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Macedonia Prima Merida (First Region), Roman Dependent Republic, c. 168 - 148 B.C.
NEW The monograms appear as (above) - (lower left) - (lower right). In 168 B.C., Rome split Macedonia into four republics which nominally managed their own internal affairs but were denied the right to make external agreements. The Prima Merida (1st region), with its capital at Amphipolis, included the area between the Strymonas and Nestos rivers, up to the eastern lands of Nestos, without the towns of Aenos, Maroneia and Avdera.SH96813. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Silver, group 2A, 426 (O85/R322); AMNG III/2 178, BMC Macedonia p. 8, 8 var. (monogram); SNG Ash 3299 var. (same), SNG Cop 1315 var. (same), VF, well centered, toned, scratches, bumps, porosity, edge chips, weight 15.693 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, c. 158 - 148 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield (the whole obverse represents a shield) with bust of mature Artemis Tauropolos (Diana to the Romans) at the center facing right, bow and quiver at her shoulder; reverse MAKE∆ONΩN / ΠPΩTHΣ (First Macedonia) above and below club, ΣHY∆P monogram above, TKP monogram below left, MYTE monogram bottom right, all within oak wreath, vertical thunderbolt outer left; $350.00 (322.00)
Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, Second Punic War, c. 203 - 201 B.C.
NEW Tanit was a Phoenician lunar goddess, worshiped as the patron goddess at Carthage.SH96815. Billon trihemishekel, Viola CNP 104a, SNG Cop VIII 391, SNG Milan XIV 9, Alexandropoulos 81 var. (single drop earring), Mόller Afrique 230 var. (same), VF, toned white metal, off center on a broad flan, beveled obverse edge, light deposits, diagonal lines from die in reverse fields, weight 9.214 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, Second Punic War, c. 203 - 201 B.C.; obverse head of Kore-Tanit left, hair waved and rolled, wearing barley wreath, ear-ring with triple pendant, linear border; reverse horse standing right, head turned back left, right foreleg raised, no control marks, linear border; ex Numismatic Fine Arts, fall 1989 mail bid sale, lot 398; $500.00 (460.00)
Carinus, First Half 283 - Spring 285 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
NEW Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).RX93110. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4667; Curtis 1929; Geissen 3172; Dattari 5576; BMC Alexandria p. 317, 2448; Kampmann 115.3; Emmett 4012, VF, well centered, flow lines, light corrosion, slightly ragged edge, weight 6.239 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, as caesar, 29 Aug 282 - first half 283 A.D.; obverse AK M A KAPINOC K, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse Tyche standing left, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, LA (year 1) above left; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $60.00 (55.20)
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia, Titus Reverse
NEW Kayseri, originally called Mazaka or Mazaca, is in central Turkey on a low spur on the north side of Mount Erciyes (Mount Argaeus in ancient times). During Achaemenid Persian rule, it was the capital of a Satrapy on the crossroads of the Royal Road from Sardis to Susa and the trade route from Sinope to the Euphrates. It was conquered by Alexander's general Perdikkas, was ruled by Eumenes of Cardia, then passed to the Seleucid empire after the battle of Ipsus. It became the capital of the independent Cappadocian Kingdom under Ariarathes III, around 250 B.C. During Strabo's time it was also known as Eusebia, after the Cappadocian King Ariarathes V Eusebes, 163 130 B.C. The name was changed again to "Caesarea in Cappadocia" in honor of Caesar Augustus, upon his death in 14 A.D. The city passed under formal Roman rule in 17 A.D. In Roman times, it prospered on the route from Ephesus to the East. Caesarea was destroyed by the Sassanid King Shapur I after his victory over the Emperor Valerian I in 260 A.D. At the time it was recorded to have around 400,000 inhabitants. Arabic influence changed Caesarea to the modern name Kayseri. The city gradually recovered and has a population of almost 1 million people today. Few traces of the ancient city survive.RP96735. Silver didrachm, RPC II 1650, Sydenham Caesarea 102, Metcalf Cappadocia 4, SNG Righetti 1761, VF, excellent portraits, flow lines, light deposits, light marks, reverse off center, weight 6.429 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 76 - 77 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPA KAICAP OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOC, laureate bust of Vespasian right; reverse AYTO KAI OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOY YIOC, laureate bust of Titus right; $600.00 (552.00)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
NEW In 127 A.D., Hadrian, acting on the advice of his proconsul of Asia, Gaius Minicius Fundanus, determined that Christians shall not be put to death without a trial.RX92542. Bronze obol, RPC Online III 5681; Geissen 961; Dattari 1915; Milne 1236; BMC Alexandria p. 104, 894; SNG Cop 337; Kampmann 32.436; Emmett 1149/11 (R1), aVF, partial green patina, obverse edge beveled, porous, many tiny edge splits, weight 5.184 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 126 - 28 Aug 127 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse two cornucopias, upright tops curving outward, overflowing with fruits, LIA (year 11) between; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $70.00 (64.40)
The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.
NEW Vespasian, along with legions X Fretensis and V Macedonica, landed at Ptolemais in April 67. There he was joined by his son Titus, who arrived from Alexandria at the head of Legio XV Apollinaris, as well as by the armies of various local allies including that of King Agrippa II. Fielding more than 60,000 soldiers, Vespasian began operations by subjugating Galilee. Many towns gave up without a fight, although others had to be taken by force. Of these, Josephus provides detailed accounts of the sieges of Yodfat and Gamla. By the year 68, Jewish resistance in the north had been crushed, and Vespasian made Caesarea Maritima his headquarters and methodically proceeded to clear the coast. -- WikipediaJD97312. Bronze prutah, Kadman III 12; Meshorer TJC 196a; Hendin 1360; SNG ANS 427; Sofaer Collection pl. 222, 11, VF, tight flan, porous, remnants of pre-strike casting sprues, minor flan flaw on obverse, obverse edge beveled, weight 2.603 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, year 2, 67 - 68 A.D.; obverse amphora with broad rim and two handles, year 2 (in Hebrew) around; reverse vine leaf on small branch, the freedom of Zion (in Hebrew) around; $100.00 (92.00)
Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.
NEW The galley refers to Archelaus voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.JD97315. Bronze lepton, Hendin 1197, Meshorer TJC 72, RPC I 4916, BMC Palestine p. 233, 27, F, green patina, broad flan, light earthen patina, minor edge flaw, tiny edge cracks, weight 1.266 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 270o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse H-P-W (counterclockwise), prow of war galley facing left; reverse EΘN (ethnarch), surrounded by wreath; $80.00 (73.60)
NEW The single cornucopia and weight indicate this type was valued at half of Antigonus double cornucopia type. Even so, it is a large bronze compared with the usual Judaean prutah denomination.JD97329. Bronze AE 20, Hendin 1163, Meshorer TJC 37, Sofaer Collection 427, SNG ANS 189, SNG Cop 65, HGC 10 647 (S), F, green patina, earthen deposits, uneven strike, reverse off center, porous, small edge split, pre-stike off-set casting seam and sprue remnants, weight 7.214 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, Jerusalem mint, 40 - 37 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew legend: Mattatayah the High Priest and Council of the Jews, single cornucopia tied with ribbons, grapes and grape vine hang; reverse BACIΛEΩC ANTIΓONOY (of King Antigonus) within wreath and border of dots; scarce; $100.00 (92.00)
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia
NEW Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.RP96759. Bronze AE 28, Sydenham Caesarea 428; BMC Galatia p. 77, 245; SNG Cop 263, aVF, well centered, green patina, light earthen deposits, weight 16.328 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 205 - 206 A.D.; obverse AV KAI Λ CEΠ CEOVHPOC A, laureate head right; reverse MHTPOΠO KAICAPIAC, Model of Mount Argaeus on top of garlanded altar, ET IΓ (year 13 of Septimius Severus) in exergue; $60.00 (55.20)
Iberia, Bronze Bar Ingot, 1st Century B.C.
GA96512. Bronze Bar Ingot, Alvarez-Burgos P35, 12.536g, 23.2mm long , 1st Century B.C.; $50.00 (46.00)
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