Coins

Mar 08, 2023

Mar 07, 2023

Mar 03, 2023

Feb 27, 2023
Medieval & Modern Coins

Feb 21, 2023

Feb 20, 2023

Feb 19, 2023

Feb 18, 2023

Feb 17, 2023
Judean & Biblical Coins

Feb 16, 2023

Feb 08, 2023

Feb 05, 2023
Judean & Biblical Coins
Themes & Provenance

Feb 04, 2023

Feb 03, 2023

Jan 24, 2023
Medieval & Modern Coins

Jan 21, 2023

Jan 20, 2023

Jan 18, 2023

Dec 18, 2022

Nov 21, 2022

Nov 13, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Nov 06, 2022

Oct 26, 2022

Oct 22, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Oct 17, 2022

Oct 09, 2022
Medieval & Modern Coins

Oct 08, 2022

Oct 05, 2022
Medieval & Modern Coins

Sep 21, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Sep 20, 2022

Aug 31, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Aug 30, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Aug 29, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Aug 28, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Aug 27, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Aug 22, 2022
Medieval & Modern Coins

Aug 01, 2022
Books, Supplies & Services

Jul 19, 2022

Jul 13, 2022
Medieval & Modern Coins

Jul 12, 2022

Jul 10, 2022
Medieval & Modern Coins

Jul 08, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Jul 05, 2022

Jun 30, 2022

Jun 27, 2022
Medieval & Modern Coins

Jun 24, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Jun 23, 2022
Medieval & Modern Coins

Jun 16, 2022

Jun 13, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Jun 11, 2022

Jun 09, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Jun 04, 2022

Jun 02, 2022

Apr 22, 2022

Apr 13, 2022

Apr 11, 2022

Apr 10, 2022

Apr 09, 2022
Medieval & Modern Coins

Apr 07, 2022

Apr 06, 2022

Apr 04, 2022
Themes & Provenance

Apr 02, 2022

Mar 23, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Mar 18, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Mar 17, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Mar 15, 2022

Mar 14, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Mar 13, 2022

Mar 11, 2022

Mar 10, 2022

Mar 07, 2022
Medieval & Modern Coins

Mar 06, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Mar 04, 2022

Mar 03, 2022

Feb 04, 2022
Medieval & Modern Coins

Feb 02, 2022
Medieval & Modern Coins

Jan 29, 2022

Jan 28, 2022

Oct 15, 2021

Oct 14, 2021

Oct 13, 2021
Judean & Biblical Coins

Oct 05, 2021

Sep 25, 2021

Jun 27, 2021

Feb 27, 2021

Feb 03, 2021

Nov 06, 2020
Books, Supplies & Services

Feb 13, 2020

May 18, 2018
Books, Supplies & Services

Medieval & Modern Coins
   View Categories
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Herodian Dynasty| ▸ |Herod Archelaus||View Options:  |  |  |   

Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

Herod Archelaus (a name meaning "leading the people") was ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, including the cities Caesarea and Jaffa, c. 4 B.C. to A.D. 6. Jerusalem was his capital. He was the son of Herod the Great and Malthace the Samaritan, and was the brother of Herod Antipas, and the half-brother of Herod II. His father had modified his will, naming his younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus appealed to Rome and was awarded a large share of the kingdom. Augustus denied him the title king, but gave him the title ethnarch, with a promise to name him king if he governed well. He was so unpopular with his subjects that Augustus deposed him, banished him to Gaul and annexed his territory. Judea, Samaria, and Idumea became the Roman province of Judaea.

Archelaus is mentioned in the Gospel of Matthew (2:1323). An angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and told him to get up and take Mary and Jesus and flee to Egypt to avoid the Massacre of the Innocents. When Herod the Great died, Joseph was told by an angel in a dream to return to the land of Israel (presumably to Bethlehem). However, upon hearing that Archelaus had succeeded his father as ruler of Judaea he "was afraid to go there" (Matthew 2:22), and was again warned in a dream by God "and turned aside to the region of" Galilee. This is Matthew's explanation of why Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea but grew up in Nazareth.
Ethnarchy of Herod Archelaus

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
The galley refers to Archelaus voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.
JD113044. Bronze prutah, cf. Hendin 6226 (S); Meshorer TJC 71; RPC I 4915; BMC Palestine p. 231, 1, VF, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, broad irregularly shaped flan, sprue remnants, weight 1.124 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPΩ (or similar, Greek: of Herod), double cornucopia, adorned with grapes, horns parallel tops to left; reverse EΘN/PAX (or similar, Greek: Ethnarch), war galley facing left with aphlaston, oars, and ram; scarce; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00


|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|
Grapes, the vine and wine were an important part of the ancient economy and ritual. Grapes were brought to the Temple as offerings of the first-fruits and wine was offered upon the altar. The vine and grapes decorated the sacred vessels in the sanctuary and a golden vine with clusters of grapes stood at its entrance.
JD111431. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6227; Meshorer TJC 73; BMC Palestine p. 232, 10; SNG Cop 69; Sofaer 81; RPC I 4917, F, earthen deposits, off center, edge split, sprue remnant, obv. edge beveled, weight 1.937 g, maximum diameter 16.0156 mm, die axis 135o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPΩΔOY (Greek: of Herod), bunch of grapes, leaf on left; reverse EΘNOPXOY (Greek: Ethnarch), tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small caduceus in lower left field; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|
Grapes, the vine and wine were an important part of the ancient economy and ritual. Grapes were brought to the Temple as offerings of the first-fruits and wine was offered upon the altar. The vine and grapes decorated the sacred vessels in the sanctuary and a golden vine with clusters of grapes stood at its entrance.
JD111433. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6227; Meshorer TJC 73; BMC Palestine p. 232, 10; SNG Cop 69; Sofaer 81; RPC I 4917, F, light earthen deposits, rev. edge beveled, weight 2.240 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 75o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPΩΔOY (Greek: of Herod), bunch of grapes, leaf on left; reverse EΘNOPXOY (Greek: Ethnarch), tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small caduceus in lower left field; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||2| |prutot|
Son of Herod the Great, Archelaus inherited Judaea, Samaria and Idumaea. Jerusalem was his capital. Augustus denied him the title king and gave him the title ethnarch, with a promise to name him king if he governed well. He was so unpopular with his subjects that Augustus deposed him, banished him to Gaul and annexed his territory.
JD111818. Bronze 2 prutot, cf. Hendin 6225 (S); Sofaer p. 258 & pl. 209, 70; Meshorer TJC p. 225 & pl. 47, 70; BMC Palestine p. 231, 1 ff.; RPC I 4914, aVF, scratches, off center, obv. edge beveled, weight 2.767 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPWΔ-HC (or similar, Greek: of Herod), double cornucopia, horns parallel curved to the left, overflowing bunches of grapes; reverse EΘNA/XP/NCH (or similar, Greek: Ethnarch), war galley left with aphlaston, oars, cabin, and ram; ex Superior Stamp and Coin (Beverly Hills, CA) auction 15-19 June 1976, lot 71; very scarce; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|
The cornucopia was a hollow animal horn used as a container. One of the most popular religious symbols of the ancient world, the cornucopia is also know as the "horn of plenty."
JD111349. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6223 (S), Meshorer TJC 68, Sofaer 61, RPC Online I 4912, aF, well centered, earthen deposits, casting sprue remnant and cut, rev. edge beveled, weight 1.215 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPWΔH (Greek: of Herod) clockwise (unusual with Δ above), anchor; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, caduceus between horns, EΘ lower right and N above between the horns (Greek abbreviation: Ethnarch); scarce; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|
The galley refers to Archelaus' voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus' younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus appealed to Rome and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome. -- Ancient Jewish Coinage by Ya'akov Meshore
JD111342. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6228; Meshorer TJC 72; Meshorer AJC 5; SNG ANS 243; RPC Online I 4916; BMC Palestine p. 233, 27, F, dark green patina, highlighting red earthen fill, edge ragged with sprue remnant and cut, weight 1.147 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse H P W (counterclockwise from below), prow of galley left; reverse EΘN (Ethnarch), surrounded by wreath; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|
Grapes, the vine and wine were an important part of the ancient economy and ritual. Grapes were brought to the Temple as offerings of the first-fruits and wine was offered upon the altar. The vine and grapes decorated the sacred vessels in the sanctuary and a golden vine with clusters of grapes stood at its entrance.
JD111097. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6227; Meshorer TJC 73; BMC Palestine p. 232, 10; SNG Cop 69; Sofaer 81; RPC I 4917, aF, porosity, edge splits, weight 1.608 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPΩΔOY (Greek: of Herod), bunch of grapes, leaf on left; reverse EΘNOPXOY (Greek: Ethnarch), tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small caduceus in lower left field; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|
The galley refers to Archelaus' voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus' younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus appealed to Rome and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome. -- Ancient Jewish Coinage by Ya'akov Meshore
JD110336. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6228; Meshorer TJC 72; Meshorer AJC 5; SNG ANS 243; RPC Online I 4916; BMC Palestine p. 233, 27, Choice VF, well centered, green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, sprue cuts, obverse edge beveled, weight 1.277 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse H P W (counterclockwise from below), prow of galley left; reverse EΘN (Ethnarch), surrounded by wreath; from an Israeli collection; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|
Grapes, the vine and wine were an important part of the ancient economy and ritual. Grapes were brought to the Temple as offerings of the first-fruits and wine was offered upon the altar. The vine and grapes decorated the sacred vessels in the sanctuary and a golden vine with clusters of grapes stood at its entrance.
JD110303. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6227; Meshorer TJC 73; BMC Palestine p. 232, 10; SNG Cop 69; Sofaer 81; RPC I 4917, aVF, green patina, earthen deposits, squared flan, obv. double struck, rev. off center, weight 3.126 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 45o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPΩΔOY (Greek: of Herod), bunch of grapes, leaf on left; reverse EΘNOPXOY (Greek: Ethnarch), tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small caduceus in lower left field; from an Israeli collection; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|
Herod's most famous and ambitious project was his magnificent expansion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 20 - 19 B.C. Although work on out-buildings continued another eighty years, the new Temple was finished in a year and a half. To comply with religious law, Herod employed 1,000 priests as masons and carpenters. The temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. Today, only the four retaining walls of the Temple Mount remain standing, including the Western Wall.
JD98786. Bronze prutah, cf. Meshorer TJC 68f, Hendin 6223 (S), RPC Online I 4912, Sofaer 62 (cruder than published specimens), VF, crude style, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, tight flan, uneven strike, remnant of pre-strike casting sprue, weight 0.844 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 135o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPΩΔ (or similar, Greek abbreviation: of King Herod), anchor; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, caduceus between horns, N(?) (blundered Greek, abbreviating Ethnarch) above; from an Israeli collection; rare crude variant; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00




  






REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripolls. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 & supplements).
Fontanille, J. Menorah Coin Project, website: http://menorahcoinproject.com/
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 6th Edition. (Amphora, 2021).
Hill, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Palestine. (London, 1914).
Kindler, A. Coins of the Land of Israel. (Jerusalem, 1974).
Maltiel-Gerstenfeld, J. 260 Years of Ancient Jewish Coinage. (Tel Aviv, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Meshorer, Y., et al. Coins of the Holy Land: The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection at the American Numismatic Society and The Israel Museum. ACNAC 8. (New York, 2013).
Reinach, S. Jewish Coins. (London, 1903).
Rogers, E. Handy Guide To Jewish Coins. (London, 1914).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

SYMBOLS ON THE COINS OF HEROD ARCHELAUS

Anchor: The anchor was adopted from the Seleukids, who used it to symbolize their naval strength. On ancient coins, anchors are often depicted upside down, as they would be seen hung on the side of a boat ready for use.

Cornucopia: The cornucopia was a hollow animal horn used as a container. One of the most popular religious symbols of the ancient world, the cornucopia is also know as the "horn of plenty." The cornucopia symbolizes abundance and the prosperity of the nation.

Caduceus: The caduceus is the wing-topped staff, with two snakes winding about it, carried by Hermes. According to one myth it was given to him by Apollo. The caduceus was carried by Greek heralds and ambassadors and became a Roman symbol for truce, neutrality, and noncombatant status. The Herodians were friends to Rome and the caduceus was an appropriate symbol of that relationship.

Galley: The galley refers to Archelaus voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.

Grapes: Grapes, the vine and wine were an important part of the ancient economy and ritual. Grapes were brought to the Temple as offerings of the first-fruits and wine was offered upon the altar. The vine and grapes decorated the sacred vessels in the sanctuary and a golden vine with clusters of grapes stood at its entrance.


Catalog current as of Thursday, September 28, 2023.
Page created in 3.797 seconds.
All coins are guaranteed for eternity