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NEW RP97254. Bronze assarion, GRPC Lydia III 94; BMC Lydia p. 234, 49; SNG Cop 447; Winterthur 3905; SNG Tübingen 3772 var. (obverse legend ends KA), VF, green patina with attractive highlighting deposits, scattered porosity, flan adjustment marks, weight 5.121 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, Sala (Tepecik, Turkey) mint, magistrate Sulla, as caesar, 198 - 209; obverse ΠO CEΠT- ΓETAC K, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse EΠI CYΛΛA CAΛHNΩN, Zeus Lydios standing slightly left, head left, wearing long chiton and himation, eagle in extended right hand, left hand resting on long vertical scepter; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 6 (9 Dec 2018), lot 551; $90.00 (€73.80)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Traianopolis, Thrace
NEW Traianopolis (Traianoupoli, Greece today) was founded by the Romans and, of course, named after Emperor Trajan. In the Roman period, the city was famous for its baths. In the 4th century, it became the capital of the province of Rhodope.RP97249. Bronze AE 22, Schönert-Geiss Augusta Traiana 85; Varbanov III 2828 (R4); Moushmov 5049; BMC Thrace p. 178, 10 var. (legend, head bare); SNG Cop -, VF, superb portrait, bumps, obverse off center, scattered porosity, edge split/crack, weight 5.434 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, Traianopolis (Traianoupoli, Greece) mint, 211 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse AYT K M AYP CE ANTΩNEINOC, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse TPAIANOΠOΛEITΩN, Hermes standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder and arm, messenger bag (made from an udder) in right hand, winged caduceus in left hand; $95.00 (€77.90)
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Seleucia, Seleucia Pieria, Syria
NEW One of the rare examples of ancient coinage showing a three-dimensional view with somewhat accurate perspective. The sacred stone enshrined on this coin was probably a meteorite.RP97250. Bronze AE 20, RPC Online III 3770 (3 spec.); Butcher CRS 420/54b; SNG Hunterian II 2728; SNG Cop 403; cf. BMC Galatia p. 274, 38 (larger denomination), VF, dark green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, well centered, small edge splits, weight 5.390 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Seleucia (Cevlik, Hatay Province, Turkey) mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse AYTOK KAIΣ NEP TPAIANOC APIΣT ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate head right; reverse CELEYKEΩN ΠEIEΠIAC, sacred stone of Zeus Kaisos draped with ribbon, in shrine with four columns supporting a pyramidal roof surmounted by an eagle, SEYC / KACIOC in two lines in exergue, Γ lower right; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 12 (31 May, 2020), part of lot 2018; $110.00 (€90.20)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Chalcis ad Belum, Chalcidice, Syria
NEW Trajan's last coinage struck at Chalcis ad Belum used the same reverse, dated KE. Year 25 of the local era must have been Autumn 116 - Autumn 117 A.D.; thus the era of the city began in Autumn 92 A.D. The KE reverse was used for Hadrian's coinage only for the short time after the mint learned he was the new emperor until the local New Year's day (perhaps 29 August). When the New Year began the date was changed to B referring to Hadrian's second regnal year (a new regnal year began on New Year's day, not the one year anniversary of rule).RP97251. Bronze AE 21, RPC III 3471A (1 spec., added post publication); Butcher CRS p. 437, 15 var. (obv. leg.); SNG Hunterian II 2711 var. (same, slight drapery), VF, near black patina with red earthen highlighting, tight flan, marks, edge a little ragged, weight 9.023 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Chalcis ad Belum (Qinnasrin, Syria) mint, Autumn 119 - Autumn 120 A.D.; obverse AYT KAIC Θ TPA YI Θ NEP YI - A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate and draped bust right; reverse ΦΛ XAΛ/KI∆EWN / ∆ (Flavius Chalkis [year] 4) in three lines, all within laurel wreath of eight bunches of leaves, closed at the top with a jewel; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 12 (31 May, 2020), part of lot 2018; very rare; $120.00 (€98.40)
Maeonia, Lydia, c. 138 - 192 A.D.
NEW Maionia (or Maeonia) was a city of the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine era located near the Hermos River, in ancient Lydia. The town is mentioned by mentioned by Pliny the Elder, Hierocles, and in the Notitiae Episcopatuum. In antiquity the city was part of the Katakekaumene Decapolis of towns. Its site is near Menye in Asiatic Turkey.RP97252. Bronze AE 18, GRPC Lydia III 59; RPC Online IV.2 T1318 (5 spec.); Waddington 5059; SNG Hunterian I 1988; SNG Soutzos 1522; BMC Lydia P 129, 14, gF, well centered, rough and porous, weight 2.858 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Maionia (near Menye, Turkey) mint, c. 138 - 192 A.D.; obverse ∆HMOC, laureate head of Demos right; reverse MAIONWN, cult statue of Artemis standing facing, wearing kalathos and veil, arm supports; this is the first example of this type handled by Forum; scarce; $120.00 (€98.40)
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Apollonia Salbace, Caria
NEW This coin is an obverse die match to a coin struck by the neighboring city, Alabanda, Caria, SNG München 464, RPC Online VI T5384. Dies shared by more than one city in the region were first discovered by Konrad Kraft in 1972. Groups of smaller cities in Anatolia shared traveling mints, which would sometimes use the same obverse dies for more than one city.RP92646. Bronze AE 30, Apparently unpublished; RPC Online -, SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, BMC Caria -, F, porous, turquoise and earthen adhesions, reverse flatly struck, weight 11.787 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, Apollonia Salbace (Edremit, Turkey) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse AYT K M AYP CEY AΛEΞAN∆PO-C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse CTPA AΓAΘEINOY TOY IH AΠOΛΛΩNIATΩN (strategos Agathinos, son of Hie.(?), Apollonia), Zeus standing slightly left, head left, wearing himation and chlamys, eagle in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; extremely rare, this is the only specimen of the type known to FORVM; $300.00 (€246.00)
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nicaea, Bithynia
NEW The first ecumenical council of the Christian church was held in Nicaea by Constantine in 325.RP97244. Bronze AE 14, Burrell p. 208, type 1; BMC Pontus -; Rec Gen II.3 -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; Weber -, aVF, rough, corrosion, weight 1.427 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 0o, Nicaea (Iznik, Turkey) mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse CEOVHPOC AVΓOVCTOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse NIKAIEΩN, temple with four columns; very rare; $70.00 (€57.40)
Caesarea, Cappadocia, 111 - 112 A.D.
NEW Kayseri, originally called Mazaka or Mazaca, is in central Turkey on a low spur on the north side of Mount Erciyes (Mount Argaeus in ancient times). During Achaemenid Persian rule, it was the capital of a Satrapy on the crossroads of the Royal Road from Sardis to Susa and the trade route from Sinope to the Euphrates. It was conquered by Alexander's general Perdikkas, was ruled by Eumenes of Cardia, then passed to the Seleucid empire after the battle of Ipsus. It became the capital of the independent Cappadocian Kingdom under Ariarathes III, around 250 B.C. During Strabo's time it was also known as Eusebia, after the Cappadocian King Ariarathes V Eusebes, 163 – 130 B.C. The name was changed again to "Caesarea in Cappadocia" in honor of Caesar Augustus, upon his death in 14 A.D. The city passed under formal Roman rule in 17 A.D. In Roman times, it prospered on the route from Ephesus to the East. Caesarea was destroyed by the Sassanid King Shapur I after his victory over the Emperor Valerian I in 260 A.D. At the time it was recorded to have around 400,000 inhabitants. Arabic influence changed Caesarea to the modern name Kayseri. The city gradually recovered and has a population of almost 1 million people today. Few traces of the ancient city survive.RP97246. Bronze AE 16, RPC Online III 3141, Henseler I, p. 150, type 164, 259 - 260; SNGvA 6342, SNG Cop 173; Sydenham Caesarea 250; BMC Galatia -, F, rough from corrosion, weight 3.214 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, year 14 of Trajan, 111 - 112 A.D.; obverse turreted and draped bust of Tyche right; reverse pyramid or baetyl (sacred stone), ET − ∆I (year 14) divided across field; from a Las Vegas dealer; $140.00 (€114.80)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Tyana, Cappadocia
NEW Under Caracalla the city became Antoniana colonia Tyana. After having sided with Queen Zenobia of Palmyra it was captured by Aurelian in 272, who would not allow his soldiers to sack it, allegedly because Apollo appeared to him, pleading for its safety. The ruins of Tyana are at modern Kemerhisar, three miles south of Nigde. There are remains of a Roman aqueduct and sepulchral grottoes. RP97247. Bronze AE 29, SNGvA 8732, SNG Cop -, BMC Galatia -, Ganschow -, F, mild smoothing, small edge crack, weight 17.290 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyana (Kemerhisar, Turkey) mint, 212 - 213 A.D.; obverse A KAI M AYP ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right; reverse ANT KOΛΩNIAC, emperor, radiate and togate, globe in extended right hand, plow in left hand, plowing left, marking the pomerium (sacred boundary) to found the new colony, TVANΩN / ET Iς (year 16) in in two lines in the exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 87 (1 Mar 2020), lot 345; this is the first example of this type handled by FORVM; only five sales of this type listed on Coin Archives in the last two decades, including the Naumann auction for this coin; very rare; $140.00 (€114.80)
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
NEW From the Ray Nouri Collection.
This type is traditionally assigned to Antioch but McAlee identifies Laodicea as the most likely mint. McAlee notes, "After Septimius stripped Antioch of its privileges and conferred them on Laodicea-ad-Mare, some coins of Laodicea bear the legend 'Metropolis of the Four Provinces,' and others have a representation of four Tyches. The letters ∆ - E also regularly appear on the coins of Laodicea from the time of Elagabalus to that of Trebonianus Gallus." We attribute the type to Antioch, but clearly that is not certain.RY94937. Billon tetradrachm, Bellinger Syria 42, SNG Cop 236, McAlee 758, Prieur 249 var. (both ties behind neck), Dura Coins -, F, toned, tight flan cutting off part of legends, reverse legend weak, weight 12.920 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 219 A.D.; obverse AVT K M A ANTWNEINOC CEB, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder, one wreath tie on neck; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠ B (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the second time), eagle standing facing, wings spread, head left, wreath in beak, ∆ - E (∆ EΠAPCEIΩN - of the four eparchies) flanking eagle's head, star between legs; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $120.00 (€98.40)
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