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Greek Imperial (Roman Provincial) Coins
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

|Pisidia|, |Gordian| |III,| |29| |July| |238| |-| |25| |February| |244| |A.D.,| |Antiocheia,| |Pisidia|, |AE| |34|
Paul the Apostle and Barnabas, as recounted in the Acts of the Apostles. Paul's sermon in the Jewish synagogue there caused a great stir among the citizens, but the ensuing conflict with the Jews led to the expulsion of the two Christian missionaries from the city. They returned later and appointed elders for the Christian community there. Paul also visited the region in both his second and his third journeys. Paul's "persecutions and sufferings" at Antioch are spoken of in 2 Timothy 3:11. One of the most important building complexes of Antioch is the Great Basilica identified as the "Church of St. Paul" by an altar which was found in Yalvac market place. The foundations at the south side of the basilica are thought to belong to the synagogue where St. Paul first preached to the Gentiles. The altar is dated to the 6th century and the inscription reads AΓIOΣ ΠAYΛOΣ. It is not clear if the basilica was used for another purpose in its earlier levels. Conservation and lifting of the mosaics will shed further light on this important building.St Pauls of Antioch

RP94284. Bronze AE 34, Kryzanowska XII/61; SNG PfPs 93; SNG BnF 1194; SNG Cop 71; SNGvA 4954; BMC Lycia p. 190, 80, Choice VF, nice dark green patina, broad flan, parts of legends weak, small central depressions, weight 24.360 g, maximum diameter 33.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CAE ANTIOCH COL, Gordian, as priest-founder, plowing with team of oxen to right, two sigla standards in background, S R (Senatus Romanus) in exergue; $220.00 SALE |PRICE| $198.00


Galba, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D., Parium, Mysia

|Parium|, |Galba,| |3| |April| |68| |-| |15| |January| |69| |A.D.,| |Parium,| |Mysia|, |AE| |22|
The capricorn, a symbol of Augustus, was adopted as a symbol of Parium, probably after an Augustan refoundation of the colonia.
RP94043. Bronze AE 22, RPC Online I 2267.3 (this coin, 3 specimens), SNG Fitzwilliam 4202, SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Mysia -, VF, the nicest of three known specimens, dark green patina, some legend weak, scratches, spots of corrosion, weight 8.606 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Parium mint, 3 Apr 68 - 15 Jan 69 A.D.; obverse GALBA CAESAR, bare head of Galba (or Augustus?) right, star below chin; reverse capricorn right, head reverted, cornucopia over shoulder, AVGVSTVS / D D in two lines in exergue; ex CNG mail bid sale 64 (24 Sep 2003), 601; ex Lanz auction 109 (27 May 2002), 334; ex CNG e-auction 456 (13 Nov 19), 286; Coin Archives records only the sale of one specimen in the last two decades - this coin; extremely rare; $600.00 SALE |PRICE| $540.00


Cotiaeum, Phrygia, c. 235 - 238 A.D.

|Other| |Phrygia|, |Cotiaeum,| |Phrygia,| |c.| |235| |-| |238| |A.D.|, |AE| |21|
This type is apparently unpublished and perhaps unique. Hermaphilos struck at Cotiaeum as first archon for the second time under Maximinus (see BMC Phrygia p. 172).
RP94282. Bronze AE 21, Apparently unpublished, RPC Online -, ISEGRIM -, BMC Phrygia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, VF, great portrait, dark brown tone, central depressions, weight 4.396 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cotiaeum (Ktahya, Turkey) mint, c. 235 - 238 A.D.; obverse ∆HMOC (Demos), bearded bust of Demos right, slight drapery; reverse EΠI EPMAΦIΛOY APX B (under authority of Hermaphilos archon for the second time), Cybele enthroned left, kalathos on head, phiale in extended right hand, left arm resting on tympanum, lions flanking throne, KOTIAEΩ/N in two lines in exergue; the only specimen of the type known to Forum, ex Numismatik Naumann auction 81 (1 Sept 2019), lot 314; $190.00 SALE |PRICE| $150.00


Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D., Struck for Domitian

|Agrippa| |II|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |Agrippa| |II,| |c.| |49| |-| |95| |A.D.,| |Struck| |for| |Domitian|, |AE| |19|
Agrippa was studying in Rome when his father died. Too young to rule, his father's kingdom was made a Roman province. Later he was given the kingdom of his uncle, Herod of Chalcis. Agrippa tried Saint Paul. He sided with Rome during the rebellion. Though he ruled until at least 95 A.D., his territories were in Syria, not Judaea.
JD94495. Bronze AE 19, RPC II 2263; Hendin 1316; Meshorer AJC pl. 13, 23; Meshorer TJC 151; Sofaer Collection 210; BMC Palestine -, F, dark patina, red earthen deposits, brassy high points, weight 5.875 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, 83 - 84 A.D.; obverse DOMIT KAICAP ΓEPMANI (Domitian Caesar Germanicus), laureate head right; reverse ETO/ K∆ B AΓPIΠΠ/A (year 24, King Agrippa), in four lines within wreath; from an Israeli collection; ex Naville Numismatics auction 52 (22 Sep 2019), lot 246; ex Heritage Long Beach Signature Sale 3042 (17 Sep 2015), lot 32150; scarce; $220.00 SALE |PRICE| $198.00


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 88 - 85 B.C.

|Pergamon|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |88| |-| |85| |B.C.|, |cistophoric| |tetradrachm|
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of Bacchus (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of Isis may also have held a serpent, perhaps associated with the missing phallus of Osiris.

The thyrsus is the staff carried by Bacchus and his associates; topped by a pine cone or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.
GS94496. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Kleiner Pergamum pl. 13, 25; SNG BnF 1726; SNGvA 1369; SNG Cop 425; BMC Mysia p. 124, 97; Pinder 122, VF, light toning, weight 12.255 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 45o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 88 - 85 B.C.; obverse Cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all within wreath of ivy with berries; reverse bow-case ornamented with apluster, strung bow emerging upper left, snake with head erect one each side, AΠ (control) over Prytaneis monogram and star above between snakes, case straps draped over snakes below, (Pergamon monogram) to left, snake entwined thyrsus right; from an Israeli collection; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia

|Roman| |Phoenicia|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.,| |Tyre,| |Phoenicia|, |AE| |26|
After the legate of the Third Legion Gallica, quartered at Tyre, unsuccessfully attempted to usurp the throne, Elagabalus stripped the city of its colony status. Reverse legends on the city's coinage changed from SEP IM TVRP COLO to simply TVRIORVM. Colony status was returned by Severus Alexander.
RY89285. Bronze AE 26, Rouvier 2377; BMC Phoenicia p. 277, 410; Baramki AUB 246; Lindgren II 2379, aF, centered on a tight flan, earthen deposits, weight 9.384 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre (Tyre, Lebanon) mint, 219 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M AV ANTONINVS, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse TYRIORVM, Dido (founder and first queen of Carthage) standing left on deck of galley sailing right, short scepter in extended right hand, cornucopia in left hand, helmsman at stern steering with rudder to her left, sailor to her right, stern decorated with a shield and aphlaston, two murex shells in exergue; ex Agora auction 53 (5 April 2016), lot 99; rare; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, 4 B.C. - 39 A.D.

|Herod| |Antipas|, |Herod| |Antipas,| |Tetrarch| |of| |Galilee| |and| |Perea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |39| |A.D.|, |quarter| |denomination|
Herod Antipas is best known for his roles in the crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth and the beheading of John the Baptist. When Augustus divided the kingdom of his father, Herod the Great, Antipas was made Tetrarch of Galilee, Peraea, and Jewish Trans-Jordan. His divorce from Phasaelis, the daughter of King Aretas IV of Nabataea, led to war with in which he was defeated. His marriage to his sister-in-law and niece Herodias was condemned by John the Baptist, for which he had the preacher executed. Pilate sent Jesus to him for judgement, but Antipas sent him back to Pilate's court. In 39 A.D., he was accused of conspiracy. Caligula exiled him to Gaul, where he died at an unknown date.
JD95782. Bronze quarter denomination, Hendin 1201, Meshorer TJC 77, RPC I 4920; BMC Palestine p. 230, 9, VF, dark green patina with red earthen highlighting, tight flan, obverse a little off center, weight 4.013 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 315o, Tiberias mint, 20 - 21 A.D.; obverse TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias), within wreath; reverse HPW∆OY TETPAPXOY (of Herod the tetrarch), reed standing vertical, L - K∆ (year 24) in fields; ex Athena Numismatics, very nice for this rare type!; rare; $1000.00 SALE |PRICE| $900.00


Caius and Lucius, Caesars Under Augustus, 17 B.C. - 2 A.D., Skepsis, Troas

|Troas|, |Caius| |and| |Lucius,| |Caesars| |Under| |Augustus,| |17| |B.C.| |-| |2| |A.D.,| |Skepsis,| |Troas|, |AE| |15|
Struck around the time of Jesus' birth.

The brothers, Caius and Lucius, were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, daughter of Augustus. They were each designated caesar and were due to succeed Augustus, but they predeceased him in 4 and 2 A.D. respectively.

Tradition holds that Saint Cornelius the Centurion, the first non-Jewish convert to Christianity, became the first bishop of Skepsis in the early days of Christianity.
Skepsis
SL95879. Bronze AE 15, RPC I 2326 (8 spec.), BMC Troas -, SNG Cop -; countermark: Howgego -, NGC F, Strike 4/5, Surface 3/5, countermark (5872605-024), weight 2.36 g, maximum diameter 15 mm, die axis 180o, Skepsis (Kursunlutepe, Turkey) mint, c. 5 B.C. - 2 A.D.; obverse ΓAI KAIΣAP clockwise from lower left, bare head of Gaius right, countermark: N in rectangular punch on and behind back of neck; reverse ΛEY (downward on left), KAIΣAP (downward on right), HKΣ (below), bare head of Lucius right; NGC| Lookup; rare; $170.00 SALE |PRICE| $153.00


Kingdom of Mauretania, Juba II and Cleopatra Selene, 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.

|Mauretania|, |Kingdom| |of| |Mauretania,| |Juba| |II| |and| |Cleopatra| |Selene,| |25| |B.C.| |-| |24| |A.D.|, |AE| |27|
After his father's defeat and suicide, Juba II was take to Rome and paraded in Caesar's triumph. He was then raised in Caesar's household where he and Octavian became lifelong friends. He accompanied Octavian on campaigns after Caesar's death even fighting at the battle of Actium against his future wife's parents. Cleopatra Selene was the daughter of Cleopatra VII by Marc Antony. After the battle of Actium, she was raised by Octavia, Octavian's sister. Augustus restored Juba II as the king of Numidia c. 28 B.C. and later arranged for him to marry Cleopatra Selene II giving her a large dowry and appointing her queen.
SL95881. Bronze AE 27, Alexandropoulos 209, Mazard 351 (RRR), SNG Cop 605, De Luynes 4013, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 2/5, lt. smoothing (5872605-040), weight 18.59 g, maximum diameter 27 mm, die axis 90o, Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.; obverse REX IVBA, diademed and draped bust right, club over shoulder; reverse BACI−ΛICCA / KΛEOΠATPA, headdress of Isis, with stalks of grain, crescent above; NGC| Lookup; very rare; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Nicaea, Bithynia

|Bithynia|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Nicaea,| |Bithynia|, |AE| |20|
Nicaea remained an important town throughout the imperial period. Although only 70 km (43 miles) from Constantinople, Nicaea did not lose its importance when Constantinople became the capital of the Eastern Empire. The city suffered from earthquakes in 358, 362 and 368; after the last of which, it was restored by Valens. During the Middle Ages, it was a long time bulwark of the Byzantine emperors against the Turks.
MA95426. Bronze AE 20, cf. Rec Gen II.3 p. 477, 617; BMC Pontus p. 168, 101; SNG Cop 520; SNGvA 623, VF, excellent portrait, well centered, light corrosion, edge ragged with splits, weight 4.191 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Nicaea (Iznik, Turkey) mint, obverse M AVP CEV AΛEΞA∆POC AVΓ (VΓ ligate), laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse three standards, each topped with a wreath, NI-K-AI-E/ΩN in two lines, the first divided by the standards, the last two letters in exergue; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00











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