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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Greek Imperial| ▸ |Macedonia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Provincial Coins from Macedonia

After the defeat of Perseus at the battle of Pydna, for twenty years, from 168 to 148 B.C., Macedonia was divided into four autonomous administrative regions. To weaken the power of the area and increase dependence on the empire, Rome took control of the mines and forests, demanded half of all taxes collected and banned trade between the regions. No coins were issued from 168 - 158 B.C. Between 158 and 148 B.C. the first (PROTES) region minted a large number of tetradrachms at its capital, Amphipolis. The second (DEUTERAS) region minted a small number of very rare tetradrachm at Thessalonica. The third region, its capital at Pella, and the fourth region, its capital at Heraclea Lynci, did not issue silver. In 148 B.C. the regions were reunited as a Roman province. Silver coinage was not struck for another half century, however, bronze coins were issued by governors, praetors, quaestors and individual cities. In 93 B.C., silver coinage resumed, the most prolific issue was that of the quaestor Aesillas. Macedonian cities continued to issue coinage in imperial times, some without the imperial bust.

Macedonian Kingdom, Lysimachos, as Satrap of Thrace, 323 - 305 B.C., Struck by Kassander

|Macedonia|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Lysimachos,| |as| |Satrap| |of| |Thrace,| |323| |-| |305| |B.C.,| |Struck| |by| |Kassander||unit|NEW
This type was likely struck by Kassander at Amphipolis for Lysimachos, perhaps while Lysimachos was battling the Thracian tribes. With the support of Antigonus, Ptolemy, and Lysimachus, Kassander defeated Polyperchon, and declared himself the Macedonian regent in 317 B.C. Lysimachos was satrap in Thrace and some adjoining territory, an area without a royal mint. Lysimachos and Kassander were related by marriage and bound by mutual trust, respect, and unwavering friendship. Kassander likely supplied the bulk of Lysimachos monetary needs, perhaps even until Lysimacus gained control of mints in Anatolia after Ipsus.
GB112855. Bronze unit, Price p. 133, P4; SNG ANS 998; Thompson 2 (Lysimachia mint, 306 - 300 B.C.); SNG Alpha Bank -; SNG Cop -, F, nice green patina, corrosion, weight 5,562 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 315o, Amphipolis mint, c. 317 - 305 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right, wearing taenia; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, young male rider galloping right, ΛY to the left of lion forepart right below; scarce; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Maximinus I Thrax, 20 March 235 - Late May 238 A.D., Pella, Macedonia

|Pella|, |Maximinus| |I| |Thrax,| |20| |March| |235| |-| |Late| |May| |238| |A.D.,| |Pella,| |Macedonia||AE| |26|
Pella was founded in 399 B.C. by King Archelaus (413 - 399 B.C.) as his capital. It was the seat of Philip II and of his son, Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C., it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later the city was destroyed by an earthquake. By 180 A.D., Lucian could describe it in passing as "now insignificant, with very few inhabitants."
RP112103. Bronze AE 26, Varbanov III 3742 (R4); AMNG III-2 p. 99, 34; SNG Hunterian 658; Moushmov 6484; SNG ANS 636 var. (cuirass, no drapery); BMC Macedonia -, gF, mottled patina, earthen deposits, marks, off center, weight 11.287 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 180o, Pella mint, 20 Mar 235 - late May 238 A.D.; obverse IMP C C IVL VER MAXIMINVS, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse COL IVL AVG PELLA, Spes (or City Goddess) seated left, putting her right hand to her mouth; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Drusus, Son of Tiberius, Born 13 B.C., Died 14 September 23 A.D., Philippi(?), Macedonia

|Philippi|, |Drusus,| |Son| |of| |Tiberius,| |Born| |13| |B.C.,| |Died| |14| |September| |23| |A.D.,| |Philippi(?),| |Macedonia||AE| |16|
Drusus, the only son of Tiberius, never took the throne. Drusus' wife Livilla was seduced by the praetorian prefect Sejanus. She poisoned Drusus to support Sejanus' plot to become emperor. Years later the plot was discovered and Sejanus and Livilla were executed.
RP111916. Bronze AE 16, RPC Online I 1659 (10 spec.); BMC Mysia - (similar types were previously attributed to Mysia, F, green patina, encrustations, scratches, weight 4.145 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 30o, probably Philippi (near Filippoi, Greece) mint, obverse DRV CAES, bare head right; reverse two priests with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding a new colony; from the Michael Arslan Collection; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

|Amphipolis|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Amphipolis,| |Macedonia||AE| |24|
Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).
RP97773. Bronze AE 24, Varbanov III 3298 (R4); SNG Cop 118; BMC Macedonia p. 59, 133 var. (obv. leg.); SNG ANS 203 var. (same); AMNG III -, aVF, excellent portrait, green patina, light deposits, reverse off center, edge cracks, weight 6.894 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse AVT K M AVP CEV AΛEΞANΔPOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, turreted city goddess enthroned left, patera in extended right hand, fish left in exergue; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00


Macedonia, Under Roman Rule, Quaestor Aesillas, 95 - 70 B.C.

|Macedonia|, |Macedonia,| |Under| |Roman| |Rule,| |Quaestor| |Aesillas,| |95| |-| |70| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
This type was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and symbols of the Roman quaestor.
SH54901. Silver tetradrachm, Bauslaugh group VI (O35), SNG Lockett 1543, SNG Cop 1330, SNG Ashmolean 3305, AMNG III 223, SGCV I 1439, gVF, struck with very attractive dies, obverse scratch at 5:00, weight 16.229 g, maximum diameter 28.9 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, 95 - 70 B.C.; obverse head of Alexander the Great right with horn of Ammon and flowing hair, Θ behind, MAKΕΔONΩN below; reverse AESILLAS above money-chest (cista), club, and Q over quaestor's chair (sella curulis), all within laurel wreath; SOLD


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Stobi, Macedonia

|Stobi|, |Julia| |Domna,| |Augusta| |194| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Stobi,| |Macedonia||AE| |22|
Josifovski describes the reverse as Zeus standing, holding eagle aloft and thunderbolt behind, but like a Caracalla with the same reverse, also described as Zeus, this coin clearly shows a laurel branch instead of a thunderbolt. It is almost certainly Apollo holding a raven aloft and laurel branch.
RP16682. Bronze AE 22, Josifovski 145 (V2/R2) cites a single example in a private collection in Macedonia, otherwise unpublished, F, weight 5.638 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Stobi (Gradsko, Macedonia) mint, 194 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse MVNICIPI STOBEN, Apollo standing half-left, holding a raven aloft in right, laurel branch downward in left; very rare; SOLD


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Stobi, Macedonia

|Stobi|, |Julia| |Domna,| |Augusta| |194| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Stobi,| |Macedonia||AE| |22|
Stobi was an ancient town of Paeonia, conquered by Macedonia, and later made the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia Salutaris. Stobi prospered under Rome and in 69 A.D. was designated a municipium. Citizens of Stobi enjoyed Ius Italicum and were citizens of Rome. Theodosius I stayed in Stobi in 388. In 479, Stobi was sacked by the Ostrogothic king Theodoric. The town was rebuilt, but in 518 was struck by a powerful earthquake. Avaro-Slavic invasions in the 6th century ruined the city's economy and infrastructure. Stobi is perhaps the most important archaeological site in the Republic of Macedonia.
RP29521. Bronze AE 22, cf. Josifovski 157 (Josifovski specimen too obscure to verify dies), Varbanov 3908 (R3), SNG Cop 333, gVF, beautiful green patina, weight 6.780 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 0o, Stobi (Gradsko, Macedonia) mint, obverse IVLIA A-VGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse MVNICIPI STOBEN, Victory walking left, palm extended in right, palm frond over shoulder in left; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Stobi, Macedonia

|Stobi|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Stobi,| |Macedonia||AE| |24|
Stobi was an ancient town of Paeonia, conquered by Macedonia, and later made the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia Salutaris. Stobi prospered under Rome and in 69 A.D. was designated a municipium. Citizens of Stobi enjoyed Ius Italicum and were citizens of Rome. Theodosius I stayed in Stobi in 388. In 479, Stobi was sacked by the Ostrogothic king Theodoric. The town was rebuilt, but in 518 was struck by a powerful earthquake. Avaro-Slavic invasions in the 6th century ruined the city's economy and infrastructure. Stobi is perhaps the most important archaeological site in the Republic of Macedonia.
RP53795. Bronze AE 24, Kuzmanovic 760, Josifovski Stobi 389 var. (obv. legend), Varbanov III 3990 var. (obv legend and bust), Choice gVF, attractive coin with a fantastic portrait, nice surfaces, weight 7.311 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 225o, Stobi (Gradsko, Macedonia) mint, 211 - 217 A.D.; obverse M AVR L ANTO-NINVS PI AVG, laureate head right; reverse MVNIC - S-TOBE, Victory advancing right, wreath extended in right, palm frond over shoulder in left; rare variety; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Stobi, Macedonia

|Stobi|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Stobi,| |Macedonia||AE| |24|
This odd goddess combines characteristics of several others. Demeter carried flaming torches in her search for Persephone, and the serpent, which represented rebirth in nature and the fertility of the earth, was the animal most sacred to her. The wings are those of Victory. The cornucopia is associated with good luck and prosperity delivered by Tyche-Fortuna. There is a similar more common type with this strange goddess, but with her head right.
RP97750. Bronze AE 24, Kuzmanovic 1006 var. (obv. leg., same rev. die), Josifovski Stobi -, Varbanov III -, SNG Cop -, BMC Macedonia -, Choice aVF, attractive green patina, central depressions, weight 7.506 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 0o, Stobi (Gradsko, Macedonia) mint, 206 - 208/9 A.D.; obverse IMP C MA AVR ANTONIN, laureate bust right, bare shoulder, seen from behind; reverse MVNICIPI STOBENS, winged goddess (Victory-Demeter-Tyche-Fortuna) standing half left, radiate head left, serpent-entwined long torch grounded and vertical in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; we found only one other specimen of this type - in the FORVM Members' Gallery; extremely rare; SOLD


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Stobi, Macedonia

|Stobi|, |Julia| |Domna,| |Augusta| |194| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Stobi,| |Macedonia||AE| |23|
Stobi was an ancient town of Paeonia, conquered by Macedonia, and later made the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia Salutaris. Stobi prospered under Rome and in 69 A.D. was designated a municipium. Citizens of Stobi enjoyed Ius Italicum and were citizens of Rome. Theodosius I stayed in Stobi in 388. In 479, Stobi was sacked by the Ostrogothic king Theodoric. The town was rebuilt, but in 518 was struck by a powerful earthquake. Avaro-Slavic invasions in the 6th century ruined the city's economy and infrastructure. Stobi is perhaps the most important archaeological site in the Republic of Macedonia.
RP97751. Bronze AE 23, Josifovski Stobi 244 (V91/R93, only one die pair for this type), Varbanov 3874 (R6), SNG Cop -, BMC Macedonia -, VF, expressive portrait, well centered, porosity, closed edge cracks, central depressions, weight 5.952 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 30o, Stobi (Gradsko, Macedonia) mint, 194 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair in horizontal ridges, chignon at back of head; reverse MVNI STOB, Victory standing slightly facing, head right, wearing peplos (long robe) head right, trophy of captured arms (helmet on a pole) held transverse right in both hands; very rare; SOLD




  






REFERENCES|

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Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
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Head, B. British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Macedonia, etc. (London, 1879).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Macedon and Its Neighbors, Part I: Macedon, Illyria, and Epeiros, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 3.1. (Lancaster, PA, 2016).
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MacKay, P. "Bronze Coinage in Macedonia, 168-166 B.C." in ANSMN 14 (1968), pp. 5 - 13, pl. III.
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